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维京之谜

Viking Myths you thought were true!

这一剧集由Wix赞助
This episode is sponsored by Wix.
搜索wix.com/go/simplehistory 现在就可以创建一个网站
Go to wix.com/go/simplehistory to create a website now.
维京之谜
Viking Myths
当我们想到古斯堪的纳维亚 或维京人时
When we think of Norseman or the Vikings,
会联想到很多神话
many myths come to mind,
这些神话来自数世纪后的艺术家之笔
created from the pencils of artists, stage productions
戏剧创作 以及好莱坞电影
and Hollywood movie centuries later.
让我们来看看其中的五个 维京人戴角盔
Let’s have a look at 5 of them. They had horned helmets.
一想到维京人 脑海里就会浮现出维京战士
The Vikings conjure up the classic image of warriors
头戴魔鬼般的角盔打仗的经典形象
going into battle with devilish horned helmets.
但是 考古学家们目前还未发现
However, archeologists have not found any such
任何装角的维京头盔
Viking helmets with horns so far.
这种形象是19世纪艺术创作的结果
This image is the result of 19th century artistic license,
当时的艺术家和戏装设计师喜欢这样的造型
when artists and costume designers love the look of it,
所以他们决定按照他们所想的去塑造
so decided to give their depiction of the Norseman
维京人戴角盔的形象
with horned helmets.
维京人很臭 而且很脏
Vikings smelled bad, and were filthy.
当我们提到维京人 首先想到的就是
Poor hygiene is one of the first things that come to mind
他们极差的卫生状况
when thinking of the Vikings.
但是
However,
维京人比我们想象中要卫生得多
the Vikings were a lot more hygienic than we think.
考古挖掘中发现了梳子
Archaeological excavations have found combs,
镊子 剃刀 水盆 和掏耳勺
tweezers, razors, wash balls and ear spoons.
他们还制作一种强力肥皂 碱含量很高
They also made a strong soap with a high lye content
用来把头发漂成金色
that was used to bleach the hair blond.
还有 古斯堪迪纳维亚语中表示星期六的词Lagan Dagger
Also, the Old Norse word for Saturday Lagan Dagger
可以大致翻译为 梳洗日
roughly translates as washing day.
维京人是身材高大的巨人
Vikings were tall giants.
看了以前的作家们的作品 你可能会觉得
From the writers of the time, you may have thought that
维京人是巨人
Vikings were giants.
在921年 一个叫Ibin Fahdlan的阿拉伯旅者
In 921, an Arab traveler Ibin Fahdlan
接触到罗斯维京人他写到
came into contact with the Rus’ Vikings and wrote
“我在罗斯人的贸易旅途中见到过他们
“I have seen the Rus’ as they came on their merchant
当时他们正经过伏尔加河
journeys and there comes by the Volga.
我从未见过拥有比他们更完美的体格的人种
“I have never seen more perfect physical specimens.”
像椰枣树那么高 金发 肤色红润”
Tall as date palms, blonde and ruddy.
但是考古学界发现的证据显示
But archaeological evidence has found that
维京人的平均身高比当今要矮一点
the average height was a little shorter than today.
维京男人站立高度大约在172厘米左右 或是5英尺7英寸
Viking men stood around 172 centimetres tall or 5”7,
而女人则是160厘米或5英尺3英寸左右
while women stood at 160 centimetres or 5”3.
不过这要比当时的英国人 法兰克人
But this was a little taller than the average Englishman,
和阿拉伯人的平均身高高一些
Frank or Arab of the time.
斧子是维京人最常用的武器
The axe was the most common weapon.
战斧是维京战士最常用的武器
Battle axes were one of the most common weapons
其中的一种
used by Viking warriors,
不过更加常用的是矛
but even more common was the spear.
制造斧子和矛的花费都要比制造剑少
Both were cheaper to make than a sword.
但是一支矛需要的铁是最少的
But a spear required the least amount of iron.
它被用来投掷和戳刺
It was used for throwing or thrusting.
他们叫维京人
They were called Vikings.
我们都很熟悉 维京人 这个术语
Most of us are familiar with the term Viking, rather than
在它成为描述古斯堪的纳维亚人的词之前
a word to describe Norseman as it has become.
维京多用作一个动词
Viking was used more as a verb
用来表示袭击的行动
for the activity of going on a raid.
只有一小部分参与袭击的人
A small minority of people participating in raids
是战士
were warriors,
而大部分人从事着和平的职业
while the majority were in peaceful professions as
有农民 交易员 工匠 和商贩
farmers, traders, craftsmen and merchants.
这一剧集由Wix赞助
This episode was sponsored by Wix.
在Wix 不论你的技术水平如何
Use Wix to easily create the sites that you dreamt off
你都可以轻松创建你梦想的网站
regardless of your skill level.
搜索wix.com/go/simplehistory
Go to wix.com/go/simplehistory
现在就可以创建一个专业的网站
to create a professional site today.
Wix拥有能让你的网站焕发活力的特质
Wix has great features to bring your site to life,
比如Wix视频 Wix画廊升级版
such as Wix videos, Wix Pro Gallery.
Wix预订服务和各种网站解决方案
Wix bookings and solutions for all kinds of sites,
比如电商 音乐 酒店 活动
such as e-commerce, music, hotels, events,
餐厅等等
restaurants and more.
通过wix.com/go/simplehistory
Build your own website and support the SimpleHistory Channel
创建你的网站并支持简史频道
by going to Wix.com /go/ simplehistory or simply
或是轻点下方描述中的链接 开始你的探索
click the link in the description below to get started.

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视频概述

关于维京人的五个真相

听录译者

徘徊的小孩

翻译译者

Vicki

审核员

审核员BZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KrikeNRp8gE

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