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是什么原因让乔治三世变成疯王? – 译学馆
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是什么原因让乔治三世变成疯王?

What Caused the Madness of King George III?

[古典音乐]
[CLASSICAL MUSIC]
当我们提到国王乔治三世时
But of course, whenwe think of King George III,
我们首先想到的一定是他的“癫狂”
we think first of hisso-called madness–
反复发作的 可怕的精神疾病
the recurring bouts ofterrible mental illness
自1788年起一直伴随着国王直到他生命的终结
which affected the kingfrom 1788 until the end of his life.
多年来 人们都相信国王的病是一种
For many years, the causeof the king’s illness
名为卟啉症的遗传疾病所引起的
was believed to be an inheritedcondition called porphyria.
但是最近的研究却动摇了这个说法
But very recent researchhas shed some doubt on that.
乔治三世有三个非常严重的精神错乱时期
George III had three very serious episodes of insanity.
我们不确定那是什么病
We don’t knowexactly what it was.
这些年来人们提出了不同的猜想
People have come up withdifferent ideas over the years.
很长时间 (人们认为)是卟啉症
For a long time,it was porphyria.
这是有可能的
It’s possible.
现在人们又觉得可能是躁郁症
People now like to talk moreabout a bipolar disorder,
这也是有可能的
which is also possible.
但毫无疑问的是他在这些时期都患有严重的精神病
But what is certain is thathe had serious insanity for these periods.
美国殖民地的独立
The loss of the American colonies
对国王造成了极其严重的心理打击
dealt a extremely severepsychological blow to the king.
想象一下 如果你拥有如此庞大的帝国
Just imagine you havethis huge empire. Territorially,
在领土方面 它是自罗马以来世界上最大的帝国
it was the biggest empire the world had seen since Rome.
突然 帝国的一大块领土被切掉了
And then suddenly, a whole part of it is just lopped off.
它消失了 无影无踪
It’s gone. It’s vanished.
它再也不是大英帝国的一部分了
It’s not part of Britain anymore.
乔治三世有一个特点
It was a trait of his
如果他因某件事而放任自己悲伤沮丧
that if he allowed himself to be upset by something,
他就会真正陷入深层次的抑郁
he really went into adeep state of melancholy.
而且在那个年代 对于他来说
And this was the biggestshake-up of his life
这是他人生中最惨痛的剧变
that he’d had to that date.
乔治三世失去了大量的领土
He lost a tremendous amount of land,
大量属于大英帝国的领土
a tremendous amount of territorywhich belonged to Britain.
那是个人意义上的失败
And so that was apersonal failure.
乔治视之为自己个人的失败
And George saw it asa personal failure.
事实上 他甚至起草了一份退位书
And in fact, he evendrafted a resignation letter
虽然他从未发布
which he never submitted.
但也不见得他已经从惨痛的损失中
But it’s unlikely thathe ever fully recovered
完全恢复过来了
from this terrible loss.

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从不同角度来分析乔治三世“疯狂”的原因

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jh0RV27qxSA

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