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全球最有影响力的十大宗教 – 译学馆
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全球最有影响力的十大宗教

Top 10 Most Powerful Religions In The World

全球最有影响力的十大宗教
Top 10 Most Powerful Religions in the World.
欢迎来到ALUX网
Welcome to ALUX.com,
这里是未来的亿万富翁汲取灵感的地方
the place where future billionaires come to get inspired.
大家好 今天我们带来了不一样的视频
Hey, Aluxers, we have kind of a different video for you today.
大家都知道钱不是万能的
Money isn’t everything, and you guys know that.
无论你是信徒还是无神论者
No matter if you’re a believer or an atheist,
你都应知道宗教种目繁多
you should be aware that there are plenty of religions
且应尊重教徒们的权利
and respect their rights.
我们相信在ALUX网 你可以过上特别的生活
At ALUX.com we believe in living an extraordinary life,
一个对你和周围人而言充满幸福的生活
one filled with happiness, for you and those around you.
保持幸福 快乐生活
Be happy, live happy.
帮助他人 不做讨厌的人
Help others, and just don’t be an asshole.
谨记这些 让我们来看看
With that in mind, here are the top 10
全球最有影响力的十大宗教
most powerful religions in the world right now.
10. 巴哈教 700万教徒
10. Baha’i. 7 million adherents.
巴哈·欧拉 波斯人
Baha’ullah, a Persian man,
于19世纪创立了巴哈教
was the founder of Baha’i in the 19th century.
巴哈教教义强调所有宗教的融会贯通
Baha’i Faith believes in the unity of all religions.
其历史记载上出现了许多非凡的宗教使者
It emerges religious history as a series of divine messengers.
克利须那神 佛陀 摩西 耶稣 穆罕默德
Krishna, Buddha, Moses, Jesus, Mohammed,
他们建立的宗教全都符合时代需要
all established a religion which suited the needs of the time
以及当时人类的生产力需求
and the capacity of the people back then.
巴哈教的信徒们信奉全人类
The followers of Baha’i practise prayering and
共有的神 并为其作祷告
worshiping one God of all humans.
世界上所有的宗教只信奉一位神
All religions in the world have only one God,
独一无二 无他所替
which is single and has no equal.
教徒们践行朴素
They practise simplicity,
这在宗教仪式上也有所体现
this reflects on their ritual as well.
多数仪式可由个人在家中或宗教中心进行
Mostly they occur in individuals, homes or centers.
世界上有七处为信徒提供敬奉之地的场所
There are seven Baha’i houses of worship throughout the world.
9. 犹太教 1400万信徒
9. Judaism. 14 million adherents.
首座犹太教圣殿
The first temple of Judaism,
所罗门圣殿 建于公元前832年
the Solomon’s Temple, dated back to 832 B.C..
它是耶路撒冷地区重要的圣殿
It was an important holy temple in Jerusalem.
亚伯拉罕为犹太人民的祖先
Abraham was the father of the Jewish people.
当他的后裔在埃及遭受奴役时
When his descendents were slaved in Egypt,
上帝告诉摩西引领他们成就“出埃及记”
God told Moses to lead the Exodus.
8. 通灵教 1500万信徒
8. Spiritism. 15 million adherents.
19世纪早期
In the early 19th century,
法国教育家亚兰·卡荀建立了通灵教
a French educator named Allan Kardec founded Spiritism.
不同于其它宗教的是 他并非先知
Unlike most religions, the founder is not a prophet,
事实上 通灵教不相信预言
in fact, Spiritism does not believe in prophecy.
卡荀写了五本关于通灵教的书籍
Kardec wrote five books about Spiritism.
全都基于对精神世界的调查与证言
They are based on research and testimony of the spiritual world.
此宗教提倡的价值观念与基督教相同
This religion teaches the same values as Christianity,
但却未将耶稣看做上帝之子
but it does not see Jesus as the son of God.
信徒们相信人类拥有不朽的灵魂
They believe that humans are immortal spirits,
它栖息于肉体 提升它的道德感和智力
which inhabit physical bodies to improve morally and intellectually
直至某天跋涉至精神的世界
until the day they pass through a spiritual world.
7. 锡克教 2300万信徒
7. Sikhism. 23 million adherents.
锡克教于16世纪由纳那克古鲁在巴基斯坦创立
Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak in Pakistan in the 16th century.
锡克教徒相信神是超越一切的主宰
Sikhs believe in God as the one supreme reality,
名为Ik Onkar
he is known as Ik Onkar.
锡克教徒通过圣歌和冥想祷告
Sikhs pray through hymns and meditation.
锡克教秉信无私的奉献
Sikhism teaches selfless service,
其教义与印度教和伊斯兰教提倡的类似
its practices are similar to Hindu’s and Islam’s.
但不同之处在于
What is unique about this religion is
它有禁止参加过阿姆里特入会仪式
its distinctive prohibition of cutting hair for those
的信徒剪头发的独特习俗
who have taken the Amrit initiation ceremony.
6. 非洲传统宗教 1亿信徒
6. African Traditional Religion. 100 million adherents.
非洲人民践行着许多宗教传统
There are many traditional religions practiced by African people,
但它们宣扬的总体概念却是一致的
however, they show the same general concept.
信徒们秉信至高的造物者 灵魂
They believe in a supreme creator, spirits,
祖先的敬畏心与其拥有的魔力
ancestors’ veneration and magic.
他们崇拜包括祖先在内的超自然灵魂
They worship supernatural spirits including their ancestors
认为它是连接人与神的媒介
as their intermediaries between humans and God.
他们的宗教仪式包括动物祭祀与奠酒祭神仪式
Their religious rituals involve animal sacrifices and libation.
他们坚信人类应该与超自然世界和谐统一
They believe that humans should have harmony with a supernatural world.
5. 佛教 3.76亿信徒
5. Buddhism. 376 million adherents.
据佛教传说所述 佛陀于公元前563年
According to Buddhist tradition, Buddha was born in Lumbini,
出生在蓝毗尼(今在尼泊尔境内)
now a part of Nepal in 563 B.C.,
他的名字叫做乔达摩·悉达多
his name was Siddhartha Gautama,
曾是一位生活优渥的王子
and he was a prince living a luxurious life.
但当他逃出皇宫
After he fled from his Palace,
体察到其他人的疾苦时
he discovered the misery of others.
乔达摩·悉达多彻悟
This was his awakening moment,
他冥思苦想了40天
he meditated intensely for forty days,
终在对抗世间的诱惑后涅槃重生
he battled worldly temptations to reach nirvana.
自此 他开始向别人传授自己的经历
Since then he began to teach others about his experience,
许多人追随着他的脚步
many follow his footsteps.
他于拘尸那伽(今在印度境内)逝世
He died at the age of 80 in Kushinagar,
享年80岁
now a part of India.
4. 中国传统宗教 3.94亿信徒
4. Chinese Traditional Religion. 394 million adherents.
中国传统宗教起源自公元前206年
The Chinese traditional religion dates back to 206 B.C.,
汉朝统治时期
when the Han Dynasty ruled the country,
信徒们信奉中国的神
they worshipped a Chinese God.
他们相信神和灵魂
Chinese people believed in gods and spirits
它们按自然法则以力的形式存在
in a form of forces within the order of nature.
宗教中存在四种概念
There are four concepts of the religion
涵盖生命的精神 宇宙以及道德层面
which cover the spiritual, cosmological and moral aspects of life.
第一种为“天”
The first one is “Tian”,
是以道德意义为源泉的天堂
a heaven as the source of moral meaning.
第二种为“地” 代表物质的广博
Second, “Di”, the breadth of substance of
在这里 万物生息
which everything was made.
第三种为“君主” 祖先们推崇的对象
Third “Jun Zhu”, the ancestors’ veneration.
最后为“报应” 即道德的此消彼长
And last, “Bao Ying”, the moral reciprocity.
3. 印度教 9亿教徒
3. Hinduism. 900 million adherents.
印度教是古老宗教
Hinduism is an ancient religion,
起源自印度融会贯通着的不同文化和传统
it started as a fusion of various Indian cultures and traditions.
被认为是源自公元前3万年前的
It is believed to be the heritage of Provident Religion
“预见之地”的遗产
dated back to 30,000 B.C.
经典的印度教起源自公元前200年
with the classical Hinduism first emerging in 200 B.C..
印度教关于神的概念很复杂
The concept of God in Hinduism is complex.
它依赖于每一个个体的哲学和传统
It depends on each individual’s philosophy and the tradition itself,
这在宗教仪式中也有迹可循
this reflects to its rituals as well.
例如 印度的教徒与印尼巴厘岛的教徒
For example, Hindus in India practiced different rituals
相比践行着不同的宗教仪式
compared to Hindus in Bali Indonesia.
总体来说 教徒们崇尚至上的本体
In general, they worship the Supreme Being as
如毗瑟奴 梵天 希瓦 夏克提
Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva and/or Shakti.
他们体现着人类生活的恰当目标
They embody from proper aims of human life.
Dharma代表责任 Artha体现利益
Dharma duties. Artha prosperity.
Karma代表欲望 Moksha体现解脱
Karma, emotion, and Moksha, liberation.
2. 伊斯兰教 15亿信徒
2. Islam. 1.5 billion adherents.
默罕默德于公元610年从大天使加百利获得了神谕
In 610 C.E., Muhammad had revelation from God through Archangel Gabriel.
这些神谕记录在一本名为《可兰经》的书中
These revelations were recorded into a book known as Quran.
伊斯兰教的神的形象严苛且清晰
The concept of God in Islam is strict and clear.
神是唯一且全能的
God is one and he is Almighty,
他用简单的指令“B”创造了宇宙
he created the universe by a simple command B,
的确如此
and so it is.
教徒们认为伊斯兰教是唯一的宗教
They believe that there is only one religion Islam
默罕默德是先知
and Mohammed is its prophet.
1. 基督教 21亿信徒
1. Christianity. 2.1 billion adherents.
基督徒相信在公元前4年
Christians believe that in 4 B.C.,
上帝之子诞生
the Son of God was born.
他便是拯救人类的救世主耶稣
He is Jesus Christ who brought salvation from humanity.
《圣经》记录着他的人生故事
The story of his life was written in the Bible,
是引领基督教徒生活的指南
which becomes the guidance of Christian’s life.
基督教提倡“三位一体”的基本的信仰
Christianity teaches the essential belief of Trinity,
神是三位一体的上帝
God is one God in three persons coexisting as one.
彼此不可分离
They cannot be divided.
他们是圣父 圣子耶稣基督
They are the Father, the Son Jesus Christ
以及圣灵
and the Holy Spirit.
基督教的21亿信徒
The 2.1 billion adherents of Christianity
分属不同的宗教流派
are divided into several denominations.
三个主要流派为罗马天主教
The three primary divisions are Roman Catholicism,
东正教和新教
Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism.
彼此互有差异 但秉信的却是同一个神
These three claim several differences but believe in relatively the same God.
在着手制作这一视频之前
Before we begin working on this video,
我们尽全力与这些宗教信徒们交谈
we did our best to talk to people from these religions,
且亦无冒犯他人的意图
and by no means do we plan to offend anybody.
这些都是我们在制作视频时所
These are facts that we present to the best of our knowledge
呈现给大家的最佳学识
at the time of making this video.
你如何看待世界各地的不同宗教?
What do you think about the different religions around the world?
你是虔诚的信徒吗?
Are you guys active religious?
让我们知道吧
Let us know.
我们真的很想听到大家的心声
We really want to hear back from you guys on this one.
你们知道YouTube不允许我们
You know YouTube won’t allow us to
在视频结尾处附加福利
add bonus facts at the end of our videos.
因此这便是我们在这里附赠它的原因
That’s why we’re gonna do it right here.
世间存在着我们尤为感兴趣的宗教
There’s one religion in particular we have an interest in,
但不在十佳目录之列
that didn’t make the list.
如果你从未听过以前的理论家
If you’ve never heard of past theorists,
他们的神和救世主
and their Lord and Savior,
以及你需要立即关注的“飞天面条神教”
the Flying Spaghetti Monster you need to fix that immediately.
我们不再赘述
We won’t go into much detail,
请前往谷歌进行搜索吧
but go ahead and google it.
感谢你们花时间观看这一视频
Thank you for spending some time with us ALUXers.
如果喜欢这个视频
If you enjoy this video,
记得要点赞哦
make sure to give it a thumbs up
请订阅我们的频道
and subscribe to our channel,
这样就不会错过其它视频
so you never miss another video.
我们也挑选了一些视频
We also hand-picked these videos
推荐你接下来收看
which we recommend you watch next.
如果感到无聊
If you’re bored,
你可能想浏览我们的网站
you might wanna check out our website ALUX.com
Instagram或Facebook网页浏览精彩内容
for great articles or Instagram or Facebook page.
感谢你成为我们的一员
Thank you for being an ALUXer.

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视频概述

详述了十大宗教的起源,代表人物,教义以及影响,等等。

听录译者

小多荷

翻译译者

小多荷

审核员

T

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bdr5d5TPq7Q

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