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再次登月的理由:为什么要花万亿美元做这事?

The Trillion Dollar Reason To Go Back To The Moon

月球上有什么东西珍贵到能让你愿意花五千万美元去?
What could possibly be so valuable on themoon that you’d pay $50 million to go there?
大家好 我是每日新闻的主播艾米丽
Hey guys, Emily here for DNews.
在阿波罗号登录时 当时花费了一百亿把宇航员送到
During the Apollo days, it cost about $10billion current-day dollars to send astronauts
月球周围绕了一圈
on a round trip flight to the moon.
早的时候 我们为民族自豪感而去太空旅行 来证明我们的导弹
Back then, we made the trip for things likenational pride, to prove that our missiles
比俄罗斯的更大 而当然“原因并没有那么简单 它是比较复杂的”
were bigger than Russia’s, and of course‘not because it was easy, but because it was hard.’
如今我们有了新的去月球的太空竞赛
Today we have a new space race to the moon.
官方有5个团队花费3千万在谷歌月球X大奖上
There are officially 5 teams left in the $30Million Google Lunar X-PRIZE.
这个国际比赛比的是 哪一个私人公司能先到达月球
This is an international competition to seewhich private company can reach the moon first,
在月球表面行走500米并传输高清录像和图片回地球
move 500 meters across its surface and transmithigh definition video and images back to Earth.
但这个比赛真正刺激的地方是在它结束以后
But the really exciting part is what happensafter the competition.
有了水冻冰块和3号氦元素 月球就具备了开展采矿业的潜力
With resources like water ice and Helium-3,the moon is ripe for mining with a potential
价值数百万亿美元
value of hundreds of trillions of dollars.
在搜集行星信息的基础上 据美国国家航空和宇宙航行局估计
Based on information gathered from orbitingsatellites, NASA estimates that there’s
月球北极有超过600公吨的水冻冰块
over 600 metric tons of water ice locatedin craters on the North Pole of the Moon.
这也许并不令人激动 —— 水并不稀有或珍贵 是吗?
This may not seem that exciting – water’snot that rare or expensive, right?
除非你意识到水能转换为火箭的燃料 —— 这就是很昂贵的了
Until you realize that water can be convertedinto rocket fuel – something that is crazy expensive.
这意味着我们实际上可以在月球上建一个加油站
This means we could effectively create a gasstation on the moon.
水元素 能够分裂成氢原子和氧原子 这个可以转变为火箭燃料
Water, H2O, can be broken down into hydrogenand oxygen, which can then be converted into rocket fuel.
如今许多火箭使用液态氢燃料和液态氧燃料给机器提供动力 —— 包括
Many of our rockets today use liquid hydrogenand liquid oxygen to power their engines – including
我们的老朋友航天飞机
our old friend the space shuttle.
事实上 这种类型的火箭燃料是化学火箭推剂最有效率的燃料
In fact, this type of rocket fuel is the mostfuel efficient of any known chemical rocket propellant.
如果我们能在月球上做到这些 任何带有特殊长期任务的
If we were able to do this on the moon, then,anyone who wanted to send a spacecraft on
宇宙飞船都会停在这个月球补给站 给你付钱添加燃料
a particularly long mission would stop atthis lunar gas station and pay you to refuel
在他们继续深入他们的太空之旅时
before continuing their journey into deepspace.
我们都知道在地球的石油和燃料公司是多么富有和强大
We all know how wealthy and powerful the oiland gas companies are here on Earth – imagine
– 想象一下 如果你在整个太阳系里垄断了火箭的燃料会是怎样的!
if you had a monopoly on rocket fuel in theentire solar system!
但这并不仅仅是水
But there’s more than just water.
氦3元素是氦的同位素 在地球上很稀少但在月球上有很多
Helium 3 is a special isotope of Helium that’srare on the Earth but abundant on the Moon.
这很吸引人 因为氦3元素能通过原子的聚变产生清洁的原子能
This is appealing because Helium 3 could beused to create clean nuclear energy via nuclear
并且这种传统的裂变产物没有任何放射性的副产品
fusion without all the radioactive byproductsthat result from traditional nuclear fission.
哇!
Yay!
不利的是 科学家还没有充分的处理核聚变的问题
… The downside is that scientists haven’tquite worked out all the kinks of nuclear fusion just yet.
但是 理论上如果他们成功了 就有人能从月球的土壤里那里抽取所有的氦3
But, theoretically if they did and someonecould extract all of the Helium 3 from the
就能够给地球提供千年万载的动力了
lunar soil, there would be enough to powerthe entire Earth for thousands of years.
呀!
Ya.
所以 也许就难怪会有像月球快车那样的公司 —— 美国唯一在
So maybe it’s no wonder why companies likeMoon Express – the only U.S. company left
竞争中生存下来的 —— 能在私人投资中负担起450万美金 全力资助他们的首次月球飞行
in the competition – has been able to securea total of $45 million in private investment, fully funding their first flight to the moon.
事实上 最独特一面就是这个竞争并不像阿波罗登录准备的时候 —— 这个去月球的比赛
In fact, the most unique aspect of this competitionis that unlike the Apollo days – this race
并不是由政府赞助的
to the moon isn’t government sponsored.
X大奖需要90%的私人资金
X-Prize requires 90% of any funding to comefrom private sources.
这个目标可以满足这个需求吗?
The goal of that requirement?
来鼓励基于月球活动的利润驱动的商业计划
To encourage profit-driven business plansbased on lunar activities.
毕竟 风险投资家不会投资一家没有财政收益的公司
Afterall, what Venture Capitalist would investin a company with no promise of financial return?
这个挑战是 去月球非常昂贵和困难
The challenge is, going to the moon is incrediblyexpensive and very difficult.
难怪历史上只有3个团队 —— 美国政府
It’s no wonder why only 3 groups in history- the government superpowers of the United
苏联政府 中国政府 —— 成功的在月球上软着陆了 ——
States, the Soviet Union, and China – havesuccessfully soft-landed on the moon — in
换句话说 安全着陆
other words, landed without crashing.
这意味着谁在X奖项竞赛中首先获得了一个伟大的胜利
This means that whoever places first in theX-PRIZE competition won’t simply win a grand
那么他们将会成为历史上第4个在月球上软着陆的私人公司
prize, but they’ll be the first privatecompany and the 4th entity in history to soft-land on the moon.
当然 他们需要许多次飞行专门勘探和完善他们的月球
Sure, they’ll need many more flights dedicatedto prospecting and perfecting their lunar
采矿技术 —— 但如果他们能在太阳系里建造中转加油站
mining skills – but if there’s a chancethey could create the go-to gas station in
甚至解决行星的能源需求问题 —— 这也许就是它最后体现出的价值
the solar system or even solve the planet’senergy needs – it may just be all worth it in the end.
所以如果其中的公司能找到更简单的去月球的方法 那么人类能不能真的住在上面呢?
So if one of these companies finds an easierway to get to the moon, could people actually live up there?
在这个视频里 我们讨论一下我们能否在月球上创造一个能居住的大气层
We talk about whether we could make a livableatmosphere on the moon in this video, here.
您有什么想法?
What do you think?
谁会是下一个到达月球的人?
Who’s going to be the next person to makeit to the moon?
评论并订阅以下栏目 您每天会收到更多的日常新闻
Comment down below, subscribe, and come backfor more DNews every day.

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视频概述

月球到底有什么魔力?让无数人争先恐后的去进行投资呢?本视频将会为您解密。

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翻译译者

甪里

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZ5v-_b-V8c

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