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9种连环杀手 – 译学馆
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9种连环杀手

Types of Serial Killers

我们常常会听到关于连环杀手的事情
Often, when we hear about serial killers,
认为其只是那些
we think them as simply people
谋杀了很多次的人
who have killed multiple times.
但连环杀手这一术语着实非常模糊
But the term serial killer is actually very vague
涉及的罪犯类型很广泛
and covers a wide range of criminals.
这里有10种类型的连环杀手
Here are 10 types of serial killers.
1 条理型
1. Organized.
条理型连环杀手有可能是
Organized serial killers are probably
家里出生的的第一个孩子
one of the firstborn children in the family,
感受到的是前后矛盾的家庭教育
and experienced the inconsistent parental discipline.
他们极其聪明 擅长社交
They’re highly intelligent, socially adept
能很好地控制情绪
and good at controlling their mood.
因此 他们和伴侣相处的非常好
Consequently, they are perfectly fine living with a partner.
也喜欢追踪关于自己罪行的媒体报道
Additionally, they like to follow media coverage of their crimes,
可能喜欢频繁辗转于城镇之间或更换工作
and may like changing towns or jobs often.
2 无条理型
2. Disorganized
无条理型连环杀手可能是
Disorganized serial killers are probably
家里某个年纪较小的孩子
one of the younger children in their family
经历过严厉的家庭教育
and experienced harsh parental discipline.
他们智力平平
They are average in terms of intelligence,
社交与性的能力不足
socially and sexually incompetent
极度情绪化
and highly emotional.
因此 他们更愿意独自生活
Consequently, they often prefer to live alone.
他们也喜欢待在离犯案地点近的地方
Additionally, they like to stay near their crime scenes,
但不会追踪关于自己罪行的报道
but don’t follow media coverage of their crimes.
总的来说 他们的生活方式极少发生改变
In general, they have little to no change in lifestyle.
3 兼顾条理与非条理型
3. Organized and Disorganized Serial Killers
条理与非条理的兼顾并非意为互相排斥
Being organized or disorganized are not mutually exclusive.
例如 人们相信约翰·韦恩·加西
For example, people believe that John Wayne Gacy
拥有双重人格
possesses characteristics of both types.
有条理的连环杀手可能
An organized serial killer might
会在被察觉之前变得没有条理可言
become disorganized right before being detected.
无条理型连环杀手可能会变得很有条理
And a disorganized serial killer might become organized,
当他或她试图逃避当局
when he or she manages to escape the authorities
并学习如何很好地实施犯罪
and learns how to commit their crimes well.
4 犯罪狂欢型
4. Crime Spree.
犯罪狂欢型杀手一再地杀人
Crime spree killers kill again and again,
他们所犯的谋杀案通常与
and their murders are commonly accociated
其它犯罪行为 尤其是盗窃有关
with other crimes, especially robbery.
连环杀手在实施犯罪时会
They feel thrill and excitement from
从汲取的力量和权威中
the power and authority they get
感受到激动与兴奋
when committing their crimes.
例如邦尼和克莱德就被认为是犯罪狂欢型杀手
For example, Bonnie and Clyde are considered crime spree killers.
5 规模化杀手
5. Mass Murders
人们相信规模化杀手遵循迪茨模式
Mass murders are believed to follow the Dietz Model,
其以理论性为主
which is largely theoretical
不具备意义深远且实证性的论据
and doesn’t have significant and empirical evidence.
总的来说 迪茨模式将规模化杀手划分为
In general, the Dietz model categorizes mass murders into groups
家族歼灭者 假突击队员和逃跑杀手几类
such as family annihilators, pseudo commandos and set-and-run killers.
6 精神病性虐狂
6. Psychopathic Sexual Sadist
精神病性虐狂从性虐和
Psychopathic sexual sadist feel pleasure
谋杀中汲取快乐
from sexual torture and murder.
诸如泰德·邦迪以及约翰·韦恩·盖西
Some examples are Ted Bundy and John Wayne Gacy.
7 监管型
7. Custodial
监管型连环杀手谋杀那些他们照顾过的人
Custodial serial killers murder people who are under their care.
在医院和养老院谋杀老人或病人的护士
Nurses in hospitals and nursing homes who kill olderly or ill people
便被赋予“死亡天使”的绰号
are given the nickname “angles of death”.
他们经常采用使人窒息
They often use asphyxiation
以及配药过量的手段谋杀病人
and medication overdose to murder their patients.
在所有连环杀手类型中
Custodial killers have the highest number of females
监管型杀手的女性比例最高
out of all serial killer typologies.
8 精神病型
8. Psychotic
精神病型连环杀手产生促使其犯罪的妄想
Psychotic serial killers have delusions that drive them to commit crimes.
这些拥有迫害妄想的人坚信
Those who are persecutory delusions believe
他们就是想保卫其免受
they are simply defending themselves
想伤害自己的人的侵害
from someone who wants to harm them,
而那些拥有浮夸妄想的人坚信
while those with grandiose delusions believe
自己被神灵选中
they are choosen by a divine being
为了将世界从受害者手中拯救出来
to save the world from their victims.
山姆之子就是这样的连环杀手
One such serial killer is the Son of Sam
9 组织型犯罪
9. Organized Crime
组织型犯罪成员由专业的杀手构成
Organized crime functionaries are made up of professional killers,
也被称为职业杀手
also known as hitman.
他们一定经常为钱杀人
They must often kill for money,
但也享受凌驾于受害者之上的力量和控制
but also enjoy feeling power and control over their victims,
帮派成员和政治刺客属于这一范畴
gang members and political assassins fall under this category.
以上为十种类型的连环杀手
And those are the ten types of serial killers.
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Thanks for watching!

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敲小黑板划重点咯!了解连环杀手特点,扩充知识宝库!

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来吧!尉英俊

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