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乔治·奥威尔–《1984》简介 – 译学馆
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乔治·奥威尔--《1984》简介

Video SparkNotes: Orwell's 1984 Summary

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1984是一部关于极权主义的作品
1984 is about totalitarianism.
极权主义政府试图控制
A totalitarian government is to want to try to
每一个人生活的方方面面
control every aspect of life.
每个人的每一分钟都做了什么 甚至在私人时间里
How people spend every minute of their time even in private,
他们能和谁来往
who they can associate with,
他们可以说什么样的话
what they are allowed to say.
极权政府甚至会试图控制人们的思想
A totalitarian government even tries to control what people think
和他们的信仰
and what they believe.
乔治奥威尔写《1984》
George Orwell wrote 1984
是二十世纪四十年代末期
in the late 1940s.
他了解到的极权主义
What he knew about totalitarianism was
是基于苏联和纳粹德国
based on the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.
这些政府成立时间并不久
Those governments had come into being not that long before
人们还不太了解极权主义
and they weren’t very well understood yet.
奥威尔写《1984》
What Orwell was trying to do with 1984,
就给读者描绘了一个清晰的画卷
was to give the readers a clear picture
如果一个像英国这样的自由国家
of what life would be like
在极权统治下 人们的生活
if a free country like England,
会是怎样的一个景象
were under totalitarian rule.
《1984》的故事发生在伦敦
1984 takes place in London.
书里的伦敦是一个让人绝望的城市
The London in the book is a depressing place.
那里永远没有足够的食物
There’s never enough to eat,
能吃的都特别恶心
the food is digusting,
衣服 鞋子以及其他所有东西的配给
the running out of clothes or shoes
都随时可能告罄
or anything to go around
这所城市到处都破烂不堪
and the city is pretty dilapidated.
只除了这些金字塔形状的
Except for these giant pyramid shape government buildings
高耸出地面的政府大楼
that rise about the landscape.
某些战争一直在进行
The some sort of war going on
但没人知道是为了什么
who no one really understands what it’s about.
火箭弹经常在街上爆炸并炸死人
Rockets frequently exploded in the streets and blew people to death.
最糟糕的部分在于
The worst part is that the government is always
政府会一直监视着每一个人的行为
watching everything people do.
这是一张“老大哥”的海报
There is a poster of Big Brother.
据说他是政府的领导者
who supposedly the leader of government.
他们说 “老大哥在看着你”
That say:” Big Brother is watching You.”
思想警察把摄像头和麦克风
There are thought police who have hidden
藏在各个角落
cameras and microphones literally everywhere.
政府可以通过你家里的电视屏幕监视你
The government can watch you in your home through your TV screen.
而关掉电视
And you’re not allowed to
是绝对不被允许的
turn your TV off ever.
在这个社会中你有很多事情
There are a lot of things you’re not allowed
都绝对不能做
to do in the society.
如果你做了 警察就会把你带走
If you do them, the police may take you away
丢进强迫劳动营
and throw you into a force labor camp.
你不能有亲密的朋友
You’re not allowed to have close friends.
也不能谈恋爱
You’re not allowed to be in love.
你不能和喜欢的人做爱
You can’t eat or have sex with someone you like.
你基本上应该
You’re basically supposed to say
把所有的感情都投入给党
of all your emotional energy for the party,
党就是政府
the party being the government.
然后你就不得不去做一些事情
Then there are things you have to do.
你必须在电视上看政府的节目
You have to watch the government programming on TV.
大部分都是新闻 还有一些训练
most of its news, some of exercises.
你必须要参加动员会
You have to attend pep rallies including
其中包括一个节目叫做 两分钟仇恨
this one called the two minutes hate.
这样一来 你几乎没有时间
So it’s hard to even have time to
去进行自己的思考
to think your own thoughts
因为他们不断的用宣传给你洗脑
because they constantly fill in your head with propaganda.
《1984》的主人公叫做
The main character of 1984
温斯顿斯密斯
is Winston Smith.
他39岁
He’s 39.
他在政府里工作
He has a job in the government.
他生活在这种时刻被监视的恐怖环境中
And he lives this horrible jury existence
没有任何朋友或者亲近的人
without any friends or anyone in his life
在故事的开头 他开始写日记
At the beginning of the book, he starts writing a diary
来记录他是多么痛恨在这种社会里的生活
to talk about how much he hates life in society.
即使写日记如果被发现
Even though writing a diary is one of those things
也会被处死刑
should be killed for doing if you were caught.
日记是他用来思考社会的地方
The diary is his place for thinking about his society.
在日记里他会试图想象
It’s a place where he tries to imagine
如果生活与现在截然不同会是怎样的情景
if life could possibly be different from the way it is.
他无从得知
There’s no way for you to know
之前的社会是不是和现在不一样
if things were ever different before.
因为政府修改了之前所有的记录
Because the government has changed all the records
重新编写了历史书籍
of the past and rewritten all the history books.
在小说的开头
At the beginning of the novel,
出现了两个对温斯顿而言很重要的人
there are two other people who matter to Winston.
而他几乎不认识他们
And he doesn’t even know either of them.
其中一个是茱莉亚
One of them is Julia.
茱莉亚是一个有魅力的年轻女人
Julia is this attractive young woman
她和温斯顿在同一所大楼里工作
who works in the same building as him.
她是某种机械工人
She’s some kind of mechanic.
温斯顿其实有些讨厌她
Winston basically hates her.
因为她实在是太可爱了
He hates her because she is pretty
而温斯顿又无法拥有她
and he can’t have her.
但是他认为 她可能是会向
But he also thinks she is the sort of person
思想警察告密的那类人
who will turn them into the thought police.
所以他也害怕她
So he is afraid of her
但仍然无法抵抗她的魅力
but also so fascinated.
另一个他感兴趣的人
The other person he is interested in
是一个叫做奥布莱恩的胖胖的男人
is this portly guy named O’Brien
他是核心党的成员
who’s the member of the Inner Party.
这意味这他是领导
That means he is a boss
比温斯顿的地位高得多
much higher up than Winston.
温斯顿应该要害怕这个人
Winston should be afraid of this guy,
但他的某种感觉告诉他 奥布莱恩很睿智
but he gets the sense that O’Brien is intelligent.
所以他一直渴望成为奥布莱恩的朋友
So he has this yearning to be friends with him.
他认为奥布莱恩应该懂得自己的感受
He thinks O’Brien would understand how he feels about life.
这本书的转折发生在某一天
The book takes a turn one day
茱莉亚悄悄塞给温斯顿一张小纸条
when Julia slips Winston a note.
上面写着 “我爱你”
That says:”I love you.”
这张纸条极大的震动了温斯顿的世界
This note completely rocks Winston’s world.
当然他很感兴趣
Of course he is interested.
他几乎都等不及要联系她了
He can’t wait to get in touch with her.
但是对他们来说 在到处都是间谍和摄像头的环境中
But it’s very hard for them to say two words
想私下说上两句话是非常困难的
each other in private without these spies and cameras everywhere.
最终 他们成功外出来到乡下
Finally, they do manage to get out to the country
开始了他们疯狂的爱情
and they start this mad love affair.
爱情让他们都非常开心
The love affair makes both them very happy.
这其实很危险因为一旦他们被抓住
It’s dangerous because they could be killed
就会被处死刑或者送到劳动营里
or sent to labor camps if they get caught.
但这让他们更兴奋
But that makes more exciting.
温斯顿终于找到了一个理解他
At last Winston has someone who understands him
并且和他一样憎恨党的人
and who hates the party as much as he does.
但是温斯顿想要再前进一步
But Winston needs to go that extra step.
他以拥有这样秘密关系的个人方式来对抗党
He is rebelling against the party privately by having this secret affair.
现在他想更进一步
Now he wants to go to the next level and
成为一个主动的反抗者来对抗政府
be an active rebel against the government.
有一天当奥布莱恩邀请温斯顿
He gets his chance one day
到自己的公寓来看一些与工作相关的事情时
when O’Brien invites him to his apartment to
他得到了这个机会
look at something work related.
温斯顿的信心剧增
Winston takes a leap of faith
并且猜测奥布莱恩一定是反抗组织中的一员
and guesses that O’Brien must be part of the rebellion.
因为没有人邀请过别人去自己家
Because no one invites people over to their home.
这就是不可能发生的事情
It just isn’t done.
所以他和茱莉亚一起去了奥布莱恩的房子
So he and Julia go to O’Brien’s house and
表明他们想成为反抗者
confess they want to be rebels.
而奥布莱恩说 “是的 我也是反抗者”
And O’Brien says:”yes, I am a rebel too
“我们都读了这本书
and we all read this book that explains
书里解释了事情为什么会变成现在的样子”
why things are the way they are.”
温斯顿读了这本书而且这本书对他产生了深刻的影响
Winston reads the book and he is blown away by it.
不幸的是 在他刚刚读完的时候
Unfortunately, right after he reads it,
思想警察闯进来逮捕了他和茱莉亚
the thought police burst in and arrest him and Julia
然后把他们带到友爱部折磨他们
and carry them off to the Ministry of Love to torture them.
所以我们知道了奥布莱恩根本不是反抗者
So we learned that O’Brien wasn’t a rebel after all.
他只是想抓住温斯顿
He just wants to catch Winston.
在友爱部
In the Ministry of Love,
他们用各种各样的恐怖手段折磨温斯顿
they torture Winston in all sorts of horrible ways.
他们打碎他的骨头和牙齿
They break his bones and his teeth.
他们用电击
They use electrical shock.
他们不给他吃的等等等等
They starve him and on and on.
温斯顿说出了自己知道的所有
He tells them everything he knows.
承认了他们提出的所有问题
He confesses to everything they ask him.
他说了自己知道的关于茱莉亚的所有事情
He tells them everything he knows about Julia.
在一遍又一遍的折磨后
After torturing him over and over,
奥布莱恩终于告诉温斯顿政府真正想要的是什么
O’Brien finally tells Winston what it is that the government really wants.
政府要的就是对温斯顿这种人
What they want is to have total power
头脑的绝对掌控
over the minds of people like Winston.
他们想让温斯顿这种人说 “2加2等于5”
They want people like Winston to say:”
并且发自内心的相信
2 plus 2 equals 5 ,” and really believe it
而并不是为了避免挨打
not just say it to avoid beating.
对于政府来讲这是纯粹的训练和权力
For the government, it’s purely an exercise and power.
他们不是为了某种其他目的而控制人心
They’re not trying to control his mind for some other purposes.
他们只是想对人的思想有绝对控制
They just want to exercise total power over people’s minds.
他们最终完全打败了温斯顿
They finally do break Winston completely.
在这个叫做101号房间的地方
In this place called room 101
他们会做让你最害怕的事情
where they do whatever it is your most afraid of.
他们把他的头锁进一个笼子
They lock his face into a cage
并恐吓他让老鼠来吃掉他的脸
and threaten to let these rats eat away through his face.
他有老鼠恐惧症
He has a phobia of rats.
所以他认输了
So he loses and says:”
说道“这么对茱莉亚 别这么对我”
do it to Julia not me.”
就这样温斯顿背叛了对他而言最重要的人
which is a complete betrayal of what’s most important to him.
政府夺走了他最后的完整思想
The government has taken his last thread of integrity.
在他这么做之后
After he does that,
政府放温斯顿和茱莉亚离开了
they let him and Julia go.
思想警察一点也不关心他们了
The thought police don’t care about them anymore.
他们两人在外面相见
The two of them meet on the outside,
但他们无法再爱对方
but they can’t love each other any more.
温斯顿和茱莉亚在被放出来后
Winston and Julia are basically broken people
基本上不能再算是完整的人了
after they get out.
温斯顿的最大改变就是
Winston has changed the point
他一点都不愿意再思考任何可能与反叛有关的事情
that he doesn’t even want to think about anything that might be rebellious.
他就只会坐在小餐馆 听新闻 微笑
He just sits in the cafe, listening to the news and smiling.
全书的最后写道
The last words of the novel all:”
“他热爱老大哥”
He loved Big Brother.”
这本书的其中一个要点说的就是
So one of the points the book makes is
一个人无条件相信你告诉他的任何事情
that human being can be broken down completely
即便你对他说的是 2加2等于5
until he will believe whatever you tell him,
他就被彻底摧毁了
even if it is 2 plus 2 equals 5.
同时书里也有一个积极的信息
At the same time, the book has a positive message
那就是要控制一个人的思想
which is that it’s really hard to get inside
到那样的程度真的非常困难
someone’s head to that extent.
政府必须要能够成功的和温斯顿的脑电波建立这样不可思议的连接
The government has to go do incredible links to brainwash Winston successfully.
了解更多关于小说《1984》的信息
For more information about 1984
点击 火花笔记 SparkNote.com
check out this SparkNote to it on SparkNote.com.

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视频概述

极权主义是什么?发展到极致的极权主义国家的生活会是什么样子? 看乔治奥威尔在上世纪四十年代做出了怎样的大胆预言

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Amy

翻译译者

grandpa

审核员

审核团HZ

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h9JIKngJnCU

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