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Top-down power: Hierarchies thrive on the internet | Jen Schradie

A key factor in the digital activism gap
网络激进主义发生变化的一个主要原因
is that groups that are more hierarchical
是网络上行为主体间的关系不再扁平化
rather than horizontal are more likely to use the Internet,
而是具有上下级关系的层级组织
and this really overturns this sense that
这个趋势与现在一些现象截然相反
groups and protest movements like Occupy Wall Street
像“占领华尔街”这样有组织的抗议运动
or other more horizontal movements
或其他扁平化结构组织的运动
are really tethered to the Internet.
离不开互联网的支持
In fact, the rise of a lot of these movements really rose in sync
事实上 数字技术的兴起
with the rise of of digital technology,
带动了很多这种扁平化结构的运动
and if we really go back even farther,
如果我们再向前追溯
if we look at the launch of the World Wide Web over 30 years ago
回顾30多年前万维网推出的时间
really coincided with the tearing down of Soviet symbols and structures.
确实与苏联解体的时间出奇得一致
Right, the Berlin Wall came was coming down,
其次 柏林墙倒塌的时候
at the exact same time that the internet was spreading.
互联网正在蓬勃发展
So we have in our psyche, right?
所以 我们认识到了这个规律 对吧?
this cultural connection to the rise of the Internet.
这种文化与互联网发展的联系
As being this non-bureaucratic um… technology,
互联网是一种内在的大众平民的技术
that even in early Apple commercial um…
所以 即便是早期苹果的商业广告……
showed this very Orwellian group of people
也出现了奥威尔笔下典型的代表人物
sitting listening to some leader,
正襟危坐 聆听领导讲话
and in… this is 1984, right,
这年刚好是1984年
in comes a woman with a sledge hammer, she swings it around
这时一个拿着锤子的女士进来
and she throws it at the screen of this leader,
挥动锤子并把它扔到播放领导讲话的屏幕上
An Apple then says, you know, 1984 won’t be like《1984》
随后苹果宣称 《1984》里的内容不会在1984年发生
and reference to Orwell right?
引用了奥威尔书中的内容 不是吗
So we have this really strong belief that the internet is more horizontal,
我们深信 互联网能带来更多的平等
and then out of those statues and walls crumbling
而且坚信旧秩序分崩离析时
will come the phoenix rising of the Internet
互联网就会崛起
that will enable everyday people to participate online,
使人们每天通过网络参与社会事务
and certainly in some cases that’s been the case.
在某些情况下已经实现了这种社会治理
But what I find
但我发现
overall, overtime
总的来说 随着时间推移
without just these spikes of political protests is
除了这些政治抗议的群众运动
that groups that are more hierarchical that have systems in place.
更多的是 层次结构分明 规章制度明确的组织
and often this hierarchy goes in sync with systems,
通常 这种层次结构和规章制度相配套
really are able to over the long-term engage
确实能推动这种组织得到长远的发展
and have high levels of online participation.
其网络参与度也更高
Very much contrary to, you know the image of a digital activists
这与网上激进分子的形象不同
as a radical left anarchist protester.
那些人一般都是激进的左翼无政府主义
It’s much more likely to be um…
这种人非常像是
an older conservative
保守的 年纪较大的
Tea party member.
茶党成员

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视频概述

虽然因特网常被认为是左翼激进份子的活动平台,但研究表明,强调等级制度的保守组织更喜欢使用互联网平台。人们通常认为互联网是个扁平的世界,但事实上等级制度在互联网世界中已经无处不在。

听录译者

九月

翻译译者

无畏小钢炮

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p0Uin6Wnvak

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