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“荣誉谋杀”是什么? – 译学馆
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“荣誉谋杀”是什么?

What Are Honor Killings?

2016年2月
In February 2016,
巴基斯坦政府承诺修改有关荣誉谋杀的法律
the Pakistan government promised to amend their laws around honor killings.
这一决定是在荣获2016年奥斯卡奖的纪录短片
This comes on the heels of the 2016 Academy Award winning short documentary,
《河中女孩:宽恕的代价》播出之后 才作出的
A Girl in the River: The Price of Forgiveness.”
这个纪录片讲述了一个巴基斯坦妇女
The film tells the story of a Pakistani woman who was badly beaten,
因为嫁给了一个她父亲和叔叔都不认可的男子
shot in the head and left in a river to die all
而遭受毒打 一枪爆头 最后被扔到河里自生自灭的故事
because she married a man whom her father and uncle didn’t approve.
事实上 据联合国估计
In fact, the UN has estimated that as many as
像这样的荣誉谋杀每年发生多达5000起
five thousand honor killings like this occur every year.
那么到底什么是荣誉谋杀呢?
So what exactly are honor killings?
荣誉谋杀是指由于受害者做了让其家人或社区
An honor killing is the murder of one family member by another,
认为不光彩的行为 而被其家庭成员谋杀的事件
due to a perceived shameful act by the victim upon their family or community.
荣誉谋杀主要出现在荣誉至上的社会群体中
They are predominantly carried out in honor based societies,
生活在这种社会中的人 他们的声誉决定了其社会地位
which define a person’s standing by their integrity in the eyes of the community.
声誉好的人通常更受到尊敬
Those with honor are generally viewed as good,
而声誉不好的人则会被羞辱
while those without are shamed.
在这些社会中 人们认为女性不道德的行为
In these societies, women are believed to dishonor their families
尤指性行为 会使家庭蒙羞
through immoral, often sexual behavior.
因为女性往往被视为男人的财产
Because a woman is generally understood as a man’s property,
女性的背叛会让男性蒙羞
their betrayal strips away their honor,
而死亡则是惩罚女性不忠的一种手段
and can be punishable by death.
女性试图逃离包办婚姻 或者有婚外情
Honor killings can happen as the result of
都有可能会被荣誉谋杀
a woman seeking escape from an arranged marriage, or having an extramarital affair,
但也可能是因为一些无足轻重的小事
but they can also stem from actions as basic as dating
如和家人不喜欢的人约会 或者穿西式服装
someone not accepted by a family or wearing western clothing.
一些女性甚至会因为遭到性骚扰或强奸而被杀害
Some women have even been killed after being victim to a sexual assault or rape.
2015年 一名叙利亚女性遭到她的父亲和兄弟们残忍杀害
In 2015, a Syrian woman was brutally murdered,
他们称 因为她被轮奸了
allegedly by her father and brothers, after she was gang raped.
这名女子两年前逃离了叙利亚
The woman had fled Syria two years earlier,
因为担心她的家人会认为她“不干净”
for fear that her family would see her as “unclean”.
荣誉谋杀在古罗马很常见
Honor killings were prominent in ancient Rome,
在那里 如果女儿滥交 或者妻子不忠
where the male head of the family
一家之主有权杀掉她们
could murder sexually active daughters and adulterous wives.
这一思想深刻的影响了奥斯曼帝国
This idea carried into the Ottoman Empire,
在奥斯曼帝国 杀害自己妻子的男性可以免于刑罚或者减刑
where men who were found guilty of killing their wives were exempt from responsibility or given reduced sentences.
奥斯曼男性甚至公开吹捧这一行为提高了他们的声誉
Ottoman men were even known to publicly boast about the act as a way to increase their honor.
有趣的是 这种观念借鉴于
Interestingly, this idea was borrowed from
与之几乎完全相同的19世纪法国刑法
an almost identical 19th century French penal code,
这一条文直到1975年仍被记录在案
which remained on the books until 1975.
现今 提起荣誉谋杀 人们通常会想到中东和北非国家
Today, honor killings are usually associated with countries in the Middle East and North Africa,
但其实这种泯灭人性的做法在世界其它地方也会出现
but the horrific practice still occurs in other parts of the world,
其中包括印度 欧洲 拉丁美洲和美国
including India, Europe, Latin America and the U.S.
尽管荣誉谋杀在伊斯兰地区靡然成风
Despite its prevalence in Islamic regions,
《古兰经》或圣训中却从未提及它
honor killings are never mentioned in the Quran or Hadith.
伊朗阿亚图拉·哈梅内伊等宗教权威人士
And religious authorities, like Ayatollah Khamenei of Iran,
公开谴责了这种做法
have publicly denounced the practice.
但在约旦和伊拉克等国
But in countries like Jordan and Iraq
它们的法律体系默许荣誉谋杀这一行径
the legal system tacitly approves of honor killings,
如果认定受害者让她们的家庭蒙羞了
as murder sentences are reduced
罪犯就可以减刑
if the victim was deemed to have brought dishonor to their family.
事实上 据报道 约旦的荣誉谋杀犯服罚不超过6个月
In fact, perpetrators in Jordan reportedly serve no more than six months
低于杀人犯最低服刑期
behind bars for the crime.
约旦女王多次表示反对荣誉谋杀
The Queen of Jordan has repeatedly spoken out against honor killings,
然而 该国议会拒绝填补这一法律漏洞
however the country’s parliament has resisted closing up loopholes
以致杀人犯受到的惩罚微乎其微 或者压根就没有受到任何惩罚
that allow killers to get off with little or no punishment.
但政府的渎职只是部分原因
But government negligence is only part of the problem.
更主要的原因 则是妇女在社会中充当着从属角色
The larger issue is the subordinate role women play in society.
根据2013年的一项研究
According to a 2013 study,
近一半的约旦男孩和20%的女孩认为
nearly half of Jordanian boys and 20 percent of girls believe
以荣誉之名杀害女性是行之有理的
that killing a woman in the name of honor is justifiable.
巴基斯坦和约旦等国的宗教和政治领袖
Religious and political leaders in countries like Pakistan and Jordan
正在推行相关措施 加重荣誉谋杀犯的刑罚
are pushing measures that would further criminalize honor killings.
然而 除非人们彻底摒弃这一广为接受的社会荒谬行径
However, the heinous acts are likely to continue
否则这种令人发指的事情很可能会继续发生
until broad societal norms also give way.
西方人对穆斯林群体以及穆斯林女性有很多误解
Westerners have a lot of misconceptions about the Muslim world, and the women in it.
通过上面这段视频 你可以了解到有关他们的一些信息
Find out what some of them are by watching this video up top.
或者通过观看下面的视频
Or, to learn about some of the most women-friendly Muslim countries,
了解一些善待女性的穆斯林国家
watch this video below.
感谢收看《试管新闻》
Thanks for watching Test Tube News,
别忘了点赞和订阅 可以观看每日新视频
don’t forget to like and subscribe for new videos every day!
《试管新闻》
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什么是荣誉谋杀

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收集自网络

翻译译者

红玫瑰 白玫瑰🌹

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXFs4mrEpEc

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