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星战中达斯·维达不可思议的真相 – 译学馆
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星战中达斯·维达不可思议的真相

The Untold Truth Of Darth Vader

很久很久以前 在一个遥远的星系里
A long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away, a legendary Sith Lord was born from the ashes
传奇西斯尊主—年轻却无耻的安纳金·天行者 从战后的疮痍中诞生
of the defeated, disgraced young Anakin Skywalker.
星战中臭名昭著的恶人达斯·维达 大概也是电影史上最有名的反派人物
Star Wars villain Darth Vader is arguably the most famous bad guy in film history.
但是 从一时叱诧风云的绝地武士 到黑暗势力里最强大的尊主 这其中的种种过往 你是否真的了如指掌呢
But how well do you really know the one-time Jedi who became the Dark Side’s most powerful asset?
接下来 和我一同走进达斯·维达不为人知的故事里吧
Here’s the untold story of Darth Vader.
历史上 维达的扮演者一共有五位
It took five men to play Vader
一提起达斯·维达 人们最容易想到的名字就是 詹姆斯·厄尔·琼斯
The name most commonly associated with Darth Vader is James Earl Jones, who provided the
他以其标志性的浑厚的中音演绎了这个穷凶极恶之人
menacing villain with his trademark baritone voice.
然而披上黑武士战袍之人可不是詹姆斯
But that’s not Jones inside the suit.
正相反 这件战袍大部分时间由高大魁梧的大卫·普劳斯穿着
Instead, the more physically imposing David Prowse wore the armor most of the time, with
而在光剑决斗的场景中 战袍的主人又变成了剑术大师鲍勃·安德森
fencer Bob Anderson standing in for the lightsaber duels.
还记得达斯·维达在《绝地回归》中摘下头盔的经典一幕吗
And that iconic moment when he takes his helmet off in Return of the Jedi?
头盔下那张苍白的脸正属于 舞台剧大师塞巴斯蒂安·肖
That’s the pasty face of veteran stage actor Sebastian Shaw.
噢 还有一个人 配音艺术家本·伯特
Oh, and one more guy also contributed to the performance: sound artist Ben Burtt, who created
他用一只麦克风以及水肺调节器演绎出了达斯·维达招牌式的喘息声
Vader’s trademark panting with a microphone and a SCUBA tank regulator.
维达的声音曾是个秘密
The voice was a secret
他的配音作品如今已成为招牌 但很久以前 詹姆斯•厄尔•琼斯的参与
His voicework may be iconic now, but back in the day the participation of James Earl
是一个被严格保守的秘密 连演员们都不知道他在扮演达斯•维达
Jones was such a closely guarded secret even the cast didn’t know he was playing Darth Vader.
所以当正穿着袍子的大卫•普劳斯得知他的声音最终并不会被采用时
So it came as a really big surprise to David Prowse, the guy inside the suit, when he learned
是非常惊讶的
his voice wasn’t going to be used after all.
大卫的声音被否决了 但乔治•卢卡斯对这个更换有着非常充分的理由
He was ticked off, but George Lucas had a pretty good reason for making the switch,
因为普劳斯的声音实在是太稀松平常 连凯丽•费舍尔都称他为“达斯•农民”
as Prowse’s voicework was so pedestrian, Carrie Fisher called him “Darth Farmer.”
“我会一点一点把这艘飞船拆烂 直到你们找到那些带子
“I’m tearing this ship apart piece by piece until you find those tapes.
找到飞船里所有的人
Find the passengers in this vessel.
我要他们都活着”
I want them alive!”
并且琼斯将这个秘密保守了很长时间
And Jones kept the secret for a long time.
他不仅没有出现在新希望和帝国反击战的演职员表中 并且当任何人问起时
Not only was he not credited on A New Hope or The Empire Strikes Back, but he straight-up
他总是毫不犹豫地否认他的声音曾出现在电影中 并告诉那些人 他认为
denied that it was his voice in the movies, telling anyone who asked that he thought it
那是007电影中的恶棍和七喜代言人乔佛里•霍尔德的声音
was the work of Bond villain and 7-Up spokesman Geoffrey Holder.
“不管是什么让七喜如此清新如此特别 (反正)其他的软饮料
“Whatever ‘it’ is that makes 7-Up so refreshingly different, the other soft drinks
永远不会有 哈哈哈
never had it, hahaha.
永远不会”
Never will.”
奥尔森•威尔斯差点就要扮演维达
Orson Welles almost played Vader
然而詹姆斯•厄尓•琼斯最终却是坚持到给达斯•维达配音
While James Earl Jones eventually fessed up to providing the voice of Darth Vader, there
曾经有段时间 另一个人也被考虑扮演这个角色 奥尔森•威尔斯
was a point in time where someone else was considered for the role instead: Orson Welles.
“啊啊啊 法国香槟”
“Ahhhh the French champagne.”
2015年 乔治•卢卡斯谈到 他曾为这个角色面试了两个人 但当录音带
In 2015, George Lucas revealed that he auditioned two people for the role, but once the tapes
录制完成后 这个决定就显而易见的了
were in, the decision pretty much made itself, saying,
他说 “我知道 维达的声音必须要非常非常的特别
“I knew the voice had to be very, very special.
而且我必须要做个决定 一个很难但又很容易的决定 真的
And I had to make a choice—a choice that was a tough choice, but an easy choice, really—between
就在奥尔森•威尔斯与詹姆斯•厄尔•琼斯之间 琼斯赢了
Orson Welles and James Earl Jones . . . [Jones] won .”
这也算是件好事儿 (若是)就威尔斯在1985年逝世 而琼斯却能回归
Good thing, too, considering Welles died in 1985, while Jones has been able to come back
为达斯•维达年复一年地配音而言的话
to voice Darth Vader again and again for years.
“我有件事儿想和你这样的人说……”
“I have one thing to say to people like you…”
“……我也喜欢星球大战”
“…I like Star Wars too!”
维达的头盔其实是后来想到的
Vader’s helmet was an afterthought
这令人难以置信 但要知道达斯•维达那贯穿全系列的标志性黑色头盔
It’s hard to believe, but the iconic black helmet Darth Vader wears throughout the series
甚至不在最初的剧本中 而是被一个简陋的口罩所代替
wasn’t even in the original script, which simply called for a little respirator instead.
拉尔夫•麦夸里最先想出头盔这个主意 而这个头盔
It was artist Ralph McQuarrie who originally devised the helmet, which he intended to be
是作为宇航服的一部分
part of a space suit.
但是他的图画展现的效果实在惊人 于是戏服设计师约翰•莫罗改进了他的点子
But the painting was so striking that costume designer John Mollo ran with it, incorporating
将传统日本武士铠甲与二战时期纳粹头盔的元素融合起来
elements of traditional samurai armor and Nazi helmets from World War II.
他有自己的城堡
He has his own castle
如果你看过侠盗一号 也许会奇怪 为什么电影突然
If you’ve seen Rogue One, you might have been surprised when the film suddenly took an unexpected
绕了个路到了魔多
detour into Mordor.
但是那并不是巴拉多 它实际上是巴斯特堡 达斯•维达的秘密逃跑通道
But that wasn’t Barad-dûr, it was actually Bast Castle, Darth Vader’s secret getaway—sort
大致就像一座邪恶的孤独堡垒
of like an evil Fortress of Solitude.
巴斯特堡实际上出现在之前的电玩游戏中 而它的概念艺术更是
Bast Castle has actually appeared before in video games, and concept art has been floating
从70年来以来一直存在 并借力拉尔夫•麦夸里的设计首次出现在 帝国反击战中
around since the late ’70s, with Ralph McQuarrie’s designs originally slated to appear in Empire Strikes Back.
然而在侠盗一号中有一个小小的改变 巴斯特堡的位置似乎
There was one minor change in Rogue One, though: the location of Bast Castle has seemingly
从酸雨星球卫军移到了岩浆四溢 一派末日景象的穆斯塔法
been moved from the acid rain planet of Vjun to the lava-drenched doomscape of Mustafar,
在那儿 欧比旺砍下了安纳金•天行者的双腿
where Anakin Skywalker had his legs lopped off by Obi-Wan Kenobi.
我们都猜那儿的地价应该还蛮合理的
We’re guessing real estate prices were reasonable.
达斯•维达的真正身份连剧本上都没有写明
Darth Vader’s true identity was an off-script secret
时至今日 整个地球也许没人不知道
At this point, there’s probably not a single human being on Earth who doesn’t know Darth
达斯•维达是卢克•天行者的父亲
Vader is Luke Skywalker’s dad.
哇塞
“Wooow!
这结局真刺激
What an ending!
谁会想到达斯•维达是卢克•天行者的父亲呢
Who’da thought Darth Vader was Luke Skywalker’s father?”
“哦 布罗先生 我真要谢谢你了”
“Oh thank you Mr. Blow The Picture For Me!”
但当帝国反击战上映时 维达(那段)著名的揭露令人震惊
But when The Empire Strikes Back came out, Vader’s famous revelation was shocking – and
并且也是影史上被守护的最好的秘密之一
one of the best-kept secrets in the history of cinema.
“不……我 是你的父亲”
“No…I am your father.”
乔治•卢卡斯知道 不管怎样 詹姆斯•厄尔•琼斯都会在后期的制作中配出真正的台词
Knowing that the real line was going to be overdubbed in post-production anyway by James
于是他在剧本中写了一段假台词 用来确保
Earl Jones, George Lucas wrote a fake line into the script to make sure there were no
剧情绝不会被泄露出去
spoilers.
当大卫•普罗斯在关键场景中读出他的台词时 他真正读出来的其实是
When David Prowse read his line in the climactic scene, what he actually said was “Obi-Wan
“欧比旺杀了你的父亲”
killed your father.”
“当我第一次看到对话中写到‘卢克 我是你的父亲’时 我对自己说
“When I first saw the dialogue that said, ‘Luke, I am your father,’ I said to myself,
“他在撒谎”
‘He’s lying.’”
在这幕戏中 唯一知道真相的人是马克•汉米尔
The only person in the scene who actually knew the truth was Mark Hamill, who played
卢克•天行者的扮演者 然而即使是他 也是在开拍前的几分钟才被告知实情 以便他
Luke Skywalker, and even he was only told minutes beforehand so he could react with
能表现出恰到好处的痛苦
the appropriate level of anguish.
“不……不……那不是真的
“No…no…that’s not true.
这不可能”
That’s impossible!”
维达的名字是一条线索 是这样吗
The name is a clue. Or is it?
根据卢卡斯的话 达斯•维达的名字有一个隐秘的含义 “‘达斯’ 是黑暗的变形
According to Lucas, the name Darth Vader has a secret meaning: “‘Darth’ is a variation of dark.
而 ‘维达’则是父亲的变形
And ‘Vader’ is a variation of father.
所以基本上就是黑暗之父”
So it’s basically Dark Father.”
那的确像是一个 暗示维达其实是
That seems like it might be a clue to the big secret that Vader would actually turn
卢克父亲(这个)惊天秘密的线索
out to be Luke’s dad.
但是怀疑论者指出 维达就是安纳金 这件事直到
But skeptics have pointed out that the whole “Vader is Anakin” thing wasn’t added to the
写帝国反击战时才被完整地加入故事线中 而那时距维达第一次被命名已经过了很久了
storyline until well into the writing process for The Empire Strikes Back, years after Vader was first named.
所以是卢卡斯在扯淡吗
So is Lucas full of it?
抑或这个名字仅仅是个皆大欢喜的巧合呢
Or did the name just turn out to be a happy coincidence?
请君自行判断
You be the judge.
维达或许是卢卡斯从杰克•科比那偷来的
Vader may have been swiped from Jack Kirby
卢克并不是天行者家族中 唯一身世成迷的成员
Luke isn’t the only member of the Skywalker family whose parentage may hold a shocking secret.
对于模仿的艺术生涯来说 真正的达斯•维达之父最终
In a case of art imitating life, it turns out that Darth Vader’s real father might not
也许并不是乔治•卢卡斯 而更可能是传奇的漫画大师杰克•科比
be George Lucas at all, but rather legendary comic book creator Jack Kirby.
根据惊奇之书所载 在1970年代一场重大的晚宴上
According to the book Tales to Astonish, during a fateful dinner meeting in the early 1970s,
科比跟卢卡斯描述了一部宏大的太空歌剧 他打算叫它 新神族
Kirby told Lucas about a massive space opera he was planning called The New Gods, which
在这部剧中有一个戴着头盔的 名为“达克•赛德” 的反派 对阵光明之君俄里翁
features a helmeted villain named Darkseid facing off against a champion of light named
而达克•赛德是俄里翁的父亲 俄里翁也艰难应对 其家族的邪恶传统
Orion, who turns out to be Darkseid’s own son and who struggles to overcome his family’s legacy of evil.
听起来很熟悉吧
Sound familiar?
据艾哈迈德•扎帕所说 科比一点儿也不喜欢星球大战 因为他觉得
According to Ahmet Zappa, Kirby was none too pleased with Stars Wars, feeling that Lucas
卢卡斯不仅把新神族 更把科比所有的作品当做了创作源泉
had mined not just The New Gods for inspiration, but all of Kirby’s work.
“他告诉我爸爸什么 ‘达斯•维达’就是末日博士 原力就是源力
“He told my dad stuff like, ‘Darth Vader was Doctor Doom and the Force is the Source’ and
乔治•卢卡斯欺骗了他”
that George Lucas ripped him off.”
呃 你知道的 人们总是说 如果你要去偷 就偷最好的
Well, you know what they say: if you’re going to steal, steal from the best.
维达曾有过一个徒弟
Vader had an apprentice
达斯•维达曾经收过徒弟这件事令人吃惊
It may come as a surprise to learn that Darth Vader himself had an apprentice, given that
鉴于西斯大概遵循着一条真的很愚蠢的规则 每次都是同时出现两个
the Sith supposedly follow a really stupid rule limiting them to only two members at a time.
更别提维达收徒弟的经历从来没有出现在任何一部
Not to mention the fact there has been no mention of Vader having an apprentice in any
真人电影中
of the live-action films.
但有个简单的解释 有个女人在维达成为坏人之前是他的徒弟
But there’s a simple explanation: she was his apprentice before he became a bad guy.
当然 她是来自漫画人物
And also, she’s from the cartoons.
星球大战 克隆人战争和反抗军起义的粉丝当然知道
Fans of Star Wars: The Clone Wars and Star Wars Rebels know, of course, that we’re talking
我们说的是亚苏卡•谭诺
about Ahsoka Tano.
没人知道亚苏卡的最终命运如何 但是鉴于她在
Nobody knows exactly what Ahsoka’s final fate is, but considering she was thrown out of
杀戮日之前便被逐出绝地武士组织 她极有可能还活着
the Jedi order before the Purge, it’s possible she may still be alive even in present continuity.
我们能在星球大战8中看到她吗
Could we see her pop up in Episode VIII?
考虑到克隆人战争中的角色索•格雷拉在侠盗一号中扮演了一个重要角色 我们大可拭目以待
Considering the Clone Wars character Saw Gerrera played a major role in Rogue One, we wouldn’t bet against it.
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视频概述

你也许早已熟悉星战电影中的达斯维达,但你真的了解他的前世今生么?

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XEq-Y46Tlxg

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