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戴眼镜和IQ相关吗? – 译学馆
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戴眼镜和IQ相关吗?

Wearing Glasses Linked To IQ?

眼镜 刻板印象中 它们是
Glasses – stereotypically they’re associated
聪明的表现 但这种看法是对的吗
with being brainy. But is the stereotype true?
Myopia也就是人们熟知的近视
Myopia, also known as near sightness, has been
已被科学证实与高智商相关
scientifically proven to corelate with higher intelligence.
这一发现始于1958年
The discovery happened in 1958
包括美国 丹麦 新加坡
and has had multiple independent studies following
新西兰 以色列和车臣共和国
with countries including the USA, Denmark,
在内的国家进行了多项独立研究
Singapoure, New Zealand, Israel and the Chez Republic
使结论更具真实性
being able to replicate its success.
在德国曼恩省的古腾宝健康研究中心中
The Gutenberg Health Study in Maines, Germany
研究人员通过被测试的4658个
founded by medical researchers tested 4658
年龄大约在35至74岁的
Germans in the age range of 35
近视的德国人得出结论
to 74 who were near sighted.
高智商的人往往在近视的人群中更集中
Their conclusion – higher IQ was more common in those who had myopia.
以色列的15000人参加的
In Israel physical exams and IQ tests
物理和IQ测试表明有着最高智力
of 15 000 people showed that participants
的参与者得近视的可能性
with the highest intelligence scores were 3 times as likely
是其他人的三倍
to have myopia as their peers.
这开始被认为是由于近距离阅读 电脑游戏
It was originally thought to be due to close up reading, computer games and other up close
和能作为借口的其他近距离用眼活动
detailed activities that was the cause. However
然而 研究表明不是如此
research now shows otherwise.
尽管基因确实起来一定的作用
Despite genetics that do come into play
环境因素如光线不足
environmental factors such as light deficiency
增加了屈光不正的风险也是一方面的影响因素
increase the risk of refractive error and are the guilty party at hand.
在澳洲悉尼的一项近视研究中表明
In a myopia study done in Sydney, Australia
凯瑟琳罗斯 一个国际视觉障碍研究的
Katherine Rose, a leading international visual disorder
引领者 评估了4000名在校学生
researcher evaluated 4000
想确认缺乏户外活动是不是
school children to see if lack of outdoor activities
近视的影响因素 近视被
affected the risk of myopia. Myopia was
每周10-14小时的户外运动而限制
prevented by 10-14 hours of the outdoors per week.
尽管光强和持续的曝光
Although light levels and duration of exposure
在一定程度上是有效的 这一点在对
had to be at a certain level to be effective. Tested on
老鼠 猴子等动物身上也得到了证实
mice and monkeys, animal researchers also concur with this conclusion.
与其他国家相比 亚洲的近视率
In Asian countries, compared to other countries,
据称高达90%
myopia was reported at a whopping 90%.
而为什么英国只有20%-30%的人近视
Why is that when in the UK myopia was found in only 20-30%
而美国也只有40%近视率呢
and the United States reported 40%?
退休将军内科医生和前重症监护师 C医生解答道
Retired general internist and former intensive care physician Dr.C shared
这是由于亚洲学生比其他学校
because many East Asian children study more than
的孩子更刻苦 并花费更多的时间在室内 他们也就更少的接触阳光
other school children and spare more and more time inside they have a lot less exposure to sunlight
而阳光能诱导产生多巴胺从而抑制眼球的生长
which induces retinal dopamine which inhibits the growth
因而它能抑制近视的发展
of the eyeball thus inhibiting the development of myopia.
学生在学前班就有家庭作业 学生会有2个
Homework is being set in pre-school and childern starting school receive around 2 hours
小时才能完成的作业 相比之下
of homework per day. ”This contrast
澳洲的学习就轻松多了 在澳洲
with the much more relax paced education in Australia
学前班几乎没有作业
where homework is virtually non-existent at pre-school and
小学的作业也很少 而那里的
and minimal in primary school, and where the use
培训学校其实也不过是有点之后的高中的
coaching schools is really only a feature of the later years
特色罢了 伊恩摩根博士如是说道
of high school.” Dr.Ian Morgan stated.
订阅我们来获取更多关于事实的数据吧
Don’t forget to subscribe for more facts about figures!
你有近视吗 你有没有觉得自己比任何人都聪明呢
Do you have myopia? Do you feel smarter than everyone
在屏幕下方留言 谈谈你对这个研究的想法吧
else? Comment below with your thoughts on the study.

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