ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

美联邦纪念碑发展史 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

美联邦纪念碑发展史

This timeline shows confederate monuments are about racial conflict

许多人对移除罗伯特·爱德华·李将军的雕像表示抗议 李 所以这周是Robert.E.Lee
Many of those people were there to protest the taking down of the statue of Robert E. Lee. So, this week, it is Robert E. Lee.
接下来是Stonewall Jackson
I notice that Stonewall Jackson is coming down.
下周华盛顿总统?
Is it George Washington next week?
然后杰斐逊总统?
And is it Thomas Jefferson the week after?
我们需要质问自己 到哪才肯罢手
You have to ask yourself, where does it stop?
相较于美国历史的一些标志 特朗普总统提到的那些联邦纪念碑
The Confederate monuments President Trump mentions are more than innocent markers of
受害颇深
American history.
许多革命后代为了保护白人至上的权利而举行庆贺联邦事业的活动
Many exist to celebrate the Confederate cause to preserve the rights of whites over minorities.
这些纪念碑都可以追溯到内战时期
These monuments can traced back to the Civil War.
很多旧址及标志也都曾是多年内战后
But most of the sites and symbols were actually created during periods of racial conflict
种族冲突的产物
long after the civil war.
SPLC汇编了位于公共场所的1503例联邦标志
The Southern Poverty Law Center compiled about 1503 confederate symbols in public space.
汇编年表的每一个点都代表着一座纪念碑 一个标志或者一个代表人物
Each dot on this timeline represents a monument, a symbol, or an icon.
一些表示雕像
Some represent statues.
其他的就是学校 公园及军事基地的名称
Others are names of schools, parks or military bases.
编制的图表以内战开始 是纪念碑首次出现的时间
The chart starts with the Civil War, when the monuments first show up.
一场起义和3K党的创立同时在1866年发生
Then in 1866, there’s a rise that coincides with the formation of the Ku Klux klan.
但此图表揭露了一场具有深远意义的起义 发生于这些纪念碑建立的两个时期
But the chart reveals a significant rise in the creation of these monuments in two periods:
第一个阶段是20世纪初 前南联邦各州制定Jim Crow法
The first is in the early 1900s, when ex-Confederate states in the south enacted Jim Crow laws.
此阶段带来的响应很明显 NAACP的创建就说明了这点
The response from this period is clear — the NAACP was founded during this peak.
形势一直持续到20世纪20年代 也是3K党再次出现 的标志
And the spike continues through the 1920s which were marked by the re-emergence of the KKK.
接下来一批联邦纪念碑建立于20世纪五六十年代
The next cluster of confederate monuments were built in the 1950s and 60s.
标志物的建立在1965年达到高峰
Construction of the symbols peaked in 1965 — the 100th year anniversary of the end
这一年也是内战结束100周年庆典
of the Civil War.
现代民权运动期间 以联邦倡导者的名字为学校命名的现象
During this modern Civil Rights Movement, until 1970, it became more common for schools
到1970年开始变得越来越普遍
to be named after confederate proponents.
并且很受欢迎
And it didn’t stop there.
最近一场清除联邦意识形态象征物的运动
A movement to erase these symbols of Confederate ideology has recently surfaced across the
已在全国显露出来
country.
这些雕像不只是带着历史的印记
They are not just innocent remembrances of a benign history.
他们颂扬的是一个对逝去的生命 奴役制度及所代表的恐怖行为
These monuments celebrate a fictional, sanitized Confederacy ignoring the death, ignoring the
不管不问的虚伪的美化的南联邦
enslavement, ignoring the terror that it actually stood for.
批评家们把这些纪念碑等同于南方的骄傲 白人遗产和文化
Critics of that movement equate these monuments with Southern pride, white heritage and culture.
但事实上种族冲突时期建造的大量纪念碑也揭示了
But the fact that a vast majority of the monuments were constructed during racial conflict reveals
事情发展的另一面 那就是批评家尊崇联邦及联邦所拥护的种族主义
the opposite: They honor the Confederacy and the racism it stood for.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

民众雕像移除运动所引发的美联邦纪念碑发展史

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Fusion

审核员

审核团MG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WClgR6Q0aPE

相关推荐