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健康水平是受基因决定的吗?

What Do Your Genes Say about Your Health?

DNA Home Testing Kits have become popular
人们对基因探索越来越感兴趣
with people who are interested in discovering their heritage.
家庭基因测试也随之流行起来
And now you can also get information about your health.
现如今 你也能查到关于你健康的信息了
Genetic counselor, Jessica Greenwood joins us now
欢迎基因顾问格林伍德·杰西卡来到现场
and Jessica can you explain how this works?
杰西卡能告诉我们如何做基因测试吗?
– Sure.
当然
So, taking the test is simple.
做测试很简单
First, you answer a questionnaire
首先 你填一个关于
about the health history of you and your family,
你和你家庭成员健康史情况的问卷
then swab your cheeks, send in the sample,
再提交你的口腔拭子样本
and My Heritage DNA Health+Ancestry test
My Heritage的DNA健康和遗传测试
gives you health reports that tell you your genetic risk
会给你一份健康报告 并告诉你
to develop or carry certain medical conditions.
是否携带某种疾病基因以及患病风险
And this type of knowledge can potentially empower
这类技术还可能帮助人们
a person to make better health and lifestyle choices
更好地选择有益健康的生活方式
that of course, may affect their future well-being.
当然 还可能会影响到他们未来的健康状况
– You know, DNA testing isn’t just valuable for individuals.
基因检测不仅对个人极具价值
Families also have many factors in common,
家庭成员共享很多因素
genes, environment and lifestyle.
比如基因 环境和生活方式
So, together, all these factors can give insights
因此 所有这些因素加在一起能够让我们
in the medical conditions that may run in a family.
更透彻地了解家族成员的健康状况
– This can be good for people who are adopted,
这对于那些被收养的人
and other people who might not know that much about their family history,
和不是很了解他们家族史的人来说都有益
really, really good information for you,
对你自己也很受用
and I also like the fact that it can provide important information
并且很赞的是它还可以提供重要的信息
to assist doctors in determining if additional testing is going to be needed.
有助于医生决定是否需要额外检查
And, choosing the right course of treatment,
然后选择正确的治疗方法
all of these things are going to be huge factors
在帮病人预防某些疾病的时候
in helping patients prevent certain illnesses.
所有这些信息都起着至关重要的作用
– And Dr. Ordon,
欧登博士
you took the test, – [Andrew] I took the test.
– 你做了那个测试 – 是的 我做过
– and other than obviously, scoring very high, in terms of genetics for studliness
那么 除了在基因学术研究方面显而易见的高分外
(laughs)
[笑声]
what did you discover, buddy?
您有些什么发现呢?
– My results show that I have a slightly decreased risk
结果显示 我患上心脏病的风险
of developing both heart disease, and type two diabetes.
和2型糖尿病的风险比较小
So, you know, that’s good news.
这是个好消息
But with the caveat, let’s say that I was at moderate risk,
但需要警醒的是 比如过去处在中等
or even higher risk, I wanted to know that,
甚至高危风险的因素 我想知情
because I know there’s things you can do, lifestyle-wise, to deal with that.
因为我知道可以通过改善生活方式来应对风险
– Jessica, can we talk about what someone can do
杰西卡 我们想知道如果人们发现自己携带了
if they find out that maybe they carry
一种可能会让他们自身
a genetic trait that puts them at risk
或者他们的孩子得病的危险基因
for developing a condition, or maybe their children?
人们能做些什么
– Sure, so it’s really important that anyone
当然 所以有一点非常重要
that’s taking an at-home DNA test realize
即任何家庭DNA测试者需意识到
that’s a very real possibility.
真的存在这种可能性
And they should consider if that’s information
而且他们应该思考是否这正是
that they wanna know.
他们想了解的信息呢
At My Heritage, increased risk reports
在MyHeritage中 风险增加的报告
are reviewed by one of our partner physicians,
会由我们一名合作内科医生重新审查
to determine if genetic counseling is recommended.
来决定是否推荐基因顾问
And if so, a phone or video consultation
如果有必要推荐 基因顾问将会提供
with a genetic counselor is provided at no additional cost.
一份免费的电话或者视频咨询
That ensures that users have the support they need
这样可以保证使用者能得到相关支持
in order to interpret their results appropriately.
以正确解读他们的基因报告
– Well, Dr. Judy, you took the test too, right?
朱迪博士 你也做过这个测试 是吗?
So what did your genes tell you?
那你的基因都告诉了你些什么?
– What I learned is that I have an average risk of developing late onset Alzheimer’s,
我了解到我患迟发性阿尔兹海默症的风险中等
and also average risk for age related macular degeneration,
患年龄相关性黄斑变性的风险也中等
and I have a significantly decreased risk of Celiac’s disease, however, you know,
而我患乳糜泻的风险非常低 但是你知道吗?
it’s interesting because for certain ethnicities,
有趣的一点是 对某些种族来说
with respect to my risk with breast cancer, diabetes, and heart disease,
其患乳腺癌 糖尿病和心脏病的风险
I wasn’t able to get that information,
是无法获得相关信息的
what I was informed was that these variants have only been studied in people
我会被告知 这些变体 只在一些人群中进行过研究
who are at least 95% of European descent,
就是那些至少有95%欧洲血统的人
and while I found that I was actually 2% Finnish,
然而我发现我有2%的芬兰血统
that’s not quite enough.
这并不够
– Why is that?
为什么呢?
– Yeah, so of the 27 reports that MyHeritage provides,
是的 在myheritage提供的27份报告中
those three are based on academic studies
以上三类疾病只是基于学术研究
that, as you said, primarily have been done in people of European descent.
并且正如你所说 主要对有欧洲血统的人进行研究
Fortunately, additional studies in other ethnic groups are already ongoing,
幸好 对其它种族的进一步研究已经在进行了
and we hope to provide those reports
我们希望在不久的将来
to more users in the very near future.
能给更多用户提供此类报告
So, what makes this genetic test unique?
那么 你的基因测试有什么特别之处呢?
So, MyHeritage bridges consumers’ past, present, and future.
MyHeritage通过连接用户的过去 现在和未来
Users can learn about their family history, their ethnic origins,
用户能了解他们家族史 种族来源
and even their relatives through DNA matching.
甚至通过DNA匹配来了解他们的亲属
And, they can learn important genetic insights
并且 他们能学习到重要的基因知识
that can tell them about their future health.
能了解他们未来健康状况
– I knew that I’m primarily from Eastern Europe,
我知道自己主要是东欧血统
but it showed that 49.2% Eastern European,
然后报告显示有49.2%的东欧血统
so that’s primarily Poland, Ukraine,
主要是波兰 乌克兰
29% North and Western European,
29%北欧和西欧血统
with a little splash of Baltic,
还有一点点波罗的海血统
both my parents were born in Poland,
我的父母都是生于波兰
my Mother, what’s now Ukraine,
我的妈妈现在在乌克兰
and I actually had the chance to visit the grave for General Ordon,
我曾真的去参观过奥顿将军墓地
look at that, I don’t know if you can focus,
看 不知你是否注意到
see that name on that?
看到上面的名字了吗?
That’s pretty cool.
真的很酷
– And you know, when you find out
并且 当你发现
where your ethnicities from,
你的种族来源
it can be a little bit surprising,
真有些令人惊喜
I found out that I am 59.4% North and West European,
我发现我有59.4%的北欧和西欧血统
that didn’t surprise me but,
这个倒没有震惊到我
apparently 40.6% Scandinavian.
但似乎还有40.6%斯堪的纳维亚血统
– I see that. – [Judy] Yeah.
– 是的呢 – 是呀
– So Jessica, if someone wants to get the test,
所以杰西卡 如果有人想测试
how do they do it?
该怎么做?
– They can go to myheritage.com/health.
他们可以去网站myheritage.com/health
And, MyHeritage is actually providing an exclusive discount
如果用户使用优惠码“Doctors”付款
to “The Doctors” audience of 50% when they use the code “Doctors” at checkout.
MyHeritage会提供给他们专享五折优惠
– Super simple to do, just the swab.
非常简单 只需做个拭子
(audience applauds) – [Judy] This was really fun.
[观众掌声] 这真有趣
– [Travis] Thanks so much for coming here.
感谢您的到来

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视频概述

简述基因测试是怎么一回事

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

🌼Mia🍀

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7udHyZrrkM

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