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焦虑症和恐慌症的区别 – 译学馆
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焦虑症和恐慌症的区别

The Symptoms of General Anxiety and Panic Disorder

This is Joseph.
他叫约瑟夫
His mind is constantly racing and it’s racing with negative thoughts.
他的脑子里时刻充满了消极想法
He worries about everything –
他忧虑一切事情
from saying the wrong thing to a friend,
从对朋友说错话
to wondering if he will lose his cellphone,
到想知道自己是否会丢失手机
to questioning if he is eating healthy enough.
怀疑自己的饮食是否健康
He also thinks about the bigger problems,
他也在思考更大的问题
like if his daughter is safe at school,
类似他女儿在学校是否安全
or how to make sure she has a good future.
或是怎样保证她有一个美好的未来
These may seem like typical worries that everyone has,
看似每个人都有这些典型的忧虑
but for Joseph they consume his life
但对约瑟夫来说 那些忧虑消磨了他的生命
and he is living in constant anxiety and fear.
而且他一直生活在焦虑和恐惧中
Caroline also worries quite frequently.
卡罗琳也时常忧虑
She is in a high-stress job that demands a lot of her time.
她从事的工作压力很大 占去了她大部分时间
She is also a parent.
她也是位母亲
The worry and stress are natural,
有忧虑和压力是很自然的
but sometimes she becomes overwhelmed and breaks down,
但有时她会不堪重负甚至崩溃
becoming ill for a short period of time.
很快她就生病了
Joseph and Caroline both decide it is high
约瑟夫和卡罗琳都认为
time to go and see a doctor.
现在是时候去看医生了
They want to better understand and help to
他们希望得到更好地理解和帮助
put an end to these unwanted feelings.
来消除这些讨厌的感觉
The doctor tells Joseph he has been diagnosed with General Anxiety Disorder,
医生告诉约瑟夫他患了广泛性焦虑症
also known as G.A.D.
简称焦虑症
While Caroline was diagnosed with Panic Disorder.
而凯罗琳患了恐慌症
Before the diagnosis, they never knew the difference between the two.
诊断之前 他们从来不知道这两种病症的差别
G.A.D and Panic Disorder are both Anxiety Disorders with unique differences.
焦虑症与恐慌症都是具有独特差异的焦虑性障碍
G.A.D is a mental condition that is characterized
焦虑症是一种精神疾病 其特征是
by excessive and uncontrollable worry
过度地且无法控制地忧虑
about everyday life events and the future.
日常生活事件和未来
Panic Disorder is characterized by panic attacks that can occur
恐慌症的特征是恐慌发作起来
for seemingly no reason at all.
似乎毫无缘由
They both can also happen during or directly after a traumatic event.
它们也可能发生在创伤性事件期间或之后
There is not one single cause for GAD.
引发焦虑症的原因有很多
It is believed to be caused by a complex interaction of genetics, brain chemistry,
据认为是由于遗传学 大脑化学
personality factors and the environment in which the afflicted were raised.
人格因素和患病环境的复杂相互作用所致
Traumatic experiences and stressful life events can also trigger a person to develop GAD.
创伤经历和充满压力的生活事件也是患上焦虑症的诱因
The symptoms for G.A.D are as follows:
焦虑症的症状如下
Constant high levels of worry about everyday things,
持续不断地忧虑日常的事情
or things that do not normally warrant anxiety.
或通常不需要焦虑的事情
Inability to let go of your worries even
即使明知他们的忧虑是
if you know they are irrational or unrealistic.
不合理或者不实际的也不能释怀
Feeling restless, irritable or on edge.
感到不安 易怒或烦躁
Problems concentrating.
难以集中注意力
Problems with sleep – either difficulty getting enough sleep or sleeping too much.
睡眠有问题 不是难以睡够 就是睡太多
Being easily frightened or startled.
容易害怕或受到惊吓
People with GAD may also experience the following physical symptoms:
焦虑症患者也可能出现以下身体症状
High levels of tension in your muscles.
肌肉高度紧张
Regular headaches and nausea.
经常头疼和恶心
Low levels of energy or constant fatigue.
体力不足或持续疲劳
Increased sweating, trembling or heart rate.
出汗 颤抖或心率增加
Panic Disorder is defined as having recurring and regular panic attacks,
恐慌症是指有反复和定期的恐慌发作
often without any apparent cause.
通常没有任何明显的原因
Panic attacks bring about a sudden rush
恐慌发作会突然引发
of intense fear and panic,
强烈的恐惧和恐慌
whereas General Anxiety Disorder is a slowly increasing
而焦虑症则是一种对现在和未来的焦虑
and constant feeling of apprehension and unease about both the present and the future.
以及不安情绪在缓慢增长和持续不断的感觉
Signs of a panic attack are: Intense feelings of panic and stress.
恐慌发作的迹象是 强烈的恐慌和压力感
Trembling and shaking.
发抖和颤栗
Sweating.
出汗
Increased heart rate.
心跳加快
Difficulty breathing.
呼吸困难
Numbness or tingling in hands and feet.
手脚麻木或刺痛
Feeling dizzy or light-headed.
头晕目眩或头重脚轻
Chest pain.
胸部疼痛
Feeling unreal or detached from yourself.
感觉不真实或脱离自我
Due to the terrifying nature of a panic attack and the feelings of pain in the chest area,
由于恐慌症发作的可怕性质和胸部疼痛的感觉
many people experiencing them for the first time think
许多第一次经历恐慌症的人认为
that they are having a heart attack,
他们心脏病发作了
or that their life is in danger.
或是他们生命垂危
An attack can last from a few minutes to an hour,
一次发作可能会持续几分钟到一个小时
and after it’s over,
而在结束之后
some people recover quickly and never experience another.
某些人会很快恢复过来 再也没有发作过
Others may start to have them more regularly
其他人可能会频繁发作
and the experience can be so frightening
这种经历可能会非常可怕
that they constantly worry about when the next one will occur.
以至于他们经常忧虑下一次何时会发作
The symptoms of General Anxiety Disorder
这种焦虑症
and Panic Disorder can successfully be reduced
和恐慌症的症状可以通过药物
or controlled using medication.
来有效减轻或控制
For GAD, therapy and counselling can be helpful
对于焦虑症 心理治疗和咨询有助于
in becoming aware when your worries are unrealistic or exaggerated,
逐渐意识到您的忧虑是不切实际或夸大的
or exaggerated, along with instilling positive thoughts instead of negative ones.
同时还能灌输积极想法而非消极想法
For Panic Disorder, medication and therapy can help manage symptoms
对于恐慌症 药物和心理治疗可以帮助控制症状
so that you can calm yourself down when
以便您在感到发作时
you feel an attack is coming on.
可以使自己平静下来
Anxiety disorders can affect anyone, no matter how strong or successful.
焦虑症能影响任何人 无论他有多么强壮或多么成功
Getting treatment for anxiety does not mean admitting weakness,
治疗焦虑并不意味着承认软弱
but means choosing to live life on your own terms,
而是意味着选择自主地生活
without letting those worries hold you back.
不让那些忧虑阻碍您
If you know someone who struggles with anxiety,
如果您知道有人在焦虑中挣扎
telling them to stop worrying or to get over it will not help.
告诉他们停止忧虑或是克服它是没有用的
Often times, they know that they are overreacting and behaving irrationally.
他们常常知道自己反应过度 行为异常
However, the fear, panic, and feelings of anxiety are still very real.
然而害怕 恐慌 和焦虑的感觉仍然很真实
Don’t judge,
不要对他们评头论足
and let them know you are there to support them
而要让他们知道您在身边支持他们
without adding any additional pressure.
不会给他们增加任何额外压力
Simply spending time with them and showing that you value them
只需与他们共度时光 并表明您仍然珍视他们
despite their anxiety will have a bigger effect than you can imagine.
尽管他们的焦虑比你所能想象中产生的影响更大
This video is supported by BetterHelp
该视频由BetterHelp提供支持
which is a website where you can talk to one of
BetterHelp是一个网站 您可以立刻与
over 2000 licensed therapist right away.
2000多名持证治疗师之一进行交谈
If you use the link in the description
如果您使用说明中的链接
you will get a 7 day free trial
则将获得7天的免费试用期
and you will really help us make more videos
您将真正帮助我们
for people who are facing difficult life challenges.
为面临生活难题的人们制作更多视频
Thank you for watching.
谢谢观看

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视频概述

以约瑟夫和卡罗琳为例,说明焦虑症和恐慌症的不同症状

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Yana

审核员

审核员FW

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n4gIMnU8E8U

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