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尼古拉·特斯拉part2

The True Story of Nikola Tesla [Pt.2]

好,那我们又回来了
ok, so we are back
让我们看看特斯拉发现或发明的
let’s take a look at the many things that Tesla discovered
这许多好东西
or invented
不过也不是所有的作品都获得人们的好评
but sometimes didn’t fully get credit for
第一
NO.1
无线电
radio
很多人至今都误以为
many people mistakenly think that
古列尔摩·马可尼是无线电的发明者
Guglielmo Marconi was the inventor of radio to this day
但是
however
他的发明工作却是建立在尼克拉·特斯拉的基础上的
his work was based on the work done by Nikola Tesla
因为是特斯拉创建了基础理论:
Tesla theorized that
无线电波可以用于传达信息
radio waves can transmit information
这个理论是远在1893年的示范讲座上
as far back as 1893
就被他提了出来
in lecture demonstrations
在1898年,
in 1898
特斯拉展示了一艘由无线电控制的小船,
Tesla demonstrated a radio controlled boat
这艘小船是他在远程用无线电操控的。
which he dubbed tele automation
这种小东西在今天听上去太平常了,
that kind of sounds pretty standard today
但你得明白,
but you have to understand
那是在1898年。
that this was 1898
当时目击小船的人们
the crowd that witnessed the demonstration was
因为太惊讶,
so shocked that
就不假思索地大喊
they literally claimed
“特斯拉用了魔法”
Tesla was using magic
或者心灵感应,甚至有人说他藏了一只受过训练的猴子在船舱里让它操纵小船
telepathy or had a trained monkey hidden inside controlling the boat
当马可尼因为通过无线电转化的第一个句子变得世界闻名,
when Marconi became world famous for saying the first transatlantic message
特斯拉只是说
Tesla said the following:
马可尼是个不错的跟随者,
Marconi is a good fellow
让他继续吧,
let him continue
虽然他用了我的17个专利。
he is using 17 of my patents
第二
No.2
X光
X- ray
这是个很有趣的故事
this one is pretty interesting story
X光是在威廉·伦琴注册专利之前
X- rays were discovered by Tesla
被特斯拉发现的。
before Wilhelm Röntgen was credited with the discovery
事实上
in fact
特斯拉是第一个拍了一张真正的X光片的人。
Tesla took the very first X- ray photos
因为某些原因
for some reason
在威廉宣布这项发现之后
after Wilhelm claimed discovery
人们相信X光可以治疗失明
it was believed that X- rays could cure blindness
和一些其他疾病
and other ailments
尽管特斯拉警告他们X光是有一定危险性的。
despite Tesla’s warning that x- rays could be dangerous
爱迪生在他的其中一个员工身上测试了X光,
Edison tested it on one of his employees
这个员工的名字是,克拉伦斯·达利
Clarence Dally
这个可怜的人在这之后被截去双臂,
who after having his arms amputated
而最后死于癌症。
eventually died from cancer
爱迪生在做实验时,
Edison also fired x- rays into his own eyes
也让自己的双眼受到了X光的照射。
during experiments
当他在1903年时被问及此事,
when questioned about it in 1903
爱迪生说,
Edison said
“别跟我提X光了,”
“don’t talk to me about x- rays
“我害怕它”
I’m afraid of them”
第三
No.3
水力发电
hydro- electricity
特斯拉设计了第一个水力发电设施,
Tesla designed the first hydro- electric plan
这个设施所产生的电力
that was powerful enough
能照亮一整个城市。
to light a city
它被设置于尼亚加拉瀑布,
at Niagara Falls
向全世界证明着
proving to the world that water falls can make a practical energy source
水流的确能产生巨大的可利用能量。
on a large scale
有很多人跟他讲这应该行不通,
a lot of people told him that it wouldn’t work
但早在孩童时期,
but Tesla had already envisioned how a generator could harness energy
特斯拉早已知道怎么让发动机
from moving water
利用水流动的能量。
when he was still a child
他周围的大人很震惊,
people were shocked
但也很高兴见到这个小孩如此的预见力
but also delighted to see his vision
能点亮这么多美国大城市的夜晚。
power whole major US cities
第四
No.4
地震预测器
the earthquake machine
特斯拉设计了一个口袋大小的机器,
Tesla created a little pocket sized machine
然后把它放在华尔街的一栋楼房里,
that when placed in a building in Wall Street
把它设置成与楼房的自然震动频率一致,
and set to the building’s natural frequency
结果楼房整个结构大幅震动,
made the structure wobble so much
让搭钢筋的工人吓得不知所措跑了下来,
that steel workers came down to the ground in a panic
工人们还以为一定是发生了地震。
believing that they must have been an earthquake
但当警察来到的时候
when the police were called
特斯拉把装置放回口袋里,
Tesla put the device back in his pocket
默默走开了,
and walked away
他后来说如果他有多10分钟,
Tesla claimed if he had 10 minutes more
整个建筑会被他夷为平地。
he could have laid that building to the ground
而用同样的装置
and using the same device
也可以把布鲁克林大桥在一个小时内化为尘土。
could have dropped the Brooklyn Bridge in less than one hour
特斯拉也计算出了地球谐振的频率,
Tesla also figured out the resonant frequency of the Earth
虽然在15年之后世界上的技术发展才允许科学家们追上他的发现。
15 years before the technology allowed scientists to catch up with his discovery
最后
and lastly
特斯拉电磁塔
the Tesla tower
在此之前,
so far
他所有的发明都被运用到实际生活中,
the previous inventions were all things that made it to reality
但其中一个特斯拉最热衷的研究,却最终沦为失败品。
but one of Tesla’s most ambitious projects was actually a failure
它到现在成为了特斯拉的墓志铭,
over now to become a Tesla legend
永远让后人迷恋。
forever romanticized
当然,我就是在谈论著名的沃登克里佛塔。
I’m of course talking about the famous Wardenclyffe tower
也被命名为特斯拉电磁塔。
otherwise known as the Tesla tower
它利用地球电离层的能量
set to deliver
向全世界
free energy to the world
传输免费的电力,
by using the Earth’s ionosphere
这个塔是整个传输装置的一部分,
as a part of the transmission device
或者是别的什么?
or was it?
后来据说它的赞助人JP摩根
the story goes that financial backer JPMorgan
关停了这一设施,
shut the project down
因为他发现这根本不能给他带来经济收益。
when he discovered it wouldn’t make any money
但这个说法不完全真实,
this isn’t entirely true though
特斯拉的确曾经把这一设计出售给摩根,
Tesla had actually sold the project to Morgan
但是作为一个无线通信塔,
as a wireless communications tower
而非用于提供或者转化电力。
not as a means of producing or transmitting energy
但JP摩根
the financial backing from JPMorgan
只是在马可尼第一次把无线电波横穿了大西洋的时候
was only pulled
才改变他的想法,
when Marconi sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic
从而提供了经济支持。
making Morgan change his mind
这个计划的走向远超出摩根的预料,
the project dragged on without Morgan
且随着时间的推移渐渐被闲置,
and ran away over time
但它却还不可思议地超出预算,
and ridiculously over budget
直到它最后被关停了。
until it finally collapsed
除此以外
aside from this
现代科学告诉我们特斯拉电磁塔其实根本无法运转,
modern science today says that the Tesla tower wouldn’t have worked
这是因为它的技术问题,
this is mainly due to technicalities
比如在能量传输时的
such as energy lost
能量损耗,
during transmission
还有特斯拉对于
and Tesla’s misunderstanding
无线电波物理性质的误解
of the physics of radio waves
这是特斯拉的第一次巨大失败,
This was the Tesla’s first major failure
这让他蒙受耻辱,
which brought him great shame
也给他画了一条下坡路,
this would sent him on a downward path
最后,
that eventually
他带着这个遗憾
led to decline
隐退了。
of the legend
这之后的事在视频后面有更详细的说明。
more on this later in the video
好了我们也快到视频的终点了,
alright so we’re almost at the end of the video
在开始总结之前,
but before we begin to conclude
我来告诉大家关于特斯拉的四个事实。
let’s take a look at four facts about Tesla
第一个
No. 1
特斯拉热爱人类
Tesla loved humanity
作为一个人道主义者,
as a humanist
特斯拉更希望通过研究提高人们的生活质量
Tesla believed in improving the quality of human life
而非为了经济利益。
but not for financial gains
这里是特斯拉曾经亲口说过的一句话
here’s a quote from Tesla himself
“钱对我来说并不很重要,”
“money doesn’t mean as much to me
“虽然对很多其他人来说它并不是这样。”
as it does to others
“我所有的钱都用于发明事业中,”
all my money has gone into inventions
“只是为了让人们的生活”
to make man’s life
“更加方便。”
a little easier
第二
No.2
特斯拉在1901年就预见了无线网络
Tesla envisioned a wireless internet in 1901
在特斯拉正在研究跨洋无线电的时候
while Tesla was developing the transatlantic radio
他想象出
he envisioned a system
一个收集信息的系统。
of collecting information
这个系统能把收集到的信息编译
encoding it
并转发
and broadcasting that information
到一个手持的装置里
to a hand- held device
这不就是我们所熟知的
this is basically what we have now
在我们手机上的
as the mobile Internet
移动网络吗?
on our phones
这是在1901年,
pretty impressive foresight
多伟大的预见啊!
for 1901
第三
No.3
特斯拉曾经在一夜间失去过一切
Tesla actually lost everything on one stage
当特斯拉醉心于无线电研究
as Tesla was working tirelessly
而废寝忘食时,
and discovering many things about wireless energy transfer
他的实验室在一场火灾中化为焦土,
his lab burned down in a fire
这不得不让他把毕生努力的工作
forcing him to start his entire life’s work
全部重新开始。
all over again
第四
No.4
特斯拉有强迫症
Tesla may have had obsessive compulsive behavior
和失眠症
and insomnia
特斯拉曾说他每天晚上只需要两个小时的睡眠,
Tesla claimed that he only needed two hours of sleep a night
现在还不清楚这是否是他故意这样
it’s unclear whether that was because he wanted to
还是因为他根本无法安眠,
or because he couldn’t actually sleep
或者还是因为别的什么原因。
any more than that
特斯拉也一直无法对上述所说的火灾事件释怀
Tesla was also obsessed with the No.3
他每次在用晚餐之前,
and used 18 napkins
都用18片餐巾纸清理他的餐厅
to clear his dinning room before eating his evening meals
他同时也很讨厌圆的物体,
he also detested round objects
珠宝首饰,
jewelry
握手,
shaking hands
和别人摸他的头发。
and touching hair
从这最后一个事实各位可以知道,
as you can tell by the last fact
身为这么一个智慧被激发到极高程度的超级天才,
being such a genius and having a mind that waa activated to such a high degree
也有着因此而带来的不少副作用。
came with some consequences
他的伟大思想最终把他引向滑铁卢。
his great minds became his downfall
在特斯拉走向世界荣耀巅峰的故事之后,
Tesla’s life story of rise to international prestige and fame
紧接着就是几乎等同程度的戏剧性落败,留给他的是众人的耻笑,
was followed by an equally dramatic retreat into public shame
还有他自己的失望和孤独。
depression and loneliness
尽管他否认了这些失败,
denial of these failures
开始了特斯拉电磁塔计划,
starting with the Tesla tower
但这却让他走向未来的再次失败,
led to further failure
和再次否定,
and further denial
以及他人生螺旋式的滑坡。
a downward spiral
这最后让特斯拉精神崩溃。
which eventually led Tesla to a mental breakdown
在他的晚年,
by the later part of his life
他已经精神不正常。
he was clinically insane
他有十分严重的幻觉,
Tesla hallucinated to such an extend
使他已经分不清
that the boundaries between reality and his imagination
现实和虚幻的界限。
became blurred
这让他一直在实验室工作,
thus caused him to work align in his lab
不知疲倦。
tirelessly
他经常说,
he often stated that
他的实验室是唯一真正让他开心的地方。
his lab was the only place where he was truly happy
有一件事能说明他当时的精神状况,
as an example of his mental condition
特斯拉在他最后接受采访时说了这么一段话:
here’s a quote from one of Nikola Tesla’s final interviews
“我养了很多鸽子,”
“I have been feeding pigeons
“这些年养了几百只,”
thousands of them for years
“但只有一只鸽子,”
but there’s one pigeon
“它的全身羽毛都是美丽的雪白,”
a beautiful bird pure white
“它的翼尖闪闪发光。”
with light great tips on the wings
“那只鸽子太不寻常,”
that one was different
“无论我在哪儿,”
no matter where I was
“它总是会找到我,”
that pigeon would find me
“当我要她过来,”
when I wanted her I had
“我用唯一的一个指令呼唤她”
the only tuition and call her
“然后她就会飞来找我”
and she would come flying to me
“我爱那只鸽子。”
I love that pigeon
“我是那么爱她,就像一个男人爱一个女人。”
I loved her as much as a man loves a woman
“她也爱我。”
and she loves me
“然后有一个晚上,”
then one night
“我躺在床上,”
as I was lying in my bed
“在黑暗里,”
in the dark
“脑中还是如往常一样思索着问题,”
solving problems as usual
“我看到她从开着的窗户里飞进来”
she flew though the open window
“站在我的书桌上,”
and stood at my desk
“我就知道她想要告诉我什么很重要的东西。”
I knew she wanted to tell me something important
“所以我起身,”
so I got up
“走向她,”
and went to her
“看着她,”
as I looked at her
“我知道她想要告诉我的是,”
I knew she wanted to tell me
“她要死了。”
she was dying
“然后,”
and then
“当我接受了她的讯息,”
as I got her message
“突然有一束强烈的光芒”
they came a light from her eyes
“从她的眼中射出。”
powerful beams of light”
我不知道他后来还说了什么。
I don’t think there’s anything else to say then
在特斯拉的一生中,
over his lifetime
他拥有100多项专利,
Tesla had obtained more than 100 patents
和700多项发明。
and 700 inventions
但除去所有这些华丽的外衣,
but despite all this
他其实一贫如洗。
he was dirt poor
很多年间他都在
for many years he worked a line in this room
纽约客酒店的一个房间里工作。
at the hotel New yorker
这也是他离世之地,
where he died
在1943年。
in 1943
只留下了一碟牛奶。
leaving on a diet of milk
和一袋薄脆饼干
and biscuit crackers
所以你们可能都会问,
so a lot of you would be asking
这到底是怎么回事?
how did this happen
为什么特斯拉会在贫困潦倒中结束人生?
how did Tesla end up so poor
的确,
it is true
特斯拉可能曾经是世界上第一个身家十亿的富翁,
Tesla could have been to world’s first billionaire
这些资产都来自于风险投资。
by long shot
但他真的不那么在乎金钱。
but he just really didn’t care about money
这里是一个例子,
here’s an example
在货币战争之后,
after the war of currents
西屋电器公司
Westinghouse
陷入了大麻烦,
was in trouble
几乎要破产
there was almost bankrupt
和倒闭了。
and about to go under
所以公司恳求特斯拉
so Westinghouse pleaded with Tesla to
暂时降低专利费
temporarily cut back his royalties
让西屋公司能度过这个难关
just so the Westinghouse company could get through the tough time
生存下去。
and survive
让人震惊的是,
shockingly
特斯拉就在这时当场
Tesla ripped up the contract
撕毁了合约。
right there and then on the spot
这个合约本来可以
this would have amounted to 300
给特斯拉3000亿美元的收益。
billion dollars for Tesla
特斯拉只是云淡风轻地说,
Tesla simple stated that
他很高兴西屋公司在任何人都不和他签约的时候,
he was just happy that Westinghouse believed in him
选择相信他。
when no one else would
我猜,只要能够对改变世界作出巨大贡献,
I guess having a huge part in changing the world
已经足够作为一个不错的奖赏,
was enough of a reward in itself
对特斯拉自己来说。
for him
而特斯拉毕生中存下的剩下的财产,
the rest of the remaining money that Tesla had accumulated over his life
全都被埋葬于他无数的失败中,
all got spent on numerous failed projects such as
比如说特斯拉电磁塔。
the Tesla tower
特斯拉的智慧帮助美国在20世纪就成长为
Tesla’s ideas helped America grow into an industrial nation
一个由强大的资本集合起来的工业国家,
and a powerhouse of the 20th century
但世人普遍把他的事迹边缘化,
yet he’s marginalization was prevalent then
直到现在。
and continues today
如果你阅读如今的许多教科书,
he is almost non- existent
你就会发现他的身影基本不存在。
if you look though many of today’s text books
这大部分原因是因为特斯拉根本不在乎收益,
this is mainly because Tesla did not care about profit
荣耀,
fame
或者财富。
or fortune
他唯一想做的事只有让世界变得更好。
he only wanted to make the world a better place
和当时大部分商人比起来,
this was the polar opposite
他是另一个极端。
of most of the businessman of that day
不幸的是这些商人们利用特斯拉的天性,
who unfortunately took advantage of Tesla’s nature
从他的工作中获利,
profiting from his work
而令特斯拉本人一无所获。
and leaving him with nothing
这给我们留下一个教训,
it could be a lesson to us all
就是即使你拥有最纯洁的初衷,
have the purest intentions
也要为你自己着想,
but stand up for yourself
清楚你自己的价值。
and know your worth
也是时候收尾了,
to finish off
我们最后就以特斯拉的一句话作结:
here’s one last quote from Tesla
“他们拥有现在,”
“the present is theirs
“而未来,”
the future
“是我一直为之努力的,”
for which I have really worked
“它属于我。”
is mine”

and that
就是
is the story
特斯拉的故事。
of Nikola Tesla
谢谢观看尼古拉·特斯拉的视频,希望你们看得开心。·
Thanks for watching guys hope you enjoy that video of Nikola Tesla
也给视频点一个赞吧。·
please give this video a thumb up
如果方便的话请把它分享给想知道它或者对它感兴趣的人,
share it to someone who would like to know the story or who would be interested in that
还有如果你是第一次看我们的视频,请订阅我们吧!
and definitely subscribe if you’re new
也许你会想看我们的上一个视频《通用电气》
also you might want to check out my last video on General Electric
那个太有趣了
that was pretty interesting
同时
I’d also like to give a shout- out
特别鸣谢
and a special thank you
owncar自制车论坛
to own car
和他来自“好奇工程师the curious engineers”的团队
and his team from the curious engineer
他的团队为我们绘制了图片
who did some of the illustration for this video
我在底下留了一个“好奇工程师”频道的链接在底下
I’ll leave a link to curious engineer’s channel down below
请不要大意地点进去看看吧
so please feel free to check that out
如果觉得有趣也点订阅吧。
and subscribe to that channel
谢谢你们帮助。
thanks for helping out ,man
如果你们想帮助我们做出更好的视频,
also if you want to help this channel make better videos
或者更加勤快地更新,
and more frequent videos
请考虑一下在POTREON平台上支持“冷聚变”
please consider supporting ColdFusion on Potreon
好了,我就讲这么多
ok, so that’s all for me
谢谢各位,你正在收看“冷聚变”,本视频已收入谷歌搜索。
thanks for watching guys this has been to Google you’ve been watching ColdFusion
我们在下个视频见
and I’ll see you again soon in the next video
请鼓掌吧
cheers guys
祝你开心
have a good one
“冷聚变”
ColdFusion
全新思维
it’s new thinking

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sleeping

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iie8U5rngwA

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