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特斯拉创始人——埃隆·马斯克的故事 – 译学馆
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特斯拉创始人——埃隆·马斯克的故事

The Story Of Elon Musk

您正在收看的是冷流科技
You are watching ColdFusion TV.
冷流科技
[Music playing]
大家好 欢迎再次收看ColdFusion视频栏目
Hi, welcome to another ColdFusion video.
那么 我敢肯定如果你订阅了这个频道
So I’m sure if you have been subscribed to this cannel,
你肯定听说过不少有关埃隆 • 马斯克的事
you’ve had heared a lot of Elon Musk.
他就是突然从天而降
He is the guy who seems to just arrived from another planet
让整个世界措手不及
to casually disrupt the world
改变了众多产业游戏规则的男人
one industry at a time.
很多人将其视为
Many see him as one of the great industral minds
21世纪伟大工业家之一
of the 21th centry.
工程师之王
The engineers’ engineer.
就算你没听说过此人 那很有可能
Even if you haven’t heared of him, chances are
你也已经见识过他的影响力了
you still see his influence.
知道电影《钢铁侠》吧?
You know that movie “Iron Man”?
事实上
As it turns out
马斯克为好莱坞创造出托尼 • 斯塔克
Musk provided a large amount of inspiration
提供了不少灵感
for the Hollywood character, Tony Stark.
实际上 《钢铁侠》第二部的很多场面
In fact, parts of “Iron Man” 2
是在SpaceX公司取的景
were actually filmed inside and outside the SpaceX
而这家公司正是埃隆 • 马斯克的私人火箭公司
Elon Musk’s privite rocket company.
马斯克甚至在电影里亲自出镜
Musk even made a camera in the film.
你可能还听说过特斯拉公司的Model S型轿车
You may have also heared of the Tesla Model S.
这个全电动车项目
It’s a fully eletric car project
由马斯克主导
spearheaded by Musk
被美国国家高速公路安全管理局给予5.4分的高分 满分才5分
and was awarded 5.4 out of 5 from the national highway safty administration.
这是有史以来 该机构给予机动车的最高评分
The highest rating ever given to an automobile.
而在此之前 他还与人共同创造了一种支付系统
This all comes after co-founding a payment system
你可能有所耳闻:
that you may have heared of:
PayPal
PayPal.
巧的是
Coinsidentally,
PayPal就是那家曾经
Paypal was the very same company that used to
雇佣了几位Youtube创始人的公司
employ the founders of Youtube.
那么问题来了 埃隆 • 马斯克究竟何许人也?
So, who is Elon Musk really?
他凭什么成就了这一切
How did he achieve all these things
背后又有怎样的故事?
and what’s the story behind him?
我们将通过本片一探究竟
In this video, we will find out.
咱们废话少说
Let’s get straight into it.
早年生活
The Early Days
埃隆 • 马斯克于1971年出生在南非
Elon Musk was born in South Africa in 1971.
母亲曾做过模特 父亲是个工程师
His mother was a model and his father was an engineer.
他是三个孩子中的老大 提前一年进入小学
He was the oldest of three kids and started primary school a year early.
孩提时代的埃隆有点不合群
As a kid, Elon was a bit of a outsider
喜好读书 但常因为聪明遭到欺负
and love to read but got picked on for being smart.
不像弟弟妹妹
Unlike his brother and sister,
埃隆的社交生活并不丰富
Elon didn’t have a great social life
但他并不介意 而是将时间花在看漫画书上
but didn’t mind spending time reading comics instead.
除了有点不合群
Dispite being an outsider,
人们很早就看出来 他是个天资聪慧的孩子
It was clear early on, that he was a smart kid.
他的弟弟 金波 • 马斯克
His brother, Kimbal Musk.
金波: 埃隆十岁那年 参加了IBM的测试
When Elon was ten years old, he got tested by IBM.
结果是他获得了IBM有史以来
And he was found have one of the highest aptitudes
编程方面的最高分之一
they have ever seen for computer programming.
大概在个阶段 他对编程产生了兴趣
Around this time he had an interest in programming
想通过课程学习
and wanted to take some classes
但他已经远远超过了教他的老师
but he was way ahead of his teacher.
有趣的是 这与我们在
Interestingly, this is the same trend
ColdFusion视频《脸书有多大》中马克 • 扎克伯格
that we saw with Mark Zuckerberg in the ColdFusion episode:
的发展轨迹颇有相似之处
“How big is Facebook?”
1993年 他12岁
At age 12 in 1993
马斯克自学编程
Musk just taught himself computer programming
创造出一款名为 《Blastar》 的游戏
and created a video game called “Blastar”
后来以500美元出售
which he sold for $ 500.
上下求索
Finding His Way
1989年 17岁的马斯克
In 1989, a 17 year-old Musk
从南非搬到加拿大
moved from South Africa to Canada.
最终 他前往美利坚合众国
And eventually he would move to America
赴宾大学习
and attend college at the University of Pennsylvania.
毕业后 马斯克前往加州
After graguating, Musk moved to California
在斯坦福大学攻读物理学硕士
and began graduate studies in physics at Stanford University.
他感兴趣的领域是太空探索
His main interset is space exploration.
但实际情况是 在这段时间
But the thing was, right at this time
世界正经历着变革
the world was going through revolutionary shift.
互联网浪潮即将达到顶点
The internet boom was reaching full swing.
仅仅两天后 埃隆离开斯坦福 投身互联网
After just 2 days, Elon would leave Stanford and take advantage of the boom.
这个决定改变了他的人生轨迹
This decision would alter the course of his life
也极大地改变了世界
and ultimately, change the world.
崭露头角
The Beginning
从斯坦福退学后
After dropping out of grad school
马斯克很快成立了他的第一家公司
Musk quickly established his first company,
Zip 2
Zip 2.
该公司提供在线报纸
Which provided on line newspapers
还有地图和企业名录
with maps and business directories.
他于1999年将公司出售给康柏
He sold the company in 1999 to Compaq
售价3亿7百万美元
for $307 million.
埃隆个人从中获得2千2百万美元
Elon himself neted $22 million out of the sale.
虽然Zip 2 给报业带来了革命
Although Zip 2 revolutionalized newspapers.
埃隆对它没能在世界舞台上 起到关键作用深感沮丧
Elon was frastrated that it wasn’t a game changer on the world stage.
几个月后 马斯克推出了另一个项目
In a matter of months, Musk was on to the next project.
1999年 他创立了X.com
In 1999, he founded X.com
这家在线支付公司最终成为Paypal
an online payment company that eventualy became Paypal.
它被Ebay斥资15亿美元收购
It was acquired by Ebay for $1.5 billion in stock
其中1.8亿进了马斯克的口袋
of which $180 million was given to Musk.
Paypal从根本上改变了人们之间
Paypal foundamently changed the way people transfer money
转账的途径
to one another.
同时也改变了买卖的方法
And also, how they brought and sold things.
在某些情况下 那时
For some context, at that time
人们邮寄支票的做法还很普遍
it was still commen for people to mail checks to each other
这个过程缓慢又痛苦
a very slow and ached process
完成一笔交易要花费几周时间
taking weeks to complete a single transaction.
马斯克已经改变了金融业
Musk has changed the financial industry
但现在 他想要改变全人类的发展道路
but now he wanted to change the course of humanity itself.
2002年 他创立了太空开发技术公司
In 2002, he founded Space Exploration Technologies
又称为SpaceX
otherwise known as SpaceX
SpaceX这家公司 专门从事研发 制造
SpaceX is a company that creats and manufactures
以火箭技术为主的载具
vehicles primarily rocket technology.
目标? 降低空间飞行成本
The aim? To reduce the cost of space flight
以将人类的生存半径拓展至地球以外
in hopes of expending human life beyond earth.
推进这个雄心勃勃的计划需要大笔资金支持
Doing such ambitious project required a great deal of money.
一开始 马斯克发现很难为SpaceX募集资金
Musk initially found it impossible to get funding for SpaceX.
因为很多投资人将其视为无底洞
which many investers saw as a pipe drain.
马斯克颠覆了商业领域的传统
Going against traditional business practices
将自己的所有积蓄投入公司
Musk channeled all his money into the company to
好使其成为现实
make it a reality.
皇天不负有心人
And a reality it became.
目前 SpaceX拥有与美国航空航天局签署的16亿美元合约
SpaceX currently has a $1.6 billion contract with NASA
内容是将补给和人员运往国际空间站
to resupply and eventualy ferry people to the international space station.
马斯克成功地将到达国际空间站的成本
Musk has reduced the cost of reaching the international space station
降低了80%
by over 80%.
如果你想了解更多关于SpaceX的信息
If you want to know more about SpaceX
Coldfusion也有相关视频
there’s already a ColdFusion video on it.
之后请查询内容标签
So check out the discription afterwards.
在SpaceX公司之后 马斯克又于2004年成立了特斯拉
After SpaceX, in 2004, Musk help found Tesla.
特斯拉Roadster 是该公司第一款车型
The first Tesla car, the Tesla Roadster
也是第一辆
was the first electric vehicle
改变了人们对电动轿车陈旧看法的车型
to break the public’s conceptual model of a electric car.
之后又出现了Model S轿车
After this came the model S
其中最快的一款可以在2.8秒内从0加速到70迈
of which the fastest models can do 0-70 mph in 2.8 seconds.
当然 如果你想了解更多关于特斯拉的情况
Of course, if you want to know more about Tesla Motors
我也有视频可供观看
I’ve gotta a video on that as well
所以请查阅内容标签
so you can check the discription.
2013年 埃隆公布了他最新的奋斗目标
In 2013, Elon introduced his latest endeavor.
超级高铁
The Hyperloop.
这是一种在理论上
It’s a form of transpotation that theoretically
能在半小时内把乘客从三藩市运送至洛杉矶的交通工具
could send people from San Francisco to Los Angeles in half an hour
通过密封管道得以实现
by the way of pressurized tubes.
这当然不是全新的想法
Of course it’s not a new idea
但马斯克组织了一场设计该交通系统的竞赛
But Musk has overseen a competition to build the transport system
以推动类似技术的进步
to advance the technology.
同样的 我也已经制作了有关视频
Once again, I’ve already done a video on this
你们可以自行观看
so you can check the discription.
埃隆还是SolarCity公司背后的
Elon is also one of the major driving forces
主要推手之一
behind SolarCity,
该公司由他的一名表亲成立
a company found by one of his cousins.
在特斯拉公司的指导下 他近期收购了SolarCity公司
Under the guides of Tesla, he recently bid to buy the company.
马斯克还推出一款壁挂式充电电池组Powerwall
Musk also released a Powerwall
这个简单的设备可以不依赖公共电网满足家庭用电需要
a simple battery pact designed to power the home off the grid.
你也能找到关于该产品的视频
A video on the Powerwall is in the discription.
虽然最近取得了一系列巨大成就
Despite his enormous recent sucsess
他也并非一帆风顺
it hasn’t all been smooth sailing.
他的两家旗舰公司
Both his flagship companies
SpaceX和特斯拉
SpaceX and Tesla Motors
曾经距失败仅一步之遥
came alarmingly close to failing.
特斯拉的第一款电动车 Roadster
Tesla’s first electric car, the Roadster
目前面临着一系列问题
faced a ongoing string of problems
同时该公司在2008年金融危机时
and the company sufered financial woes
遭遇了严重的财政困境
during the 08 crash.
SpaceX公司头三次火箭发射均以失败告终 第四次才成功
SpaceX had 3 launch failures before the 4th one was a success.
最糟的是 马斯克的婚姻也在此时分崩离析
On top of it all, Musk was going through a divorce.
所有这一切的集中爆发
All of these events took place in a short amount of time
使他差点精神崩溃
causing him to come close to a mental breakdown.
稍后 我们听听马斯克自己是如何
We’re gonna hear from Elon Musk himself about
描述那段过往的
this period later on the video.
近期 特斯拉又发生了问题
There’s been some more recent problems for Tesla spcifically.
最近发生了第一起致命的特斯拉撞车事故
The first fatal Tesla car crash
与自动驾驶有关
with autopilot engaged recently occured.
使特斯拉遭到美国有关部门的调查
This has put Tsela under Federal investigation
即便车载系统已经清晰地说明了
even though it’s clearly stated that
自动驾驶只是辅助功能
autopilot is a driving aid and not
而并不能实现完全无人行驶
fully autonomous drving.
请牢记 自动驾驶功能仅限高速路行驶使用
Please remember that these features are meant only for highway use.
请随时握紧方向盘并保持警惕
Keep your hands on the wheel at all times and stay alart.
同时 特斯拉近来没能
Also, recently Tesla has not been able to
及时完成车辆订单以满足市场需要
deliver cars fast enough to meet demand
部分投资人对此表示不安
worrying some investers.
好了 咱们再来看看有关埃隆 • 马斯克的几个事实
Alright, let’s move on to a few facts about Elon Musk.
马斯克被美国《时尚先生》杂志评为
Musk was named one of 75 most
21世纪最具影响力
influencial people of the 21th centry.
的75人之一
by “Esquire” magazine.
2013年 由于SpaceX SolarCity以及特斯拉等三家公司
In 2013, Elon was named Fortune Businessperson of the year
埃隆被美国《财富》杂志评为年度商业人物
for SpaceX, SolarCity and Tesla Motors.
马斯克在特斯拉的官方年薪
Musk’s official annually salary for
只有1美元
Tesla Motors is just $ 1.
埃隆还签署了 “捐赠誓言”
Elon has signed The Giving Pledge
承诺捐献大部分财产
in which pledges promise to donate
用于慈善事业
the majority of their wealth to philanthropic efforts.
2015年1月25日
On Janurary 25, 2015
马斯克出现在《辛普森一家》
Musk made an appearance on The Simpsons episode
名为“马斯克降落地球”的一集中
Titled “The Musk who Fell to Earth”
他在片中饰演自己 表现抢眼
He played himself and was a good sport of the episode
剧中对马斯克的很多主意进行了吐槽
which mainly poked fun at many of Musk’s ideas.
好了 咱们做个总结
OK, so let’s bring this all together
然后看看这个视频能为观众带来什么好处
and make this video beneficial for you, the viewer.
现在 你已经见识了他的成就
So now that you’ve seen all that he achieves.
可以肯定的是 埃隆肯定有不少特别的哲学理念
It’s clear that there must be some special philosophies
和成功秘诀
and successful trades that Elon possesses.
都有什么呢? 我们又能从他身上学到什么?
What are they? And what can we learn from him?
咱们来看看
Let’s take a look.
如何选择职业
What You Chose to Do in Life
不论你从事什么工作
Whatever area that you get into
即便你是行业里的顶尖高手
given that even if you are the best of the best
也难免会失败
there’s always a chance of failure.
所以 我觉得选你所爱的工作才重要
So, I think is important that you really like whatever you are doing.
呃 如果你不喜欢
En, if you don’t like it
生命太短暂了 不值得浪费
life is too short.
如果你喜欢你的工作
If you like what you are doing
即便没在工作的时候 你也会时刻想着
you think about it even when you are not working.
这是你自然会全身心投入的事业
it’s something that your mind is drawn into.
呃 如果你不喜欢自己的工作
En, and if you don’t like it
一切都是空谈 个人看法
you just really can’t make it work, I think.
个人潜能
Personal Potential
不用非得有大学文凭
There’s no need even to have a colledge degree
如果是从名牌大学毕业
If somebody graduates from a great university that maybe
只是证明他们
that may be an indication that they
有成就事业的可能
will be capable of great things
但也不一定
but it’s not necessarily the case.
你知道 看看
You know, if you look at, er,
举几个例子吧
say, people like
比尔 • 盖茨 拉里 • 埃里森 斯蒂文 • 乔布斯
Bill Gates, Larry Ellison, Steven Jobs
他们都没能从大学毕业
these guys didn’t graduate from college
但如果你有机会雇佣他们
but if you had a chance to hire them
当然 这肯定是个好主意
of course, that would be a good idea.
努力工作
Hard Work
你得超级努力地去工作
You need to work super hard
超级努力是什么意思呢?
So what does super hard mean?
我和我弟弟开办第一家公司的时候
Well, when my brother and I were starting our first company.
我们没有公寓 只是
Instead of getting an apartment, we just
租了一间小办公室 睡在沙发上
rented a small office and we slept on the couch.
去基督教青年会洗澡
and we showered at the YMCA
我们努力工作 我们只有
and we were so hard that we had just
一台电脑 所以只能白天运行网站
one computer, so the website was up during the day
晚上我来编程
and I was coding at night.
一周七天 天天如是
Seven days a week, all the time.
只要还醒着就努力工作
So work hard like every waking hour.
这就是我要说的
That’s the thing I would say.
痛苦经历
Hardships
那段时间真的很痛苦
It was terrible time.
嗯…
Um…
倒霉事都聚到一起了
Yeah, everything was going wrong at once.
开始是三次火箭发射失败
Three rocket failures in a row at the beginning and
然后又是特斯拉财年即将结束
Tesla financing round is falling apart
一切濒临崩溃
all fall aparts.
SolarCity运行遇到困难…
The SolarCity was having difficulties…
离婚…
getting divorced…
想想都害怕
It’s really terrible.
是的 在2008年底
Yeah, at the end of 2008
第四次发射成功
the 4th launch worked.
嗯 那真是
Um, which is
我们当时就那么多钱了
that was all the money we have
多一分也没有了
there is nothing more.
第二天早上
And then the next morning
美国航空航天局打来电话说我们赢得了订单
NASA called and said that we won this
价值15亿美元
$1.5 billion.
采访者:就在第二天?马斯克:是的 就在第二天
–interviewer: the next morning?–Musk: Yeah, the next morning.
我记得是个周二或者周三的晚上
I think it was the Tuesday night or a Wednesday night
正是我们结束特斯拉财年的时候
was the, um, was when we closed the financing round for Tesla.
是圣诞节前夜晚上6点
And it was at 6 p.m Christmas eve.
最后一天的最后一刻 我们活下来了
The last hour of the last day when it was possible.
本来圣诞夜之后的几个小时或者几天内
We would have gone bankrupt a few hours after
我们可能就破产了
or a few days after Christmas eve.
呃 如果那次没搞定我们就只能关门大吉
Er, if it went wrong then we are closed.
…以及放弃
…and Giving Up
当遇到三次连续发射失败的时候
When you had that 3rd failure in a row.
你想过 我要放弃吗?
Did you think: I need to pack this in?
从来没有
Never.
为什么?
Why not?
我从不放弃
I don’t ever give up.
我的意思是 除非我死了
I mean, I’d have to be
或者完全丧失行动能力了 否则决不放弃
dead or completely incapacitated.
重要的是 成功不需要你有多牛B
So essentially, you don’t need to be great to be something.
永不言弃 选你所爱 努力工作
Never give up, love what you do and work hard.
我完全同意
This seems to check out with me
因为如果你看过我的 “有多大” 系列影片
because if you’ve watched my How Big series,
你就知道很多那些开创了
you’ll know that a lot of the guys that
世界上最大公司的人们
started some of the world’s biggest companies today
都有同样的品质
all possess these characteristics.
所以 现在你了解了成功的知识
So now that you have some knowledge of key to success.
师傅领进门 修行在个人
The choice of how you apply it is up to you.
这就是埃隆 • 马斯克的故事
So that’s the story of Elon Musk
讲了讲他现在的工作
a bit of what he’s doing today and
以及他成功的秘诀
some of the trades that make him successful.
当你回顾的时候
When you think about it
会觉得有趣的是 所有这些成就
it’s pretty cool that all these achievements were done
都是一个在学校时总被欺负
by the kid who used to be bullied in school
而且没有多少社交生活的孩子办到的
and didn’t have much of a social life.
这就是咸鱼翻身吧
Sometimes the underdog really does come out on top.
感谢你的耐心观看
Thanks for watching the whole way through this video.
请订阅我们的频道
Feel free to subscribe to this channel.
有空就点个赞
Give this video a thumbs up
在留言中分享你的看法
and leave your comment sharing your thoughts.
这里是Dagogo 你正在收看的是冷流科技
This is Dagogo, you have been watching ColdFusion TV.
下次见了
And I’ll see you again soon for the next video.
感谢你们的收看 享受生活 祝好运
Thanks guys, enjoy yourselves and have a good one.
ColdFusion带来新思潮
ColdFusion is new thinking.

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听录译者

WeiRan

翻译译者

WeiRan

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s7N-9E_e-wk

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