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法西斯主义的故事:墨索里尼的权力崛起 – 译学馆
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法西斯主义的故事:墨索里尼的权力崛起

The Story of Fascism: Mussolini’s Rise to Power

欧洲法西斯故事当中一章:墨索里尼的掌权
墨索里尼利用了意大利人深深的挫败感
Mussolini capitalized on a deep-seated frustrationamong Italians.
意大利1871年才统一 还是个年轻的国家
Italy was still a young nation,having only united in 1871.
随着国家统一 崛起的民族主义
The surge of nationalism that came with unification
使意大利人渴望强大 却又自惭形秽
left Italians hungry for greatness, but feeling disappointed.
它的议会民主制脆弱无力
Its parliamentary democracywas weak and ineffectual
经济状况也很糟糕
and the economy was terrible.
而且 跟德国一样
And, as with Germany,
意大利人也才经历了第一次世界大战
the Italians had just suffered through World War I
人们对一战爆发和结束的方式都倍感愤怒
and people were angry about the way it was fought and the way it was finished.
威尼斯广场成了一种新的狂热民族主义的舞台
Piazza Venezia became the stage for a new, amped-up kind of nationalism.
墨索里尼热衷于在阳台前进行大型集会
Mussolini loved big ralliesin front of his balcony,
各种夸下海口 又简单粗暴地应对复杂问题
offering big promises and simplesolutions to complex problems,
他煽起了民众的狂热情绪
he whipped his followersinto a mass frenzy.
[意大利语]
-[Speaking Italian]
[欢呼声]
[ Cacophony of cheering ]
打断他演讲的
-They interrupted his speeches
是他们反复的呼喊声 “Duce, Duce, Duce”
with chants of,”Duce, Duce, Duce!”
-[意大利语的呼喊]-即“领袖”
-[Chanting in Italian]-“Leader.”
[欢呼声]
[ Cacophony of cheering ]
[音乐]
♪♪
我现在明白 那就像一个集体的梦想
-What I understand now is that it was like a collective dream.
就好比催眠
It was like hypnosis.
站在成千上万人当中
Standing in the crowdwith thousands of people
大家的注意力都在一个人身上
all focused on one man,
那个人擅长利用肢体语言
who was terrific at using his body,
面部表情和言语来直抵人们的内心深处
his facial expressions, andlanguage to reach their hearts.
-[意大利语]
-[Speaking Italian]
-[欢呼声]
[ Cheering ]
即使只是墨索里尼的一个手势
-They were going ballistic,even for a hand gesture
一个面部表情 都能让他们疯狂
or a facial expression of Mussolini.
而墨索里尼的确是个演员
Mussolini was an actor and,
当他最终在窗台露面
when he eventually show up in that window
以经典站姿 威风凛凛扬起下巴的时候
and he stood in his typical posture, with his imposing chin,
对意大利人来说
for the Italians,
他就是更强大的意大利的化身
he was the personificationof a greater Italy.
他承诺 意大利会变得强大
-He promised an Italythat would be great,
变得现代化 并将最终统一
that would be modern,that would be finally unified,
而且人人都能找到工作
where there would be workfor everybody.
本片段节选自一个小时的特别节目”瑞克·史蒂夫的欧洲的法西斯主义” 您可以去查看当地电台这个节目的播放时间 如果没有这个节目您可以请当地电台将它加进去

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意大利法西斯主义的崛起

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USEXv1jODpM

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