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愤世嫉俗的人真正想要的是什么? – 译学馆
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愤世嫉俗的人真正想要的是什么?

What Do Cynical People Really Want?

对某些人来说 愤世嫉俗有一种独特的魅力
In certain quarters, cynicism has a distinct kind of glamour.
心中不抱太大的期望 又声称看透别人的梦想 看起来似乎很强大
It sounds pretty tough not to have too many hopes, and to claim to be able to see through the dreams of others.
愤世嫉俗的人会告诉你 每个人都是自私和软弱的
Cynics will tell you that everyone is selfish and weak,
社会制度腐败无能
that the system is rigged and driven by greed,
会告诉你 你永远不会成功 所以尝试是毫无意义且可鄙的
that you can never succeed, so it’s pointless and contemptible to try,
所有的理想都是可笑的
that all ideals are ridiculous,
做好事的人只是在作秀罢了
and the do-gooders are only out to show off their own supposed virtues.
试图反驳愤世嫉俗的人是没有用的
It’s hopeless to try to disprove cynicism.
他们永远能找到大量活生生的例子来对人性做出灾难性解读
There will always be an abundance of vivid examples to back up a catastrophic interpretation of humanity.
但是什么样才是愤世嫉俗的人呢 重要的不是他们说的什么 而是他们为什么这么说
But what identifies people as cynics, is not so much what they claim – as why they do so.
他们的悲观不是基于对人性的理智分析
The downbeat assessments are based not on a dispassionate analysis of our species,
而是基于内心的情感冲动
but on an inner emotional compulsion.
他们的人生哲学中最重要的一部分是 加以防备从而免受痛苦
Their philosophy is, first and foremost, a defense against suffering.
在这种冷漠的表象之下 愤世嫉俗者其实极其脆弱并深受此折磨
Beneath that gruff surface, cynics are afflicted by a near hysterical fragility,
因为他们曾心怀期待 结果却使他们大失所望
around the idea of expecting anything, which turns out to be less impressive than they’d hoped.
所以他们扭曲了自己的心理机制 以确保自己不会再失望
And so they twist their mental apparatus to secure themselves against the eventuality of any discouragement.
在世界使自己失望之前 他们就自行先让自己失去希望了
They disappoint themselves before the world can ever do it for them, at a time and in a manner of its own choosing.
愤世嫉俗者可能看起来很像那些努力试着看清现实的人
Cynics may look like people trying very hard to see the facts as they are,
但事实上 他们更像是在努力使自己与痛苦绝缘
but in truth, they are trying even harder to insulate themselves against pain.
他们持有这种立场的根源 不是因为世俗的经验和洞察力
The origin of their stance is not worldly experience and insight;
而是更加令人心酸的心理创伤
it is – rather more poignantly – psychological trauma.
在过去的某个时刻 他们很可能曾心怀希望 却被狠狠地打击了
Somewhere in the past, there would probably have been a blow to their hopes that felt too powerful to handle.
可悲的是 愤世嫉俗的人对自己那些令人同情且痛苦的经历只字不提
Sadly though cynics don’t give away the slightest clue as to their touching and vulnerable backstories,
反而会大力抨击腐败和操纵
they will instead talk stridently about corruption and manipulation,
说出一个个关于贪婪的例子和复杂的经济学理论
pile up examples of greed, and profit complex sounding theories about economics.
但他们不会去 自愿或轻易地说出喝醉的父亲羞辱自己的故事
But what they won’t do, is voluntarily or easily reveal how their father humiliated them when he was drunk,
或者在只有五岁的时候 母亲就抛下自己去了另一座城市时的感受
or how it felt when their mother ran away to another city when they which just five.
愤世嫉俗的人 从来没有真正完全的愤世嫉俗
The cynic, is never truly and completely cynical.
他们仍在疗伤 不愿面对那份使自己痛苦的希望
They are still recovering from hopes that grew too painful to avow.
当我们遇到一个愤世嫉俗的人时 我们总是试图通过举出反例来反驳他
A natural temptation, when encountering a cynic, is to try to argue them out of their attitude, by citing counter-examples,
但是这是残忍的 因为我们误解了他们愤世嫉俗的原因
but this, is in its own way cruel, because it misunderstands what cynicism is about.
其实这是一种情感保护 实质上 是在压迫条件下养成的一种应对模式
It is an emotional protection. In essence, a mode of coping, learned under conditions of duress.
愤世嫉俗者真正需要 又害怕永远得不到 故而永远不会索取的东西 就是善意
What the cynic really needs, and yet fears they may never get, so naturally never asks for, is kindness.
而那份善意 可能会重新点燃他们内心苟延残喘的对希望和满足的渴望
The kindness that may eventually help them to rekindle their stunted, secret desires, for hope, and fulfillment.

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视频概述

视频探讨了愤世嫉俗者的实质,以及其之所以愤世嫉俗的心理原因。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ohrQCzZsgIw

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