ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

恐怖泰坦:H.P.洛夫克拉夫特的黑暗想象 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

恐怖泰坦:H.P.洛夫克拉夫特的黑暗想象

Titan of terror: the dark imagination of H.P. Lovecraft - Silvia Moreno-García

世界的确很滑稽 但这笑话是关于人类的—霍华德·菲利普·洛夫克拉夫特
神秘的禁书
Arcane books of forbidden lore,
扰乱家族血统的秘密
disturbing secrets inthe family bloodline,
以及难以言表的恐怖 想到它们可能会令你发疯
and terrors so unspeakable the very thought of them might drive you mad.
如今 这些已成为许多现代恐怖故事的标准要素
By now, these have become standard elements in many modern horror stories.
但这些元素大多是由一名作家普及的——
But they were largely popularizedby a single author–
他的名字已经成为
one whose name has become an adjective
描述其营造的那种特别的恐怖的形容词
for the particular type ofterror he inspired.
他就是于1890年出生于罗德岛普罗维登斯的霍华德•菲利普•洛夫克拉夫特
Born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1890,
洛夫克拉夫特是在埃德加·爱伦·坡
Howard Phillips Lovecraft grew upadmiring the Gothic horror stories
和罗伯特·钱伯斯的哥特式恐怖故事的滋润中长大的
written by Edgar Allan Poeand Robert Chambers.
但到1917年 他开始创作的时候
But by the time he began writing in 1917,
一战在很长时间内给艺术界蒙上了一层阴影
World War I had cast a longshadow over the arts.
人们见识了真正的恐怖
People had seen real horrors,
不再害怕奇幻的民间故事
and were no longer frightenedof fantastical folklore.
洛夫克拉夫特力求创作出一种新式的恐怖
Lovecraft sought to invent anew kind of terror,
一种响应其身处的科技高速发展时代的恐怖
one that responded to the rapidscientific progress of his era.
他的故事经常会用科学原理来增添怪异的合理性
His stories often used scientific elementsto lend eerie plausibility.
在《星之彩》一书中
In”The Colour out of Space,”
一颗奇怪的陨石坠落在一个农家附近
a strange meteorite falls neara farmhouse,
使整个农场变成了可怕的地狱
mutating the farm into anightmarish hellscape.
他写的其他书中也蕴含有科学方法的形式
Others incorporated scientificmethodology into their form.
《疯狂山脉》类似于一本关于南极探险的报告
“At the Mountains of Madness” is writtenas a report of an Antarctic expedition
揭示了一些最好不要被发现的东西
that unearths things betterleft undiscovered.
在其他作品中 数学本身也成了恐怖的来源
In others, mathematics themselvesbecome a source of horror,
就如难以解决的几何结构
as impossible geometric configurations
任何想要探索未知事物的人都会遭受灾难
wreak havoc on the minds ofany who behold them.
在当时 洛夫克拉夫特小说的影响力
Like then-recent discoveries ofsubatomic particles or X-rays,
就像亚原子粒子和X射线的发现一样深远
the forces in Lovecraft’s fictionwere powerful,
但这种小说影响力经常隐于无形 难以描述
yet often invisible and indescribable.
与可知的怪物 暴力场面或令人震惊的恐怖不同
Rather than recognizable monsters,graphic violence, or startling shocks,
洛夫克拉夫特式恐怖通常并不在于直接描写
the terror of “Lovecraftian” horror liesin what’s not directly portrayed–
而是存在于我们最黑暗的想象之中
but left instead to the dark depthsof our imagination.
在洛夫克拉夫特的很多诗集 短篇和中篇小说中
Lovecraft’s dozens of short stories,novellas, and poems
经常会反复出现相同的人物
often take place in the samefictional continuity,
地点和神话故事
with recurring characters, locations,and mythologies.
乍眼一看 这些人物 地点和神话故事
At first glance, they appear to be set
就像设定在与他同时代的新英格兰一样
within Lovecraft’s contemporary New England.
但在这看起来和现实极度相似的表面下
But beneath the surface
存在着黑暗君主
of this seemingly similar reality lie dark masters,
地球的其他居民都只是君主们的玩物
for whom Earth’s inhabitantsare mere playthings.
这些君主更像是原始的力量而非稀少的神灵
More like primordial forcesthan mere deities,
洛夫克拉夫特创造的“旧日支配者”潜藏于我们现实社会的角落中
Lovecraft’s Great Old Ones lurk atthe corners of our reality.
再比如“犹格•索托斯”
Beings such as Yog-Sothoth,
“他吐出的白沫就像混乱的原子中释放的粘液
“ who froths as primal slime in nuclear chaos
不受任何时间和空间的束缚”
beyond the nethermost outpostsof space and time.”
或者像“阿撒托斯”这个盲目愚知的神一样
Or the blind, idiot god Azathoth,
只有在“疯狂地敲打着的邪恶鼓声
whose destructive impulses arestalled only by
和诅咒的长笛的单调呜呜声”中
the “maddening beating of vile drums
他的毁灭本能才会被束缚
and the thin monotonous whineof accursed flutes.”
这些神灵的存在已经超出了我们关于现实的概念
These beings exist beyond ourconceptions of reality,
他们的真实形态和他们的动机一样不可捉摸
their true forms as inscrutableas their motives.
洛夫克拉夫特的小说主角通常是研究者
Lovecraft’s protagonists– often researchers,
人类学家和爱好古文物的人——
anthropologists,or antiquarians–
这些人偶然发现了那些神灵的存在
stumble onto hints of their existence.
但即使这不经意的一瞥也足以使他们发疯
But even these indirect glimpses areenough to drive them insane.
而且如果他们侥幸活下来的话
And if they survive,
读者将不会有丝毫的胜利感
the reader is left with no feeling of triumph
只有像宇宙一样的冷淡——
only cosmic indifference–
一种可怕的感觉——我们不过是深不可测力量支配下
the terrible sense that we arebut insignificant specks
微不足道的小点
at the mercy of unfathomable forces.
但也许这些生物所拥有的最强大的力量
But perhaps the greatest powerthese creatures had
在于对洛夫克拉夫特的同辈人极具吸引力
was their appeal to Lovecraft’scontemporaries.
生前 经常写信给其他作家
During his lifetime, Lovecraft correspondedwith other writers,
鼓励他们在自己的小说中运用他作品中的要素和人物
encouraging them to employ elements and characters from his stories in their own.
洛夫克拉夫特的笔友们在许多作品中
References to Lovecraftian godsor arcane tomes
都提到了他的神灵或神秘巨著
can be found in many storiesby his pen pals,
比如罗伯特E•霍华德和罗伯特•布洛赫
such as Robert E. Howard and Robert Bloch.
如今 我们把这类小说中的共同世界叫作“克苏鲁神话”
Today, this shared universe is calledthe Cthulhu Mythos,
它是以作者书中章鱼和龙的混合怪物命名的
named after Lovecraft’s infamous blendof dragon and octopus.
不幸的是 他认为自己的这种未知的恐怖 有一种不那么美味感觉
Unfortunately,Lovecraft’s fear of the unknown found a less savory expression in his personal views.
作者持有很强的种族主义的观点
The author held strong racist views,
他的一些作品略显粗俗且包含老套的污点
and some of his works includecrude stereotypes and slurs.
但他创作的多彩世界会比其个人偏见存在更久
But the rich world he created wouldoutlive his personal prejudices.
在洛夫克拉夫特死后
And after Lovecraft’s death,
很多作家接受了克苏鲁神话
the Cthulhu Mythos was adopted by a wide variety of authors,
经常从多角度重新创作作品
often reimagining them fromdiverse perspectives
并克服了洛夫克拉夫特小说的局限性
that transcend the author’s prejudices.
尽管其文学遗产很丰厚
Despite his literary legacy,
但他生前却从未在经济上取得成功
Lovecraft was never able to find financial success.
他像个被宇宙冷漠抛弃的受害者一样 在46岁时
He died unknown and penniless at the age of 46–
身无分文的死去
a victim of the universe’s cosmicindifference.
但他的作品激励了很多短篇故事 小说
But his work has inspired numerousshort stories, novels,
桌上游戏和文化象征的创作
tabletop games, and cultural icons.
只要人类对未知的将来
And as long as humans feel a sense
仍怀有恐惧感
of dread about our unknown future,
洛夫克拉夫特式的恐怖
Lovecraftian horror
就会在我们想象中最黑暗的角落留有一席之地
will have a place in the darkest corners of our imagination.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

视频简介了洛夫克拉夫特的生平及创作的的原理,同时介绍了洛夫克拉夫特作品的影响力。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

橘苓

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3M3L4VIZv-U

相关推荐