未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

爱你如海深 这到底是有多深

This incredible animation shows how deep the ocean really is

海洋到底有多深?
Just How Deep Does The Ocean Go?
如果 你将地表最高的部分
lf you took the highest point on land
浸入海里
and submerged it,
那么 你与海洋最深处 依然相差超过一英里
You would still have more than a mile between you and the deepest point in the oceans.
地球全部的生存空间 海洋占99%
The oceans harbor 99% of all living space on Earth
海水足够让每边长685英里的浴缸 满满当当
and have enough water to fill a bathtub that’s 685miles long, on each side.
就大小而言
For scale,
这是人类
here’s a human,
这是蓝鲸 其在全球动物中 体型最为庞大
and here’s a blue whale – the largest animal on Earth.
蓝鲸通常的捕食深度 大约在330英尺
Blue whales usually hunt at depths of around 330 feet,
这个深度的海洋区域 光线充足
within the well-lit zone of the ocean.
往更深处
Deeper down,
达到700英尺
at 700 feet,
此深度上 美国“梭尾螺”号在1960年完成环球航行 这在潜艇史上 实属首次
the USS Triton became the first submarine to circumnavigate the Earth in 1960.
达到831英尺
At 831 feet,
这个深度 在历史记录上 是人类自由潜水的最深处
we reach the deepest free-dive in recorded history.
这个深度的压力 比起水面大26倍
Down here, the pressure is 26 times greater than at the surface,
绝大多数人的肺会被压碎
which would crush most human lungs.
不过 鲸鱼对此 却应付自如
But whales manage it,
其最多可以潜至1640英尺
diving to a max depth of 1,640 feet
以便捕食巨型乌贼
where they hunt giant squid.
达到2400英尺
At 2,400 feet,
这个深度的区域 对现代攻击性核潜艇 颇为危险
we reach the danger zone for modern nuclear attack submarines-
其只要再深些 潜艇舰身 就会受压 向内爆裂
any deeper and the submarine’s hull would implode.
潜到2772英尺
2,722 feet down
这与全球最高建筑—哈利法塔 就齐高了
is where the tip of the world’s tallest building – the Burj Khalifa – would reach.
更深一些
A little farther,
达到3280英尺
at 3,280 feet,
这个深度足以 让阳光无法照射到
we’re deep enough that sunlight can’t reach us.
因此 我们进入该区域 会一片漆黑
We’ve now entered the midnight zone.
这个区域以下 许多生物无法视物
Many animals down here can’t see –
比如 位于7500英尺的盲虾
like these eyeless shrimp at 7,500 feet
这些盲虾 在炙热的海底火山附近 茁壮成长
who thrive near scalding hot, underwater volcanoes.
在这个深度下
At this depth,
尽管 温度 超过冰点 只有几度
temperatures are just a few degrees above freezing,
不过 热液喷口周围的水温 却高达800华氏度
but the waters around hydrothermal vents can heat up to 800 degrees F
9816英尺 对任何哺乳动物而言 是游动的最深记录
9,816 feet is the deepest any mammal has been recorded swimming,
该记录创造者:柯维氏喙鲸
the Cuvier beaked whale.
不过 柯维氏喙鲸 甚至也不能 探寻到“泰坦尼克号”
But not even the Cuvier beaked whale could explore the RMS Titanic,
“泰坦尼克号”埋葬地 深度让人难以相信 达到了12500英尺
Which rests at a staggering depth of 12,500 feet.
虽然 这里压力 比水面强378倍
The pressure is now 378 times greater than at the surface.
不过 你依然能发现 海洋生物
Yet, you can still find sea life
比如 尖牙鱼 八目鳗鱼
like the fangtooth, hagfish,
小飞象章鱼 — 世上生活在最深处的章鱼
and Dumbo octopus – the deepest living octopus on Earth.
达到20000英尺 为“超深渊带”
At 20,000 feet is the Hadal zone –
此区域是特指大洋中最深的海沟
an area designated for the oceans’ deepest trenches,
比如 马里亚纳海沟
like the Mariana Trench.
如果 你在“马里亚纳海沟” 倒放入“珠穆朗玛峰”
lf you tipped Mt. Everest into the Mariana Trench,
其山顶能向下 到达29029英尺
its summit would reach down to 29,029 feet.
这依旧无法比得上 两次史上最深的载人深潜任务:
That still doesn’t compare to the two deepest crewed missions in history –
2012年
In 2012,
导演詹姆斯·卡梅隆 为了影片《深海挑战》潜到35756英尺
director James Cameron descended to 35,756 feet for the Deep Sea Challenger Mission.
不过 卡梅隆没能完全打破记录
But Cameron didn’t quite break the record,
这项世界记录 是由海洋学家雅客·皮卡德 与海军上尉唐·沃尔什 在1960年缔造出来的
which was set by oceanographer Jacques Piccard and Lt. Don Walsh in 1960.
皮卡德与沃尔什 潜到地球最深处—“挑战者深渊”
Piccard and Walsh descended to the lowest point on Earth—Challenger Deep
其记录性地 距水面深达 35797英尺
at a record 35,797 feet below the surface.
自此之后
Since then,
科学家们 为了勘探“挑战者深渊” 已经派遣了六个 深海无人潜艇
scientists have sent half a dozen unmanned submersibles to explore Challenger Deep,
包括了 “海沟号”探测艇
including Kaiko,
“海沟号”探测艇 从1995年至2003年 在海底采集的物种 已经超过了350种
which collected over 350 species off the seafloor between 1995-2003.
不过 经科学家们估计
But, scientists estimate
海底潜在的物种数量 数以千计
there are potentially thousands of marine species
还有待我们去发现
we have yet to discover
人类探索过的海洋 大概占全球海洋的5%至10%
Humans have explored an estimated 5-10% of Earth’s oceans
对于身下流动的 既深邃又黑暗的海洋世界 我们仅仅是初窥了门径而已
We’ve only just begun to understand the deep, dark world that flows beneath us.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

简介

听录译者

Ann

翻译译者

翻译爱好者山人乙

审核员

审核团O

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwVNkfCov1k

相关推荐