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爱丽丝漫游仙境综合征 – 译学馆
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爱丽丝漫游仙境综合征

This Rare Syndrome Will Ruin Your Reality

嗨 看这里 欢迎来到品生活
hey there welcome to Life Noggin
我们都知道《爱丽丝梦游仙境》的故事
We all know the story of Alice in Wonderland.
一个穿着蓝色连衣裙的小女孩追着
A little girl in a blue dress follows
一只白兔掉进了洞里然后突然进入了
a white rabbit down a hole and is suddenly thrown
一个奇幻的世界
into this psychedelic world.
她变小 变大 和花儿一起唱歌
She shrinks and grows, sings with flowers,
遇见世界上最诡异的猫 然后又(变得巨大)
meets the world’s creepiest cat, and explodes
炸出屋外
out of a house.
没有人能真正搞懂路易斯·卡罗尔
No one can really agree on what Lewis Carroll was getting
写《爱丽丝梦游仙境》 的意图
at when he wrote the “ Alice in Wonderland ” story,
但有人认为他有疾病 他的生活就像故事中的那样
but some believe he had a condition that literally makes people see life like this.
现在有一种被称为爱丽丝梦游仙境综合征的病症
A condition now called Alice in WonderlandSyndrome.
它能以一系列难以置信的方式显现出来
It can manifest in a bunch of mind-boggling ways,
但是这都不是幻觉
but it ’ s not about hallucinations.
它是关于你对身边的世界的感知
It’s about your perception of the worldaround you.
有这种罕见病症的人会暂时性地发作
People with this rare condition experience temporary episodes
感受到一个与常人不同的世界
where they perceive the world very differently than the average person.
通常会持续几分钟到几天不等
Typically, they last anywhere from a few minutes to a few days.
视觉 听觉 触觉
Vision, hearing, feeling of touch,
和对时间的理解能力都会以各个方式遭受影响
and understanding of time can all be affected in various ways.
例如某人正在厨房闲逛
Say someone ’ s hanging out
然后《爱丽丝梦游仙境》中的情节突然 上演
in their kitchen and an Alice in Wonderland episode suddenly comes on.
一些东西 比如挂在他们墙上的时钟
Something like the clock hanging on their wall
可能会变得非常巨大以至于占据一半的墙壁(视物显大症)
could become so huge it takes up half the wall (this is called macropsia).
你可能会突然看见25个钟 就如同你从一个虫眼看整个世界一样(虫视)
You could suddenly see 25 clocks, like you’reseeing the world from a bug’s eye view (entomopia).
或是你身体的一部分可能缩小(部分视物显大症)
Or one of your body parts might shrink insize dramatically (partial microsomatognosia).
时间甚至能加速(快镜头现象)或减速(延迟现象)
Time can even speed up (quick-motion phenomenon)or slow down (protracted duration).
你甚至可能感觉自己飘在空中(虚幻的悬浮的感觉)
You might even feel like you’re floatingin mid-air (illusory feeling of levitation).
爱丽丝梦游仙境综合症的发作经常是具有独立性的
Half the time, this Alice in Wonderland Syndrome happens on its own
而与其它情况的发生没有任何关系
and isn ’ t linked with any other conditions.
但是有时它与身体紊乱有关如偏头痛 癫痫 传染病 压力
But sometimes, it’s connected to physicaldisorders like migraines, epilepsy, infections, depression,
或脑炎 即脑部发炎
or encephalitis, which is inflammationof the brain.
这一现象的科学解释依然处于早期阶段
Scientific understanding of this phenomenon is still in its veryyy early stages.
此疾病被认为很多是没有上报的
It ’ s thought to be very under-reported,
因此使其更加难以研究
making it even harder to study.
患症人群的数量是不清楚的
It ’ s not clear how many people
它目前也没有被确认为是一种精神混乱或精神疾病
have it and it ’ s not currently recognized as a neurological disorder or a psychiatric illness.
它有点像是在灰色区域
It’s kind of in a grey area.
它多发于儿童时期
It seems to be more prevalent in children,
但是它发作时并不会
but this condition doesn ’ t appear to be
特别的危险或痛苦
particularly dangerous or painful.
当然 如果这种症状伴随着偏头痛
Granted, if the symptoms are followed by migraines,
通常有百分之十五有这种症状的人
which they often are in about 15 % of people
会伴随着偏头痛 那么他们就会遭受痛苦
with this phenomenon, then they may be proceeded by pain,
但是 在这种时候 爱丽丝梦游仙境综合症
but the Alice in Wonderland experience
本身似乎并不会真正即使
itself doesn ’ t seem to be really alarming scientists
提醒到科学家们
at this point in time.
对这种现象的研究少之又少
Studies done on this phenomenon are few and far between,
但是他们发现了什么?
but what have they found out?
科学家知道这种综合征的基础是对感知的处理
Scientists know that this syndrome is basedin processing perception.
这种现象
Parts of the brain involved
被认为在大脑的颞顶联合区
in this mechanism are thought to be the temporo-parietal junction,
枕骨 额骨以及颞叶处
and the occipital, frontal and temporal lobes.
有些患爱丽丝梦游仙境综合征的人
Some of these areas experience decreased blood flow
这部分区域血流量减少
in people with Alice in Wonderland Syndrome,
至少有一个研究通过磁共振成像
and at least one study of an MRI
检测发作(时的大脑)发现 电活动
during an episode showed electrical activity create
导致了大脑处理纹理
abnormal blood flow in the specific parts
形状 大小 视觉的这些部位
of the brain that process texture, shape, size,
血液流速不正常
and that control vision.
对于这种病症并没有任何治疗或治愈的方法
There aren ’ t any treatments or cures for this condition,
但如果它伴随着
but if it ’ s accompanied
其他更严重的症状(出现)
with another, more serious condition,
你的医生可能会建议去治疗它看看
your doctor may suggest treating that to see if
你的感知会不会恢复正常
your perception goes back to normal.
你还有没有别的想让我们调查的现象呢?
Are there any other phenomenon you want usto look into?
请在评论区留言
Let us know in the comment section below.
如果你喜欢这个视频的话
If you enjoy this video,
就来看看我们制作的关于PTSD的视频吧
check out the video we did on what it is like to have PTSD.
这种体验会把人带回到创伤发生的时刻
These experiences seemingly brings the individual back to the moments of trauma,
尽管他们可能并没有真正看见当时的情况
while they may not visually see what they experienced,
但他们还是一次又一次地重新经历那个时刻
they feel it all over again.
这些记忆闪回可能毫无缘由地出现 也可能被某些事触发
This flashbacks can come out of nowhere or to be trought on by a trigger
我叫布洛可 这里是品生活
As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin
不要忘记保持思考哦
Don ‘ t forget to keep on thinking

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爱丽丝梦游仙境综合征

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