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找坚果的松鼠 – 译学馆
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找坚果的松鼠

Watch These Frustrated Squirrels Go Nuts! | Deep Look

没有比狐松鼠更好的扑克脸了
There’s no better poker face than that ofthe fox squirrel.
这些动物只是不产生面部表情
These animals just do not produce facial expressions.
松鼠用尾巴表达情感
For a squirrel, it’s all about that tail.
当捕食者在附近时 松鼠不会咆哮
When a predator is around, the squirrel doesn’tsnarl.
相反 它的尾巴来回摇动 看起来大而可怕
Instead, it whips its tail back and forth to look big and fearsome.
研究人员称这种S形运动为“示威”
Researchers call this s-shaped movement “ flagging. ”
这意味着松鼠感觉到了真正的威胁
and it means the squirrel feels really threatened.
在加利福尼亚大学伯克利分校
At the University of California, Berkeley,
动物行为学家迈克尔•玛利亚•德尔加多
animal behaviorist Mikel Maria Delgado wondered
想知道还能从观察松鼠的尾巴获取到什么信息
what else she could learn from watching squirrelsflag their tails.
它能打开进入松鼠的情感世界的窗吗?
Could it open a window into squirrels’ emotionalworlds?
比如 松鼠会像我们一样感到沮丧吗?
For instance, do squirrels get frustrated,like we do?
所以她引诱一些
So she lured some of the squirrels that live
住在校园里的松鼠从树上下来
on campus down from the trees.
她教它们如何去打开盒子找里面的胡桃
She taught them how to open a box to find a walnut inside.
松鼠喜欢胡桃
Squirrels love walnuts.
他做的那短暂的两步
That little two-step he ’ s doing… it kind
看起来就像“哇哦!
of looks like “ Woo hoo!
我快要得到一个坚果了!”
I’m about to get a nut!”
它实际上是:松鼠在说:“走开!”
It’s actually squirrel for “Back off.”
“这是我的坚果!”
“This is my nut.”
一旦松鼠学会怎么打开盒子
Once the squirrels learned how to open the box,
德尔加多就会训练它们去期待
Delgado trained them to expect a walnut
每次他们看进去都有一个坚果
each time they looked inside.
这是关键
And this is key.
因为挫折通常被定义为没有得到你所期望的
Because frustration is usually defined asnot getting what you expected.
然后她改变了计划
Then she changed things up.
她将其中一部分松鼠的坚果换成了谷物
For some squirrels, she replaced the nut with corn,
松鼠就没这么喜欢了
which squirrels don ’ t like as much.
松鼠不开心了 尾巴开始下垂
The squirrels were not amused and the tailflagging began.
其他时候 她留下一个空盒子
Other times, she left the box completely empty:
他们的尾巴下垂得更厉害了
they flagged their tails even more.
最后她锁上了盒子
Finally, she locked the box.
下垂 下垂 还是下垂
Flag, flag, and flag.
松鼠变得好斗 这是挫败感的标志
The squirrels got aggressive, a hallmark offrustration.
问题是 如果松鼠这样做
The question is, if squirrels do it,
我们这样做 为什么我们会沮丧
and we do it, why do we get frustrated?
从进化论的角度看 为什么它有实际价值?
Why is it useful, from an evolutionary pointof view?
这里有一个可能的答案
Here ’ s one possible answer:
那些沮丧的松鼠不只是失去精力
the frustrated squirrels aren ’ t just blowing off steam.
他们会把精力集中在一种新的解决方案上
They ’ re gathering up the energy to brute-force a new solution —
就像在吞掉你的美元时
kind of like kicking the
踢自动售货机一样
vending machine when it eats your dollar.
看到了吗?
See?
他们在尝试不同的方法打开盒子
They’re trying different ways to open upthe box.
德尔加多的假设是沮丧也许实际上是有益的
Delgado’s hypothesis is that frustrationmight actually be beneficial… that pitching
有时候想要找到自己适合的东西
a fit might sometimes be just what squirrels
也许正是松鼠和人类需要解决的问题
– and people – need to figure things out.
如果你想知道松鼠的感情生活
If you ’ ve wondered about the emotional life of squirrels —
真的 谁没有呢?
and really, who hasn ’ t?
也许你也问过为什么香蕉蛞蝓这么黏糊糊的
— Then maybe you ’ ve also asked why banana slugs are so slimy.
或者圣诞树怎么交配
Or how Christmas trees have sex.
Deep Look有答案
Deep Look has the answers.
所以订阅它吧
So subscribe.
让我们在下面的评论中了解你的想法
And let us know what you think in the commentsbelow.
感谢您的观看
Thanks for watching.

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视频概述

视频介绍了一个松鼠找坚果的实验,从中得出一个假设:沮丧也许是有益的

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

杜小雅

审核员

审核团EM

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZUjQtJGaSpk

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