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成为更好的慈善家,像扑克玩家一样思考| Liv Boeree有效的利他主义 – 译学馆
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成为更好的慈善家,像扑克玩家一样思考| Liv Boeree有效的利他主义

To Be a Better Philanthropist, Think Like a Poker Player | Liv Boeree on Effective Altruism

所谓有效利他主义基本就是说
So effective altruism is basically applying
将科学方法 证据与分析
the scientific method and evidence and analysis
运用到慈善的方方面面
to the whole concept of charity.
这有点像在看一个
It’s about sort of looking in the world
充满一大堆问题的世界
the world has a gazillion problems,
很多问题都非常 非常糟糕
a lot of them are very, very bad,
但有的却比其它容易解决得多
but some are easier to solve than others,
有的比其它解决起来成本要更低一些
some are cheaper to solve than others,
因此 我们可以采取一些比其他行动
and so there are some sort of actions that we can take
更有效的行动来
that are more effective than others
减少这个世界上的苦难或增强其幸福感
in reducing suffering or increasing the happiness in the world.
有效利他主义基本上是关于识别:
And effective altruism is basically about identifying:
哪些方法可以快而有效地
what are those methods of improving the world
改善我们的世界
as quickly as possible and as effectively as possible.
所以社会上
So within the community,
一些分析师团队就在关注这些问题
there are sort of teams of analysts looking at these problems
并找出最好的干预措施 最好的慈善机构
and figuring out the best interventions, the best charities that are out there,
然后提高公众对它的认识
and then raising awareness of it.
挑选出一个好的慈善机构是很难的
Picking a charity is tough,
并且首先需要留意的是 问题本身是否被忽视了
and the things to look for—I guess to start with, is the cause area in itself neglected.
这个世界上有无数不同的问题
There’s countless different problems in the world
有的已经被研究得很深入了
and some of them are far more researched
或者比其它问题获得了更多的资金
or received a lot more funding than others,
同样地 有些问题
and similarly there are some problems that
确实有非常大的资金缺口
are actually—that there’s just a ton more room for funding,
你若投钱进去可以让其发挥很大的作用
where your money can make a very big difference.
所以我们要留意的第一件事就是 它是否被忽略了
So that’s the first thing to look for: if it’s neglected.
接下来要留意的是
Next thing is: is the charity that
你要捐赠的慈善机构是否最大化地利用了你的钱
you’re going to donate for giving you the maximum bang for your buck.
捐赠的每一美元是否都帮到了最多的人?
Will it help the most people per dollar that’s donated?
另一件要留意的事就是
Another thing to look for is:
产生的成效是否可以被量化?
are the results that it is likely to generate measurable?
因为若我们不能量化这个慈善机构的工作
Because if we can’t measure what the charity is doing,
我们就不知道它的效率如何
well, then we just don’t really know how effective it is.
所以这些都是我们需要留意的重要指标
So yeah those are sort of some key indicators to look for.
还有 这个慈善机构的运作是公开透明的吗?
Also: is the charity transparent?
并不是所有的没有完全公开透明的慈善机构
Not all charities that aren’t completely transparent
都一定是坏的
—it doesn’t mean that they’re necessarily bad,
但是同样
but at the same time
如果他们做的是可行且有益于他人的事情
if they’re doing very sort of actionable positive things
那么 他们就应该能够拿出证据来证明
then they should be able to demonstrate that clearly.
所以 这就是我会留意的四个要点
So yeah, those are sort of the four key points I’d look for.
自从十年前 我开始玩扑克
Since starting to play poker about ten years ago,
我就一直都很幸运
I’ve been so fortunate with my results
通过它 得到了很多机会
and the opportunities that I’ve been given through it,
但不久后我开始意识到
but after a while I started realizing
我应该用它干些别的事
I should probably be doing something else with this.
有没有一种方法既可以让我继续玩我喜欢的游戏
Is there a way I can continue playing the game that I love
又能对世界产生更积极的影响呢?
but also have a more positive impact on the world?
与此同时
And at the same time
我和我的朋友们遇见了一些有效利他主义者
some friends and I met some effective altruists
他们想跟我们聊聊关于通过扑克行业募捐的事情
who wanted to chat to us about could we fundraise through the industry.
在他们给我解释了
And after they sort of explained to me
有效利他主义是如何运转的
how effective altruism works,
为何有的慈善机构比其它的更有效
how some charities are just hundreds of times more effective than others,
并且这些论据还很吸引人
and the arguments were just so compelling.
我就说 好的 我们怎么加入?
I was like, okay, how do we get involved?
我们要怎么做?
How do we do this?
所以我们决定为这些慈善机构募捐
So we decided to create an organization
为此我们建立了Raising for Effective Giving组织
that fundraises for these charities, called Raising for Effective Giving.
“Raising”是一个文字游戏
“Raising” is a play on words there with…
因为扑克牌里有这个术语
that’s what you do in poker.
我们在两年半前建立的这个组织
So we started this organization two and a half years ago,
我们大约为八个高效率的慈善机构募捐
and we fundraised for about eight or so highly effective charities
它们跨越了很多不同的领域
across a number of different cause areas.
我们有一些机构在帮助需要的人缓解痛苦
We have some that are direct suffering alleviation,
其中大多数机构建在贫困地区
most of those are sort of in the poverty sphere.
我们同样也为一些高效率的动物慈善机构募捐
We fundraise for similarly the most effective animal charities
还有一些正在研究
and a couple of research organization
潜在风险的科研组织
that they’re looking into potential risks
(希望不会发生这些潜在风险
(that are hopefully unlikely to happen
但如果真发生了 那将会是灾难性的
but if they do happen could be so catastrophic,
而且他们现在正处于研究之中)
and they’re very sort of underresearched right now).
因此 我们为许多不同类型的慈善机构筹款
So we have quite a broad spectrum of charities that we raise for,
但是 它们都是成功的或预期会成功的
but all of them are either highly effective or projected to be very effective.
所以我们两年半前就开始这个项目了
So yeah, we started it two and a half years ago.
目前我们已通过扑克产业为
So far we’ve raised just over $2 million
这些慈善事业募捐了超过两百万美元
through the poker industry for these charities,
这是一次令人惊讶的学习经历
and it’s been an amazing learning experience.

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视频概述

很多人想要寻找一家好的慈善机构进行募捐,但不知道应该怎么找?这个视频给了有一些帮助我们寻找高效的慈善机构的指标,进来了解一下吧!

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