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世界五大安全建筑 – 译学馆
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世界五大安全建筑

The World’s Most Secure Buildings | The B1M

B1M建筑
the B1M
几乎每一栋建筑都会考虑其安全性
While almost every building incorporates elements that
以保证居民 设施及建筑本身的安全
keep its occupants,contents and the built asset itself safe,
但是 有一些将这一点做到了极致
some buildings take security to the extreme.
无论是军事地堡 储存黄金之地
From underground military bunkers and goldreserves
还是存放历史上珍贵宗教档案之处
to historic and rarely accessed religious archives,
这些地方都是世界上最安全的建筑
these are the world’s most secure buildings.
夏延山综合设施美国 科罗拉多州
and constructed with granite
科罗拉多州的夏延山大厦
Built adjacent to the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base and
建于夏延山空军基地附近
at a depth of 610 metres below ground,
地处地下610米的深谷
the Cheyenne Mountain Complex in Colorado
是美国防空联合司令部
acted as the centre for NORAD and
和美国国家空间司令部中心
the United States Space Command,
在冷战期间负责监测北美领空
monitoring North American Airspace
警防苏联导弹和飞机入侵
for Soviet missiles and aircraft throughout the Cold War.
其内包含像迷宫一样的隧道
Consisting of a labyrinth of tunnels and
还有15栋装有减震弹簧的大楼
15 buildings mounted on shock absorbing springs,
即使遇到30兆吨的核爆炸
the facility is capable of withstanding and
整个机构也能承受冲击并继续运行
remaining operational in the event of a 30-megaton nuclear blast and
此外 还配备很多25吨重的钢质防爆门
is protected by a series of 25-tonne steel blast doors.
冷战结束后北美防空联合司令部和
While the end of the Cold War saw NORAD and
空间司令部指挥中心从这里撤离
Space Command operations move from the facility,
而此机构仍然充当空军训练站
the complex still operates as an air forcetraining station
和战略后备指挥中心的角色
and as a back-up strategic command centre.
梵蒂冈秘密档案馆梵蒂冈城
尽管大多数国家档案馆都对公众开放
Though most national archives are available to the public,
但教皇档案馆并非如此
the same can not be said of the Papal Archives,
该档案馆内属于罗马境内的梵蒂冈城邦
located within the walls of the Vatican City in Rome.
馆内的文献有着1200多年的历史
Home to more than 1200 years of historical documents and texts,
在1881年之前 档案馆完全禁止那些
the archives were completely off-limits to anyone
天主教会核心圈子以外的任何人参观阅览
outside the inner circle of the Catholic Church prior to 1881.
虽然现在可以申请有限的参观权限
While limited access can now be requested,
但批准进入的程序几乎是世界上最严格的
the process to gain entry is amongst the strictest anywhere in the world.
这里禁止记者 学生和非专业历史学者进入
Journalists students and amateur historians are forbidden from entering
并且只向学术学者授予入境许可证
and credentials are only granted to academic scholars,
但他们必须每六个月更新一次访问申请
who must renew their access requests every six months.
获得许可后
When permission is granted,
学者们通过指定的入境点进入梵蒂冈
scholars enter the Vatican through a designated entry point
瑞士卫队把守该入境点并护送他们入馆
which is protected by the Swiss Guard and are escorted into the archives
他们每天最多可查看三份预先申请的文件
where they can view up to three pre-requested documents each day.
虽然个人计算机允许带入档案馆
While personal computers are allowed into the archives,
但馆内禁止对这些材料拍照
photography of the material is forbidden.
自从向学者们开放以来
Since being opened to scholars,
只拍到过少数关于档案搁架的照片
only a handful of photographs of the more than 80 kilometres
照片中的档案架大约有八万多米
of archive shelving have ever been taken.
美国金银储藏库美国 诺克斯堡
位于诺克斯堡的美国金银储藏库
The United States Bullion Depository at Fort Knox
可能是世界上最著名的安全建筑之一
is perhaps one of the world’s most famous secure buildings.
这里通常被称为“诺克斯堡”
Often referred to as “ Fort Knox ” –
因为它的地理位置靠近
due to the building’s location adjacent to the
诺克斯堡军事基地且外观像堡垒
Fort Knox military base and its fortress-like appearance,
这里拥有美国大部分的黄金储备
the facility holds large portions
并且不论何时都会受到
of the United States gold reserves and is heavily guarded
美国铸币局警察的严密保护
at all times by the United States Mint Police.
该储藏库四周环绕着一圈围栏
Surrounded by a series of fences
建筑墙体由花岗岩构成
and constructed with granite walls
此外 还配备了20吨重的防爆安全门
the vault is protected by a 20- tonne blast proof security door
每个工作人员只有输入属于自己的专用密码才能进入
that requires passcode unique to each member of the depository staff.
虽然这里的黄金储量没有纽约联邦储蓄银行多
While the facility doesn’t hold as much gold as the Federal Reserve Bank of New York,
但进入程序却比联邦储备银行更严格
access to the depository is muchmore heavily restricted.
虽然联邦储备银行允许日常参观
While daily tours operate in the Federal Reserve facility,
但自从建成后
Fort Knox has only allowed extrtnal visiters
诺克斯堡仅允许过两次外部访客来此参观
from outside the treasury department onto the premises twice since its completion
一次在1974年 另一次在2017年
– once in 1974 and again in 2017.
班霍夫数据中心瑞士 斯德哥尔摩
当今世界越来越离不开网络服务
As our world becomes ever more reliant on online services
因此 互联网服务商们将竭力保护系统安全
internet service providers are going to great lengths to secure theirsystems.
在这一点上
Nowhere is this more apparent
瑞典互联网提供商班霍夫公司的
than at the underground data centre
地下数据中心做得最出色
operated by Swedish internet provider Bahnhof.
该建筑位于花岗岩山下30米深处
Built 30 metres beneath a granite mountain,
最初作为冷战掩体使用
the facility originally operated as a Cold War bunker and
目的是为了保护燃料库
was designed to offer protection
使其免受苏联和西方国家的核战破坏
from a nuclear war between Soviet and Western forces.
服务器在山的深处
With servers located deep within the mountain
只能通过一个隧道才能进入
and only accessible via a single tunnel
为保护隧道 其钢门有70厘米厚
protected by a 70-centimeter thick steel door,
因为有两个潜艇发动机作后备发电机
the data centre is capable of surviving the blast of hydrogen bomb
因此数据中心能在氢弹爆炸中幸存
and can operate independently at the national grid
并且可以通过国家电网独立运作
thanks to two submarine engines that act as back-up generators.
由于该数据中心位于地下
While the facility is considered to be one
因此被认为是世界上
of the most secure data centres in the world
最安全的数据中心之一
due to its subterranean location,
它模拟日光 喷泉 温室和海水鱼缸的工作环境
its working environment is made more welcoming for employees
让员工们感到无比舒适
with simulated daylight, fountains, greenhousesand a saltwater fish tank.
白宫美国 华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
或许这是世界上最著名的建筑之一了吧
Perhaps one of the most recognisable buildings in the world,
白宫位于华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
The White House in Washington D.C. employs a number of
这里采取了一系列复杂措施
sophisticated measures in order to protect the President
以保护美国总统及其行政机构的安全
of the United States and their administration.
虽然游客可以参观白宫的部分区域
While visitors are able to tour parts of the White House complex,
但要想参观必须至少提前21天预订
All booking must be made in advance with
以便白宫有足够时间调查参观者的背景
at least 21 days notice to allow time for background checks.
美国公民必须通过国会议员申请参观
US citizens must request access through their member of Congress,
国际访客则需要联系其大使馆
while international visitors are advised to contact their embassies.
白宫大楼所在区域
The White House complex lies at the centre
严格规定飞行高度不得超过15英里
of a highly restricted, 15-mile flight restricted zone
该区域位于罗纳德里根华盛顿国家机场附近
surrounding Ronald Regan Washington NationalAirport.
许多地对空导弹发射器
A number of surface-to-air missile
放置于该城市对面
launchers are also positioned across the city,
准备随时拦截任何不遵守美国空军指挥的飞机
ready to intercept any aircraft that do not comply with direction from the US Air Force.
在建筑物顶端
On the building itself,
安装有雷达密切监视着白宫周围的区域
roof-mounted radar closely monitors the area around the White House.
另外
Additionally,
白宫的周边由一列红外摄像机监控
the perimeter of the White House is monitored by an array of infrared
能够检测到最轻微的温度变化
cameras able to detect the slightest temperature change
并对任何潜在的安全威胁都非常警觉
and alert security to any potential threats.
虽然白宫大部分的防御工作都不为公众所知
While most of the White Houses defences operate hidden from public view, the White House fence,
但围绕整个建筑物的围栏
surrounding the entire premises is
本身就是一道壮观的防御工事
an imposing piece of fortification in itself.
铁栅栏高2.1米(7英尺)建于混凝土地基之上
Standing 2.1 metres (seven feet) tall atopcrash resistant concrete footings,
为防止有人攀爬 顶部还嵌有一圈钉子
the wrought iron fence is topped with a series of spikes to deter climbers.
在2017年
In 2017, plans were approved
将围栏的高度增加到3.3米的计划被批准
to increase the height of the fence to 3.3 metres
计划还提出在围栏上安装压力传感器
and for the fence to be fitted with sensors that alert security personnel
栏杆一遇压力会发出警报
when pressure is applied to the bars.
此外建筑的防弹窗
In addition the buildings bullet-proof windows are capable
能够抵抗半自动武器的多重直接冲击
of resisting multiple direct impacts from semi-automatic weapons.
在地下 位于东翼下方的总统紧急行动中心(简称PEOC)
Below ground, the Presidential Emergency OperationCenter (or PEOC) located under the East Wing
和位于西翼下方的情报室
and the Situation Room, located located under the West Wing
即使遇到核爆炸
are facilities able to continue operation
也能够继续运行
even in the event of a nuclear blast.
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译制信息
视频概述

世界最安全的建筑是怎样的?他们都会采取怎样安保措施来保证其内部的安全性?一起来看看吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

麦卡魔方

审核员

审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JgCvam5pKks

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