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When we think of Norseman or the Vikings,
many myths come to mind,
created from the pencils of artists, stage productions
and Hollywood movie centuries later.
Let’s have a look at 5 of them. They had horned helmets.
The Vikings conjure up the classic image of warriors
going into battle with devilish horned helmets.
However, archeologists have not found any such
Viking helmets with horns so far.
This image is the result of 19th century artistic license,
when artists and costume designers love the look of it,
so decided to give their depiction of the Norseman
with horned helmets.
Vikings smelled bad, and were filthy.
Poor hygiene is one of the first things that come to mind
when thinking of the Vikings.
the Vikings were a lot more hygienic than we think.
Archaeological excavations have found combs,
镊子 剃刀 水盆 和掏耳勺
tweezers, razors, wash balls and ear spoons.
They also made a strong soap with a high lye content
that was used to bleach the hair blond.
还有 古斯堪迪纳维亚语中表示星期六的词Lagan Dagger
Also, the Old Norse word for Saturday Lagan Dagger
roughly translates as washing day.
Vikings were tall giants.
From the writers of the time, you may have thought that
Vikings were giants.
在921年 一个叫Ibin Fahdlan的阿拉伯旅者
In 921, an Arab traveler Ibin Fahdlan
came into contact with the Rus’ Vikings and wrote
“I have seen the Rus’ as they came on their merchant
journeys and there comes by the Volga.
“I have never seen more perfect physical specimens.”
像椰枣树那么高 金发 肤色红润”
Tall as date palms, blonde and ruddy.
But archaeological evidence has found that
the average height was a little shorter than today.
Viking men stood around 172 centimetres tall or 5”7,
while women stood at 160 centimetres or 5”3.
But this was a little taller than the average Englishman,
Frank or Arab of the time.
The axe was the most common weapon.
Battle axes were one of the most common weapons
used by Viking warriors,
but even more common was the spear.
Both were cheaper to make than a sword.
But a spear required the least amount of iron.
It was used for throwing or thrusting.
They were called Vikings.
我们都很熟悉 维京人 这个术语
Most of us are familiar with the term Viking, rather than
a word to describe Norseman as it has become.
Viking was used more as a verb
for the activity of going on a raid.
A small minority of people participating in raids
while the majority were in peaceful professions as
有农民 交易员 工匠 和商贩
farmers, traders, craftsmen and merchants.
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