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影史五大情节转折点

Top 5 Plot Points of All Time

编剧大师们勾勒出了前亚里士多德时代以来理想的故事结构
Screenwriting gurus have been outlining the ideal story structure since before the days of Aristotle.
故事的形式与真实的故事一样丰富多彩
And there’s about as many storyshapes as there are actual stories.
而一些流行趋势普遍地出现
But there are some trends thatshow up almost universally.
我们就来看一看这些有着相似之处的时刻
And we’re taking a look atthe moments they have in common.
我们选取了以下影史最佳五大情节转折点
These are our picks forthe top five plot points of all time.
[音乐]
(Music)
无论你将一个故事定义为一场旅行 一次挑战
Depending on how you want to define astory, whether as a journey, a challenge,
还是作为一次有目的的努力 或者只是一系列事件的堆砌
an attempt at a goal, orjust a series of events,
它们都仍需要一些事物来帮它们拉开序幕
it still needs something to kick it off.
比如一次邀请 一扇敞开的大门 一次强烈的刺激或者最后一根稻草
Think of it as an invitation, asa doorway that opens, a kick in the ass, or a last straw.
在《护戒使者》中 它是突如其来的消失于神秘戒指之中
In ‘Fellowship of the Ring’,this is a surprise disappearance
还没有人陷入困境但是却已经为故事埋下了伏笔
in a mysterious ring, nobody’s locked intoanything yet, but a seed has been planted.
它是《公民凯恩》中所说的“玫瑰花蕾”及其含义的讨论
It’s ‘Citizen Kane’ saying, “Rosebud” andraising the question of its meaning.
它是《怪形》中被直升飞机追逐的狗
It’s a dog being chased bya helicopter in ‘The Thing’.
是《伴我同行》里关于一个死在车轨上的男孩的传说
It’s a rumor of a dead boy bythe train tracks in ‘Stand By Me’.
是《星球大战》里的全息求救信号
It’s a holographic cry forhelp in ‘Star Wars’,
不慎掉落在房屋上的一盏舞台上的灯以及意料之外的损失
an errant stage light fallingonto a house, an unexpected loss,
是一个变成黑帮恶徒的机会 去面对真的“Mulray夫人”的威胁起诉
an opportunity to become a gangster,the real “Mrs Mulray” threatening to sue.
这些都常被认为是引发事件
It’s frequently referred toas the inciting incident.
第一个是我们最喜欢的《社交网络》里的一个引发事件
And for our first pick, our favorite inciting incidentgoes to ‘The Social Network’.
“你将来可能会成为一个很成功的电脑人
– You are probably going to bea very successful computer person.
“但这辈子都不会有女孩儿喜欢你 因为你是个书呆子
But you’re gonna go through life thinkingthat girls don’t like you because you’re a nerd.
“说真心话 我要你知道那不是真的
And I want you to know, from the bottomof my heart, that that won’t be true.
“没女孩喜欢你那是因为你是个混蛋”
It’ll be because you’re an asshole.
虽然这个引发事件比其余大多数都微妙的多但毫无疑问的是
– Although this inciting incident issubtler than most, have no doubt about it,
阿伦·索尔金和大卫·芬奇将艾森伯格的分手
“Sorkin” and”Fincher” set up “Eisenberg’s” breakup as
用作接下来所发生的一切的根源
the source of everythingthat happens after.
它是推动他一路走到创建Facebook公司
It’s the jet fuel that’s ignited propelling him
赢得诉讼和走到最后一步的原动力
all the way to Facebook, lawsuits, and the very last frame.
它让他能洞察接下来要做的每件事
It insights him toeverything he does next.
他要逃离这一切 他感到完全被抛弃
He walks,runs away feeling utterly abandoned and
渺小且无意义 好像人们永远也不愿意和他为伍
worthless and small, as if he will neverbe someone people want to be around.
这是接下来所有可能事件发生的前提
It is the event through which allfollowing events are possible, but
但他还不能寻死 他还要行动起来
he’s not committed just yet,he still has to take action.
恰恰是艾瑞卡最后回荡在耳边的嘲讽语气让他最终有了行动的理由
It’s just that after “Erica’s” biting last words ringing in his ears, he finally has every reason to.
如果引发事件是问题 那么我们接下来看到的就是答案
If the inciting incident is a question, next up, we’re looking at the answer.
如果你有把握确定故事的走向
And if the story is going to go anywhere,which you can be pretty sure it will,
是因为很多诉求都砸了很多钱在上 那么答案是肯定的
since a few suits already threwa cool couple hundred million at it, that answer is yes.
无论主角是想这样还是不想这样
Whether the protagonist wants it to be ornot.
事实上大部分时间他们都肯定不会这样做
In fact,much of the time they definitely don’t.
或许他们已经给出了很多否定的回答
They’ve probably given a few nos already.
但是这次他们不会 不想也不能
But this time, they don’t,or won’t, or can’t.
如果第一幕是关于让他们走上各自的旅途
If the first act was aboutgetting them on to their journey,
那么贯穿第二幕的就是行程本身
this is where it crosses into the secondact, which is the journey proper.
这才是故事的主要矛盾真正开始的时刻
This is the moment that the mainconflict of the story begins in earnest.
在《护戒使者》中弗罗多和山姆带着戒指启程
‘The Fellowship of the Ring’,it’s where “Frodo” and “Sam” actually set off with the ring.
这不只是一个潜在的冒险 它就是冒险本身
It’s not just the potential foran adventure, it’s the adventure itself.
《绿野仙踪》里的龙卷风
But it’s also the tornadoin ‘The Wizard of Oz’.
《土拨鼠之日》里首次重复的清晨
The first repeated morningof ‘Groundhog Day’.
《窈窕淑男》中第一次饰演“桃乐茜”
Becoming “Dorothy” forthe first time, in ‘Tootsie’.
《十二怒汉》里第二次无罪认定《贝茨旅馆》中的那一夜
A second ‘Not Guilty’ bookinga night at the ‘Bates Motel’.
或者是措辞强烈的威胁
Or a strongly worded threat.
然而对于第二个选择
However, for our second pick
我觉得没有什么能比《骇客帝国》的第一幕
we don’t think there’s a clearer first-act break
更有创意了
imaginable than in ‘The Matrix’.
“这是你最后的机会
– This is your last chance.
“在这之后 就没有回头路了
After this, there is no turning back.
“你吃下这个蓝色药丸 故事就结束了
You take the blue pill, the story ends,
“你在床上醒来 相信着你想要相信的东西
you wake up in your bed andbelieve whatever you want to believe.
“吃下红色的药丸 你留在仙境之中
You take the red pill,you stay in Wonderland, and
“我会向你展示这一切有多么光怪陆离”
I show you how deep the rabbit hole goes.
《骇客帝国》拥有一个完美第一幕所需的所有要素
– ‘The Matrix’ has all the keyelements of a perfect first-act break,
一个提议 一个机会 一个选择以及
an offer, an opportunity, a choice, and
一扇通向新世界不归路的门
then a doorway into a newworld with no turning back.
尼奥做出的红色药丸选择改变了这个故事的一切
“Neo’s” red pill pick irrevocablychanges everything about the story.
它使得尼奥完成了第一幕目标——了解真相
It’s a shift from his first act goal oflearning the truth, which he accomplishes
并转换到第二幕目标——成为救世主上来
by taking the red pill, to hissecond act goal of becoming the one.
而这两个旅程的分界线就在这里
And the border between thosetwo journeys is right here.
但这并不是他的第一次机会
But this wasn’t his first opportunity.
从最一开始他被鼓动着去追白色的兔子
>From the very beginning when he’s invitedor incited to follow the white rabbit,
尼奥拒绝了很多进入第二幕的机会
“Neo” turns down a few opportunitiesto break into the second act.
但正因如此 他看到了很多也经历了很多
But, by this point, he’s seen enough,been through enough and
直到到达他再也不能留在这个世界上这个临界点
reached his breaking point where hecan stay in this world no longer.
然后他做出决定 吃下红色药丸进入剩余的故事
And he makes the decision,takes the red pill and breaks into the rest of the story.
在我们分好第二幕之后 通常会分给它很长时间
After we break into the second act,we get to live there for a while, often a long while.
这是整个故事的主体
And this is the real meat of the storywhere (Bleep) gets rough, and
你会看到角色们去努力奋斗 然后经常以失败告终
you get to see the characters reallystruggle and try, and often, fail.
突然之间弗罗多和山姆就要被六个戒灵追赶着前往某个地方
Suddenly, “Frodo” and “Sam” have toactually get somewhere with a half
这可不是一件容易的事
a dozen Nazgul on their tail,and it’s no easy feat.
他们不只是说说而已 他们就活在其中 一般来说
They’re not just talking about it, they’reliving it, and usually you see characters
角色们朝一个方向前进 遇到几个困难之后找到出路
head in one direction, hit a couple setbacks before finding their way through.
然而在某个时间点他们往往会偶遇一个巨大的挫折
However, at a certain point they’llusually hit a major setback
然后故事反转
that flips the whole story on it’s head.
一些事物会发生剧烈的变化
Something changes dramatically.
成功远远比他们最初所想的更加困难
Succeeding will be a whole lot harderthan they initially thought it would, and
而且它还与我们可能所设想的目标截然相反
it involves a totally differentgoal than we might have imagined.
瑞文戴尔意识到把戒指放在这里并不安全
This is getting to Rivendale,realizing the ring isn’t safe there and
他们必须要前往摩多
that they’re going to have to go allthe way to Mordor
将戒指丢入末日火山的烈焰之中摧毁它
to drop it into the fires of Mount Doom to destroy it.
这通常叫做中间点
This is generally referredto as the midpoint.
作为很多故事的特征 中间点常常发生于第二幕的中途
It’s a feature of a lot of storiesthat often comes about halfway through
并将它其分成较为清楚的两部分
the second act, breaking it intotwo relatively clear halves.
我们最喜欢的结构中间点有《异形》中 异形从被感染者的胸部喷射而出
Some of our favorite tectonic midpointshifts including alien bursting out of
《大白鲨》中击中要害的致命袭击
a chest to announce its infestation,a shark attack that hits to close to home.
《消失的爱人》中 女孩消失又再次出现
A gone girl who’s not so gone after all.
来自《阿波罗13号》的“休斯顿 我们有麻烦了”这一经典宣告
The announcement to a problem to Houston,
或者是《暖暖内含光》中领悟到终究还是要保留自己记忆
or the realization that you wantedto keep your memories after all.
但是我们最喜欢的中间点来自《回到未来》
But or favorite midpoint,that belongs to ‘Back to the Future’.
“马蒂 除了我之外 你今天还和其他人接触过吗?”
– “Marty”, have you interactedwith anyone else today besides me?
“我想我可能碰见了我的父母”
– Yeah, well, I might have sortof bumped into my parents.
“天哪!”
– Great, Scott!
“让我再看看你兄弟的照片”
Let me see that photographagain of your brother.
[音乐]
(Music)
“正像我所想的那样 这佐证了我的理论”
Just as I thought, this proves my theory.
“看看你的兄弟”
Look at your brother.
马蒂的这一幕见证了他回到过去
– “Marty’s” act break seeshim escaping back in time.
而目前他的第二幕直截了当地
And his second act, so far, has himworking to get back to his home time
让他回到了他的家庭时光
which while straight-forward
很有趣不会让我们分神
is definitely interesting enoughto sustain our attention.
但是这之后他看到了他的家庭照知道了他的干预
But then he sees his family picture andrealizes that his interference has
威胁到了他自己的存在 整个任务都发生了改变
endangered his very existence andthe whole mission changes.
意料之外的是他不必担心回到未来
All of a sudden he doesn’t just have toworry about getting back to the future,
他所担心的是他的父母也要一起回来
he has to worry about gettinghis parents back together, too.
每件事都是以中间点为轴心
Everything has pivotedaround the mid-point.
他必须在剩余的情节里重新制订他的目标和策略
He has to completely reformulatehis goals and strategies for the remainder of the plot.
这重组了整部电影也让第二幕保持了生机与活力
Which shakes the entire film up,keeps the second act fresh and
同时 在对的时间点增加精彩的难题
adds a brilliant complication at justthe right time
会增加挑战性和复杂程度 也会变得更加有趣
to keep it challenging, complicated, and interesting.
最后故事必须走向结尾
Eventually the story hasto head towards a finish.
在第二幕中角色与至少两个不同的主要副线矛盾
In the second act the character struggledand tried with at least two different
进行斗争 但是他们却还没有解决完问题
major sub-conflicts butthey haven’t solved the problem yet.
一切看起来都没有了希望
And things are looking bleak.
在第二幕的所有策略方法指导下 他们已用尽了所有选择而无路可走
They’ve exhausted all their optionswith the second act strategies and
看起来他们就要失败了
it looks like they might fail.
但此时最后的成功之路浮现了出来
Final path of success becomes apparent.
他们犯了很多错误
Often they’ve made enough mistakes
在实施计划时也学到了很多
and learned enough by them to gettheir plan just about dialed.
正是在凯兰崔尔的帮助下 弗罗多明白了他不能一直与伙伴同行
It’s “Frodo’s” Galadrial assistedrealization that the fellowship cannot
而必须独自找到自己的路
hold and that he will eventuallyhave to find his way alone.
安迪逃生的方舟推动着故事进入第三幕
“Andy’s” escape with the ark drivesthe story into the third act.
唯一关乎安迪免罪的凶杀也起到了同样的作用
As does the murder of “Andy’s” onlyconnection to his exoneration.
“天使克拉伦斯”的出现 “铁血战士”的弱点揭露
The appearance of “Clarence the Angel”,the revelation of the “Predator’s”
以及返回城堡这些都引导着我们走向最后关头
weakness, and the turn back to the citadelall steer us toward the final showdown.
我们的最爱就在《卡萨布兰卡》之中
Our favorite, though, is in ‘Casablanca’.
“开枪杀死我 你就做了好事了”
– Go ahead and shoot me,you’ll be doing me a favor.
[音乐]
(Music)
“你离开巴黎的那天
– The day you left Paris,
“如果你知道我的感受
if you knew what I went through.
“如果你知道我有多爱你
If you knew how much I loved you,
我仍旧多么爱你”
how much I still love you.
到目前为止里克首先考虑的是自己 之后才是别人
– Up to this point “Rick” has puthimself first and everyone else last.
他疲倦而坚定 是一个永远的实用主义者
He’s jaded, steeled,an eternal pragmatist.
我们得到提示告诉我们 他不是生来如此
We get hints that he wasn’t always thisway, that he’d hardened from some past
是过去的一些创伤让他的变得无情 伊尔莎就是原因之一
trauma and that it was “Ilsa”who was part of the hardening.
所以当她拿着枪来到他的面前 两人第二幕目标的高潮碰撞也随之而来
So when she comes to him with a gun we seethe culmination of both of their second act goals.
她要不惜一切逃离卡萨布兰卡而他则要留下来
Hers to escape ‘Casablanca’ at anycosts and his to stay uninvolved.
但是她发现自己下不去手 而他也明白她还深爱着他
But she finds she can’t kill him, and helearns it’s because she still loves him.
突然他有了新目标 他要帮助拉兹洛登上飞机并让伊尓莎和他在一起
And suddenly he adopts a new goal to get “Lazlo” on the plane and have “Ilsa” stay with him.
而她也确实跟他去了
And she does too.
这是一个非常相似的到中间点的转变
It’s an incredibly similar kind of shiftto the mid point, where new information or
这中间新的信息与问题打乱了他们早期计划从而迫使他们另辟蹊径
problems complicate their earlierplans and force them to reformulate.
而不同之处在于它直接将他们推向了最后的邂逅
But the difference is that it puts themdirectly on the collision to the final encounter.
这不只是一个新的问题 还是找到新解决方法的途径
It’s a road to a new solution,not just a new problem.
没有伊尔莎的失败 里克发现不了真相
Without “Ilsa’s” attempt and failure,”Rick” doesn’t find out the truth.
真相不明 故事就不知何去何从
And without finding out the truth,the story has nowhere else to go.
这一瞬间我们被推向结局
But in this one instant,we are propelled to the finish.
不管怎样 木都已成舟
For better or worse, the die is cast.
当然如果每件事都简单到只需设置一个最后的方向
Of course, if everything were as simpleas just setting a final heading and
然后沿路走下去的话 那第三幕未免太过无聊了
then walking the path,the third act would be very boring indeed.
但它并不无聊 它伴随着自己前路的坎坷
But it’s not boring, andit comes with its own obstacles
但前方的伟大的斗争也充满希望
and hopefully the greatest struggle yet.
主角会遇到他们意料之外的
A moment where the protagonist hitsan obstacle they didn’t expect or
或者还没准备好面对的困境
at least one they weren’tfully prepared for.
这常常被叫做第三幕转变
This if often called the third act twist.
《护戒使者》中 波罗莫和他的贪婪
In ‘Fellowship of the Ring’this is “Boromir” and
迫使弗罗多在还没准备好的情况下出发
his grabby hands forcing “Frodo” toset out before even he was ready,
将我们带到乌鲁之战的高潮 为他自己和山姆获得自由
launching us into the final Urukai battleclimax that gets him and “Sam” free.
它是洛奇击倒克里德来证明格斗的真实性
It’s “Rocky” knocking down “Creed” andproving that it’s an actual fight.
或者是年轻的阿多尼斯 克里德站起来来证明同样的事情
Or a young “Adonis Creed” standing up andproving the same.
它是《心理游戏》里屋顶僵持中那把上膛的枪
It’s the loaded gun at the roofstandoff in ‘The Game’.
《灵异第六感》中每个人已知道的剧透
The spoiler that everyone who’s anyonealready knows from ‘The Sixth Sense’.
《黄金三镖客》中
It’s “Angel Eyes” showing up toa graveyard Mexican Standoff
墨西哥人墓地僵持中的“天使之眼”
in ‘The Good, The Bad and The Ugly’.
我们所选的第一名是《沉默的羔羊》里克拉丽丝所去的错误房子
And it’s our number one pick that”Clarice” is at the wrong house that just
却碰巧是正确的
so happens to be the right housein ‘The Silence of the Lambs’.
[噪声]“进来”
– (Noise) Coming.
[杂音]“我们要进去了”
(Sound)- We’re going in.
“下午好 不好意思打扰一下”
(Sound)- Good afternoon, sorry to bother you.
“我在找李普曼女士的家”
I’m looking for “Mrs. Lipman’s” family.
[杂音]“联邦调查局 全部趴下!”
(Sound)- FBI, everybody get down!
[杂音]“全部趴在地上!”
(Sound) Get on the ground now!
“李普曼不住这里了”
– No,the “Lipmans” don’t live here anymore.
“不好意思先生 我真的需要和你谈谈”
– Excuse me sir,I really need to speak with you.
[噪音]“安全!”
– (Noise) Clear!
“安全!”
Clear!
“有什么问题吗 警官”
– What’s the problem, officer?
“我正在调查Fredrica Bimmel的死因”
– Well, I’m investigatingthe death of “Fredrica Bimmel”.
“杰克 这儿没人”
– There’s no one here, “Jack”.
“克拉丽丝”
– “Clarice”.
克拉丽丝寻找水牛比尔的漫漫之旅
– “Clarice’s” journey to find”Buffalo Bill” has been a long one,
困难重重
with many obstacles along the way.
当他一直逃避她的时候 她最终却有了突破性的发现
And while he’s eluded her thus far, shefinally makes a breakthrough discovery.
当她获悉水牛比尔是一名裁缝并且还认识第一位受害者的时候
The story breaks into act three when she realizes that
故事进入了第三幕
“Buffalo Bill” was a tailor who knew his first victim.
她将目标锁定到了他身上
She narrows in on him.
他触手可及 剩下的就是去靠近他
He is within reach,all that’s left is the doing.
但她有件事搞错了
But she gets one thing wrong.
她去的房子里
She shows up at the house of a man
住的不是知道水牛比尔的人
who is not someone who knew “Buffalo Bill”
而是水牛比尔本人
but is “Buffalo Bill” himself, and
而她的同事们则在错误的地点帮助她
her colleagues are inthe wrong place to help her.
突然她被扔进屋内
Suddenly she’s thrust into a house,
在漆黑的地下室里独自面对凶手
a basement the dark allalone with the killer.
而当她寻找到凶手时 第三幕开始了
And while her third act got her inthe right place, finding the killer,
她仍然有一个最后的方法逮捕他而这个任务同样不会轻松
she still has the one final wrinkle of actually apprehending him and it will be no easy task.
这是电影中最后一个大的转折
It is the last big turnin a film full of them,
这也是为什么它一直以来都是我们最爱的情节转折点之一
which is why it’s one of ourfavorite plat point of all time.
[音乐]你觉得如何?
(Music) So what do you think?
我们是否遗漏了一些你喜爱的转折点呢?
Did we leave out some ofyour favorite plot points?
是否对我们的选择不满意呢?
Dislike any of our picks?
在下面评论区告诉我们 记得订阅获取更多《电影小站》的电影列表
Let us know in the comments below,and be sure to subscribe for more Cinefix move lists.
[音乐]
(Music)

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

欣赏五大情节转折点,了解电影基本结构

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

jameschan

审核员

审核员YF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pSjOxsEWFM8

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