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尼古拉·特斯拉part1

The True Story of Nikola Tesla [Pt.1]

您现在收看的是冷流科技
you are watching ColdFusion TV
冷流科技
[Music playing]
大家好 欢迎再次收看ColdFusion视频栏目
hi, welcome to another ColdFusion video
人的大脑的确是一个不可思议的东西
the human mind is truly an incredible thing
能说话
capable of speech
思考
thought
批判性的思考
critical thinking
还具有想象力
and imagination
当我们思考谁具有这个世界上最具智慧的头脑时
when we think of the greatest legendary minds of this world
我们会想到像
we think of the brilliance of people like
爱因斯坦那样有才华的人
Einstein
他告诉了我们一些管理我们
he told us many things about the low- level rules that
宇宙的低级规则
govern our universe
一些基础比如
fundamental things like
时间 空间和物质
time space and matter
但在实际的发现而言 我们每天都
but in terms of practical discoveries that are the basis for the technologies we use
用的科技产品都基于
each and every day
尼古拉特斯拉的成果
it was Nikola Tesla
无疑他是最有才华的人
who was the most brilliant of all
他有着最稀有的思想
he had the mind of the rarest kind
他可以记住整本书的内容
he can memorize entire books and visualize inventions
并且并做成实际的发明
with pinpoint accuracy
一旦他有了要发明
once he had the concept of an invention
的概念
fully visualized
他就开始废寝忘食的工作去实现它
he then undertook the hard work of bring it to reality
相比之下
in comparison
绝大部分的科学家和工程师们很少有愿意
most other scientists and engineers are unwillingly narrow- minded
局限于自己的思维的
in their thinking
他是一个怎样的人
how was it
在公共意识中模糊地存在
that such a man exists vaguely in the public consciousness
只是作为知识背后的一个模糊形象
only as fuzz haze of distant knowledge
今天我们就要改变这个情况
today let’s change that
在这个节目里
in this video
你会了解尼古拉特斯拉
you will learn all about Nikola Tesla
还有他是怎么改变这个
and the way he changed the world
你生活的世界的
you live in now
我们开始吧
let’s begin
特斯拉出生于1856的
Tesla of Serbian heritage was born
塞尔维亚遗址
in 1856
是一个奥匈利帝国的小村庄
in the small village within the Austraian Empire
也就是现在的克罗地亚
or modern day Croatia
特斯拉出生时伴随着特别大的电闪雷鸣
Tesla’s birth was during a particularly violent lightning storm
特斯拉母亲从接生的人嘴里得知
reading this as a bad omen
这是一个凶兆
the mid- wife said to Tesla’s mother that
特斯拉是黑暗的孩子
Tesla would be a child of darkness
特斯拉的妈妈马上回答说
Tesla’s mom immediately replied
不是
“no
他是光明之子
he would be a child of light”
正如后世所说
as all say later
这个回答意义非凡
this statement was significant
在他年幼时候
from an early age
特斯拉就表现的很优秀
it was clear the Tesla was a remarkable kid
到了高中
while in high school
他就可以在脑子里演算积分问题了
he had the ability to perform integral calculus in his head
这很不寻常
it was so unusual that
以至于他的老师以为他是抄的
his teacher thought he was cheating
特斯拉还有超乎常人的记忆能力
Tesla also possessed an eidetic memory
这代表着他可以记住整本书的内容而且可以想象出细节
which means he could recall entire books and images in great detail
这个天赋要归功于他的母亲
a gift which he attributes to his mother
据说他在小时候就用他的想象力来缓解幻觉和噩梦
he allegedly used his imagination to temper visions and vivid nightmares that he had as a child
不出所料
unsurprisingly
特斯拉早早完成了高中的学习
Tesla finished high school early
在仅17岁时候
at age seventeen though
感染了霍乱
Tesla had a brush with death
这让特斯拉和死神有一次纠缠
after contracting cholera
他以死威胁他父亲
in which he pleaded he might live
他恳求父亲同意让他学习工程
if his father let him study engineering
而不是从事牧师所规划的
instead of the plan path of a priest
或者在军队里做事
or a career in the army
特斯拉的父亲同意了
Tesla’s father agreed
尽管卧床不起
despite being bedridden
和疾病缠身
and incredibly ill at the time
让他家人惊讶的是
to the astonishment of his family
他奇迹般的恢复了
he miraculously recovered
他的父亲也遵守承诺
keeping true to his agreement
允许他在大学学习工程
Tesla’s father allowed the teenager to study engineering at university
历史的历程将在那一刻永远改变
and the course of history would be changed forever at that moment
在奥匈利上大学时特斯拉21岁
during university in Austria at age 21
他拿到了最高学位
Tesla got the highest grades possible
他会讲八国语言
could speak 8 languages
而且被大学的院长称为第一名的明星学生
and was called the a star student of the first rank by the university’s Dean
特斯拉早上三点到晚上十一点一直在学习
Tesla claimed to work from 3 a. m. to 11 p. m. daily
就因为这件事 教授给他的父亲写信说他儿子可能会因过度劳累
and because of this professor wrote a letter to Tesla’s father stating that his son maybe killed
而死
due to overwork
大学第二年情况发生了变化
at the end of the second year things took a turn
特斯拉没拿到奖学金而且迷上了赌博
Tesla lost his scholarship and became addicted to gambling
到了第三年特斯拉把学费和休息时间都赌了进去
and by his third year Tesla had gambled away his entire lounge and tuition money
不过 他还是设法避免了赌博的损失 并把赚到的钱还给了他的家人
he did however manage to gamble back the losses and return the balance back to him family
但是他的学业彻底完了
but the damage to his studies had been done
考试临近的时候
when exam time came around
特斯拉没有准备 要求延长学习 但他被拒绝了
Tesla was unprepared and ask for extension to study but he was denied
他从来没有毕业于大学 错过的学期也没有成绩
he never graduated from the university and did not receive grades for his lost semester
1878年12月
in the December of 1878
他隐瞒了没有毕业的事实
to hide the fact that he had dropped out of university
特斯拉彻底切断了和他家人所有的联系
Tesla cut all ties to his family
他这样突然以至于
he was so sudden that
他的朋友他溺死在克罗地亚的河里了
his friend had thought he had drowned in a river in north Croatia
在1880年 他搬到布达佩斯 然后终于到了美国 口袋里只有4美分
in 1880 he moved to Budapest and then finally to America with just 4 cents in his pocket
在从事了各种各样奇怪的工作后
after taking up a few odd jobs here and there
特斯拉于1882年在大陆爱迪生公司为托马斯爱迪生工作
Tesla began his work for Thomas Edison at Continental Edison company in 1882
顺便说一下爱迪生
here’s a word on Edison
现代人大多数以为爱迪生是灯泡之父
many people today consider Thomas Edison as the father of the light bulb
但是他在灯泡方面的作为更像史蒂芬乔布斯
but he was more along the lines of the Steve Jobs of the light bulb
那就是爱迪生想出了改变面前的22个人的想法 来说服他们买灯泡
that is Edison figured out how to sell the light bulb by improving on ideas of 22 other men before him
之后托马斯·爱迪生继续研究电
Thomas Edison went on to find general electric
我们也有一个视频 以如果你想看到更多有关爱迪生的事
which we also have a video on so if you want to see that check the description below
好啦 回到主题
ok, so back to this story
1885年
in 1885
特斯拉说 他可以重新设计爱迪生的直流电动机和发电机
Tesla said that he could redesign Edison’s DC motors and generators
这些机器在当时效率很低
which were very inefficient at that time
而且会产生火花 随后损坏机器
and had a tendency to spark and break down
爱迪生很中意这想法
Edison liked the idea
就任用了特斯拉
and offered Tesla
工资相当于现在100万美元
1 million US dollars in today’s currency for the job
特斯拉开始工作
Tesla got to work
而且做到了他所说的
and did as he was promised
解决了电动机的所有问题
fixing all the problems with the motors
新的电动机和发电机更严谨了
the new motors and generators were now simpler
不会有火花
didn’t spark
而且用起来更可靠了
and were much more reliable
事实上
in fact
特斯拉的设计非常好以至于我们现在还在用
Tesla’s design was so good that it’s still used today
来为家用电器供电
for the motors that power anything from household appliances
用于水泵
to water pumps
电动工具
power tools
磁盘驱动程序
disk drivers
智能手机的触觉反馈系统等
smartphone haptic feedback systems
当然了
and of course
还有特斯拉电动车
the Tesla electric car
当特斯拉完成了他的工作
when Tesla had completed his job
向爱迪生要酬劳时候
and asked for the money
爱迪生笑着说道
Edison laughed and stated
特斯拉先生 看来你真的不懂我们的美式幽默
“Mr. Tesla you do not understand our American humor”
特斯拉刚刚被剥离了大量的的时间 他离开爱迪生的公司
Tesla had just been ripped off big time and left Edison’s company
他受够了
he’d had enough
同时
meanwhile at this time
有些重要的事情悄然发生
something monumental was happening
电气革命将至
the electrical revolution was just about to take place
电将是一个可以改变这个星球的伟大产物
electricity was the next big thing to change the entire planet
它创造了一个投资创业泡沫
it created an investment start- up bubble
这次的热度要远大于
much greater than the fever
1999年的网络泡沫
that was the dot- com bubble of the 1999s
亿万美元的产业激起了美国经济的复苏
billion dollar industries aroused out of nowhere and American economy
并且把经济提升到持续数十年增长的增长期
was lifted into an enhanced growth period that would last for decades
这都是由突然地跨越造成
this was due to sudden quantum leaps
在制造业
in manufacturing
家用电器技术
household technology
和以往的低效率生产的时代
and general efficiency of work
工作和生活都很单纯很简单
work and life were simply easier
我们不能简单的体会到当时的巨变
we simply just can’t comprehend this change today
你可能会被问 为什么
why? you might be asking
因为现在的每个人
because everyone alive today
生来就生活在电的世界里
is born with electricity
家庭用电引起的技术变化
the sheer magnitude of technological change
的巨大幅度
that resulted from household electricity
确实令人惊叹
was truly astonishing
在被爱迪生欺骗了之后
so after being cheating by Edison
特斯拉以交流电研究的形式
Tesla decided to put his energy into
献身于
joining the electric revolution
以交流电研究的形式
in the form of research of alternating current
OIC
OIC
同时 他寻找财务支持者来支持他对交流电源世界的看法
while he searched for financial backers to support his vision of an AC powered world
此间 特斯拉找到了一个挖渠的工作 每天2美元
Tesla took up a job of digging ditches for 2 dollars a day
到50美元 按如今的货币来说
or 50 dollars in today’s currency
来补贴生活
to make ends meet
他表述这段时期的时候说是很痛苦的
he described this period as very painful
特斯拉最终与George Westinghouse建立了合作伙伴关系
Tesla eventually struck up a partnership with George Westinghouse
但这将使他卷入和他给爱迪生设计的
this would put him in direct competition with Edison and
直流电或者
his direct current
直流电系统的竞争
or DC system
通用电气时代
backed by General Electric
爱迪生制造的直流电系统有着危险的火花
Edison’s DC system created dangerous sparks
不能高效的把电传送到远的地方
couldn’t transmit electricity very far
并且每几公里需要一个发电厂
and required a power plant every few kilometers
电缆要比你的手臂厚
with cables as thick as your arms
换句话说
in other words
它给每个家庭供电的话 是很可怕的事情
it was pretty terribly suited to power every home on this planet
而另一方面特斯拉的交流系统中
Tesla’s AC system on the other hand
使用的细线具有更高的电压
used thinner wires had higher voltages
而且可以把电运送到很远的地方
and could transmit electricity over long distances
竞争开始了
the fight was on
获奖者的奖品是照亮整个世界的特权
and the prize for the winner was the privilege of lighting up the entire world
1893年 有许多阴暗的商业交易
by 1893 there been many shady business deals
窃取想法和进行专利压制
stolen ideas and patents suppression
爱迪生和他的投资者炫耀着特斯拉的发明
that Edison and his money interests wielded over Tesla’s inventions
他的仇恨已经达到沸点
the feud had reached boiling point
正因如此
and with this
竞争已经到了白热化
the war of the currents had reached its peak
这时候
Deep down
爱迪生知道他的系统不如特斯拉
Edison knew that his system was inferior to Tesla’s
但是显然他不想让公众知道
but of course he didn’t want the public know this
它需要让大众支持直流电 摒弃交流电
he needed a way to make the public despise AC and accept DC
但是怎样了呢
but how?
住在爱迪生实验室附近的人
families living nearing Edison’s laboratory
开始发觉了异样
began to notice something a little strange
他们的宠物开始突然消失
their pets suddenly began to disappear
这并不是外星人所为
these mysteries disappearances weren’t the work of aliens
而是有一群上学的小孩被雇佣偷宠物 每只25美分
but a group of schoolboys paid 25 cents for each animal they stole
这就是爱迪生的主意
this was Edison’s solution:
一旦爱迪生拿到
once Edison gathered the cats
学生抓来的猫狗时
dogs and other animals from the schoolboys
他就当中电它们
he publicly electrocuted them
用的就是特斯拉的交流电
using Tesla’s AC current
他试图以此来证明这种电在任何一个家庭中
to prove that was dangerous
都是危险的
too dangerous to be uesd in any home
另外
in addition to this
爱迪生还用交流电
Edison aided in the creation of the electric chair
制作了电椅
making sure that it used AC current
特斯拉对这些都做出了回应
Tesla responded to all of this
并且通过著名的射击电流通过他自己的身体的实验
by demonstrating that AC was perfectly safe
在1893年世博会上点亮了灯泡
by famously shooting electric current though his own body
证明交流电是完全安全的
to produce light at the 1893 World Fair
这举动将死了爱迪生
this was checkmate to Edison
并且扭转了时局
and symbolic turning point
随着岁月的流逝
as the years went on
交流电由于其技术优势
AC inceased in popularity and became the standard
越来越普及 并成了标准
due to its technical advantages
由于他的发明
as a result of his inventions
特斯拉一举成名
Tesla was shot into the stratosphere of Stardom
开始与各界名流来往
rubbing shoulders with the most important people of the day
他被世人所喜爱
he was universally loved
因为他让生活更简单了
by citizens because he helped make their lives easier
从只有4美分初到此地到如今空前受欢迎
from arriving with just four cents in his pocket to now having unprecedented fame
特斯拉的世界翻天覆地
things have certainly changed for Tesla
他的才华和努力所付出的也得到了回报
and his brilliance and hard work have paid off him
与此同时
meanwhile
爱迪生变得越来越被通用电气的其他人所鄙视
Edison became more and more despised by others within General Electric
并最终在一系列兼并后失去对公司的控制
and eventually lost control of the company after a series of mergers
但是公司
with all that being said
还是留给了爱迪生一些信任和尊重
to give Edison some credit
毕竟他发明了留声机
he did invent the phonograph
和电影摄影机
and motion picture camera
他还是为社会贡献了很多伟大发明
so he also has contributed greatly to society
这场战争
during the war of current
特斯拉发明了交流电
Tesla designed AC motors
发电机变压器
generators transfromers
和电力传输技术
and power transmission technologies
从而产生了自电话发明以来最有价值的专利
resulting in 25 of the most valuable patents since the invention of the telephone
这些设计堪称一绝
these design was so good
以至于我们现在的家里所用的所有能源都在用这个系统
that we still use them today in all the systems that power our homes
这是我们毋庸置疑的
a fact which we take for granted
这本身就是一个令人难以置信的成就 但是特斯拉
this in itself was an incredible achievement by Tesla
却刚刚开始他的研究
but he was just getting started
接下来的日子里
over the next few years
特斯拉发明了一些推动20世纪的基础技术
Tesla would invent a few foundational technologies
并且今天仍然具有实用性
that drove the 20th century and still hold relevance today
我们一会就来看看这些技术
we’ll take a look at that in a second
但在我们看之前 我认为是时候休息一下了
but before we do I think it’s time for a quick break
所以赶紧找点吃的
so grab a bite to eat
稍微休息一下 我们马上回来
get comfortable readjust and we’ll be back in a bit

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QPRhTfUhPQ

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