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欧洲一定要去参观的十大城市 – 译学馆
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欧洲一定要去参观的十大城市

The Top 10 Must See Cities In Europe

欧洲一定要去参观的十大城市
The Top 10 Must See Cities In Europe.
欧洲魅力城市如此之多 为何只选了十个?
With so many fascinating European cities how do you pick just ten?
我们选择的这些城市 能够最好地追溯这块大陆的历史和文化
We’ve selected the ones that best trace the history and culture of the continent that
及其对世界各地产生的深远影响
so influenced all corners of the globe.
从这十个城市开始
It’s in these ten cities that
通过帝国和征服的故事
you begin to understand the different periods in European and world history,
以及那些伟大的艺术品和从无到有的历史遗迹
through stories of empires and conquests,
你可以了解到欧洲和世界不同阶段的历史
and some of the greatest art and monuments ever created.
欧洲无论是在艺术 建筑 美食 时尚 设计方面
Europe remains the world leader in art, architecture,
还是城市风光 都保持世界领先地位
food, fashion, design, and urban scenery,
接下来你将欣赏到这些城市的最佳景点
and here are the cities where you’ll see some of the best of it all.
1. 巴黎
1. Paris.
巴黎是欧洲的典范
Paris is quintessential Europe,
这座繁华都市经常被欧洲其他国家和全世界所效仿
an opulent city often imitated around the continent and the world
但却不可能被取代
but impossible to replicate.
对那些精通精致生活艺术的人来说
It captures the imagination
它满足了他们想象中的一切
for having mastered the art of sophisticated living,
从未令他们失望过
and never disappoints.
是的 这里有埃菲尔铁塔 巴黎圣母院 香榭丽舍大街
Yes, there’s the Eiffel Tower, the Notre Dame, the Champs-Élysées,
还有汇聚了全世界最伟大艺术品的卢浮宫
and the biggest concentration of the world’s greatest art at the Louvre,
奥赛博物馆 蓬皮杜艺术中心和几十个其他博物馆
Orsay, Pompidou, and dozens of other museums,
但若想体验真正巴黎人的生活
but the real Parisian experience is
还是应该选一个咖啡馆或者小酒馆小坐
still sitting at a café or bistro, shopping down
去中央大街和广场购物 沿着塞纳河畔漫步
grand boulevards and squares, and strolling along the Seine.
从蒙马特高地到玛黑区的每个角落
All the Parisian clichés are confirmed and
所有关于巴黎人的传说都一一得到印证
enjoyed everywhere from Montmartre to Marais,
不难看出这里为什么
and it’s not difficult to see
能成为所有城市灵感的发源地
why this is the most inspiring of all cities.
2.罗马
2.Rome.
一个如此伟大的城市 大到可以容下一个国家
A city so great, a country fits inside it.
到罗马后也可顺便游玩梵蒂冈
Visiting Rome is also visiting the Vatican
欣赏非凡的艺术杰作
with its extraordinary works of art,
但罗马最吸引人的地方是它曾是古罗马帝国的首都
but the city mesmerizes mostly as the capital of an ancient empire.
它曾统治整个欧洲以及以外的领土
It ruled Europe and beyond,
罗马圆形大剧院和万神殿之类的地标建筑至今屹立不倒
and icons like the Colosseum and the Pantheon still stand
见证着古罗马数世纪的辉煌文明
as testaments to centuries of splendor,
波格赛美术馆和卡比托利博物馆里那些艺术奇迹亦是如此
as do the artistic marvels at the Borghese Gallery or the Capitoline Museums.
然而罗马也是一部活生生的《甜蜜生活》
But Rome is also about living “la dolce vita”
沿着鹅卵石铺成的小巷和广场
down cobbled alleyways and squares,
慢悠悠的享受一份午餐
taking some time for long lunches,
或是简单的来一杯意式浓咖啡或是一份意式冰激淋
or simply for an espresso or gelato.
这个非常上镜的意大利首都
And the photogenic Italian capital is
并不全是古老破败的历史遗迹
not all about the past and crumbling antiquity,
也有一个当代的主要景点
having a major contemporary attraction,
即扎哈·哈迪德设计的21世纪国家艺术博物馆
the MAXXI Museum designed by Zaha Hadid.
3. 伦敦
3. London.
如果欧洲有首都的话 一定是伦敦
If Europe has a capital, it is London.
这是全欧洲最大最富裕的城市
It’s the continent’s largest and richest city,
但这并不足以让伦敦成为不容错过的目的地
but that’s not what makes it an unmissable destination.
它的多元化和文化影响力才是关键
It’s its diversity and cultural influence,
事实上 这里总是有新的东西值得一看和亲自体验
and the fact that there is always something new to see and experience.
伦敦总是有很多地标性建筑 例如大本钟 伦敦塔
There is always Big Ben and other landmarks like the Tower of London,
既有白金汉宫和威斯敏斯特教堂里鲜活的历史
the living history in Buckingham Palace and Westminster Abbey,
又有泰特现代艺术馆 大不列颠博物馆
and the major year-round exhibitions in Tate
和英国国家美术馆里全年无休的盛大展览
Modern, British Museum, and National Gallery,
还有新地标比如摩天大楼“小黄瓜”
but also new icons like the Gherkin skyscraper
和欧洲最高楼——伦敦碎片大厦
and the tallest building in the continent, The Shard.
值得一去的还有那些全世界最好的商店
At the top of the to-do list is also some of the best shopping in the world,
但无论你选择去哪儿
but wherever you choose to go,
你总能发现这个繁华都市每天都生机勃勃
you always find a thriving city constantly being revived,
在艺术和创新上遥遥领先
and a world leader in art and creativity.
4.威尼斯
4. Venice.
站在圣马可广场上
Standing in St. Marco’s Square
就是站在曾经的世界首富城市和贸易之都的中心
you’ll be at the center of what was once the world’s richest city and capital of trade,
你会对它一见倾心
and you’ll fall in love at first sight.
这里是有史以来最大的私人住宅区
It’s home to the grandest private residences ever built,
乘坐贡多拉小船沿着浪漫的河网而下欣赏沿途宏伟的酒店建筑
magnificent palazzos admired on a gondola trip down a romantic series of canals
这一切让它成为世界上最美丽的城市
that make it the world’s most beautiful city.
巨额的财富也带来了伟大的艺术品
Great wealth was also able to pay for great art,
你可以在学院美术馆里看到很多巨作
you can see a lot of it at the Accademia gallery.
然而最伟大的杰作不是其他 而是威尼斯城市本身
But the biggest work of art turns out to be Venice itself,
全世界只有它能真正称得上是特别的
the one city in the world that can truly be described as unique,
一个童话般的城市
exuding a fairytale atmosphere.
欣赏完这里魔幻般地融合了文艺复兴
After admiring the magical mixture of Renaissance,
拜占庭 哥特和巴洛克风格的艺术品和建筑之后
Byzantine, Gothic, and Baroque art and architecture,
花点时间去看看古根海姆美术博物馆里的当代杰作
take some time for contemporary creativity inside the Peggy Guggenheim Museum.
5. 佛罗伦萨
5. Florence.
没有任何一个地方像佛罗伦萨一样
Nowhere else can you best experience one of the greatest
可以体验欧洲和世界历史上最伟大的时期——文艺复兴时期
greatest periods of European and world history the Renaissance them in Florence.
这个充满艺术气息的城市就像一座露天的博物馆
This artistic city is an open-air museum and
即使你没有参观这里为数不多的几家博物馆
you get a history lesson even if you don’t
你也能好好上堂历史课
step inside any of its several museums.
但是乌菲齐美术馆是必逛景点
But no one should leave without entering the Uffizi,
这里有莱昂纳多·达芬奇 拉斐尔 米开朗基罗
with its masterpieces by Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo,
和其他艺术史上赫赫有名的大师的杰作
and all the other great names in the history of art.
这个浪漫的城市拥有美丽的广场
This is a romantic city of beautiful piazzas
宏伟的建筑和雕塑
showcasing magnificent architecture and sculpture,
站在佛罗伦萨大教堂最高处
and all of that remarkable heritage can be admired
所有著名遗迹尽收眼底
from the top of the extraordinary Duomo.
6.阿姆斯特丹
6. Amsterdam.
荷兰的黄金时代也正好是整个欧洲的黄金时代
The Dutch Golden Age was also a European golden age,
如今可以通过阿姆斯特丹博物馆里的艺术品来追忆这一切
now remembered through the art in Amsterdam’s museums.
阿姆斯特丹国家博物馆内收藏着伦勃朗的杰作
The Rijksmuseum has masterpieces by Rembrandt,
而街对面的博物馆则是专门为了纪念梵高——
while across the street there’s an entire museum dedicated to Van Gogh.
这位史上最杰出的艺术家之一而设立的
one of the most fascinating artists of all time.
安妮之家则让你无法遗忘人类史上那段最黑暗的时期
The Anne Frank House then reminds you of the darkest period in human history,
这是全世界纳粹大屠杀纪念馆
And it’s the most emotive memorial of all of the Holocaust memorials
和博物馆中最为温情的一个了
memorials and museums around the world
运河边矗立着维护良好的建筑
And there are the canals lined by beautifully-maintained buildings,
让荷兰首都变成全球最美和最受欢迎的城市之一
making the Dutch capital one of the most beautiful and welcoming cities in the world.
7.雅典
7. Athens.
不少游客对雅典整体感到失望
Some travelers express disappointment in Athens as a whole,
他们满怀期待看到一个古老的城市
expecting an entirely ancient city
不想却来到了一个普通的20世纪大都市
but finding a mostly unremarkable twentieth-century metropolis.
但是 古老的普拉卡区和雅典卫城
But by the ancient Plaka neighborhood and the Acropolis,
会让你回想起民主的发源地
taken back to the birthplace of democracy
你可以近距离的欣赏这些最壮观的古老遗迹
and can get up close to some of the most marvelous ancient wonders there
这里有帕台农神庙和卫城博物馆——
There’s the Parthenon and the treasures found around it inside the Acropolis Museum (a beautiful
这座现代建筑珍藏着最辉煌的古代收藏
contemporary home for a stunning ancient collection),
希腊国立考古博物馆则收藏着
and the National Archaeological Museum housing
古希腊最重要的手工艺品
the most important artifacts from ancient Greece.
就冲这个 充满神话传说的希腊首都
Just for that the mythical Greek capital should
也该排到欧洲之旅的行程单里去
be on anyone’s European travel itinerary.
8.巴塞罗那
8: Barcelona.
不断推陈出新的巴塞罗那是当代欧洲的代表
Innovative Barcelona embodies contemporary Europe,
它仿佛一颗都市珍宝 过去的经验
an urban gem that values the past
以无限活力拥抱未来
but embraces the future with vigor.
20世纪 这里涌现出一批最具独创性的建筑
It came up with some of the most original architecture of the 20th century
例如尚未竣工的圣家族教堂
the Sagrada família is still a work in progress
你可以见证这座永恒不朽的建筑的建造过程
and you may witness a timeless monument in the making,
如今迈入21世纪 还在不断改造中
and is now reinventing 21st-century food.
这是一座具有独立精神的城市
It’s a city with an independent spirit,
按自己的规则行事 不只是名胜古迹和博物馆
playing by its own rules, and more than any monument or museum,
这座城市本是就是最大的景点
the main attraction is the city itself.
参观完圣家堂之后 走进第二座高迪的杰作
Entering Gaudi’s second masterpiece after the Sagrada Familia,
古埃尔公园 如同走入仙境
Parc Güell, is like entering a fantasy land.
沿着格雷西亚大街欣赏这些
and walking down Passeig de Gracia is seeing some of the most
全世界最独特的建筑
unique architecture in the world.
虽然这座不断创新的城市以高迪出名
But although this creative city is most famous for Gaudi,
但是这里也是毕加索的故乡
it was also home to Picasso and
这里有一个向他早期作品致敬的博物馆
there’s a museum dedicated to his earliest works.
其他著名收藏还包括米罗基金会
Other outstanding collections include those of the Miró Foundation
和陈列着中世纪艺术品的国家宫
and the medieval art in the Palau Nacional,
当代地标性的建筑有阿格巴塔和弗兰克·盖里的鱼雕建筑
while contemporary landmarks include the Agbar Tower and Frank Gehry’s fish sculpture.
9.里斯本
9. Lisbon.
这个位于大西洋沿岸的阳光灿烂的首都
This mostly-sunny Atlantic capital
着实会让你感到身处大陆边缘
really makes you feel like you’re on the edge of the continent
从而对其他大陆浮想联翩
and that’s what made it wonder about other lands.
欧洲大航海的黄金时代
The European golden age of maritime exploration
是由被誉为“航海先锋”的亨利王子开启的
spearheaded by Prince Henry the Navigator
位于海边的巨型发现者纪念碑上
seen leading other notable figures like Vasco da Gama
还刻着其他著名的领军人物 例如瓦斯科·达·伽马
on the colossal waterfront Discoveries Monument
正如后来我们知道的 这导致了全球化
let to globalization as we know it,
而里斯本一跃成为第一个国际化的首都
and Lisbon became the first global capital,
东方通往欧洲的必经之地
the gateway to Europe from the East.
国立古代艺术馆 东方博物馆和海事博物馆里的收藏品
That story is now told through the collections
仍在讲述这段历史
of the Ancient Art, Orient, and Maritime museums,
而贝伦塔和热罗尼莫斯修道院
and reflected on sculpted Age of Discovery marvels
也生动展示着地理大发现时代的奇迹
like the Tower of Belem and Jeronimos Monastery..
里斯本是全世界欣赏瓷砖画的最佳去处
Lisbon is also the best place in the world
这里有独一无二的瓷砖博物馆
to admire the art of tile painting, at the one-of-a-kind Tile Museum
城中还有很多瓷砖纪念碑
and at several monuments around the city,
但这个拥有欧洲最令人振奋的风景的城市
but perhaps the biggest attraction of all are the inspiring views
最大的景点
of what is Europe’s most scenic capital,
是从山顶鸟瞰全城
from hilltop terraces serving as lookout points.
当代景点包括世界级的贝拉尔多博物馆 设计和时尚博物馆
Contemporary attractions include the world-class Berardo and Design and Fashion museums, as
以及圣地亚哥·卡拉特拉瓦设计的东方火车站
well as the Santiago Calatrava-designed Oriente Station
以及阿尔巴罗·西萨设计的怪异空旷的葡萄牙馆
and the oddly empty Portugal Pavilion by Siza Vieira.
10.马德里
10. Madrid.
对于艺术爱好者来说 马德里不容错过
For art lovers Madrid is an unmissable destination.
普拉多博物馆收藏了戈雅和委拉斯开兹的代表作
In addition to the outstanding collection of the Prado (filled with Goyas and Velazquez),
而世界级的索菲亚王后艺术中心和提森博内米萨博物馆里
there are more masters from the Spanish Golden Age and beyond to be seen in other world-class
还有很多来自西班牙黄金年代和其他时期的大师
museums, the Reina Sofia and the Thyssen-Bornemisza.
前者是欣赏萨尔瓦多·达利 毕加索和米罗作品的最好去处
The first one is the best place to see masterpieces by Salvador Dali, Picasso and Miró, and the
后者则涵盖了欧洲主要时期的作品
second covers all the major periods of European art,
展示例如鲁本斯 丢勒和莫奈的作品
showing works by names like Rubens, Dürer, and Monet.
但马德里生活气息更加浓厚
But Madrid is mostly about life,
生活在丘埃卡区的街道
lived on the streets of Chueca,
沿着宏伟的格兰维亚大道和马约尔广场漫步
down the monumental Gran Via, and on plazas like Plaza Mayor.
在塔帕斯餐馆过用过餐后
Stop at a tapas restaurant,
在广场上的露天咖啡馆小憩
lounge at an outdoor café on a plaza,
过欧洲最棒的夜生活
and enjoy the best nightlife
感受马德里欢乐的新潮文化运动
in Europe, the joyful Madrid “movida.”

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欧洲城市那么多,欧洲之旅该从哪里开始呢?这里挑选了10个最佳城市供您参考。

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