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我们问比尔盖茨:你需要变得富有才能健康吗? – 译学馆
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我们问比尔盖茨:你需要变得富有才能健康吗?

We Asked Bill Gates: Do You Need To Be Rich To Be Healthy?

嗨 我是《地球一分钟》的艾米莉
Hi, this is Emily from MinuteEarth,
我们和比尔以及美琳达•盖茨有着特殊的合作
in a special collaboration with Bill and Melinda Gates. Recently,
最近 我们有机会问到比尔一个严肃的问题:一个国家要提供
we got the chance to ask Bill atough question: do countries have to become
良好的医疗保健系统必须要先实现富裕吗
wealthy before they can afford to build agood healthcare system?
他是这么回答的:其实
Here’s what he said: Well,
如果你思考一下会发现 过去全球的
if you think about healthcare,
医疗保健发展趋势一直
the trend over time globally has been a very positive
都很乐观
trend.
过去70年 平均期望寿命已经从36岁上升至70岁
Average life expectancy has gone from 36 years to now over 70 years. Now,
此外 现在世界也在变得更加富裕
part of that has been that the world has gotten a lot richer,
而且一个国家的
and there is a very
富裕程度和他在医疗保健几乎所有方面的表现
strong correlation between how wealthy a country is
(不管是儿童死亡率还是人均寿命)
and how well it does on almost any health measure,
都有着极强的联系
whether that’s childhood mortalityor average life span.
但不可思议的是 如果你深挖这个问题
But what ’ s amazing, if you dig into it,
你会发现有些国家在这方面做的很出色
is there are countries that have done particularly
哥斯达黎加
well – Costa Rica,
斯里兰卡 越南都是模范 还有卢旺达和埃塞俄比亚
Sri Lanka, Vietnam has been exemplar, Rwanda, and Ethiopia.
但他们都并不富裕
That is, at a low level of wealth,
通过管理像基础医疗卫生系统这些事
by organizing something like a primary healthcare system,
人们可以接受疫苗
they ’ ve gotten vaccines out,
他们可以获得抗生素 能够得到安全分娩帮助
they ’ ve gotten antibiotics out, they ’ ve helped with safe delivery,
他们能够确保国家的
they ’ ve made sure the sanitation
环境卫生处理得当
in their country is very well handled.
没有必要等到国家富裕了
And so it ’ s not destiny that you have to wait
才去关注
until you ’ re wealthy, until you have
健康
good health.
当你着眼于比基础医疗卫生更高水平的医疗
As you get beyond the level of primary health care,
你开始应对慢性疾病
and you ’ re starting to deal with chronic disease,
比如心脏病和癌症
like heart disease and cancer,
建立医院制度以及保险制度
then building in a hospital system and an insurance system,
就变得极为重要了
that becomes very very important.
而且我们也能看到
And so we can see some countries that,
一些中等收入国家 在这方面
as they move to middle income, are doing that
做的很好
well.
医疗保健的费用一直在增加 所以我们需要创新
We do need innovation because the cost of healthcare has been going up,
通过创新
and so innovations
降低我们的成本 使得
that can bring those costs down and make
世界各地的人都能享受乃至最先进的治疗
even the most advanced care achievable around the world,
我要一直向这方面投资
we need to keep investing in that.
这一领域的研究与创新一直都在进行
Research and innovation in the space has been,
而且会继续进行 让我们实现
and will continue to be, what allows us to
更多的成就
achieve more.
感谢您回答我们的问题 比尔
Thanks for answering our question, Bill!
能够在这期视频中和比尔以及美琳达•盖茨合作
We were really excited to partner with Bill and Melinda Gates
我们真的很激动
on this video, and to help
能够将他们的《年度信件》传达给外界
them get the word out about their Annual Letter,
信件里面分享了许多
in which they share some pretty good reasons
对人类发展持积极态度的充分理由
to be optimistic about where humanity is headed.
就像事实上 现今全球的
Like the fact that, worldwide,
儿童死亡率以及极度贫困率
the rates of both childhood mortality and extreme poverty
都已经比之前降低了一半
are half what they once were.
而且事实证明人们
And the fact that people all
依旧在为解决我们面临的最大的挑战而努力
over the world are continuing to work on solving our biggest challenges,
所以我们的生活只会变得更好
so life will keep on getting better.
这也让我们《地球一分钟》感到积极乐观
That makes us here at MinuteEarth optimistic,too.
想要阅读比尔及美琳达的信件
To read Bill and Melinda’s letter,
就请点击下方的链接或访问gatesletter.com吧
click on the link below or go to gatesletter.com.

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视频概述

你对人类发展趋势保持乐观吗?人类的生活会越变越好吗?让我们听听大佬们怎么说吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

哟嚯嚯~,哦嚯嚯嚯

审核员

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCTVL5oKlik

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