未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

创伤与遗忘

Trauma and Forgetting

The word trauma,
“创伤”这个词
meaning a terrible event we live through
指我们生活中经历的可怕事件
that cannot be remembered
我们无法记起它
but which generates painful related symptoms,
但它会引发我们的痛苦等相关症状
captures an acute paradox in our relationship to our own histories:
创伤抓住了我们与往事间的一个尖锐悖论
Some of what is most significant in our lives
即我们生活中最重要的一些东西
is inaccessible to day-to-day memory.
是无法在日常生活中被记起的
The more important something is,
越是重要的事情
the less we may be able to recall it.
我们可能越无法回忆起来
There seems to be a threshold of pain
脑海里似乎有一个痛苦阈值
above which our minds won’t go
我们的大脑不会超过这个阈值
in order to retrieve an event.
去回忆往事
We’ll recall with ease the pleasant childhood spring morning 30 years ago
我们能轻松回忆起30年前在河岸边游泳
by the riverbank when we swam and fed the ducks,
和喂鸭子的那个快乐的童年春天的早晨
but we’ll be sincerely unable to remember a moment that same day
但我们记不起同一天 正烦恼的父亲
when our troubled father abruptly lost his temper over an apparent triviality
因为一点小事就突然暴怒
and from nowhere slapped us extremely hard across the cheek
无缘无故扇了我们一个极重的耳光
and left us to walk home alone.
并让我们独自走回家的时刻
The memory retrieving part of our minds is like an eye,
我们头脑里的记忆回溯部分像一只眼睛
that clenches shut in the presence of a flash
会在闪光灯亮起时紧闭
and closes down when asked to archive
在被要求归档和重现那些
and then recover incidents of intense fury or terror,
带有强烈愤怒 恐惧 嘲笑与羞耻的事件时
ridicule or shame.
也会关闭起来
The difficulties may be very large—
这些创伤可能是很严重的
a bomb, a physical violation;
一次爆炸 一次身体上的侵犯
or apparently more modest—
或者明显更轻微的
mockery, an unexplained burst of fury, a prolonged absence.
嘲弄 莫名其妙的暴怒 长期的缺席
Yet what defines a trauma
然而定义创伤的
is not so much an objective score on a scale of awfuless.
并不是客观的可怕程度大小
As a subjective impression
而是一种主观印象
that an incident is too difficult for us to make sense of,
即一件事对我们来说太难理解了
it’s too much at odds with our models of reality
与我们的现实模型太不一致了
and poses too great a risk to our hopes of ourselves
与我们对自己和想爱的人的期望
and those we want to love.
造成的反差太大了
Though we may be nominally protected
尽管我们名义上可能
by our ignorance of our traumas,
因为对创伤的无知而得到保护
the overall impact of our disconnection
但现实与想象的分离带来的整体影响
has the power to derail our lives.
已足以使我们的生活脱轨
We may not have kept in mind that our father
我们可能没有记住我们的父亲
was a deeply vengeful and frightening man,
是一个报复心极强且可怕的人
but it’s on exactly this basis
但正是在这个基础上
that we have begun to fear all men
我们开始害怕所有的男性
and to despise our whole being.
而且轻视自己的存在
We may not remember our mother’s terrifying competitiveness,
我们可能不记得母亲可怕的好胜心
but its submerged presence is what has bred in us
但它潜移默化在我们身上养成了
a deleteriously shy manner and a habit of removing ourselves
有害的胆小行为并自发排除
from any position where we may triumph and be admired by others.
自己取得胜利和被他人欣赏的任何可能
Problems don’t go away because they have been sent to a catacomb.
问题并不会因为被埋在地底而消失
They have a greater impact precisely
它们之所以有更大的影响
because they can’t be brought to consciousness
正是因为它们无法被刻意记起
and resolved through conversation and sympathetic analysis.
并无法通过对话与共情性分析解决
The challenge of recovering from trauma
从创伤中恢复的难题是
is that we can’t on command remember
我们不能刻意回忆起
what we do not know we have even forgotten.
我们不知道自己忘记的东西
We need to proceed indirectly, awakening ourselves to the possibility
我们需要间接让自己意识到
of buried difficulties on the basis
在现如今一些在其他方面
a range of otherwise inexplicable present day
无法解释的恐惧和弱点背后
fears and ticks.
可能潜藏着创伤
When there is no obvious reason for our body dysmorphia or shyness,
当我们找不到自己的躯体变形障碍 害羞
impotence or insomnia, paranoia or despair,
性无能 失眠 偏执 绝望等症状的明确原因
we should start to dig in the presence of those who love us
我们应该由爱我们 理解我们想法的人的陪同
and understand our minds
去挖掘过去的记忆
to prevent our stories from being controlled
以防止我们的生活被那些
by figures of our personal histories
没有把我们的利益放在心里的
who did not have our interests at heart.
前尘往事中的人控制
We need to retrieve as much of our pasts as will be required
我们需要尽可能多地回忆我们的过去
to embark on the free adult lives we deserve.
以踏上我们应得的自由的成年生活
Our therapists are highly trained and accredited,
我们的心理医生都是专业且训练有素的
and are a vital source of kindness solace and wisdom
都能在生活中最困难的时刻
for life’s most difficult moments.
为你提供必需的心灵慰籍与解决方法
Click the link to find out more.
点击链接了解更多

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

“创伤”一词是指我们所经历的一个可怕的事件,它无法在我们日常生活中随时被记住,但它会默默地在心中留下阴影,影响我们的一言一行。我们需要了解我们自己内心的情感,善待自己的内心,学会处理创伤,远离负能量,拥抱未来的美好生活。

听录译者

🥕

翻译译者

eadahhow

审核员

审核员DJS

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4yCf6ZLgAo

相关推荐