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医生类型 - 英语口语课学习医学词汇

Types of Doctor - English Speaking Lesson to learn Medical Vocabulary

嗨 我叫尼亨利肯 欢迎回来
Hi, my name is Niharika, and welcome back.
当你有健康问题时
well,when you have health issues,
首先你要做的就是
the first thing that you do
去看医生 对吗?
is you go see a doctor, right?
但如果你的皮肤出现斑斑点点的红疹
But what kind of doctor would you go see,
你需要看什么医生呢?
If you spot red rashes on your skin?
或者你的腿骨折了
or if you have a broken leg,
你会去看什么医生呢?
what kind of doctor would you go see?
所以今天这节课
So in this lesson today,
我们将好好来区分一下医生的种类
we are gonna look at types of doctors.
有不同种类的医生
Now there are different types of doctors
他们专长于不同的领域
who are specialize in different areas.
这就是我们需要学习的
So that’s what we are gonna learn
即医生的种类
the types of doctors and
以及如何正确地读出这些单词
how to correctly pronounce it.
[音乐]
[music]
让我们一起开始学习吧
So let’s get started.
第一个要学的是普通的执业医师
The first one that have for you is a General Practitioner.
那么普通的执业医师是什么呢?
Now who is General Practitioner?
如果你有任何的健康问题
Well, if you have any health issues,
就像非常普通的嗓子痛
ok, the very common ones like sore throat,
或者你只是肚子痛的厉害
or you’re just having a bad stomachache,
于是你就会去找你的家庭医生看病
then you go see your family doctor.
所以普通执业医师的另外一种说法
So another term for a Ganeral Practitioner
指的是你的家庭医生
is your family doctor.
我说的对吗?
Am I right?
如果你有任何普通的健康问题
So, any common health issues?
就像我说的 流鼻涕
Ok, like I said, maybe a runny nose,
头痛或肚子痛
maybe a bad headache, or a stomachache.
那么就去看普遍从业医生
Then you go see a General Practitioner.
接下来 下一个
Now, the next one that I have
在这里的是皮肤科医生
over here is a Dermatologist.
那什么是皮肤科医生呢?
So, who is a Dermatologist?
就是治疗跟皮肤有关的问题
Well, the doctor who treats skin related issues,
头发还有指甲等相关的问题的医生
hair related issues and as well as nails,
所以 就是皮肤 指甲还有头发
So, it’s skin, nails and hair.
就像我前面提到的
So as I mentioned before,
如果你的身体上满是这些糟糕的红疹
if you spot these awful red rashes on your body,
你要做的第一件事就是
the first thing that you’re gonna do
赶紧的去看皮肤科医生
is rush to a Dermatologist.
是的 就这么做
Ok, do that.
所以 皮肤科医生就是治疗
So, a Dermatologist is a doctor who treats
皮肤 指甲和头发相关问题的人
skin, nails and hair related issues.
接下来下一个是牙医
The next one that I have for you is a Dentist.
那么牙医是做什么的呢?
So who is the dentist?
你喜欢看牙医吗?
Do you like going to a dentist?
我不喜欢 我害怕
Well, I don’t, I’m scared.
因为牙医是
Because Dentists are the doctors
在人们嘴里工作的
who work on human mouth.
他们治疗你的牙齿
Now they treat your teeth
和任何与牙龈有关的问题
and any gum related issues.
事实上普遍认为 为了口腔健康
And in fact, it is said that it’s important
每个人都应该
for every humanbeing
每年至少去看两次牙医
to visit a Dentist at least twice a year
是很重要的
for a good oral health.
你那样做了吗?
So do you do that?
好吧 我没有 我觉得我也应该那样做
Well, I don’t. I think I should do that
对吧?
as well, right?
所以牙医是治疗
So a Dentist is a doctor who treats
牙齿和牙龈有关问题的医生
teeth and gum related issues.
好的 下一个为大家介绍的是
Ok, the next one that I have for you
心脏病科医生
is a Cardiologist.
什么是心脏病科医生呢?
So who is the Cardiologist?
心脏病科医生就是治疗心的医生
Well, Cardiologist is a heart doctor.
所以如果你有任何心血管疾病
So if you have any cardiovascular diseases,
你要立马去看心脏病科医生
you are gonna rush to a Cardiologist.
不幸的是心脏病医生不能治疗
Now unfortunately a Cardiologist cannot
你的心碎
fix your broken heart.
什么是心碎?
And what’s a broken heart?
当你心烦的时候
Well when you are upset,
或很伤心的时候
or you’re really sad,
因为你跟你的女朋友或男朋友分手了
because you broke up with your girlfriend or your boyfriend,
结果你很心碎
and you end up having a broken heart.
很遗憾心脏病医生不能治疗这个
So unfortunately Cardiologist cannot fix that,
但是 如果你有任何的心血管疾病
but yes, any Cardiovascular diseases,
你就应该去看心脏病科医生
Cardiologist is the doctor that you gotta go see.
好了 接下来这个是妇科医生
Ok, the next one that I have for you is a Gynecologist.
什么是妇科医生呢?
And who is a Gynecologist?
就是治疗
Well a doctor who works with
女性生殖器官
female reproductive organs
或女性生殖系统的医生
or female reproductive system.
所有的孕妇
So all the pregnant women,
她们首先去看的就是妇科医生
well, they first go see a GYN.
GYN 是妇科医生的缩写
Well GYN is a short term
是吧?
used for a Gynecologist, ok?
但是
But the person who,
做外科手术的医生
performs surgeries, ok, the doctor who performs surgeries,
比如 CSEC
umm like, you know the CSEC,
是做剖腹产或卵巢肿瘤移除手术的医生
is cesareans or removal of ovarian tumors.
那么你去看产科医师 对吧?
Then you go see a Obstetrician, ok?
所以 产科医生是
So Obstetrician is a doctor who
做妇科手术的医生 对吧?
performs surgeries in the gynecologist area, ok?
所以他们会做剖腹产手术
So basically they perform see sex,
或者将各种肿瘤
or even um, any tumor that has to be removed
从女性生殖系统中切除 对吧?
out of a female reproductive system, ok?
所以妇科医生是很重要的
So a GYN is the doctor, is the main doctor.
不过
However, the person or the doctor
做外科手术的妇科医生也叫作产科医生 对吧?
who performs a surgery is called as an Obstetrician. Ok?
下一个是验光师
The next one that I have for you is a Optometrist.
什么是验光师呢?
Who is an Optometrist?
你的视力有什么问题吗?
Do you have any issues with your vision?
或者有任何与眼睛有关的问题?
Or any eye related issues?
你需要去看的医生
Well the right doctor that you need to go see,
就是验光师
is an Optometrist.
验光师属于眼科医生的一种
Now, Optometrist is an eye doctor.
好的 所以任何跟你的视力有关
Ok, so, any issues with your vision
或者是眼睛感染
or maybe an infection in your eyes
又或者是任何跟你的眼睛有关的问题
or anything related to your eyes.
去看眼科医生 好吗?
Go see an Optometrist, ok?
下一个是骨科医生
The next one I have for you is Orthopedic Surgeon.
什么是骨科医生呢?
Who is an Orthopedic Surgeon?
如果你遭遇车祸
Well, the first person
首先你应该去看的医生
or the first doctor that you gotta go see
就是骨科医生
if you meet with an accident.
是的 因为骨科医生是治疗骨骼问题的
Yes, because, an Orthopedic Surgeon deals with the skeletal system.
所以任何腿骨折或骨头破裂
Ok, so any broken legs or broken bones,
或者你的骨骼有任何问题
or anything wrong with your skeletal system,
骨科医生会帮你治好的 对吧?
well, an Orthopedic Surgeon is gonna fix it for you, ok?
所以 你可以说
So you can say,
骨骼 我们的骨骼医生
bone, our bones doctor.
好的这只是给你们解释
Ok, it’s just to explain you that
骨科医生是做什么的 对吧?
who is a Orthopedic Surgeon, right?
即使你有任何
And even if you have any,
呃 膝盖有关的问题
um, you know, knee related issues.
特别是 呃 当人们老了
Especially um, when people get old, there,
他们的膝盖或者手 会有很多问题
they have a lot of trouble in their knees or, um
或者有关节炎
their hands, or even the arthritis.
因此 所有的这些问题
So all these things are taken care
都会由骨科医生来治疗 是吧?
by an Orthopedic Surgeon, ok?
然后下一个要给你们讲的是儿科医生
Then the next one that I have for you is a Pediatrician.
儿科医生是
Now Pediatrician is a doctor
治疗婴幼儿 儿童和青少年的
who deals with a variety of healthy issues
各种健康问题的医生 对吧?
with infants, kids, and teenagers, ok?
所以如果你去过儿科医生
So if you ever have visited a Pediatrician,
呃 他们的诊所
you know, um, their clinic or the area
或者医院的科室
where they sit in the hospital,
那里总是五颜六色儿童风十足的
is always very colourful and very kid-friendly environment.
所以 他们是治疗婴幼儿
So, they are the doctors who deal with infants, ok?
孩子 儿童以及青少年的医生 对吧?
Children, oh the kids, and teenagers.
好了 现在我们来看看另外一个医生
Alright. Now let’s have a look at another doctor,
就是泌尿科医生
that’s a Urologist.
泌尿科医生 呃 是治疗
Well a Urologist um, is a doctor who um,
呃 任何泌尿感染
deals with um, any urinary infections
或者泌尿问题的
or urinary issues, you know,
并且 泌尿科医生也治疗
and also a Urologist takes care of
主要生殖系统或者男性生殖器官 对吧?
male reproductive system or male reproductive organs,ok?
所以 通常人们会感到糊涂
So, usually people get confused,
人们认为 尤其是男性
people think, that especially man if they have
如果他们的生殖器官有些问题
any issues with their umm, reproductive organs
那么他们去看妇科医生
then they have to go see a GYN,
但不是 你要去看泌尿科医生 对吧?
but no, you have to go see a Urologist, ok?
所以 泌尿部位的任何问题
So any issues with your urinary tract
或者任何与你的人体排泄系统有关的问题
or any issues with your manual productive system
那么你看泌尿科医生 好吧?
and then you see an Urologist, ok?
然后 最后一个
And then the last one
要给你们讲的是神经专科医生
that I have for you is a Neurologist.
神经专科医生是
Well, a Neurologist is a doctor
治疗人们大脑的医生
who deals with the human brain
也是做脑颅手术的医生
and the doctor who performs surgery on the human brain
这就是神经外科医生 好吧?
is called as a neurosurgeon, ok?
所以神经专科医生是治疗人们大脑的医生
So neurologist is a doctor who deals with human brain.
好的 如果你有任何神经有关的问题
Ok, any nerve related issues,
你应该去看神经专科医生
you go see a neurologist,
如果你有某些问题
and if there is some issue and probably
可能需要针线缝合
you have to go on to the needle
并且需要做外科手术
and you have to go for a surgery,
那么你要去看神经外科医生 好吧?
then you go see a neurosurgeon, ok?
好的 所以这些都是医生的种类
Alright, so these are the types of doctors
我们有的都在这了
that we have here.
在这个世界上有很多医生种类
There are a number of doctors in this world.
我只是讲了最普通的
So I have just taken the most common ones
或许我们可以继续来做一个测试
and probably we can also go ahead and take a test.
你们会拿到许多问题
You know, you will have questions
需要你们来回答 根据你现在特定症状
vary you can answer that what doctor you’ll see for some specific
回答你去看什么医生
issue that you are having.
回答那些问题 告诉我你得了多少分
So answer that tell me how much did you score
我们下节新课见
and I will be back within new lesson
再会!
till then, you take care.
[音乐]
[music]

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视频概述

本视频介绍了多种医生类型,并举例对这些医生类型进行区分。

听录译者

Anne

翻译译者

凤舞九天

审核员

AF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5MfbstVhf6o

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