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以假乱真的叶虫 – 译学馆
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以假乱真的叶虫

These Giant Leaf Insects Will Sway Your Heart | Deep Look

When is a leaf…
当一片叶子
…not a leaf?
不是真正的树叶?
When it’s got a face and six pointy legs,
当它长有一张脸和六只尖脚时
it’s a Giant Malaysian leaf insects.
这就是马来西亚大叶虫
You are what you eat definitely applies here.
“人如其食”正适用于这种虫
They blend in with their food,which is also their home,
它们与树叶——它们的食物和栖身之所——融为一体
to hide from hungry predators.
以躲避饥饿天敌的追捕
But how hard is it to be a leaf, really?
但是变得像一片叶子能有多难呢?
You just stay still.
只要保持静止就可以了
Really still.
丝毫不能动
But it takes more than that.
然而远不止这些
The mimicry is masterful.
这种伪装需要非常娴熟的技术
Their bodies have intricate veins just like a plant does,
它们的身体像植物一样有着复杂的脉络
and on the edges, brown spots, like a crinkly, damaged leaf.
边缘上的棕色斑点 像极了皱巴巴的受损树叶
This type of camouflage – where you copy your natural surroundings – is known as
这种伪装成周围自然环境的方式被称为
protective resemblance.
“保护式伪装”
It’s all they have,
这是它们掩饰自己的唯一方法
since they’re short and tiny
因为它们又短又小
and small eyes don’t really help them spot predators.
且小小的眼睛并不能帮助它们探测天敌
They cling there with tiny bifurcated toes.
它们用细小而分叉的脚紧抓叶子
Moving is the biggest mistake this insect could make.
稍有动作都有可能铸成大错
Even when it’s time to lay eggs, it barely moves a muscle.
即使在产卵的时候 它们也几乎一动不动
The eggs just plop down to the forest floor.
卵扑通一声掉到林地上
They’re camouflaged too.
卵也是经过伪装的
They look like teeny brown seeds,
这些卵看起来像极小的棕色种子
or leaf insect poop.
或者说像叶虫的粪便
That’s an egg,
那是卵
and that’s poop
而这是粪便
The active young nymphs start out brown and transforme gradually.
活跃的未成熟若虫从棕色开始逐渐变色
Taking on a little more green over time.
随着时间的推移 它们渐渐变绿
This one is half way to a fresh leaf
这只距离像一片新叶已经成功了一半
It’s colour is set though it can’t change on the fly.
它的颜色没问题了 但飞行时仍会露出破绽
But this nymph still has a big migration to make,
这些若虫仍需要大批迁移进树林
getting into a tree undected.
且不被发现地到达树上
So,it sways
因此 它轻轻晃动着
Yep,like a leaf in the breeze.
没错 就像微风中的树叶
That funky little walk is all leaf
这种畏畏缩缩的小碎步完全像是树叶
—a dance of disguise
这就是叶虫的伪装之舞
When it finally ascends,
当它最终爬到一定高度后
it’ll settle in seemlessly like this adult.
它就像这只成年叶虫一样完美地隐藏起来
Between nymph and adult, it molts, or sheds its exoskeleton seven times.
从若虫到成年 需要蜕皮(或脱去外骨骼)7次
Its appearance ages just like a leaf – its brown spots getting bigger.
它的棕色斑点逐渐变大 像是树叶一样老去
It may never move from the same tree,
它可能永远都不会离开这棵树了
living its whole life as a cunningly concealed copycat.
一生都是个巧妙隐藏着的模仿者
Hey there, it’s Lauren
大家好 我是Lauren
We’ve got more tricky critters for you
我们为你准备了更多有趣的生物
like decorative crabs who wear stinging anemones,
比如身上带着有刺海葵的装饰蟹
and squid that change the way light bounces off their skin
再比如改变了光从皮肤反弹方式的鱿鱼
also we’re close to funding a film expedition to Oaxaca Mexico
另外 我们即将资助一支去墨西哥瓦哈卡的影片拍摄探险队
to see mezcal worms and other critters
去探寻梅斯卡尔蠕虫和其他生物的奥秘
Join us on patron today to get us there.
现在就到Patreon加入我们 让我们一起去探索
We’ve got a limited-time offer to sweeten the deal.
还提供限时优惠哟
Link is in the description.Thanks!
链接在视频简介中 谢谢收看

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视频概述

马来西亚大叶虫如何伪装自己以躲避天敌的追捕

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收集自网络

翻译译者

Coco1918

审核员

审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QjPInsEYDLs

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