It’s me, Sam and I’m at the Turtle Hospital in Marathon Florida,
医院的座右铭是 救援 康复治疗 放归野外
whose motto is rescue, rehab and release.
So as a rescue diver, this is such an awesome opportunity.
She’s so cute.
Today we’re going to learn about sea turtles,
a reptile whose genetic history goes back over 200 million years,
since the age of the dinosaur.
Let’s go meet the turtles and the incredible people who work to save them.
I love the ocean. From the moment my feet touched the blue water,
I’m instantly transported to my happy place.
One of the most majestic and lovable creatures in the ocean is this little guy.
It is also one of the most endangered.
Today I’m meeting Bette Zirkelbach
who is the operations manager at the turtle hospital in Marathon Florida.
She gets to work with sea turtles every day.
How cool was that!
– Hi, are you Bette?- How are you?
-Nice to meet you.- Great to meet you. Welcome to the turtle hospital.
– I can’t wait to see some turtles.- Let’s go meet some turtles.
– And here are some juvenile green sea turtles.
– So their names are on their shell?
– Yep, similar if you go a hospital you have a wristband.
– You can’t really put wristbands on them,
– but that’s just make sure they’ll get the right medications.
– Although they’re very distinctive if you look at the side of their heads,
– they have patterns that are unique to them similar to our fingerprints.
– They’re getting ready to pull Poppy here,
– she’s had some challenges with one of her flippers.
– A bone infection called osteomyelitis.
– So we get updated radiographs regularly to see how that’s progressing.
好 现在我们要从这里下去 让他们先走
– All right, we’re gonna head down here, we’ll let them go first.
– You can see those plates on their back.- Yeah.
– They’re called scutes and they’re made of keratin,
– the same thing our fingernails are made out of.
Scutes are the protective layer of a turtle’s shell,
and can also be found on the skin of a crocodile and the feet of birds
– So how did she get this bone disease?
– She came in for a virus called Fibropapilloma virus,
– and it is something that we see primarily in the juvenile greens.
This virus infects the turtle skin outside the shell with warts.
Over 50% of green juvenile sea turtles around the Philip Islands like the Florida Keys have fibropapilloma.
The spread of this virus puts the species at great risk.
Poppy’s really lucky to be here.
Let’s go see how her x-ray looks.
Most of what we see come in the turtle hospital is human impact.
Whether it be a virus, you know, from environmental conditions,
船的撞击 渔具缠绕 塑料或合成材料的摄入
boat strikes, fishing gear entanglement, plastic or synthetic material ingestion.
So we’re here to try to mitigate some of that.
So next time you are at the beach and see some trash,
pick it up, you could be saving a turtle’s life.
– So here you can see her body. – Yeah.
– We can see the flipper joints here.
– What we are looking at today is this area here.
– Um, you can see the bone is deteriorated away in this flipper joint.
– Okay, yeah, I see that.
Bette: So…what….Sam: It looks like a hand right there.
– It does, very similar to ours.
– Wow, so you guys will not release Poppy until that’s fully grown?
其实 非常可惜 这里不会长回原样 因为感染 骨头已经恶化了
– Well, this won’t grow back unfortunately, the bone has deteriorated due to infection.
当情况稳定 无感染后 我们就放她回野外
– Once that stabilizes and she’s infection free we’ll release her, and
– she still has use of that flipper.
Great news! After nearly two years of amazing care and treatment,
Poppy’s almost ready to be released back into the wild.
Time to meet the next patient.
Brianna, a loggerhead sea turtle, who is getting ready for a checkout.
– There is Brianna.- Wow, she is huge.
– She fabulous? She is got an attitude this one,
– so they have to be very careful working with her.
– Wow, so how can you tell that she is a loggerhead?
– Good question, they have a very wide head in reference to the size of their body,
– where green turtle has very narrow head.
– Okay, and why did Brianna initially come here?
– She initially came in for a boat strike, and they…
– you look and see here…
– her cleaned up, it’s gonna be easier to see
– but you see the back of her shell had a fracture.- Yeah.
嗯 她被船撞击后 一个尖锐物切入她的壳
– Um, she was hit by a boat and that prod cut through the shell,
– and also cut through her spine because the spine of a sea turtle
– is located right in back of the shell.
– And it did some nerve damage,
– so she doesn’t have use of her back flippers.
Sea turtles are air-breathing reptiles
which means they can dive deep in the ocean to eat or even rest.
But will need to surface to breath.
– And she’s what we call the bubble butt syndrome which is kind of silly to say,
– but it is a thing, the bubble butt syndrome,
– which means they flew and they’re not able to go underwater
– So for a sea turtle that means they would starve to death in the wild.
– We can’t release those animals cause their food source is at the bottom.
– We take weights and we adhere them to the back of their shell
– with some marine epoxy.
– And that just helps her to be more comfortable act more like a turtle.
– And go underwater but we can’t release her with that,
– cause those scutes, those plates on their back.
– They’ll continue to grow and shed for her whole life.
– So eventually those weights will shut off and have to be put back on.
– So she will stay here forever?
– She will stat somewhere forever.- Okay.
– So what we do when they’re otherwise healthy is
– we adopt them out to aquariums all around the world. – Okay.
Even though Brianna can’t go back to the wild,
it’s great to know she’ll still be adopted and have a forever home.
都清理好 并可以离开了 再见 布里安娜
All cleaned up and ready to go. Bye, Brianna.
We had so much fun at the sea turtle hospital with Bette and her team.
波比 一只绿海龟 布里安娜 一只赤蠵龟
Poppy, a green sea turtle, and Brianna, a loggerhead
are getting excellent care here at the turtle hospital.
You can tell the difference between loggerheads and green sea turtles just by looking at their heads.
Loggerheads get their name because of their big heads.
对不起 无意冒犯 布里安娜
Sorry, no offense, Brianna.
While green sea turtles heads are more narrow.
And sea turtles can live up to 100 years.
But they are in danger.
We can help protect and preserve these amazing species by
just using less plastic and putting our garbage in the right place.
所以切记 回收 回收 再回收
So remember recycle, recycle, recycle.
下期 萨姆看世界 再见
See you next time on What Sam Sees!