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《弗兰肯斯坦(科学怪人)》-玛丽·雪莱

Video SparkNotes: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein summary

Frankenstein begins when a young man named Captain Walton,
《弗兰肯斯坦》以年轻的船长沃尔顿
takes a ship into the Arctic Ocean.
率船前往北冰洋开始
He’s hoping to make important scientific discoveries.
沃尔顿希望此次航行能实现重要的科学发现
His ship gets stranded for a few days
由于船被海冰包围
when a sheet of ice forms all around it.
导致他在海上滞留了几天
To his amazement,
令他惊讶的是
he and his crew see a gigantic man,
他和船员们看见了一个巨人
about eight feet tall, driving a dog sled across the ice
约八英尺高 正坐在狗拉的雪橇上穿过冰面
until it disappears in the distance.
他们一直注视着 直到巨人消失在远处
A little later,
不久之后
they see a normal-sized man on another dog sled,
他们看到一位正常体型的人坐在另一驾狗拉的雪橇上
chasing the first one.
追逐着第一架雪橇
This man is almost dead from exhaustion and exposure,
这个男子由于精疲力竭 暴露在冰天雪地下 就快要死了
so they take him aboard.
于是他们把他带上了船
The man is Victor Frankenstein.
这个男人名叫维克多•弗兰肯斯坦
Walton becomes friends with him.
沃尔顿和他成为了朋友
And while Frankenstein is recovering, he tells Walton his story.
弗兰肯斯坦恢复身体的时候 给沃尔顿讲了自己的故事
Frankenstein grew up in Geneva.
弗兰肯斯坦在日内瓦长大
His father had been an important figure in the government
父亲是政府里的一位重要人物
and they were well-off.
家境富裕
He grew up with his cousin, Elizabeth,
他和表妹伊丽莎白一起长大
who his parents expected him to marry eventually.
父母希望他最后和表妹结婚
He had a little brother named William.
他还有个弟弟叫威廉
He had a best friend named Henry Clerval.
亨利•克莱瓦尔是他最好的朋友
Frankenstein goes to a famous university in Ingolstadt,
弗兰肯斯坦在英戈尔施塔特的一所著名的大学求学
where he becomes very good at science.
大学期间 他十分擅长科学
He figures out scientifically how to bring something to life,
他从科学角度 明白了如何赋予事物生命
though he doesn’t tell us what the secret is.
尽管他没有告诉我们具体的秘密
He makes a creature using parts from a graveyard.
他用墓地里的尸体创造了一个生物
On a raining night in November, he brings it to life.
11月的一个晚上 这个生命诞生了
But he’s so horrified by it that he runs away.
但是他太害怕了 就逃跑了
The next day, his friend Clerval arrives at the university to begin his studies.
第二天 他的朋友克莱瓦尔来到这所大学就读
But Frankenstein becomes ill and Clerval spends all winter in nursing him.
但弗兰肯斯坦生病了 所以克莱瓦尔整个冬天都在照料他
Just as he’s getting better at the beginning of the spring,
初春的时候 弗兰肯斯坦的病渐渐好了
he gets a letter telling him that his little brother William has been murdered.
他收到了一封来信 信上说他的弟弟威廉被谋杀了
Justin, a servant in his house,
他家里的一个仆人贾斯廷
whom everyone always liked, has been arrested,
平时很受大家欢迎 却被逮捕了
because William had been carrying a locket that was found on her.
因为在她口袋里发现了威廉姆一直携带的一个吊坠
So Frankenstein heads home.
所以弗兰肯斯坦动身回家
Just before he gets home,
就在他要到家的时候
he sees the monster from a distance
他看见远处的一个怪物
and he knows that the monster killed his brother.
他知道是那个怪物杀死了他的弟弟
Frankenstein watches Justin’s trial,
弗兰肯斯坦看着贾斯廷的审判
and his cousin, Elizabeth, testifies
他的表妹伊丽莎白做呈堂证供
that she’s too nice to have done this,
她很愿意作证
but she’s convicted and sentenced to death.
但结果是贾斯廷仍被判有罪 并判处死刑
Frankenstein has to watch her die.
弗兰肯斯坦不得不面对她的死
Frankenstein goes with his family on a sight-seeing trip.
之后他和他的家人去观光旅行散心了
And one day, when he goes mountain climbing by himself,
一天 他自己爬山的时候
the monster appears to him
那个怪物出现了
and makes him sit down and listen to his story.
让他坐下 听他讲述自己的故事
Frankenstein would rather kill him, but he listens.
弗兰肯斯坦想杀了他 但是他做不到
The monster describes how he came to life completely disoriented.
怪物说他出生后的生活完全混乱不堪
He didn’t know how to speak or understand language.
他不知道怎样说话 或者听懂一种语言
And he had to get used to the feel of his own body
他不得不学着习惯自己的身体
and to figured out basic concepts,
明白一些基本的常识
like light and dark, heat and cold, and hunger and thirst.
比如光明 黑暗 热 冷 饿和渴
He eventually wandered out into the forest
最终他游荡在森林里
where he could hide and look for berries and nuts.
在这它可以隐藏自己 寻找浆果或坚果充饥
The first human he sees is an old man in a hut
一个小屋里的老人 看见他之后
who runs away in terror,
惊慌逃跑 那是他看见的第一个人
because the monster is so hideous.
因为怪物是如此丑陋
He’s fascinated by the first village he walks into,
当他走进第一个村庄的时候 被这个地方迷住了
but the residents are terrified
但是村民吓坏了
and they drive him off by throwing things at him.
他们朝他扔东西 驱赶他离开
He finally finds shelter in this little shed,
最后在这个小棚里 他落了脚
built up against the side of a cottage.
他将一面修砌隔绝别的村舍
He can look through a crack and observe the people who live there.
透过裂缝 他可以观察居住在那里的人们
But they don’t know he’s there.
但是人们并不知道他在那
These people are called the De Laceys,
这些人被叫做De Laceys
a brother and a sister named Felix and Agatha
菲利克斯和阿加莎 是一对兄妹
and their blind old father, who plays the guitar.
他们的盲人父亲 会弹吉他
The creature sees how much they love each other and he wants to be like them.
怪物看到了他们彼此关爱 也想像他们一样
He starts learning language by listening to them speak French.
通过听他们说法语 他开始学习语言
One day, an Arabian woman named Safie arrives.
一天 一个叫莎菲的阿拉伯女人来做客
Safie doesn’t speak English or know much about European culture.
她不会说英语 也不知道太多欧洲的文化
So Felix teaches her everything,
所以菲利克斯开始教她
from vocabulary and reading to history,
从词汇到阅读到学习历史
and the monster learns along with her.
怪物也跟着她一起学
He learns to read and write
他学着读和写
and about good and evil
明白了什么是善良和邪恶
and about the history of human’s societies.
知道人类社会发展的整个历史
In the woods, he finds three books,
在木堆里 他找到了3本书
“Paradise Lost”, “The Sorrows of Young Werther”
《失乐园》《少年维特之烦恼》
and “Plutarch’s Lives”.
及《名人传》
And he reads the papers that were in Frankenstein’s dressing gown,
它看懂了弗兰肯斯坦衣服里的几张纸
which reveal who Frankenstein is and where he lives
知道了弗兰肯斯坦是谁 住在哪
and how he came to make the monster.
他怎么创造的自己
The monster starts to hate Frankenstein
怪物开始恨弗兰肯斯坦
for giving him such an awfully lonely existence and abandoning him
让他一个人孤单的生存在这个世界 还遗弃他
since he’s too ugly to make friends with anyone.
就是因为他太丑了 没人愿意跟他做朋友
Eventually, the monster learns the story of these people.
最后 怪物知道了关于这些人的故事
The De Laceys were a rich family in Paris,
这一户原本是巴黎的富裕人家
but Felix helped a wealthy Turk escape from prison
但是出于同情
because he fell sorry for him.
菲利克斯帮助一个有钱的土耳其人逃离了监狱
So the government took the De Lacey family’s money and banished them.
所以法国政府剥夺了一家人的财产并终身流放国外
And they went to live in the cottage.
然后他们就找到了一所小屋作为栖身之所
The Turk did escape from prison,
土耳其人从监狱逃出来之后
but he abandoned Felix afterward.
很快就抛弃了菲利克斯
But the Turk’s daughter, Safie, has fallen in love with Felix.
但是土耳其商人的女儿莎菲爱上了菲利克斯
So she escaped to come marry him.
因此 她为了嫁给他 逃出了家
The monster wants to be friends with the De Laceys,
怪兽想和这一家人成为朋友
and he decides that if he goes to talk to the old man first,
他决定先去找老人谈一谈
the old man will listen because he is blind.
因为老人是盲人 所以他会听自己讲述
When the others leave, he pretends to be a traveler and speaks to De Laycey.
趁其他人不在的时候 他假装自己是旅客 然后和他交谈
And it’s going okay until Felix, Agatha and Safie come back.
本来一切都很顺利 直到兄妹两人和莎菲回来
The women are horrified
女人们都很害怕
and Felix drives the monster off with a stick.
菲利克斯用棍子将他赶了出去
At first, the monster goes out into the woods,
起初 怪物来到森林里
then decides that he’s going to declare war on humans.
打算向人类开战
But in the morning, he cools down
但早上的时候 他冷静下来
and decides to go back and try again.
决定再回去试试
But he finds Felix giving up the lease
结果 他发现菲利克斯不再租这个房子了
and he never sees the De Laceys again,
他再也看不见这一家了
which makes him feel double rejected.
这让他受到双重打击
He comes back at night and destroys the cottage.
晚上他回来 毁了屋社
Then he starts the long walk to Geneva
开始了去日内瓦的漫长旅程
to try to find his creator.
他想找到他的创造者
He gets shot while he’s on his way there,
在路上 他遇到了射击
just because he stops to help a woman who’s drowning.
就是因为他停下帮助一个溺水的女人
When he gets to Geneva, he grabs this little boy,
来到日内瓦之后 他抓了一个小男孩
thinking that he can use the boy to learn his way around.
想让他告诉自己怎么走
But when the boy mentions his father’s name is Frankenstein,
当男孩提到自己爸爸是弗兰肯斯坦时
the monster kills him to get revenge on Frankenstein.
为了报复 他杀了那个孩子
You might notice that there is an inconsistency in the story here,
你可能会注意到 故事在这里有些矛盾
because Victor made the creature in November,
维克托在11月创造了这个怪物
then got sick all winter.
然后整个冬天都在生病
William got killed the following spring, maybe six months later,
威廉姆在次年春天被杀 也就时隔六个月
but the creature spends a whole year at the cottage,
怪物却在木棚里呆了一年
and he kills William more like eighteen months after being created.
也就是在他被创造后的大约18个月里 他杀了威廉姆
So there’s a difference of a year between the two stories.
所以两个故事里 一年的月份可能有所不同
Just to be even more hateful,
由于痛恨
he puts the locket William was carrying in Justin’s pocket,
他把威廉姆的吊坠放进了贾斯廷的口袋里
knowing she’ll be condemned for murder.
并且知道这样做 她会被判谋杀
The monster insists that Frankenstein make a female as ugly as he is.
怪物坚持弗兰肯斯坦应该再造一个和他一样丑的女性
So he’ll have a companion.
这样他就有了一个伴侣
He promises to go away with her to South America
他承诺他会跟她一起去南美
and threatens to kill lots of people if Frankenstein won’t do it.
如果弗兰肯斯坦不这么做 他就会杀很多人
So Frankenstein agrees.
因此 弗兰肯斯坦答应了
Frankenstein decides to go on a long trip
他决定开始一段远途行程
and work on the new monster away from home.
离开家 创造一个新的怪物
So he and Clerval go on a long sight-seeing trip
所以 克莱瓦尔开始了一段长途旅程
through Germany, England and Scotland.
走过了德国 英格兰和苏格兰
He eventually rents a little cottage on a remote island in Scotland
最后 他在苏格兰的一个偏远小岛上 租了一个小屋
to do the work.
并开始了这项工作
But he gets disgusted
但是他开始厌恶这件事
and destroys the new creature before it’s finished.
在新的生物快要完成之前 他毁了她
The monster comes in to find out what’s he’s doing
怪物闯了进来 目睹了一切
and he’s furious that Frankenstein broke his promise.
他感到暴怒 弗兰肯斯坦居然违背了自己的承诺
The monster swears he’ll get revenge and says,
怪物发誓他会复仇 并且说到:
“I’ll be with you on your wedding night.”
“我会出现在你婚礼的晚上”
Frankenstein takes all the parts and put them in a basket,
弗兰肯斯坦带走了所有东西 并把他们放在一个篮子里
then sails on a boat at night and dumps at all.
他晚上的时候上了船 并把所有东西都倒了
Then he goes to sleep in the boat.
然后睡在了船上
When he comes ashore,
当他来到海岸时
he’s in Ireland and the people arrest him.
他身处爱尔兰 当地人把他逮捕了
It turns out someone strangled his friend, Clerval,
有人掐死了他的朋友克莱瓦尔
and they think Frankenstein did it.
他们怀疑这是弗兰肯斯坦干的
He gets sick again,
他又患病了
because he’s so upset that the monster killed another of his friends,
因为他太心痛了 怪物杀死了他另一个朋友
and a magistrate has him nursed back to health.
一个当地的法官照料着他 他也慢慢恢复了健康
He’s eventually released since he didn’t kill Clerval.
因为他没有杀克莱瓦尔 就被释放了
He goes back home and he marries Elizabeth
弗兰肯斯坦回了家 他想要娶伊丽莎白
like they’ve been planning their whole lives.
他们一直为他们的后半生计划着
He thinks the monster’s planning to kill him on his wedding night,
他料想怪物计划在婚礼的时候将他杀死
so he sits up waiting with a gun,
所以他一直配带着枪支坐着等他来
but the monster actually kills Elizabeth.
但结果是怪物杀死了伊丽莎白
His father dies with grief soon afterward,
不久之后 他的父亲也因为过度悲伤而离世
so Victor has lost everybody.
所以维克托失去了一切
He devotes his life to finding the monster and destroying it.
他后半生一直寻找着怪物的踪迹 试图消灭他
But the monster keeps going further and further north,
可是怪物一直不停的往北走
until they’re chasing each other on dog’s sleds far out to sea.
直到他们互相用雪橇追赶着对方 出了海
After he tells Walton the whole story, he dies.
弗兰肯斯坦给沃尔顿讲完整个故事 就死了
The monster comes on the boat to pay a final farewell to Frankenstein.
怪兽来到船上 和弗兰肯斯坦做了最后的告别
He tells Walton he’s going to set him on fire and destroy himself,
他告诉沃尔顿自己会放把火结束自己的生命
because he didn’t mean to be bad.
他不想再这样下去了
Walton winds up taking the ship back home
沃尔顿扬帆起航回了家
partly because the crew makes him
一部分原因是是船员们的要求
and partly because of Frankenstein’s story shows
一部分原因是弗兰肯斯坦的故事
that scientific discovery isn’t worth sacrificing your life for.
告诉他 科学的发现并不值得你牺牲自己的生命
One of the major questions of the book is
关于这本书 其中一个主要问题就是
how much we should blame Frankenstein for what happens
针对发生的一切 我们应该将责任多少归咎于兰肯斯坦
and how much the monster.
多少归咎于那个怪物
Critics like to point out all the things that are wrong with Frankenstein
有批评指出 弗兰肯斯坦是造成一切祸事的源头
because he was irresponsible in creating the monster for no good reason.
因为他不负责任的创造出来这个生物
Then he abandoned his creation instead of helping it.
代替帮助他 他选择了遗弃
And he was very careless about protecting his friends.
对于朋友 他没有尽到保护的义务
Readers tend to see the monster more a fault though,
然而读者认为怪物的错误更多一些
because even though he gets a lot of bad breaks-
因为尽管那个怪物遭受到了很多不好的突变
being frightening ugly and misunderstood,
长着令人害怕的外表 遭受着误解
his decision to kill a child is just evil,
但他决定杀死那个孩子的一刻 那就是罪恶
and he keeps killing people out of spite or for a revenge.
出于蔑视或复仇 它居然陆续杀人
Another question is whether the creature is naturally good like he claims to be
另一个问题是是否这个生物天生就是如此
and what is it that makes him become evil,
是什么致使他变得邪恶
his own choices or things that happen to him?
是他自己的选择 还是其他事影响了他?
For more information about Frankenstein,
想要了解很多关于《弗兰肯斯坦》的信息
check out the Frankenstein SparkNote on sparknotes.com.
请登录我们的网站sparknotes.com.搜索Frankenstein SparkNote

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译制信息
视频概述

创造出来的怪物最后毁了创造者的一切,这其中到底应该是谁的过错

听录译者

Clara

翻译译者

喋喋

审核员

审核团HN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRppXdKDY_c

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