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恐慌症是怎么回事 – 译学馆
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恐慌症是怎么回事

What Does a Panic Attack Actually Do To Your Body?

This video was sponsored by our friends
本视频由我们的朋友
over at Hollywood Health & Society.
好莱坞健康和社会赞助播出
Thanks guys!
感谢你们的支持!
Hey There!
嘿朋友们
Welcome to Life Noggin!
欢迎收看品生活
Have you ever suddenly, for no reason
你是否会突然毫无缘由地产生恐惧
feared you were going to die,
仿佛死亡即将降临
or sensed impending danger,
或预感到即将有危险的事发生
or felt a detachment from yourself?
或感觉到自己的灵魂即将抽离身体
These scary but very real experiences are
这些恐怖却无比真实的感受
symptoms of a panic attack.
都是由恐慌症引发的
The intense fear experienced during these attacks
在恐慌症发作时 强烈的恐惧感
also causes physical reactions in the body
也会引起很多生理反应
such as chest pain, nausea
如胸痛 恶心
dizziness, shortness of breath
眩晕 呼吸急促
sweating, numbness in the extremities,
出汗 四肢麻木
and a racing heartbeat
以及心跳加速
Panic attacks share a lot of similar symptoms with anxiety attacks
恐慌症和焦虑症的症状十分相似
but there are some key differences in how they occur.
但两种病症的诱因却有显著差异
Anxiety attacks are a response
焦虑症是随着某种特定诱因
to a certain trigger or perceived threat.
或当我们感知到的威胁时出现的反应
After a period of excessive worry
在经历一段过度焦虑时期后
symptoms build up slowly
症状会逐渐减轻
but are generally not that severe.
但通常来说不会非常严重
They can last for days or even months.
焦虑症的症状可能会持续数日至数月
Panic attacks, on the other hand, happen very quickly.
而恐慌症的发作是非常快速的
They can last a few minutes up to a couple of hours,
通常持续几分钟到几小时
and can either occur out of nowhere
可能随时随地 毫无征兆地发生
or be caused by a trigger
也可能由一些诱因引发
such as stress, substance withdrawal, phobias
如压力过大 药物戒断 恐惧症
or remembering past traumas.
或回忆起过往创伤
They are much more intense
在这些情况下发作的恐慌感会更加强烈
and can make someone feel like
甚至可能会让人感到
they have lost control
他们已经对现状失去控制
or that death is imminent.
甚至感受到死亡即将降临
People affected by panic attacks
在诱因消失前
may have just one or two before the cause is resolved
恐慌症患者可能只会经历一两次症状发作
or may experience recurring attacks.
但也可能会经历复发
Due to the intense fear they experience
这种强烈的恐慌感
some people live in constant fear of
使一些人活在担心下次恐慌症发作的恐惧感中
having another attack, which is the definition of panic disorder.
这被定义为恐慌性障碍
But panic attacks can result from other psychological disorders as well,
但恐慌症也可能是由其他心理障碍引起的
like social anxiety, phobias or obsessive-compulsive disorders.
如社交焦虑症 恐惧症 强迫症等
Scientists are still unsure of the exact cause of panic disorder,
科学家们目前仍无法确定恐慌症的发病原因
but some theorize
但一些理论认为
it may be the result of an overactive amygdala.
恐慌症可能是过度活跃的杏仁核
signalling for the release of adrenaline.
发出肾上腺素释放信号的结果
Adrenaline causes several physiological changes.
肾上腺素的释放导致了一些生理变化
It increases your heart rate
它会加快你的心率
to send more blood to your muscles,
并以此将更多血液输送到肌肉中
makes you breathe faster and more shallow
通过让你的呼吸变得更快更浅
to create more oxygen and make you more alert,
使身体摄入更多氧气 让身体更加警觉
and releases blood sugar and fats to give you more energy.
还会释放血糖和脂肪 以提供更多能量
Together,
总的来说
these changes prepare you to deal with a life threatening situation
这些变化会让你准备好 随时应对死亡威胁
and are often thought of as your “fight or flight” response.
这通常会被识别成“战斗或逃跑”应激反应
The resulting physical reactions
由此产生的生理反应
are similar to what happens during a panic attack
与恐慌症的症状类似
which is why scientists believe
这也是科学家们相信
the “fight or flight” response is involved.
“战斗或逃跑”反应与之有关的原因
If you do suffer from panic attacks,
如果你也在经受恐慌症的折磨
you are not alone.
请相信你并不孤单
An estimated 4.7 percent of adults in the U.S.
据估测 在18岁以上的美国成年人中
above the age of 18
4.7%的人在一生中
will experience panic disorder in their lifetime.
都会经历恐慌症的困扰
And of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 18,
13岁到18岁的美国青少年中
2.3 percent will.
2.3%的人也可能会被恐慌症困扰
That’s about 12 million adults and teens in the United States alone
仅在美国就大约有1200万的成年人和青少年
who will suffer from panic attacks.
会受到恐慌症的困扰
But I have good news: Panic disorder is treatable.
但好消息是 惊恐症不是不治之症
Therapy and medication help
有效的疗法和药物能帮助
reduce the frequency and intensity of panic attacks.
减缓恐慌症发作并减轻症状
A 1992 study
1992年的一项针对
on the effect of cognitive-behavior therapy found that
认知行为治疗疗效的调查发现
82 percent of patients
82%的患者在接受八周的治疗之后
were panic free after eight weeks of treatment.
没有再出现恐慌症的症状
And six months later,
而在接受六个月治疗之后
63 percent were considered in recovery.
63%的患者正在康复
So if you’re suffering from panic attacks
所以 如果你也正被恐慌症
or a related illness,
或其他相关病症困扰
don’t be afraid to reach out for help.
不要讳疾忌医
This condition does not need to be debilitating.
这种症状不需要缓解
People who experience panic attacks are normal,
得了恐惧症的人们
everyday people who are able to work at their jobs and live their lives.
也可以继续工作 继续生活
Links to free resources are down in the description below!
更多信息可以点击下方说明里的链接免费获取
So are you someone who suffers from panic attacks?
你也是备受恐慌症困扰的人吗
If you have a story that you’re comfortable with sharing,
如果你愿意分享你的故事
let me know in the comment section below.
请在下方留言板块告诉我们
Thank you so much to our friends over at Hollywood Health & Society who sponsored this video.
特别鸣谢好莱坞健康与社会对本期视频的赞助
To find out more about what they do and see how you can help their great causes,
如果你想要更多地了解和助益于他们伟大的事业
click the link in the description.
请点击描述中的链接
As always, my name is Blocko,
我是Blocko
this has been Life Noggin,
这里是品生活
don’t forget to keep on thinking!
不要忘记保持思考哦!

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视频概述

恐慌症,或者说是惊恐发作,会导致多种令人痛苦甚至产生濒死感的症状。在美国的成年人和青少年中经历这些症状的人不在少数。好消息是:这是可以通过治疗和药物控制被医治的。恐慌症的患者应当积极寻求帮助,以平常心对待,继续回归正常生活。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s30DgdEHcbg

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