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怎样才能多活一百年呢? – 译学馆
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怎样才能多活一百年呢?

This Is How You Could Live An Extra 100 Years

嗨 看这里 欢迎来到《品生活》!
Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin!
哇哦 你们都变小了
Aww it’s all small now!
噢 见鬼了
Oh where the heck did it go!
几千年来 人们都在追寻更长的寿命
People have been wanting to live longer lives for thousands of years.
他们为了这个目标竭尽所能 但显然
And they’ve tried just about anything to try to make this happen. Obviously,
所有这些寻求永生的尝试都失败了 如今
all these quests for immortalitywere unsuccessful. Now,
全球平均寿命已达72岁
the average global lifespan is 72 years old,
但要是能多活
but what if we could live an extra 100
一百年呢? 现在
years? Today,
多亏了医疗保健和卫生设施的进步
people are living longer than ever thanks to advances
人们得以活得更加长久 但是
in health care and sanitation. Still,
对于一些人来说
for many people,
72年的寿命还是不够长
a lifespan of 72 years just isn’t long enough.
想要活得更久的话
In order to live longer though,
你的身体是需要一些帮助的
your bodies are going to need a bit of help.
研究人员认为 若要延长寿命
Researchers believe that, in order to truly extend your lifespan,
得要先解决
we need to address the
整个衰老过程本身的问题
entire aging process itself.
因为如果你能活到接近两百岁
Because what good would it do if you lived to be almost 200 years old,
但你的身体
but your body
却在100岁时就停机了 那又有什么用呢
clocked out at age 100?
科学家最近确实取得了
Scientists have actually had a number
一些突破 这使得许多人认为
of recent breakthroughs that are leading many to think
我们正在朝着更长寿 更健康的生活迈进
we’re on our way to longer, healthier lives. Recently,
比如说 最近
for example,
研究人员发现了一种可以逆转
researchers found a type of molecule that may reverse aspects
衰老过程的分子 诚然
of the aging process. Sure,
现在还只是在老鼠身上做实验
their experiment was conducted with mice,
但仍然是朝着正确方向
but it’s still a step in the right
迈出一步了
direction.
衰老造成的最大的一个后果是
One of the biggest consequences of aging is the fact that,
随着人们年龄的增长
as people age, blood flow to
组织和器官的血流量降低
the tissues and organs is compromised.
所以你的身体没有得到维持正常运作
So your body isn’t getting the
所需的氧气和营养
oxygen and nutrients it needs to function properly.
烟酰胺单核苷酸化合物能够恢复血液流速 提高DNA修复能力
The compound, nicotinamide mononucleotide,restored blood flow, improved DNA repair capabilities,
甚至能让老年鼠比不摄入烟酰胺单核苷酸的
and even allowed the elderly mice to exercise much longer
年轻鼠运动
than the young mice not given
更长时间
the NMN.
突破还不止于此
And the breakthroughs don’t stop there.
科学家发现随着年龄的增长
Scientists have realized that as you age,
你体内的一些细胞会老化
some of your cells can become senescent.
成为“僵尸细胞”
Also known as “ zombie cells ”,
这些细胞会停止分裂 但也不会真正死亡
these cells will stop dividing, but won’t really die either,
它会存在你的器官中并导致身体功能下降
building up in your organs and contributing to declining bodily function.
研究人员发现破坏这些细胞
Researchers found that destroying these cells
能促进新组织的产生 减少生病
leads to new tissue production and fewer diseases,
甚至是延长寿命 当然
and can even extend lifespans! Again,
现在还只是实验在老鼠身上 但总会有应用在人类身上的一天的
this was just in mice but you’vegotta start somewhere.
说起延长寿命
When it comes to human-ready methods of lifespan extension,
现在倒是有种药可以做到
there’s actually a drug that’s
它目前被用于治疗二型糖尿病
currently used to treat Type 2 diabetes which
但却具有延长寿命的
appears to be having a’side effect’ of increasing
副作用
healthy lifespan as well!
更棒的是
What’s especially cool is
这种药物是用从法国丁香植物
that the drug is a slightly modified version of a compound
和山羊豆中提取的一种化合物
found in a plant known as the French lilac,
改良得来的 丁香和山羊豆
or goat’s rue, which has been prescribed
几个世纪来一直被用作草本治疗
as a herbal remedy for centuries.
美国食品及药物管理局
The medicine, metformin,
正在对该药(二甲双胍)的抗衰老功效
was given the go ahead by the FDA to look into using it as
进行进一步研究
a treatment for aging,
通过临床实验验证其是否真的具有
and is now being tested in a clinical trial to see if it really can
延长寿命的作用以及该副作用与患糖尿病是否有关系
keep you alive longer whether you have diabetesor not!
不过要是科学家真的研究出了
But even if scientists do figure out how
延长寿命的方法的话
to extend your health and your lifespan, what
每个人的寿命都延长了一倍的社会会是什么样子的呢?
would happen to society if everyone livedtwice as long?
人口过剩已经给我们的星球带来了
Overpopulation is already credited for many problems
诸多问题 比如说能源短缺
on our planet, like energy shortages,
气候变暖和饥饿
global warming, and starvation.
但能够延长寿命对人类确实是一件好事
But being able to live longer could actually be good
有明确数据表明
for our population, with certain data
人们越健康
showing that the healthier people are,
就会更少地生孩子 而这可以减缓
the less children they have, which can slow down
人口增长
population growth.
延长寿命对你个人意味着什么呢?
And what would this mean for you personally?
要是多活100年的话你会做些什么呢?
What could you do with 100 more years?
你可以开一家两家甚至是五家公司
You could start a business or two, or five.
你可以环游世界
You could travel the world.
你可以做你想做
You could really do anything.
你可能会更关心地球
You may even care more about the planet,
想要为其做一个巨大的贡献 因为毕竟
wanting to make a bigger impact since you’ll be
你要在这多呆一倍的时间了
here for twice as long.
你是怎么想的呢?
But what do you think?
如果能多活100年的话你会做些什么呢?
What would you do if you lived for an extra 100 years?
如果你想为延长寿命的研究提供一份力的话
If you want to help have the opportunity to one day find out,
你可以访问
you can do so by going to
Lifespan.io 他们是一个不断壮大的
Lifespan.io — a growing community
积极支持科学家进行对抗衰老研究的
of people actively supporting the scientists working
团体 实际上
to combat aging. Actually,
他们现在就正在为
they are right now supporting the
我刚刚提到的烟酰胺单核苷酸的研究提供支持
research we just talked about with NMN, so
所以 如果你想要这种治疗方法惠及人类的话
if you’d like to see this therapy reach human beings,
也可以来这为其提供一份力
you can help make that happen!
这期视频也多亏了Lifespan团队
The Lifespan team also helped make
为我们提供的相关知识
this video possible by sharing their knowledge with us
以及资金支持
and sponsoring the show.
希望你们也能支持他们
We would love for you to support them too!
去Lifespan.io的博客或脸书查看更多吧
Check out the Lifespan.io blog and facebookpage for more.
老规矩 我叫Blocko 这里是《品生活》
As always, my name is Blocko, this has been life noggin,
愿我们保持思考
don’t forget to keep on thinking!

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怎样才能多活一百年呢?

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