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想从书中得到更多吗?别傻傻地从头读到尾了。 – 译学馆
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想从书中得到更多吗?别傻傻地从头读到尾了。

Want to get more from books? Stop reading them cover to cover. | Shane Parrish

想从书中学到更多吗 不要再从头读到尾
Want to get more from books? Stop reading them cover to cover.
我有很多买书想要学习的朋友
I have so many friends who want to buy books and want to learn.
问题是他们买了书 开始阅读两到三章
The problem is they buy book they start it to get two or three chapters in,
然后他们就停下来了
and then they stop reading.
然后他们觉得这样不好
And then they feel bad that they’ve stopped reading.
他们也不会再拿起另一本书
They don’t pick up another book
因为他们知道自己想读完这本书
because they know they want to finish this book.
经常有人教导我们做事要有始有终
We’ve been taught that once we start something we have to finish it.
我经常在想我们要把阅读看成长远的事情
And I think that so often we view books as this linear thing.
然而我觉得书本的不同观点是
Whereas I think a different view of books is,
我需要马上从书中得到什么信息
what information do I need out of book right now?
那是娱乐读物吗
Is that an entertainment read?
我需要从头到尾读完吗
Do I need to read from start to finish?
我读的是对于一个问题不同看法吗?
Is it a read where I’m comparing different views on a similar problem?
尤其是非小说类文学
Especially across non-fiction.
我是在比较两三个不同作者的争论
Am I comparing and contrasting two or three different authors’ argumentation
或是作者对特定主题的观点吗?
or authors’ views on a particular angle to a subject?
在这种情况下 我可能不需要全本阅读
In which case, I might not need to read the whole book.
我只需要读一章
I just need to read a chapter.
我就知道整本书在讲什么了
But then I’ve gotten everything out of thatbook.
书是为你服务的 对吧
The books are there to serve you, right?
你拥有这本书
You own the book.
书籍是你的财富
The book is your property.
它是你的精神财富
It’s your mental property.
它是你的物质财富
It’s your physical property.
有了书 你想做什么就做什么
And you can do with it what you want.
你没必要为放下一本书而难过
You don’t have to feel bad about putting downa book.
作者的工作就是把你拉进书里
It’s the author’s job to pull you into thebook.
你的工作就是从书中提取你需要的东西
It’s your job to extract what you need out of the book.
我觉得要提取你需要的
And I think that extracting what you need,
只需要阅读目录
you can just read the table of contents,
引言 也可以阅读结论 并略读一下
read the introduction, maybe read the conclusion,and skim a little bit.
这本书 我想从头到尾读完吗
And is this a book that I want to read in its entirety?
大多数答案都是否定的
And most of the time, the answer is going to be no.
很多出版的书籍 随随便便就有20到40页
A lot of the books that are published today could easily be 20 to 40 pages.
你会从那本书中得到你需要的一切
You would get everything that you need outof that book.
因此 从头到尾读完很浪费时间
So it’s a big waste of time to read it cover to cover.
但是如果你想提取书中的总则
But if you want to extract the general principles from the book,
或是类似于作者提出的论证
or the sort of like argumentation that the author’s making,
你不需要阅读书中的每一件轶事
you don’t need to read every little anecdote that’s put in there,
或者比利和鲍勃的每一个故事
or every story about Billy and Bob.
你只需要知道这个论证的框架是什么
You just need to know what is the framework for this argumentation?
我同意吗
Do I agree with it?
我不同意吗
Don’t I agree with it?
我同意或不同意都要做个决定吗
Do I have to make a decision on whether I agree with it or not?
不同的作者有不同的观点 我能学到什么呢
Does a different author have a contrasting view that I want to learn about?
或者我能从中学到什么常识
Or is this something that I’m just readingfor general knowledge?
我可能不会去实践
I might not put into practice.
或让你想到了技能发展 对吧
Or if you think about skill development, right?
这就是我们大多数人阅读的原因
Which is a common reason that most of us read.
我们会想 我想学习领导能力
We’ll think of, I want to learn about leadership.
我们会想这个非常大非常宽的范围
And we’ll think of this very big, broad category
从学习的角度来看
whereas it’s usually much more beneficial from a learning perspective
缩小领导力的范围 通常会更有益
to narrow down the aspect of leadership.
我想谈谈第一次领导一个小团队
I want to talk about leading a small team for the first time.
我想谈谈团队会议
I want to talk about team meetings.
我想谈谈什么是
I want to talk about what are the —
对于领导者来说 失败意味着什么
like break down what it means to be a leader,
然后在研究那些特定的类别
and then hone in on those particular categories.
挑选一大堆有关领导力的书
Pick up a whole bunch of leadership books.
然后只读书籍中特定的部分
But then read just for those specific categoriesacross the books.
如果你为增长见识而阅读
If you’re reading for knowledge,
这将会使你收益颇丰
that’s going to give you a much better outcome
而不是挑选其中的一本并从头到尾读完
than sort of picking up one of these books and reading it cover to cover.
因为它很难付诸于实践
Because it’s going to be hard to put into practice.
很难去比较有关这个主题的不同观点
It’s going to be hard to compare different contrasting views on the subject.
很难确定什么对你有用
It’s going to be hard to determine what works for you.
最终 这就是你正在阅读的原因
And ultimately, that’s why you’re reading.
你想弄清楚对你有用的东西
You want to figure out what works for you.
这并不是听别人说就能搞懂的
And that’s not always what somebody else says.
很多书所涵盖的内容 这些对我有用
A lot of what books cover is, here’s what worked for me.
以及在这个特定生态系统中
And what worked for me in this particular ecosystem,
在这个特定的时间点
particular point in time,
与这个特殊的团队 对我有用的东西
with this particular team.
这可能对你有用 也可能对你无用
That may or may not work for you.
你的工作是去理解什么范围
Your job is to sort of understand
会延续到我正在做的事
to what extent does that carry over to what I’m doing?
以及我必须要改变到什么程度
And to what extent do I have to change that?
它对我有用吗
And does it work for me?
如果没有 我将怎样得到我需要的反馈
And if it doesn’t, how am I going to get the feedback that I need,
以便我可以从中学习并调整过程
so that I can learn from that
使之变成对我有用的东西
and then adapt my process so that it does work.

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