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将寂静运用得最好的10部电影 – 译学馆
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将寂静运用得最好的10部电影

Top 10 Uses of Silence

既然你们要求了 那我们就答复你们
You asked for it, so we answered.
看了上周的讨论你们想让我们研究一下关于电影里寂静的运用
After last week’s look at dialogue you wanted us to look at silence.
那我们现在就来研究这意味着 我们的确会看你们的评论
So we are, and yes, this does mean we read the comments.
所以你们可以收回所有
So you can take right back all those
曾经说过的关于我们的坏话啦
nasty things you’ve ever said about our mothers.
这里就是 将寂静运用的最好的10部电影
These are the top ten usesof silence of all time.
[音乐]
(Music)
[音效]让我们从第10名开始
(Sound) We start our journey at number 10,
来探索那些用绝对安静来产生深远影响的特定时刻
exploring specific moments that use a complete lack of sound to profound effect.
对于你们来说 最熟悉的可能是
It’s probably most familiar to you in
爆发之前的炸弹休克形式
its post explosion shell shock form,
比如《拯救大兵瑞恩》《锅盖头》以及《艾利之书》
as in’Saving Private Ryan,’ in’Jarhead’ and’The Book of Eli,’ but
但在太空中也同样有这样的时刻
you find it in the void of space too,
比如《地心引力》或《超时空接触》或是《2001太空漫游》
as in’Gravity’ or’Contact’ or’2001′.
这就是《沉默》中所展现的上帝的无声
It’s the lack of the voice of God in’Silence’,
《离开拉斯维加斯》中让人无法忍受的时刻
an unbearable moment in ‘leaving Las Vegas’
《冲出宁静号》中在开关启动前的时刻
the moment before snapping in’Serenity’.
然而 我们不得不
However for our pick,
选择《不法之徒》中 一分钟的沉默作为第十名
we’ve got ta give it to the minute of silence from’Bande
– [外语]
a Part.’- (Foreign)
– [外语]
– (Foreign)
– [外语]
– (Foreign)
– 好
– Okay
[外语]
(Foreign)- We
我们认为 这一时刻最特别的地方在于 它是如此独特
think what’s most special about this moment is how unique it really is. Silence,
真正无声的寂静在电影中是十分少见的
true silence incinema is incredibly rare,
可以说是十年一遇
like once in a decade rare.
大多数的寂静 都不是完全无声的
Most silences, aren’t even silent at all.
寂静中还包含
They’re ambiences,
周围环境的声音 音效 底乐和难以察觉的乐谱
and sound effects and sub base and a subtle score, but
但这并不适用于《不法之徒》戈达尔式的寂静是如此货真价实 如此令人不适
not’Bande a Part’,”Godard” silence isthe real deal and it is so jarring for it.
酒吧里会话沉默引起的不适
Comparing the discomfort ofa conversational silence in
和静音音轨的完全安静相对比
a bar to the utter silenceof a muted soundtrack.
既刻板又有趣 它用一种真正的戈达尔式的方式自我审问
It’s playful and formalist, and it interrogates itself in true Godardian fashion.
[外语]
(Foreign)
[音效]
(Sound)
比片刻的寂静更上一层楼的是整段的寂静
– One step up from the silent moment is the silent sequence.
整段整段的寂静与电影的本质融为一体
Entire spans of film that buildquiet into their essence.
就比如是《血色将至》的开头和《逆流的色彩》的结尾
It’s the beginning of’There Will BeBlood’, the ending of’Upstream Color’.
《放大》中冲洗照片的片段《窃听大阴谋》中寻找窃听器的片段
Developing photos in’Blow Up,’ searching for a bug in’The Conversation,
《无间行者》中那段来电
‘ the phone call in’The Departed,’ and
以及几乎所有希区柯克电影中的任一悬疑片段
almost anything suspenseful inany number of”Hitchcock” flicks.
虽然我们很喜欢《红圈》中抢劫时的寂静
And while we love the heist in’Le Cercle Rouge,
但我们仍然认为它无法与
‘ we still don’t think you can beat
《男人的战争》中的寂静相媲美
the one in’Rififi.’
[音乐]
(Music)
这是30分钟不间断的寂静
It’s 30 straight minutesof non-stop quiet.
而且它的寂静有如此好的理由
And it’s silence for such a good reason.
达辛设置了一个警报系统即使最轻微的声音也会触发警报
Dassin sets up an alarm system that’s set off by the slightest sound.
所以寂静并不是为了方便 而是为了需要
So there’s not just quiet out of convenience, but out of need.
而它的效果也很出彩
And the effect is brilliant.
我们对声音变得敏感用力抓住我们座位的边缘 直到指关节泛白
We become hypersensitive to noise, white knuckling on the edge of our seats.
[音效]认可那个只能有默片的年代
(Sound) We couldn’t make a listabout movie silences without
是我们制作这个排名清单的
at least acknowledging the entire era
基础
of films that had no choice in the matter.
而虽然把所有的默片
And while it would be crazy
都归入到这个榜单的一个栏目中
reductive to relegate all of silent films
会太过于简化但这从未阻止过我们
to a single slot on this list, that’s never stopped us before. So,
所以 到底哪些才是最中之最呢?
what are the best of the best?
同类型的影片有《圣女贞德蒙难记》《福尔摩斯二世》《大都市》
There’s’The Passion of Joan of Arc,”Sherlock Jr.,”Metropolis,”Battleship
《战舰波特金号》《城市之光》《日出》和《党同伐异》
Potemkin,”City Lights,”Sunrise,’ and’Intolerance’. Hell,
该死 甚至还有一些现代电影比如《艺术家》《无声电影》
there’s even a few modern examples,like’The Artist,”Silent Movie,’ and
和《爱情战车》
‘Pushpak’. However,
但如果只能选一个的话我们会选F.W.茂瑙的《最卑贱的人》
if we had to pick just one,we’d pick”F W Murnau’s”‘The Last Laugh’.
[音乐]
(Music)
《最卑贱的人》将默片的寂静发挥到了极致
The’Last Laugh’ is as silent a film as a silent film can be.
即使没有一个内标题来代替对话
Without a single inner titleto stand in for dialogue,
每一条信息也都是通过视觉效果来告诉你
every piece of informationis told visually.
这是一个在视觉表现上极具天赋的导演
And it’s a uniquely fitting challenge
对于表现主义电影发起的使寂静与电影相适的独特挑战
for an expressionistic film by such a visually talented director.
用画面说话
As a result it is the ultimate incarnation
结果使它成为默片中的
of what the silent film can be,
终极范本
talking with pictures.
[音效]影片中只有声音却没有谈话又会是怎样?
(Sound) So what about films thatmight have sound, but not dialogue?
事实上 这样的影片并不多
And there’s actually not that many,
严格意义上来说有
if we’re really strict about it.
《贼》 一个没有交谈的50秒间谍惊悚片
There’s’The Thief,’ a speechless50s spy thriller, and
《莫比乌斯》一部有关痴迷和阉割的韩国电影
‘Moebius,’ a Korean film aboutobsession and castration,
其中人物的交流都没有通过语言来表达
who’s characters communicateonly in nonverbal utterances.
《哲姆洛克》一部只用你听不懂的语言讲述的法国电影
‘Themroc,’ a French storytold with only gibberish, and
《舞会》 一部通过社交舞讲述法国50年历史的电影
‘Le Bal,’ a 50 year history ofFrance through ballroom dance. However,
但我们选择2014年的《聋哑部落》作为榜单的第七名
for our number 7 pick,we’re going with 2014’s’The Tribe’.
《聋哑部落》是一整部都没有台词
‘The Tribe’ is an entire feature with no words,
和字幕 只有手势的电影
no subtitles, just signing.
但它并不是非语言的
But it’s not non-verbal.
它是有语言潜在其中
There is language underlying it.
只是你们这些普通观众无法理解
It’s just that your average viewer has no access to understanding it.
所以他们被迫依靠
So they’re forced to rely
其它能够使用的示意方式而这些方式却
on all the other cues available that we might
通常被我们忽略
normally ignore.
它是一部有声时代的默片
It’s a silent film for the sound era.
于我们来说费解的交流中包含着丰富的表达和鲜明的个性
Fascinated by the expressiveness andpersonality embedded in
使其独具魅力人们完全为之吸引
the incomprehensible andutterly captivating for it.
[音效]交响诗是这种缺少对话的电影的另一种下属流派
(Sound) There’s another subgenre of dialogue-less film
此类值得提的电影比较少
that we feel is worth mentioning,the tone poem.
可以想到的有《轮回》《天地玄黄》《柯罗诺斯》《失衡生活》
Think’Samsara,”Baraka,’ and’Chronos’, Think’Koyaani’,
《变形生活》《战争生活》
‘Powrwaqatsi’ ‘Naqoyqatsi’.
《天蝎星升起》和《生命之树》中的片段
Think’Scorpio Rising” orbits of”Tree of Life”.
虽然提到的这些颇有声望的电影我们都很喜欢
And while we love all our honorable mentions,
但是我们认为第六名
for our number 6 pick we think
须归属别具一格的《持摄像机的人》
we have to take it back to the original’Man With A Movie Camera’.
[音乐]
(Music) Okay,
好 所以这部影片同样也是默片时代的产物
sothis one’s a silent era film too, but
但如果放到现在来拍摄 它依旧不需要对话
it would still be just as dialogue free if it were made today.
《持摄像机的人》的表达风格
‘Man With A Movie Camera’s’style of expression is so
完全不是言语上的了简直就像是来自另一个星球
far from the verbal,it’s on a whole other planet.
它尝试着为
It’s an attempt to create
电影新媒体 创造一种
a whole new form of communication for
新的交流形式
the new medium of cinema.
这是苏联的蒙太奇式剪辑
It’s one of the purest incarnations
在观众脑海里自由组合的
of Soviet montage working free associatively
最纯粹的典型之一
in the audience’s mind.
不用一句话 用图像和剪辑
Creating the gestalt of a city
创造出一个城市的完整形态
with images and cuts and not a single word.
[音效]就像交响诗一样
(Sound) Just like the tone poem,
动画电影也有很长一段没有话语表达的历史
animated films also have a long history of telling stories sans words.
手工渲染的表现方式中所含的特别之处 给了动画设计师
There’s something special about the handrendered medium that gives animators
足够的操纵方式和挑战让他们不用语言将所有的内容表达清楚
the control and the challenge enough to try to get everything across without words.
《小羊肖恩》可能
‘Shaun the Sheep’ is probably
是最近最为典型的例子
the most recent example of this, but
同样类型的还有《疯狂约会美丽都》《魔术师》《血茶与红绳》
there’s also’The Triplets of Belleville’,’L’Illusioniste’,’Blood Tea and
《机器人9号》《红海龟》《飞屋环游记》以及《机器人总动员》开头的一段
Red String’,’9′,’The Red Turtle’ andthe beginnings of’Up’ and’Wall-E’.
也许这些都值得考虑
And maybe these ones give me,
但我们最喜欢的还是《幻想曲》
but we think our favorite’s got ta be’Fantasia’.
[音乐]
(Music)
你也许注意到了
You may have noticed
我们所谈论的已经远远偏离了
that we’ve gotten pretty far afield from actual
真正的寂静
silence here.
《幻想曲》理所当然是一部有十分响亮音乐的电影
‘Fantasia’ is, of course,an incredibly loud film.
即使真正的沉默 都不是完全无声的
And even true silence isn’t true silence,
这不仅仅是声音上的缺失来揭露电影中其它你一直忽略的东西
it’s more of a lack that reveals what else you’ve been ignoring. So,
所以有时候寂静只是意味着只有音乐(没有台词)
sometimes silence just means music andin’Fantasia’,
在《幻想曲》中 音乐变成了图像 情节和故事
that music becomes image andplot and story.
明智地避免了语言和剧情声的运用
While wisely avoiding words or diegetic sound and
除去了音乐以外的所有东西
with everything else stripped away,
这样我们就可以看到音乐真正的魔力
We’re allowed to see how much they can really do.
[音效]当然还有一些电影 并不是所有时段
(Sound) Of course there are also filmsthat maybe missed some of the no dialogue
都没有对话
at all slot,
但在情节叙述中 语言并没有充当重要的角色
but still don’t make language an important part of their narrative.
就比如《石榴的颜色》《橡皮头》
These are films like’The Colorof Pomegranates’,’Eraserhead’,
《火柴厂女工》《飞向太空》
‘The Match Factory Girl’,’Solaris’,
当然我们也会捎带提一下
of course we’re going to sneak in a mention
《镜子》《疯狂的麦克斯》《亡命驾驶》《独行杀手》《穷山恶水》《抽搐症候群》
of’The Mirror’,’Mad Max’,’Drive’,’Le Samourai’,’Badlands’,’The Fits’,
《大象》伯格曼的代表作《沉默》
‘Elephant’,’The Silence’is obvious Bergman pick.
而我们选择《玩乐时间》作为第四名
And our number four pick,’Playtime’.
“先生 请”
Please sir.
“谢谢”
– Thanks.
作为塔蒂式的杰作《玩乐时间》有很多原因值得我们注意
-“Tati’s” masterpiece,’Playtime’,is notable for so many reasons, and
接近于无的对话只是其中之一
it’s near lack of dialogue is only one.
话语只是充当音效而不是语言的承载工具
Words are more sound effects than vehicles
脚步声中所表达的内涵
of language, footsteps often convey as
和话语一样多
much as words,
一部并没有包含法国文化的电影没有字幕也能观看
a non-Francophile would be just as well watching without subtitles,
也许看起来更好
perhaps better.
这里寂静的影响就是让人们改变他们所关注的重点
The effect of its quiet is,again, refocusing,
这次更注重于人们与其居住的空间与其所处的社会
this time to differentrelationships between people and
以及我们与这个世界之间等不同的关系
the space they inhabit, humans and their society, us and our world.
在这样一个出色地将默片传统现代化的电影中
It reveals absurdism, and silliness, and
向我们展现了荒诞主义 愚蠢可笑 以及幽默
humor in a beautiful updatingof the silent film tradition.
[音效]还有一些电影采用 不愿说话 不会说话
(Sound) And some films take on subjectsthat either won’t talk, can’t talk, or
或者不能理解彼此说话的主演
can’t understand each other.
无论是在《小姐弟荒原历险》还是《索尔之子》
Whether it be in’Walkabout’,’Son of Saul’ or
甚至史前巨作《火之战》中 都有所体现
even the prehistoric’Quest For Fire’.
《熊的故事》中主要的交流障碍就是 片中主角
‘The Bear’s’ main obstacle tocommunication is that its main characters are,
都是熊
well, bears.
但我们第三名的选择是运用了一种后末世的苦难
But our number 3 pick usesa post-apocalyptic affliction
使所有角色都保持沉默的《最后一战》
to render all of his charactersmute in’The Last Battle’.
[杂音]
(Noise)
《最后一战》讲述了一个世界已经变得寂静的故事
‘The Last Battle’ is a filmabout a world gone silent.
总共两个字的对话
It’s two total words of dialog across
贯穿整部电影 并起到重要作用
its entire run time takeon an immense significance.
并不是因为它的含义 那并不重要
Not so much for their meaning,which is inconsequential, but for
而是因为它们完全存在于封闭空间中的事实
the fact that they existat all in that vacuum.
在障碍中构造这部电影给了吕克·北松一个绝妙的机会
It’s built in obstruction provides”LucBesson” on a wonderful opportunity to
在他指导的第一个博弈中探索视觉上的冲突
explore conflict visually in hisfirst ever directorial outing,
而且他处理得泰然自若
which he does with aplomb.
[音效]如果你的角色无人可以交谈你自然就不用担心找什么理由
(Sound) Of course you don’t have to worryabout reasons to keep your characters from
来让你的角色保持沉默了
talking if there’s no one to talk to.
有一整个流派的默片
There’s a whole genre
它们的寂静基本上都来源于
of nearly silent films whose quiet comes primarily from
与世隔绝
isolation.
像这样的影片有《裸之岛》《黑神驹》《荒岛余生》
These are films like’The Naked Island’,’The Black Stallion’,’Castaway’,
太空版的“荒岛余生”和《盖瑞》
‘Castaway’ in space,’Gerry’.
我们选的第二名是《一切尽失》
And our number 2 pick,’All is Lost’.
[杂音]
(Noise)
[起身走动]
(Getting up and walking)
[水流声]
(Water flowing)
像《一切尽失》这样讲述唯一幸存者的影片往往毫无悬念地归入人类与自然做斗争这一类
Solo survivor tales like’All is Lost’ tend to fall squarely into the man versus nature conflict category.
同样也没有什么需要用到文绉绉台词的空间
And don’t have much room oruse for mincing words.
当还有一些电影用各种幻想
And while some films employ various
来使角色不停地说话
conceits to keep their characters talking,
使我们对像《一切尽失》这样不落俗套的电影极为尊重
we have the utmost respect for those like’All is Lost’ that don’t.
尚多尔将电影制作人的工作托付给了他的工具箱
“Chandor” trusts histoolkit as a filmmaker, and
以及罗伯特·雷德福对一切他所需要的东西的表现
“Robert Redford’s” expressivenessto say everything he might need.
将一切都回归本质——生存
Taking it all the way back to the basis, survival.
[音乐]
(Music)
[音效]另一方面来说 作为第一名我们最喜欢的一个 电影中运用寂静的理由是
(Sound) On the flip side at number 1, oneof our favorite reasons to hear silence in
关系的研究无需言语
film is forthe relationship study without words.
事情会变得更加明了 简单更加具有普适性
Things become clearer,simpler, more universal.
我们可以了解到 语言并不重要
We see how the words don’t matter
重要的是情感的联系
and it just comes down to emotional connection.
对话只是一场看似聪明实则愚蠢的解放运动
Dialogue is just a clever mad lib.
删掉会话 所有的一切会变得更好理解
Strip it out andit’s all the more understandable.
《羞耻》中的第一个场景就有点这个意思
‘Shame’s’ first scene isa brilliant bit of this,
同样的还有《只做陌生人》中整段整段的寂静
as are whole swaths of’Nothing Personal’.
对于如何在电影中巧妙展现一对不说话的演员金基德堪称大师
But the real master ofthe unspoken duo is”Kim Ki Duk”,
他巧妙运用寂静的顶级水平 在《弓》
who’s brilliant silences are top notch in’The Bow’,
或几乎整部《空房间》中都有所体现
nearly total in’3 Iron’, but
但都不如《春夏秋冬又是春》
never better than’Spring,Summer, Fall, Winter and Spring’.
[音乐]
(Music)
《春》中的寂静并不是单纯的安静
‘Spring’ silence isn’t just quiet.
而是一种冥想
It’s a meditation.
这种寂静是强有力的 充满渴望的安慰的 镇静的 或是和平的
The silence is powerful, aspirational,soothing, calming, peace.
正如甘地建议的那样只有当能使片中的寂静更加融洽时 才使用语言
It uses words as Gandhi suggested, only when they would improve upon silence.
这真的十分难得
And this is a rare occasion
正如人们想象中的佛教电影一样
indeed that exposes the beauty in silence,
它向我们展现了寂静之美
as Buddhist a film as we could imagine,
这就是为什么我们选择这部
which is why it’s our pick for
作为有史以来寂静运用最好的电影
the best use of silence of all time.
[音乐]所以
(Music) So,
你们有什么想法?
what do you think?
不同意我们的摘选吗?
Disagree with any of our picks?
我们有遗漏什么你们喜欢的寂静片段吗?
Did we leave out any of your silent faves?
在下方评论 来告诉我们
Let us know in the comments
想要观看更多《电影小站》的节目
below and be sure to subscribe for
那就一定要订阅我们
more Cinefix movie lists.
[音乐]
(Music)

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视频概述

电影中寂静运用的Top10,并且对电影中寂静的概念做了多重解释,能够让大家对电影中寂静的内涵有更深刻的了解

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审核员 YF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o4j3zij8fXk

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