The break up we are going to talk about today is
that of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon,
a falling apart that led to England splitting from the Catholic church and
Henry going on to have 5 more wives.
As you know, two of thse would lose their heads,
but it’s this first breakup
which could be said to have had the most profound repercussions.
It’s also one of the saddest, most brutal love stories you’ll ever hear.
Let’s start from the beginning.
On 14 November 1501, Catherine got married,
but her first marriage wasn’t to Henry.
It was to Arthur Tudor, the Prince of Wales,the son of Henry VII
It’s said these two quickly fell in love with each other,
despite the fact that their pronunciation of Latin was so different
they could barely understand each other in that language
She called him a “a true and loving husband”,
but their happiness as a couple wouldn’t last long.
As they swooned over each other the sweating sickness was sweeping over Europe.
Historians believe they both got it,
but Catherine survived and Arthur died aged just 15.
In 1502, just months after they had married, Catherine was single again.
1502年 他们结婚几个月后 凯瑟琳又恢复了单身
We must also remember that
Catherine was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain，
so she was a stranger in a strange land living in Wales.
Now she was all alone under dark, cloudy skies.
There was another problem, too,
and that was the dowry that had been paid
It was large, and British monarch Henry VII didn’t want to give it back.
While he wanted Spanish-British relations to be strong,
Catherine’s life hung in the balance.
She was kept virtually as a prisoner in England,
while Henry VII thought about what to do with her.
He even thought about marrying her,
although it’s not hard to understand
why marring your dead son’s wife might be looked upon with some frowning
But Pope Julius II had made it possible,
thanks to dispensation he said the church would give the couple
This was because Catherine said she had never consummated her marriage with Arthur,
which just means sleeping with each other.
Only a marriage with Henry VII didn’t happen,
because Henry VIII was about to take the thron at the age of 18.
The couple were married on 11 June 1509.
Catherine was 23 and Henry was 18.
Yes, we know you might be thinking that already in this show
we have talked a lot of young people
but when most folks died before they hit 40
you have to get things done quickly in those days.
Soon after marriage, Catherine fell pregnant and Henry was over the moon.
婚后不久 凯瑟琳怀孕了 亨利欣喜若狂
He so wanted a son to one day take his place and carry on the Tudor line.
He didn’t get one, because on this occasion Catherine miscarried a girl.
Then around a year later she gave birth to a son.
He was named Henry of course.
This delighted the couple; guns were fired over London; lanterns were lit
夫妇两很高兴儿子的出生 伦敦枪声四起 张灯结彩
and the people were asked to rejoice in the good fortunes of their rulers.
Then little Henry died after 52 days.
Two years later and she had another boy but he was a stillborn.
两年后 她又生了一个男孩 但他胎死腹中
In 1515, she had another stillborn child, a boy again,
1515年 她又生了一个死胎 又是一个男孩
which must torn Henry to pieces
Then her fifth pregnancy happened
Many people thought the result would be the same,
but she had a girl, and the girl survived,
and that girl would become the future queen of England, Mary I.
Henry still wanted a son,
but Catherine would have another miscarriage
and then a baby girl that lived in the world only a few hours.
So, we have a vibrant ageing king;
we have a highly educated, brave ageing woman,
but we have a relationship that has been filled with loss and pain.
We also have an unpredictable king, one who would die with much blood on his hands.
Catherine was getting on in years
and Henry didn’t believe she would be able to give him a son.
He had to get rid of her.
This became known as “The King’s Great Matter.”
And then who should Henry set his eyes on?
One of Catherine’s ladies in waiting, the pretty Anne Boleyn.
In 1525, Henry would start seeing young Ann,
and he would also accuse his wife of lying。
Henry believed, or he just said this,
that Catherine must have slept with her departed husband Arthur,
and the reason for all those lost children was that God had punished them
because she had lied and they had commited a sin
we were told that all Catherine’s Luxuries were removed
and she was forced to live mostly alone in damp castly
We are also told that she was forced to wear a hair shirt ,
which is very uncomfortable garment filled with rough aniaml hair
that itches and hurts skin.
This was a form of punishment back then,or at least penitence
Some say that she was made to wear it,
others say she chose to wear it to show her devotion to God and to her husband.
At this time she wasn’t even allowed to see her daughter, Mary,
although she could have an occasional visitor.
But Henry left her alone and when she died on 7 January 1536,
Henry didn’t even turn up for her funeral.
She was, however, loved by the British people
as she so often helped the poor and was said to be kindhearted.
She loved the king until the end it seems, writing in a letter just before her death,
她一直爱着国王 直到死前 还写了一封信
“My most dear lord, king and husband.
The hour of my death now drawing on,
the tender love i owe you forces me,my case being so much
to commend myself to you.”
And get this, on the day of Catherine’s funeral,
Ann Boleyn miscarried a child and that child was a boy.
She never gave him a boy and Henry would take her head in the end.
He might not have killed Catherine,
but it was this breakup that was the worst
In fact, we can’t think of a bigger breakup ever.
Can you? Let us know in the comments!
The break up we are going to talk about today is