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《美丽心灵的永恒阳光》详细分析 – 译学馆
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《美丽心灵的永恒阳光》详细分析

VIDEO ESSAY - Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind - The Sad Truth (DETAILED ANALYSIS)

每当我发现自己观看
Whenever I find myself watching
《美丽心灵的永恒阳光》时
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind,
总会去寻找
which is often,
我总是在故事中寻找到新的层次
I always find new layers to the story.
在深入追寻电影的意义之前
It is important to note the origins of this film
关键是要把握该片的背景
before its meaning can be fully explored.
本片由查理•考夫曼担任编剧
The film was written by Charlie Kaufman
当时许多人认为他的事业登峰造极
at a time which many consider the peak of his career.
他更是一位敢于突破传统思想枷锁
A writer not afraid to step outside the conventional
以构造另一个与众不同的假想世界的作家
and explore ideas of a more weird and hypothetical nature.
他的电影《成为约翰·马尔科维奇》和《改编剧本》都取得了巨大成功
Films like Being John Malkovich and Adaptation had both great success,
相比这两部平淡无奇的影片 这次的构思颇为不同凡响
whilst being odd ideas compared to the norm.
这并不是考夫曼第一次探索心灵
This is not the first time Kaufman had explored the mind.
在《成为约翰·马尔科维奇》里
As in Being John Malkovich,
他也深入探索另一个人的思想
he delves into the mind of another.
我称这部电影的叙述方式为环形叙事
The film is what I would describe as a circular narrative.
为解释这点 我们必须探索
To explain this, we must explore
故事的叙述方式
how the story is told to us.
刚开始我们会像乔尔一样不知所措
We begin disorientated, like Joel himself,
根据零碎的片段来串联两个人关系的线索
and are fed fragments of the relationship whilst not
摸不清故事的时间框架和意义所在
understanding the timeframe or significance.
随着故事情节的展开
Whilst this is occurring,
我们跟随乔尔的脚步认识了克莱门汀
we meet Clementine as Joel meets her.
暂且把这算作是他们的初遇
supposedly for the first time.
随着情节进一步发展 我们意识到他们其实早已相识
As the film progresses, we realize that they have met before.
接着我们会看到
And we begin to see the salient points
他们关系变化轮回的突出点
of their relationship in reverse order.
有了这些线索就足够帮我们理清思路了
This gives us understanding.
但作为影片观众 整体感知的曲解会让我们偏离原意
But as a viewer, our perception of events is distorted,
像真实故事一样零碎散乱
fragmented like the real story is.
我们从现在开始 在乔尔的记忆被抹去之后
We begin in the modern time after Joel has his memory erased
在我们第一次见到克莱门汀时引入旧的故事情节
We meet Clementine supposedly for the first timeIntroduced to the old storyline
要清楚他们之前是见过面的这样形成轮回的关系 到最后关系破裂
Understand they have met beforeReverse order relationship
Ends in breakup
直到片尾
And by the end of the film,
才把线索完整的串起来
a full loop has been made,
根据我们现在的理解
with us now understanding,
明白新故事情节与旧故事情节是如何串在一起的
how the more recent storyline fits in with the old one.
关系
Joel’s memory erasedBreak-up Meet Clementine
Relationship
#改变你的心#
#Change your heart#
#看看你四周#
#Look around you#
#改变你的心#
#Change your heart#
#这将会震惊你#
#It will astound you#
影片最后一幕是乔尔和克莱门汀
The final scene shows Joel and Clementine
来到之前来过的那个沙滩
on the same beach we have seen them on before.
但这一次 此时此刻影片中的
But this time, in the present timeline,
他们并不知道此处是曾经来过的
blissfully unaware they have been here before.
这使我们恍然大悟
This tells us something.
其他线索也随之浮出水面
There are other clues as to what this implies as well.
当克莱门汀躺在冰上
Clementine remembers when lying on the ice
帕特里克正在重现当初她和乔尔的关系时
as Patrick recreates Joel’s relationship,
她记起她以前来确实来过这里
that she has been here before.
片中有采用碎片化的叙事的迹象
There is a suggestion that only some fragment
因此比线性叙事更胜一筹
therefore transcends the procedure.
-再见 乔尔-我爱你
“- Bye, Joel.””- I love you.”
“来蒙托克见我”
“Meet me in Montauk.”
转回来 我们又在蒙托克的场景中
Again, the “Meet me in Montauk” scene
看到乔尔已经懂得
shows that Joel’s understanding of
克莱门汀很善解人意并且
Clementine as a person is so great that
他可以根据记忆预测何处能找到她
he can predict where to find her based on memory.
这个预测影响了他未来的决定
And this prediction influences his future decisions,
导致他再次与她相遇
causing him to run into her once more.
我的意思是 环形叙事具有持续性特点
What I mean by all this is that circular narrative is a continuing one.
《美丽心灵的永恒阳光》是一个
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind is a story about
两个人命中注定会相遇
two people who are destined to meet,
会相爱 会相离
fall in love, fall apart,
又将彼此从对方记忆中抹去
erase each other from their memories,
直到再次相遇的故事
and then meet again.
他们的性格决定了他们不能永远在一起
Their personalities tell us that they can not be together forever,
他们意识到最后终将会分开的这个事实
as it will always fall apart, a fact they realize.
但他们接受了这一点 因此也是注定
But they accept this, and are therefore destined
要继续这个轮回
to continue this loop.
这也更加突出了
This is heightened by the fact
他们并不能真正地忘记彼此
that they can not truly forget one another.
这些碎片化叙事胜过线性叙事
And some fragments transcend the procedure,
例如在见面的地方
such as a place to meet,
这段关系中的突出点
and salient points of the relationship
或是相互吸引彼此的最初想法
or ideas as basic as attraction to one another.
我们可以确定乔尔和克莱门汀仍然在一起
We can be sure that Joel and Clementine remained together.
但不会长久
But not continually.
因为他们的关系就好像注定要陷入这个循环的漩涡中
As they seemed set to follow a loop of a relationship
然后重置记忆 再次重新开始
before hitting reset and beginning again.
“你抹去了关于我的记忆 这就是我会在这里的原因”
” You erased me. That’s why I’m here.”
“这就是我这样做的原因 最重要的原因”
” That’s why I’m doing this, the first place.”
“-我很抱歉”“-你 你”
“- I’m sorry.”- You. You.”
“你了解我 你知道我总是很冲动”
“You know me. I’m impulsive.”
这就是缘分
This is the idea of predestination,
决定论的哲学思想
the philosophical concept of determinism.
哲学家泰德·洪德里奇曾说过:
As Ted Honduras states,
“我们所有的选择 直觉和行为
“All our choices, intuitions and actions
只不过是同样必然事件造成的结果”
are no more than the results of equally necessitated events.”
在这部电影中对命运的观点并不准确
There is a loose idea of destiny to the film.
乔尔和克莱门汀预先决定要继续在一起
an idea that Joel and Clementine are predetermined to continue being together,
但只是暂时的
but only for short periods.
克莱门汀的冲动本性
The impulsive nature of Clementine’s personality
意味着她将继续这样循环
means that she will continue to get the procedure done.
让我们来听下这段考夫曼获得英国电影学院最佳编剧时的演讲选段
Listen to this extract from Kaufman’s BAFTA Screenwriter speech,
演讲解释了当他的电影上映时他的感受
explaining how he feels, when a movie of his comes out.
“一部影片上映时
“So many, there are so many pitfalls
有很多很多缺陷 这很艰难
when a movie comes out. That it’s hard.
很难在上映后我再去喜欢它”
It’s hard to enjoy it when it comes out.”
“我是说 如果是一部制作精良的电影会引起广泛的评论
“I mean obviously if a movie does well and it’s critically
它受到的好的回应 我也喜欢它”
you know, well-received and I like it.”
“我喜欢它 但我 我仍需要好的回应
“I like it. But I so em, I’m so needful of it.
观众这样的回应
that kind of response that
并没有使我满意
I don’t think it doesn’t feel good.
感觉差强人意 你了解 这样…”
It just feels less bad, you know. It’s It…”
“因为这样的感觉其实很糟糕”
“Because it feels really bad.”
“……当人们说着刻薄话 你真的会感觉很糟糕”
“…… when people say mean things, really it feel bad.”
从这段讲话中你就可以看出
From this, you can really see that
考夫曼和乔尔其实是两个极为相似的人
Kaufman and Joel are two very similar people.
在这部影片中 考夫曼试图去传递更多
In this film, Kaufman is trying to convey something more,
我认为他引用的亚历山大·蒲柏的诗
a thing I think is shown most highly
就把这点表现得最为淋漓尽致
in the quoted features by Alixander Pope.
“纯洁无暇的人有多幸福?
” How happy is the blameless vestal’s lot?
遗忘了世人也被世人遗忘
The world forgetting by the world for God.
美丽心灵闪烁着永恒阳光
Eternal sunshine of a spotless mind.
每次祈祷都被接受 每个愿望都可以放弃”
Each prayer accepted and each wish resigned.”
纯洁无暇的人是多么的幸福呀!
How happy is the blameless vestal’s lot!
乔尔和克莱门汀都是纯洁无瑕的人
Joel and Clementine are two blameless vestals.
但他们是幸福的
But they are happy.
纯洁无瑕的事物最能让心灵感到满足
The mind is most fulfilled in what is spotless,
新鲜而令人兴奋的事物最让人感到幸福
what is fresh and new and exciting.
永恒的阳光暗示着永恒的幸福
The Eternal Sunshine alludes to eternal happiness
只有在纯洁无瑕的 焕然一新的地方才能找到它
which can only be found in that which is spotless, new.
考夫曼说真正的幸福
Kaufman is really saying that true happiness
只存在于新事物中
is only found in that which is new for us.
如果只有新的爱情能够真正的持久
And if new love is all that really maintains,
那么因为爱
is it not noble that for the sake of love
而遗忘世界难道不是高尚的吗?
the world be forgot.
在美丽心灵中总可以找到永恒的阳光
Eternal Sunshine is to be found in the spotless mind
乔尔和克莱门汀的美丽心灵 永驻人间
and spotless Joel and Clementine’s minds, remain.

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译制信息
视频概述

查理·考夫曼编剧经典电影《美丽心灵的永恒阳光》(又名《暖暖内含光》)分析 环形叙事

听录译者

Felicity

翻译译者

SuMMerYin

审核员

审核员SY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_BlmIXSOi9E

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