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200卡路里就是这样 – 译学馆
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200卡路里就是这样

This Is 200 Calories

我们都知道我们要吃的健康 以及注意每天摄入体内的卡路里
We’re all told to eat healthy, and be aware of our calorie intake through the day.
但是你曾想过卡路里是怎样的吗?
But have you ever stopped to see what does calories look like?
打个形象的比方 这个是包含200卡路里的苹果
For example, this is 200 calories worth of apple
但是另一方面 包含200卡路里的奶酪
On the other hand, if we take 200 calories worth of cheese, it doesn’t look quite the same in terms of volume
同包含200卡路里的酒和奶酪的混合品 在数量上是不一样的
throw 200 calories of wine into the mix for a nice wine and cheese
现在对于卡路里 你有三种不同的视觉印象
And you have three very different looking versions of 200 calories
然后对比混合奶酪的酒和啤酒 朗姆酒 你的肚子会享受三种不同的派对
Now compare that wine to beer or rum, and you have three very different party nights for your stomach
那么早餐吃的鸡蛋是个什么情况呢?
Or how about the eggs you had for breakfast
同你另一天吃的包含200卡路里的甜麦片 或是燕麦片相比较
Compare that to 200 calories of sweet cereal you had the other day, or even some oatmeal
它们看上去难免会不一样
And they’re bound to seem a bit different
但是如果你早餐吃的是鸡蛋火腿三明治 它们只要很少就有200卡路里
But if you had gotten a sausage and egg breakfast sandwich, You’d be looking at even less
那么花椰菜呢?你一定会惊讶于摄入200卡路里你需要食用多少花椰菜
Broccoli? You may be surprised by the amount you can eat before you hit 200 calories
更不用说它包含了许多的营养和纤维素
Not to mention this stuff is packed with nutrients and a great source of fiber
那么披萨呢?如果包含火腿的话 它只要一小块就能包含200卡路里
A slice of pizza? Less than a slice if it has pepperoni on it
巨无霸呢?看一下包含200卡路里的小巨无霸
And what about the classic Big Mac? Try a 200 calorie ‘Small Mac’
即使卡路里是能量的基本单位
And since calories are simply units of energy, with the calories of 217 Big Macs
但是217个巨无霸包含的能量能使你的汽车行驶35公里
You can drive your car 35 Kilometres
等等 到底什么是卡路里?
So, wait. What is a calorie?
明确的定义是 卡路里是能量的一个单位
Specifically, a calorie is the amount of energy, or heat it takes to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water
能够把1克水的温度升高一度所需的能量为1卡路里
By one degree celsius
我们需要能量来生存 我们通过食物来获取能量
We need energy to survive, and we get it from food
碳水化合物 蛋白质 脂肪是是食物的组成部分 每种物质都能给我们的身体提供不同形式的能量
Carbohydrates, Protein and fats are the building blocks of our food, and each contribute a different amount of energy to our bodies
人体每天所需大概2000到2700卡路里
The average person needs somewhere between 2000 to 2700 calories a day
同时也取决于你的身高 体重 性别和年龄
Depending on factors like height, weight, gender and age
像花生酱之类的食物富含卡路里 很快就能达到人体每天所需数量
And some foods like peanut butter are calorie dense, filling this requirement faster
你当做小吃的玛芬饼 包含的卡路里高出你的想象
Or that muffin you ate as a snack, chances are its calorie content is higher than you thought
美味的多力多滋呢?别搞笑 你一定吃一整包
And those irresistible Doritos? Don’t lie, you ate the whole bag
不像芹菜 胡萝卜之类的低卡路里食物
Unlike Celery, which has very few calories, giving you lots to munch on
你可以吃很多
Or carrots
不要吃太多好时巧克力
Not so much Hershey’s Kisses
如果你以吃沙拉的方式来控制卡路里 注意奶油的量
And if you’re eating salad to limit calories, watch out for creamy dressing
尤其是法式沙拉酱
Particularly, french dressing
黑咖啡本身不含太多的卡路里
On its own, black coffee is quite low on calories
你可以喝很多才达到200卡路里
You can have a lot before you hit 200 calories
但是一旦你加入奶油或是糖的话 这里面的卡路里就很快增多了
But once you add one cream and one sugar, those calories quickly add up
将它转换成特别的饮料 像是冰薄荷白摩卡
Turn it into a specialty drink, like an Iced Peppermint White Mocha
你可能会惊于它所留下的量
And you might be shocked at the amount left
但是即使某些食物包含很少的卡路里
But, just because something has less calories
但并不是说这对你的健康有好处
Doesn’t necessarily mean it’s healthier or better for you
将200卡路里的牛奶和200卡路里的可乐做比较
Take for example this 200 calories of coke vs. 200 calories of whole milk
虽然每一升的可乐包含更少的卡路里
While it’s true that the coke contains fewer calories per litter
你不能否认牛奶包含更多的营养和健康的脂肪
You can’t forget that milk contains many nutrients and healthy fats
或拿白面包和黑面包作比较
Or like brown bread vs. white bread
的确 每片白面包包含更多的卡路里 同时它也包含更多的营养和纤维素
Yes, whole wheat bread often contains more calories per slice, but it also contains more nutrients and fiber
所以 计算卡路里的量并不是决定性因素
So, counting calories isn’t the be all and end all
但是思考进入你身体的物质却能带来不同
But thinking about what goes into your body is bound to make a difference
一天下来 吃一顿健康均衡的食物
At the end of the day, eat a healthy and balanced diet
如果你想了解更多200卡路里的例子 点击我们给出的链接吧
And if you’d like to see even more 200 calorie examples, check out the WiseGeek post we’ve linked in the description
这里给出了更多包含200卡路里食物的例子
Which puts even more food into perspective
你有什么问题吗?
Got a burning question you want answered?
在评论区或是脸书 推特 提出你的问题
Ask it in the comments, or on facebook and twitter
点击订阅获取更多科普视频
And Subscribe for more weekly science videos!

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