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《哈姆雷特》--莎士比亚

Video SparkNotes: Shakespeare's Hamlet Summary

哈姆雷特是丹麦的王子
Hamlet is the prince of Denmark.
他的父亲是丹麦王 死于戏剧开始前
His father was the king, but he died before the play begins.
哈姆雷特的叔叔克劳狄斯继承了王位并且娶了他的母亲乔特鲁德
Hamlet’s uncle Claudius has taken over as King and married Hamlet’s mother Gertrude.
戏剧伊始 士兵们见到了一个鬼魂
At the beginning of the play, a ghost appears to some soldiers.
鬼魂像是哈姆雷特的父亲 死去的国王
He looks just like Hamlet’s father, the dead King.
士兵们同意把这件事告诉哈姆雷特
The soldiers agree to tell Hamlet all about it.
克劳狄斯告诉哈姆雷特他必须从父亲死亡的悲伤中挣脱出来
Claudius tells Hamlet he has to stop acting so sad about his father’s death.
哈姆雷特答应了
Hamlet says he will.
不过只有他一人时
But, when he’s by himself,
他说他为母亲嫁给克劳狄斯感到恶心
he says he’s disgusted that his mother married Claudius.
哈姆雷特的女朋友是奥菲利娅
Hamlet’s girlfriend is Ophelia.
她的父亲波洛涅斯和哥哥雷欧提斯都试图让她相信哈姆雷特并不爱她
Her father Polonius and her brother Laertes try to convince her that Hamlet doesn’t love her.
他们指出 王子的身份让他不能娶心仪的姑娘
They point out that because he’s a prince he can’t marry whoever he wants.
他们觉得他更有可能是引诱她 而并非想娶她
They think he’s more likely to seduce her than marry her.
奥菲利娅同意不再理会哈姆雷特
Ophelia agrees not to talk to Hamlet any more.
哈姆雷特见到了鬼魂 并说自己是哈姆雷特的父亲
Hamlet sees the ghost who says he is Hamlet’s father.
他还说克劳狄斯在他耳朵里灌毒药 毒死了他
He also says that Claudius murdered him by pouring poison in his ear.
哈姆雷特发誓要报仇
Hamlet swears to take revenge.
他告诉士兵们装疯卖傻在将来可能会有助益
He mentions to the soldiers that in future he may find it useful to act as if he’s crazy.
奥菲利娅告诉她父亲
Ophelia tells her father that
她回复哈姆雷特的情书后 他来见她时看起来疯疯癫癫的
Hamlet came to see her after she returned his love letters and he seemed insane.
他衣衫不整
His clothes were messed up.
他一直发抖 脸色苍白 看起来战战兢兢的
He was trembling and pale and he looked scared.
现在 波洛涅斯认为哈姆雷特真的很爱奥菲利娅
Polonius now thinks Hamlet really did love Ophelia.
因为奥菲利娅拒绝了他的求爱后他就发疯了
And he’s gone mad because she rejected him.
克劳狄斯和乔特鲁德要求哈姆雷特学校里的朋友罗生克兰和盖登思登
Claudius and Gertrude ask Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, some friends of Hamlet’s from school,
陪陪哈姆雷特 并且试着搞清楚为什么他疯疯癫癫的
to spend time with him and try to find out why he’s been acting crazy.
罗生克兰和盖登思邓告诉哈姆雷特表演团已经到达城堡 试图让他开心起来
Rosencrantz and Guiledenstern try to cheer Hamlet up by telling him the group of actors has arrived at the castle.
哈姆雷特决定要让演员们上演一出谋杀他父亲的模仿剧
Hamlet decides he’ll have the actors perform a play that mimics the murder of his father.
他想看看克劳狄斯是否会对戏剧作出反应并且显露出他的愧疚感
He wants to see if Claudius reacts to it and shows his guilt.
他说这个鬼魂的真面目也许是一个撒谎的魔鬼
He says the ghost might actually be a lying devil.
克劳狄斯对戏剧的反应会扫清迷雾
Claudius’s reaction to the play will clear up the mystery.
克劳狄斯 乔特鲁德和波洛涅斯想要测试一个理论
Claudius, Gertrude and Polonius want to test the theory
那就是哈姆雷特是因为苦于单相思而疯的
that Hamlet is acting crazy because he is lovesick.
因此他们秘密监视哈姆雷特和奥菲利娅的一次约会
So they spy on a meeting between Hamlet and Ophelia.
哈姆雷特对奥菲利娅表现的非常下流 还说她应该去当修女
Hamlet is very nasty to Ophelia and tells her she should go become a nun.
听到此话 克劳狄斯认为哈姆雷特并未处于恋爱中
After hearing this Claudius decides Hamlet is not in love.
他认为哈姆雷特确实沉溺于某事
He does think Hamlet’s obsessed with something.
因为他觉得哈姆雷特对他来说是个威胁
And since he thinks Hamlet poses a threat to him,
他决定把他派遣到英格兰
he decides to send him to England.
那晚 演员们演出了哈姆雷特要求的剧目
That evening, the actors perform the play Hamlet requested.
克劳狄斯看到国王被灌入耳朵的毒药杀死这一幕时
When Claudius sees a scene where a king is murdered by having poison poured in his ear,
他变得很慌张 起身离开了座位
he becomes so upset that he gets up and leaves.
从克劳狄斯的反应来看 哈姆雷特确认他谋杀了父亲
Hamlet sees this reaction as proof that Claudius did indeed murder his father.
克劳狄斯独自一人时 他承认谋杀了哈姆雷特的父亲
When Claudius is by himself he admits he murdered Hamlet’s father.
他试着祈求原谅却发现做不到
He tries to pray for forgiveness but he can’t seem to make himself do it.
哈姆雷特持剑尾随他进入了房间
Hamlet comes into the room behind him with a sword.
但他不打算杀了克劳狄斯 因为如果在他祈祷的时候杀了他
But he decides not to kill him because he thinks claudius will go straight to heaven
他会直接上天堂
if he dies while he’s praying.
哈姆雷特想要他下地狱
And he wants him to go to hell.
哈姆雷特去看望母亲
Hamlet goes to see his mother,
他不知道母亲让波洛涅斯躲在帷幔后
not knowing that she’s given Polonius permission to hide behind a tapestry
听他们的谈话内容
and listen to their conversation.
哈姆雷特让母亲坐下 并表示揭露她的恶行前 她不能离开
Hamlet makes her sit down and tells her she’s not leaving until he shows her how bad she really is.
乔特鲁德很害怕 大声呼救
Gertrude gets frightened and calls out for help.
听到乔特鲁德的呼救声 波洛涅斯也开始呼救
Hearing her, Polonius calls out for help too.
哈姆雷特以为是克劳狄斯躲在帷幔后
And Hamlet, thinking it’s Claudius behind the tapestry
隔着布刺死了波洛涅斯
stakes Polonius through the cloth and kills him.
哈姆雷特告诉母亲她与克劳狄斯上床实在太糟了
Hamlet tells his mother how awful it is that she’s sleeping with Claudius.
他没有直接说出克劳狄斯就是杀害国王的凶手
He doesn’t come right out and say that Claudius murdered King Hamlet
因为他觉得乔特鲁德是知情者
or that he thinks Gertrude knew about it.
他说的更多的是父亲比克劳狄斯优秀多了
He focuses more on how much better his father was than Claudius
并且试图让母亲承诺不再与克劳狄斯上床
and tries to make his mother promise not to sleep with claudius anymore.
乔德鲁特告诉哈姆雷特他让她感到愧疚
She tells Hamlet that he’s making her feel guilty.
鬼魂进入房间 责备哈姆雷特这么久都还没有完成复仇
The ghost enters and scolds Hamlet for taking so long to get revenge.
哈姆雷特看到了鬼魂 可他的母亲没有看到 她认为哈姆雷特疯了
Hamlet sees the ghost but his mother doesn’t and she thinks he is crazy.
哈姆雷特拖着波洛涅斯的尸体离开了
Hamlet leaves hauling away Polonius’s body.
克劳狄斯最后还是把哈姆雷特和罗生克兰以及盖登思邓送去了英格兰
Claudius ends Hamlet to England with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
独自一人时 他说他给了罗生克兰和盖登思邓密信
When he’s by himself he says he’s given Rosencrantz and Guildenstern sealed letters,
信中命令英格兰国王在信启封后就立刻杀了哈姆雷特
ordering the King of England to put Hamlet to death immediately after opening the letter.
父亲死后奥菲利娅就疯了
Ophelia loses her mind following her father’s death.
雷欧提斯领着一群声势浩大的支持者回到了丹麦
Laertes returns to Denmark leading a noisy crowd of supporters.
他把父亲的死以及妹妹的发疯归咎于克劳狄斯
He blames Claudius for his father’s death and his sisters insanity,
并且威胁打倒他
and threatens to overthrow him.
克劳狄斯试图说服雷欧提斯 哈姆雷特才是真正的凶手
Claudius manages to persuade Laertes that Hamlet is really to blame.
霍拉旭收到哈姆雷特的信 信中说海盗袭击了他所坐的船
Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet, saying that the ship he was on was attacked by pirates.
海盗把哈姆雷特独自囚禁 带回了丹麦
Hamlet was taken prisoner by himself and brought back to Denmark
克劳狄斯和雷欧提斯也收到了哈姆雷特的信
Claudius and Laertes also receive a letter from Hamlet
信中写道他已独自回到了丹麦
in which he says he’s arrived back to Denmark alone
并且明天会去觐见克劳狄斯
and will come to see Claudius the next day.
由于他们知道了哈姆雷特没有死于英格兰 便开始密谋新的策略杀死他
Now that they know Hamlet didn’t die in England they start plotting a new way to kill him,
让哈姆雷特看起来像死于一场事故
that will look like an accident.
乔特鲁德带来奥菲利娅溺死于小溪里的消息
Gertrude brings the news that Ophelia drowned in a stream.
两个掘墓人有说有笑地为奥菲利娅掘墓
Two grave diggers talk and joke while digging Ophelia’s grave.
哈姆雷特和其中一人搭上话
Hamlet gets into a conversation with one of them.
他还不知道奥菲利娅已经死了
He doesn’t yet know that Ophelia is dead.
克劳狄斯 乔特鲁德和雷欧提斯到达此地埋葬奥菲利娅
Claudius, Gertrude and Laertes arrived to bury Ophelia.
他们把奥菲利娅放到墓穴里 但在埋葬她之前
They lay her in the ground but before they can throw earth on her,
雷欧提斯跳进墓穴 最后一次拥抱她
Laertes leaped into the grave to hug her one more time.
终于哈姆雷特意识到他们埋葬的是奥菲利娅
Hamlet finally realizes who they’re burying
他开始咒骂没人比他更爱奥菲利娅
and starts swearing that no one loved Ophelia more than he did.
他也跳入墓穴 与雷欧提斯厮打起来直到被拉开
He jumps into the grave too and he and Laertes fight until they’re pulled apart.
哈姆雷特告诉霍拉旭 在去英格兰的路途中他偷走了那封本该判处他死刑的信
Hamlet tells Horatio that on the way to England he stole the letter that would have sentenced him to death
写了一封信代替 告诉英格兰国王处死罗生克兰和盖登思邓
and wrote a replacement telling the King of England to put Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to death.
他在海盗袭击中设法脱身 然后回到了丹麦
He managed to get free during the pirate attack and then he returned to Denmark.
一名叫奥斯里克的朝臣打断他们
A courtier named Osric interrupts them to invite Hamlet
邀请哈姆雷特和雷欧提斯在国王和王后的面前进行一场击剑比赛
to a fencing match with Laertes to be held in front of the King and Queen.
哈姆雷特同意了
Hamlet agrees.
比赛之前 雷欧提斯在剑尖浸上毒液
Before the match Laertes poisons the tip of his sword
克劳狄斯则在一杯红酒里下毒
and Claudius poisons a cup of wine.
哈姆雷特首先命中
Hamlet gets the first hit.
克劳狄斯要赏赐给他一颗珍珠
and Claudius says he’s going to give him a precious pearl as a reward.
他把珍珠在毒酒杯里浸过后 递给哈姆雷特
And he drops the pearl into the poison Cup and offers it to Hamlet.
哈姆雷特却说还不准备喝酒
But Hamlet says he’s not ready to drink yet.
哈姆雷特再次命中
Hamlet gets the second hit.
乔德鲁特拿起毒酒杯 克劳狄斯还没来得及阻止她 她就喝下去了
Gertrude picks up the poison Cup and drinks from it before Claudius can stop her.
雷欧提斯终于用毒剑刺中了哈姆雷特
Laertes finally gets a hit wounding Hamlet with a poison sword.
双方恼羞成怒 扭打在一起
And they both get mad and start grappling with each other.
在混战中 双方拿错了剑 哈姆雷特也用毒剑伤了雷欧提斯
In the scuffle they exchange swords and Hamlet wounds Laertes with the poision one.
乔德鲁特倒下了 声称有人下毒
Gertrude collapses and says she’s been poisoned.
雷欧提斯向哈姆雷特承认他在剑上下了毒 他们都会死
Laertes confesses to Hamlet he poisoned the sword and says they’re both going to die.
他把责任归咎于克劳狄斯的诡计
He blames Claudius for the scheme.
哈姆雷特用毒剑捅了克劳狄斯 强迫他喝下毒酒
Hamlet stabs Claudius with a poisoned sword and forces him to drink from the poison Cup.
克劳狄斯死了
Claudius dies.
雷欧提斯说为自己的所作所为感到抱歉 也死了
Laertes dies saying he’s sorry for what he’s done.
哈姆雷特嘱咐霍拉旭活下去 把真相公之于众
Hamlet tells Horatio to remain behind and tell the truth about everything that has happened.
然后他也死了
Then he dies.
挪威一个名叫福丁布拉斯的王子 带着军队觐见克劳狄斯
Fortinbras, a prince in Norway arrives with his army on a visit to Claudius.
发现整个王室的人都死了
When he sees that the whole royal family is dead,
便自立为王
he claims the kingdom for himself.
想要了解更多关于哈姆雷特的信息 请访问sparknotes.com的Hamlet SparkNote
For more information about Hamlet,see the Hamlet SparkNote on sparknotes.com.
若想得到哈姆雷特的现代英文版
If you’d like a translation of Hamlet into modern English,
请访问sparknotes.com的No Fear Hamlet
see No Fear Hamlet on sparknotes.com.

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视频概述

了解哈姆雷特的基本剧情,人物关系,走近莎翁。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Luna

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t0CqUTmwKiM

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