This is Charles, a San Esteban island chuckwalla.
Part of the Iguana family, chuckwallas are the largest of the five species.
They are in danger due to hunting and feral animals preying on their eggs.
Charles is native to San Esteban island,
a small island in the gulf of California, Mexico.
It is only in this region where the San Esteban chuckwallas can be found.
Their coloration provides critical camouflage from predators.
They don’t drink water.
Instead, getting all the water they need from the plants they eat.
San Esteban chuckwallas can reach over 2.5 feet in size.
They are very well adapted for desert life,
and enjoying bathing in the sun in temperatures consistently in the low hundreds.
This is the San Esteban Chuckwalla.
This is a male tree pangolin
He is six months old.
Critically endangered and under-researched,
the tree pangolin is a mammalian species like no other.
Down to at Asia and Africa, pangolins can be traced back 66 million years,
Meaning they live amongst dinosaurs.
They’re the only mammals on earth covered in scales,
which account for about 20% of their body weight.
These large protective scales are made of keratin,
the same thing human nails and hair are made from.
Tree pangolins use their long claws to
climb on trees and branches in endless search for prey.
Baby pangolins like the one here,
get around by riding their mothers’ tails.
Though they have poor eyesight and hearing,
their strong sense of smell and elastic tongue
allows them to catch a meal of mostly ants and termites.
When the pangolin senses danger, it will curl up into a ball,
making it almost invincible in the wild.
Humans, however, are dangerous threat.
The pangolin scales are thought to have healing properties.
Though there is no science to back that up.
Because of that, pangolins are the most heavily trafficked mammals in the world,
worth almost $300 per pound on the black market.
No one knows how many pangolins are left,
but we do know that their number is shrinking fast.
This is the tree pangolin.
This is collared lizard
The two black bands around their neck give them their name.
Collared lizards can actually run on their hang legs,
and reach up to 15 miles per hour.
Their tails are used for balancing themselves when they are up and sprinting.
They are medium sized lizard,
reaching up to a foot and half in length.
Native to west and north America,
They prefer to live in rocky habitats with sparse vegetation.
Today they are wide-spread,
but only a few decades ago, their population was declining.
Clearing land as a form of fire prevention
has greatly helped its population rebound,
as they need open rocky habitats to survive.
This is the collared lizard.
This is guthega skink.
Small in size, the guthega skink is covered in camouflaged skin
to blend in with alpine rocks they call home.
The guthega skink is native to Victoria, Australia.
And can only be found in one area, known as the Bogang High Plains.
Because they are only found in such a small area,
they are vulnerable to natural disasters such as bush fires.
But this isn’t the only threat facing the skinks.
Their habitat has also been affected by the construction of ski resorts,
and grazing in trembling from farm animals.
But their biggest threat is climate change.
Warmer temperatures have allowed new predators once kept at bay by the cold
into their previously isolated habitat.
Zoos in Victoria have been working on a breeding program,
to ensure the preservation of this species,
and a rescuing and recovery program,
if there is an inmediate threat to the wild population.
This is the Guthega skink.
Meet Anegs, a five-year old eastern indigo snake.
At 9 feet in length,
eastern indigos are considered to be longest native snakes in the United States.
Even though they lack a venomous bite,
they can fall victims to overzealous rattlesnake hunters,
as they inhabit the same burrows
Their beautiful smooth scale skin is a shade of bluish black.
Carnivores like all snakes
and it feeds on any small animals she can over power,
Anegs may hiss or rattle her tails when alarmed.
but she’ll hardly ever bite.
Like most snakes, humans are their biggest threat.
As continued openization has left them threatened
throughout parts of the United States
This is the eastern indigo snake.
This is Massasauga rattlesnake
It is Ontario’s only venomous snake.
But it’s more scared of humans than we are of it.
Massasauges aren’t very large,
growing up to 3 feet in length.
Their skin is grey to dark brown.
dabbled with darkest blotches along its back.
Their tails rattle as a warning.
Yet they won’t strike unless they have no choice.
That’s because massasauges are shy
and preferred to hide than bite their enemies.
Unfortunately, they can’t hide fromencrouching human development,
which combined with intentional killings from over exaggerated fear,
have caused a large decline in its Canadian population.
This is the massasauge rattlesnake.
This is a baby Cuban crocodile.
One of the rarest crocs in the world.
Hidden away in only two parts of Cuba.
They have the smallest range of any croc species.
The Cuban crocodile is critically endangered.
Experts say it approximately 3000 remain in the wild.
Its bright pebbled scales set it apart from other crocodiles.
They favor fresh water lakes and swamps,
rarely venturing into the ocean.
These strong swimmers using their powerful tails to thrust out of the water,
catching prey hiding in overhanging branches.
Having a tight aggregation, hunting and interbreeding with related crocodile species
all pose threats.
This is Cuban crocodile.