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冰岛十佳游览地 – 译学馆
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冰岛十佳游览地

Travel Iceland | 10 Best Places to Visit in Iceland

冰岛十大最佳旅游景点
10 Best Places to Visit in Iceland.
从令人惊叹的冰川到地热温泉和活火山
From awe-inspiring glaciers to geothermal springs and active volcanoes,
在冰岛 自然风光总是成为焦点
Iceland is a place where nature always takes center stage.
甚至是在充满活力的国家首都–雷克雅维克
Even in the nation’s lively capital of Reykjavik,
海景和附近的山峦也分外抢镜
views of the sea and nearby mountains steal the show.
数百年来与欧洲大陆的隔绝
Isolated from the rest of Europe for centuries,
让这块冰与火之地拥有独特的文化传统
this land of fire and ice has a unique cultural heritage
你会发现这里的文学 音乐和佳肴都令人着迷
of literature, music and cuisine that you’ll find captivating too.
冰岛人自力更生的精神和团队意识
With their self-reliant spirit and deep sense of community,
让他们和岛上任何值得一游的地方一样招人喜欢
the Icelandic people are just as enchanting as any of the best places to visit in Iceland.
北极光点亮了冰岛的寒冬 而午夜时分的太阳则照亮了这里的夏夜
Illuminated by the Northern Lights in the winter and the midnight sun in the summer,
冰岛在任何季节都熠熠生辉
Iceland shines in any season,
带给你地球上任何其他地方都无法比拟的旅行体验
offering you a travel experience unlike anywhere else on the planet.
10 豪斯川迪尔自然保护区
10. Hornstrandir Nature Reserve.
说到冰岛壮丽的自然风光
When it comes to viewing Iceland in its natural glory,
哪里都比不过西峡湾区豪斯川迪尔自然保护区未经破坏的荒原
no region matches the unspoiled wilderness of the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve in Westfjords.
诚然 峥嵘山川和陡峭海崖的崎岖地面给人们带来巨大的挑战
While it’s true that the its rough terrain of craggy mountains and plunging sea cliffs presents challenges,
但豪斯川迪尔仍是热爱大自然的探险家们的乐园
the Hornstrandir the ideal spot for nature-loving adventurers.
在保护区内 既没有商店也没有服务区
With no shops or services within the reserve,
徒步冒险者需自带装备以防不测
however, hikers need to come equipped for any emergency.
霍恩角一直高居徒步爱好者的目的地清单的榜首
High on the bucket-list destinations for hiking enthusiasts is the Hornbjarg,
这是位于保护区内最北端的一处高耸的海崖
a sky-high sea cliff located on the northernmost tip of the reserve.
整个夏季都有导游服务提供
During the summer season, guided tours are available
让你可以相对安全和轻松的享受世界之巅的旅行
that let you enjoy this top-of-the-world experience in relative safety and ease.
9 胡萨维克
9. Husavik.
作为一个依偎在冰岛北部隐蔽海湾里的小渔村
A tiny fishing village nestled within a sheltered cove in northern Iceland,
胡萨维克很快赢得了欧洲最佳观鲸点之一的美誉
Husavik is quickly earning a reputation as one of the best spots in Europe for whale watching.
在观光船上最常见的物种包括小须鲸
The most common species spotted from the tour boats include minke,
座头鲸和蓝鲸以及白喙斑纹海豚和港湾鼠海豚
humpback and blue whales as well as white-beaked dolphin and harbor porpoise.
胡萨维克鲸类博物馆里陈列着很多真实大小的骨骼标本
With several life-size skeletons on display, the Husavik Whale Museum
这里提供了宝贵的关于鲸鱼的信息 也记载冰岛捕鲸产业的历史
offers a wealth of information about whales and also chronicles the history of whaling in Iceland.
修建于1907年的胡萨维克教堂 是一座漂亮的木质建筑
The pretty wooden church of Husavikurkirkja built in 1907
同样值得稍作停留
is worth a quick visit as well.
8 兰德曼纳劳卡
8. Landmannalaugar.
兰德曼纳劳卡位于冰岛内陆高地的菲加拉巴克自然保护区内
Located within the Fjallaback Nature Reserve in Iceland’s interior highlands,
以风景优美的徒步路线闻名
Landmannalaugar is best known for its scenic hiking trails.
这个区域位于火山熔岩区的边缘
Situated at the edge of a lava field,
平坦而又容易穿越 这里的天然温泉也非常有名
the flat and easily traversed region is famous for its natural hot springs as well.
比较受欢迎的徒步路线包含短途穿越火山熔岩区然后爬上附近的蓝峰火山
Popular treks include short hikes through the lava field and climbs up nearby Mt. Blahnjukur,
这是兰德曼纳劳卡砂砾平原上耸立着的流纹岩山脉中的一座
one of the rhyolite mountains that ridges Landmannalaugar’s graveled plains.
在旺季 旅行社每天都会组织常规的一日游前往该地区
Tour companies make regular day trips to the region during the high season,
这里也为需要过夜的游客提供基本的住宿
and rudimentary accomadations are available for overnight stays at the site as well.
7 辛格维利尔国家公园
7. Thingvellir National Park.
在公元十世纪 冰岛的议会在此成立
As the place where Iceland’s parliament was established in the 10th century,
平位利尔(辛格维利尔)国家公园对这个岛国有非常重要的历史意义
Þingvellir(Thingvellir) National Park has great historic importance to the island nation.
由于它位于两大主要地质板块交界处的裂谷地带
Its location in a rift valley on the boundary of two major tectonic plates
使这个公园在地质学上也有了重要的意义
makes it a park with geological significance too.
这里三面环山
Surrounded by mountains on three sides,
裂谷的石崖 裂缝 湖泊和火山活动的证据
the valley’s cliffs, fissures, lakes and evidence of volcanic activity
都以戏剧化的方式呈现出板块漂移的力量
demonstrate the force of the shifting earth in dramatic fashion.
从雷克雅未克出发到此地的一日游路线很受欢迎
A popular day-trip destination from Reykjavik,
冰岛第一国家公园的步道都有明显的路标
Iceland’s first national park features marked trails
让你在短短两三个小时内领略到最美风光
that let you take in the best sights in two or three hours.
6 米湖
6. Myvatn.
米湖形成于数千年前的一条熔岩河
Formed thousands of years ago by a river of hot lava,
这里是冰岛最佳观鸟地点
Myvatn is the best place to visit in Iceland for bird watching.
超过100种鸟类频繁光顾这个湖区
More than 100 species frequent this lake to
享用蚊虫盛宴 米湖由此得名
feast on the midges that give Myvatn its name.
火山喷发使地下水发生爆炸而形成的地貌被称作“伪火山口”
Shaped by volcanic eruptions spouting up through the water, the so-called pseudo-craters
构成了当地主要景观 吸引着游客前往
that dominate the landscape attract visitors as well.
观看火山口的最佳位置是
The best place to view the craters
位于米湖南岸的小村庄–斯库图斯塔德
is on the lake’s south shore near the rural community of Skutustadir.
当水渐渐枯竭 大片火山熔岩柱熔岩洞穴与形态各异的岩石构造组成了
A forest of pillars, caves and rock formations created as the water drained away
位于米湖东侧的熔岩迷宫
are on display at Dimmuborgir, the lava fields east of Myvatn.
5 雷克雅未克
5. Reykjavik.
横跨冰岛西南部塞尔蒂亚纳半岛
Spread out over the Seltjarnarnes peninsula in southwest Iceland,
作为一个拥有仅有约12万人口的首都 雷克雅未克的面积大的出奇
Reykjavik covers a surprisingly large area for a capital with a population of around 120,000.
大部分的参观路线以位于城市西侧风景如画的托宁湖游客中心为起点
Most visits begin at the visitor’s center located near picturesque Lake Tjornin on the city’s west side.
国家博物馆和萨迦博物馆里满满的陈列着描述冰岛维京传统的展品
Filled with exhibits recounting Iceland’s Viking heritage, the National and Saga museums
这些都是必看景点
are must-see attractions.
如果想俯瞰首都全景
For a panoramic view of the capital,
你可以乘坐电梯登上位于托宁湖东侧
ride the lift to the observation deck
具有现代主义风格的哈尔格林姆思大教堂的观景台
of the modernistic Hallgrimskirkja church east of the lake.
朗格维格尔中央大街上 一排排商店 酒吧和餐馆引人驻足
With its appealing array of shops, bars and restaurants, the central thoroughfare of Laugavegur
这里同样值得前往探索
is worth exploring too.
4 杰古沙龙湖
4. Jokulsarlon.
在冰岛旅行最难忘的回忆莫过于
Few travel experiences in Iceland are more memorable
耳闻目睹一座冰山从冰川上脱离 冲进大海的经历
than the sight and sound of an iceberg breaking off a glacier and crashing into the sea.
杰古沙龙冰河湖也是见证大自然鬼斧神工的力量的绝佳之地
The best place to witness this display of nature’s power is at the Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon.
这个浮冰点缀的湖位于冰岛东南角
Located in southeast Iceland, this iceberg-dotted lake
由布雷达莫库尔乔库尔冰川融化而形成
was formed by the melting ice of the Breidamerkurjokull glacier,
冰川本身也是一个热门景点
which is a major attraction in its own right.
虽说你可在冰岛环线上观赏湖上缓慢漂移的冰山
While you can view the lake with its slow-moving floating icebergs from the island’s Ring Road,
但都比不上站在观光船的甲板上近距离的欣赏
nothing compares to seeing them up close from the deck of a tour boat.
3 瓦特纳冰川国家公园
3. Vatnajokull National Park.
这里是欧洲最大的冰川所在地
Home to the largest glacier in Europe,
瓦特纳国家公园幅员辽阔约为该国面积的十四分之一
the Vatnajokull National Park is so vast that it encompasses around 14 percent of the country.
公园由四个独立运营的游客中心组成
Divided into four separately managed territories,
这个公园最受欢迎的景区是位于园区南部的斯拉夫塔山
the park’s most frequently visited section is the southern territory of Skaftafell
沿着那里的小径 你将经过蓝色的冰舌和瀑布
where trails lead you past blue-tinted glacial tongues and waterfalls.
勇敢的探险者们可以爬上瓦特纳冰原
Hardy adventures can climb the Vatnajokull glacier
或者探索拉基环形山一长排的火山口
or explore the long row of volcanic craters known as the Lakagigar.
这个公园也有很多容易抵达的景点 威力巨大的黛提瀑布便是其中之一
The park has a wealth of easily accessible features too, including the powerful Dettifoss,
黛提瀑布因其水量充沛而闻名 河水沿着峡谷边缘飞流直下 汹涌澎湃
a waterfall famous for the sheer volume of water that cascades over its rim.
2 黄金圈路线
2. Golden Circle Route.
紧挨着雷克雅未克东部的地区囊括了冰岛所有典型的有趣的独特景观
The region immediately east of Reykjavik contains an intriguing sampling of Iceland’s unique attractions,
包括历史遗迹 古朴村庄 间歇泉和瀑布
including historic sites, quaint villages, geysers and waterfalls.
许多旅游公司提供一日游路线 沿着公路和高速游览这个地区
Multiple tour companies offer day-long excursions through the area along the roads and highways
这就是众所周知的“黄金圈”路线
that are known collectively as the Golden Circle Route.
这条路线最受欢迎的景点莫过于古弗斯瀑布
The most popular tours feature stops at Gullfoss,
气势宏大的“黄金瀑布”翻滚着穿越白河峡谷
where the mammoth “Golden Falls” tumble through the Hvita river canyon,
而盖锡尔间歇泉就是英语中“geyser(间歇泉)”一词的来源
and the Geysir hot springs, the place where the word “geyser” got its name.
古老的平位利尔公园作为冰岛联邦在公元930年建立的标志
Marking the spot where the nation of Iceland was founded in 930,
通常也包括在行程当中
ancient Þingvellir is typically included in the tour as well.
1 蓝湖
1. Blue Lagoon.
蓝湖位于雷克雅内斯半岛 距首都雷克雅未克不到一小时车程
Located on the Reykjanes peninsula less than an hour’s drive from Reykjavik,
蓝湖是冰岛最受欢迎的旅游目的地
the blue Lagoon is Iceland’s most popular tourist destination.
这个人工湖源于流经附近熔岩流的海水过热蒸发而形成的热水
This manmade lake is fed by superheated seawater vented from a nearby lava flow.
地热温泉里蕴含的硅等矿物质 被认为是对健康有益的
The geothermal waters contain minerals like silica believed to have health benefits,
但对于游客来说 这是个放松的好机会
but it’s the chance to relax in a steaming lagoon
最吸引人的莫过于在被黑色熔岩环绕的热气腾腾的泻湖里泡个澡
surrounded by black lava rocks that most attracts visitors.
除了有一家可以俯瞰蓝湖的餐馆
In addition to a restaurant that overlooks the lagoon,
这里还有一家拥有35间客房的休闲酒店 酒店以大量保健护理设施为特色
a 35-room resort features an array of pampering amenities,
包括水疗 桑拿 蒸汽浴和全套器械的健身房
including spa treatments, saunas, steam baths and a fully equipped fitness room.

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介绍冰岛旅行必须知道的十大旅游目的地 带你探索你所不知道的冰岛

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