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了不起的盖茨比

Video SparkNotes: Gatsby's Life Story from F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby

杰伊·盖茨比 本名詹姆斯·卡兹
Jay Gatsby is born with the name James Gatz,
明尼苏达州的一个贫穷的农家子弟
the son of poor farmers in Minnesota.
自幼梦想着发财致富
He dreams of being rich,
但却又不仅于此
but he doesn’t just want to get rich.
他想让他的一切都配得起他的富有
He wants to seem like he was always rich,
包括处事风格 礼仪 穿戴
with the style, the manners, the clothes and the way
和上等人说话交谈的方式
of talking of someone from the upper class.
因此 他学习如何说话 保持什么样的姿态
So he studies how to speak and have poise,
即使那时的他还很穷
even when he’s poor.
17岁的时候 他离家出走 踏上了寻找财富的道路
He runs away when he’s 17 to seek his fortune.
他在圣欧拉夫学院呆了两周
He goes to St. Olaf’s College for two weeks,
但是他讨厌当个清洁工 用工资付学费这件事
but he hates having to work as a janitor to pay for it.
所以不久他辞了工作
So he quits.
之后 盖茨比在苏必略湖的一艘游艇上
He meets a millionaire named Dan Cody,
遇见了百万富翁丹·科迪 这艘船的主人
who’s on his yacht and Lake Superior,
盖茨比是科迪最好的朋友和左膀右臂 并相处了5年
and he becomes Cody’s best friend and right-hand man for five years.
科迪死后 他留给盖茨比一笔钱
Cody dies, and even though he leaves Gatsby some money,
但盖茨比并没有收
Gatsby doesn’t get it.
第一次世界大战爆发
When WWI breaks out,
盖茨比参了军 还成为了一名军官
Gatsby joins the army and becomes an officer.
他在肯塔基州的路易斯维尔军事训练时
While he’s in training at Camp Taylor in Louisville Kentucky,
结识了年轻富有的姑娘黛西
he meets a rich young woman named Daisy.
并爱上了她
He falls in love with her,
可主要是因为黛西优越的身家
in large part because of her wealth and background.
她所展现的生活面貌是他想要的
She represents the life he’s always wanted.
因为盖茨比的制服和举止都表现得像上等阶层
Because he has the uniform and acts like he’s high-class,
对他来说 很容易假装成和黛西来自同一个阶层
it’s pretty easy for him to pretend he’s from the same class as her.
他们睡在一起 黛西也爱上了他
They sleep together and she falls in love with him,
但他们不能结婚
but they can’t get married
盖茨比没有钱养活黛西
because he doesn’t have any money to support her.
甚至当黛西意识到这一点的时候 也没离开他
Even when she finds this out, she doesn’t leave him,
盖茨比奔赴战场以后 依旧等着他
but waits for him when he goes to war.
战争中 由于盖茨比英勇的表现 很快就晋升到少校
In the war, he performs heroically and gets promoted to major.
战争结束后 他被送到牛津学习
When the war ends, he gets sent to Oxford to study
和其他军官一起进修了5个月
for five months along with some other officers.
而黛西已经厌倦了久久的等候 她的生活也需要往前走一步了
Daisy gets tired of waiting and needs to move on with her life,
所以她嫁给了出身富贵的汤姆·布坎南
so she marries a rich man named Tom Buchanan.
之后 黛西有些后悔了
She has some regrets,
特别是在她婚礼前一天
especially when she gets a letter from Gatsby
收到盖茨比的来信后
the day before the wedding,
但她的朋友一起阻止了她 婚礼照常举行
but her friends pull her together and she carries on.
黛西离家度蜜月的时候 盖茨比来到了黛西的城市
Gatsby gets to Daisy’s town when she’s left for her honeymoon.
他心碎了
He’s completely broke.
他甚至没钱买吃的
He has no money even for food
他不得不穿着仅有的制服
and he has to wear his uniform.
来找迈耶·沃尔夫希尔母 一个黑社会头目
He meets Meyer Wolfsheim, an organized crime leader
沃尔夫希尔母看见盖茨比的行为举止不凡 觉得他是个可用之人
who sees Gatsby is useful because he acts high-class.
他俩一起贩卖私酒 干着其他违法的生意 而大发横财
The two make millions together selling grain alcohol and doing other illegal things.
盖茨比在长岛湾建造了一座府邸
Gatsby buys a palace on Long Island Sound,
与黛西的家只跨过一条海湾
across the bay from Daisy’s house.
每晚盖茨比都举办豪华宴会
He hosts lavish parties every night,
希望她会出现
hoping she’ll show up.
但是她没有 盖茨比开始向人们打听是不是知道她
When she doesn’t, he starts asking people if they know her,
最后他认识了黛西的一个朋友乔丹·贝克
finally connecting with Daisy’s friend Jordan Baker.
从乔丹身上
Having found out from Jordan Baker
盖茨比的邻居尼克知道了关于黛西的消息
that his neighbor Nick Carraway knows Daisy,
盖茨比让尼克邀请黛西来喝茶
he asks Nick to invite Daisy to tea.
尼克答应了
Nick agrees.
与此 黛西已和汤姆育有一女
Daisy, meanwhile, has a daughter with Tom
汤姆对黛西的欺骗 让她很失落
and she’s unhappy because he cheats on her.
在尼克家 盖茨比见到了黛西
Gatsby meets Daisy at Nick’s house
起初两个人都有些尴尬
and the two are embarrassed at first.
但之后 他们发现自己还爱着彼此
But then they find out that they still love each other.
他们一起去了盖茨比的家 就这样黛西开始约见盖茨比
They go to Gatsby’s house and Daisy starts to see Gatsby.
盖茨比想让黛西告诉汤姆 她从没爱过他
Gatsby wants Daisy to tell Tom that she never loved him,
这样他和黛西就可以开始属于他们的新生活了
so he and Daisy can start a new life together.
在一个炎热的一天
On a very hot day,
盖茨比和乔丹还有尼克一起去拜访布坎南
Gatsby visits the Buchanans with Jordan and Nick.
汤姆发现黛西爱着盖茨比
Tom sees that Daisy is in love with Gatsby.
他们一起开车去了纽约
They all drive into New York together and
在广场饭店租了一套房
get a suite at the Plaza Hotel.
汤姆和盖茨比很快就起了争执
Tom and Gatsby get in a fight and
盖茨比让黛西告诉汤姆 他从来没爱过她
Gatsby asks Daisy to say she never loved Tom
她要离开他
and that she’s leaving him.
开始 黛西还这样说了
Daisy does say this at first,
但是汤姆让她回忆他们在一起的点点滴滴
but Tom reminds her of some of their memories together,
黛西从没爱过他这件事 根本不可能
showing that it’s not really true that Daisy never loved him.
黛西爱着两个人
She loved both of them,
汤姆指控盖茨比是一个罪犯
then Tom accuses Gatsby of being a criminal
他向黛西揭露了盖茨比之前做过的事
and confronts Daisy with some of the facts
盖茨比贩卖过私酒
he’s dug up about the illegal liquor sales.
现在黛西再也不想离开汤姆
Now Daisy doesn’t want to leave Tom anymore.
汤姆知道 他赢了
Tom knows he’s won,
所以他让黛西坐盖茨比的车回家
so he sends Daisy back home with Gatsby in Gatsby’s car.
黛西回家的途中 开车撞死了威尔逊
Daisy drives, and on the way back, she hits and kills Myrtle Wilson,
而她正好是汤姆的情妇
who happens to be Tom’s lover.
黛西没有停车
Daisy doesn’t stop and
盖茨比继续开车送黛西回了家 然后把车藏了起来
Gatsby finishes driving her home and hides the car.
盖茨比内心不想承认 他其实已经失去了黛西
Gatsby has trouble admitting that he’s lost Daisy
他整夜都徘徊在黛西的房外
and he waits outside Daisy’s house all night.
但始终没有等到她出来见他
But she doesn’t come out to see him.
威尔逊的丈夫 乔治·威尔逊
Myrtle Wilson’s husband, George Wilson,
从汤姆那得到了盖茨比的地址
finds out Gatsby’s address from Tom,
认为她妻子和盖茨比睡觉了
and believing that Myrtle was sleeping with Gatsby.
而且盖茨比还是肇事逃逸的凶手
And Gatsby was the hit-and-run driver.
乔治偷偷潜入了盖茨比的院子
He sneaks into Gatsby’s yard,
趁他躺在水池里的时候 向他开了枪
and shoots him while he’s lying in his pool.
然后自杀了
Then he kills himself.
最后 盖茨比的葬礼几乎空无一人
Hardly, anyone comes to Gatsby’s funeral,
盖茨比是个非常有魅力的人物
Gatsby is a very appealing character,
因为他有许多面
because he has a lot of style,
他人生前进的动力就是梦想跻身于上流社会
and because he is so driven by this dream of being upper-class
之后他成为了一个百万富翁 拥有非凡的生活品质
that he becomes a millionaire and has this remarkable lifestyle.
但他却始终没有得到黛西
But he can’t get Daisy
他尝试用死换回黛西的心
and he actually dies trying to get her back.
盖茨比的问题在于 现在仅成为富人已经不够了
Gatsby’s problem is that it’s not enough for him to be rich now.
他在意的不应该是聚会或者生活方式
He doesn’t care about the parties or the lifestyle.
他需要做的是回到过去
He needs to reach back into his past,
在遇见黛西的时候就和她开始一段新的生活
and start a life with Daisy at the moment he met her,
因为那个时候的黛西还年轻单纯富有
because that moment, when she was young and innocent and rich,
他也如此 年轻 前途光明
and when he was young and full of promise,
那时 他需要的是孩子的时候富有就好了
that was the moment when he needed to be a rich kid.
但是他没有能力改变过去
But he can’t change the past,
现实是黛西已经结婚了
and the reality is that Daisy does get married,
黛西已经把对盖茨比的爱分享给了她的丈夫 和他一起生活
and sort of loves her husband and has a life with him.
这是盖茨比不能打破的
Gatsby can’t undo that,
所以回到过去 可能会让他的一切梦想破碎不堪
so his need to go back to the past is what kills him.
想要了解更多《了不起的盖茨比》
For more information about the Great Gatsby,
可以登陆sparknotes.com搜索Great Gatsby SparkNote
check out the Great Gatsby SparkNote on sparknotes.com

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译制信息
视频概述

如果回到过去,盖茨比还会向之前一样,爱着黛西,选择替她而死么

听录译者

郝思嘉

翻译译者

喋喋

审核员

审核团GK

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w7qkzrsC5J4

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