“We need rescue inside the auditorium. Multiple victims.”
The United States has a problem with gun violence.
BUSH: We hold the victims in our hearts.
CLINTON: Perhaps we may never fully understand it.
“A man with a semiautomatic weapon.”
We talk about it after mass shootings.
But it’s much larger,
and more complicated than those debates allow.
Here’s what you need to know about
the state of gun violence in America.
It’s true that the US sees many more mass shootings
than these other developed countries.
Between 2000 and 2014,
there were 133 mass shootings in public, populated places.
That’s excluding gang violence and terrorism.
Of course, the US is a much larger country
but if you adjust for population size,
it still ranks higher.
Of these countries, Finland is next
with just 2 shootings over 14 years,
but a much, much smaller population.
And this type of tragedy seems to be happening more often in the US.
Each of these squares represents a public mass shooting with 4 or more fatalities.
Before 2011, they happened 6 months apart on average
but since then, only 2 months go by between them.
OBAMA: I hope and pray that I don’t have to come out
again during my tenure as president
to offer my condolences to families in these circumstances.
That was October 1, 2015.
And just about 2 months later,
OBAMA: Yesterday, a tragedy occurred in San Bernardino.
Our first order of business is to
send our thoughts and prayers to the families of those who’ve been killed.
Public mass shootings get all the attention
because they’re often so indiscriminate
but the truth is mass shootings are unlike most gun deaths in America.
Here’s how it breaks down:
According to the most recent data,
92 people are killed with guns every day on average.
About 30 of those are homicides
of which maybe 1.5 at most can be considered part of mass shootings.
大部分死者 平均每天58人 都是自杀
Most of those killed, 58 people a day, are suicides.
The rest are accidental shootings,
police actions, and undetermined incidents.
Those suicides – they show up in international comparisons too.
These are the 10 countries ranked highest on Human Development by the UN.
The US has the highest suicide rate among them,
and this darker bar shows how many of those are with guns.
Some people think suicide isn’t reallyrelevant to the gun issue.
LOTT: But to go and think that some type of gun control regulations
that are being talked about are gonna stop somebody from committing suicide
when there are so many other ways for people to commit suicide.
But the methods that people use are important
because suicide attempts often stem from temporary crises.
The vast majority of people who survive suicide attempts
don’t end up dying from suicide.
But guns make it nearly impossible to get that second chance.
The victims of gun suicides are overwhelmingly men, and mostly white.
And the rate of gun suicides has been increasing in the US.
At the same time, the rate of gun homicides has been decreasing,
especially since the 90s when crime rates in general were higher.
But if you compare the US to other developed countries,
it doesn’t look like good news.
These are homicides adjusted for population size.
The US would probably have a higher homicide rate even without guns,
but you can see how gun violence pushes that rate
far beyond the other countries here.
The victims of these shootings –
they’re not the ones you often see on the national news.
They’re disproportionately young black men.
SHUNDRA ROBINSON: You guys can leave hereand go on with your lives,
but we gotta go home to empty rooms.
Because our children’s lives were taken away
by people who should not have had guns anyway.
One possible explanation is that
the US simply has more crime than those other countries.
But if you set aside homicides for a moment
and look rates of burglary,
you don’t see the same spike that you see with homicide.
It’s not that America has much more crime.
It’s that crime in the US is much more lethal.
Altogether, the number of gun deathsin the US from 2000 to 2013
exceeds the number of Americans killed by AIDS,
by illegal drug overdoses,
the Iraq and Afghanistan wars,
and terrorism, combined.
It should be clear by now that this level of gun violence
is a uniquely American problem among the developed world.
And here’s one reason why.
There are a ton of guns in the US.
This chart shows the estimated numberof guns by country.
It’s adjusted for population size
and it’s still not even close.
OREGON SHOOTER’S FATHER: The question that I would like to ask is
how on earth could he compile 13 guns?
How can that happen?
If you take a look back at the 10 countries
with the highest levels of human development
you can see that it’s relatively really easy to get a gun in the US.
All of the other countries require a license to purchase most guns
and those purchases are recordedinto an official registry.
To get that license
people have to state a reasonfor why they want a gun,
and in most of these countries,
they have to pass a safety test
and are required by law to store their guns safely.
In part because of its lax laws,
there are well over 300 million guns in the US and counting.
This chart doesn’t reflect private sales
but it shows the number of background checks,
which all federally licensed dealers have to run.
It suggests the demand for guns has been increasing steeply
since Barack Obama took office.
So we’ve looked at gun deaths and at gun ownership.
This chart puts them together.
It shows that among highly developed countries,
the more guns in a country, the more gun deaths.
You can see that countries like Switzerland,
which have relatively more guns than a country like the Netherlands,
also have a higher gun death rate.
And here’s the US.
Likewise, US states with more guns have more gun homicides.
There are outliers like Idaho,
which has high rates of gun ownership but low rates of gun murders.
But overall, there’s a correlation between gun ownership and homicide rates
and that relationship has held up in studies
that control for things like poverty,unemployment, and crime.
The correlation between gun ownership andgun deaths is even stronger for suicides.
It make sense.
Depression with a gun is more dangerousthan depression without one.
同样的 打斗 家庭纠纷 路怒 以及醉酒
Likewise, fights, domestic disputes, road rage, drunkenness –
all much more dangerous with a gun than without.
That said, you might need different policies
to keep guns away from potential mass shooters
than you’d need to keep themout of inner city gangs
or out of the hands of someone who might hurt themselves.
America doesn’t have a gun problem,it has several of them.