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帮助自闭症孩子提高注意力和学习能力 – 译学馆
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帮助自闭症孩子提高注意力和学习能力

The Sensory Room: Helping Students With Autism Focus & Learn

想象一下自闭症孩子有一个能自由学习的环境
imagine a safe space where kids with autism get ready to learn
谢丽尔:调查显示如果学生精神状态好
>>Cheryl: Research shows that if the student’s in the right mindset
也能满足心理上的需求
and they get their sensory needs met,
他们的学习状态就会更好
they’re going to be much better learners.
所以在情感释放室里 他们能更加集中注意力
So after the sensory room, they’re able to focus more,
学起来也更容易 我也发现他们收获了很多
they’re able to learn easier, and they retain more information, I find.
希瑟:把手放在心口上
>>Heather: Hands to your heart space.
深深吸一口气
Take a deep breath in.
[吸气 吐气]
[ inhales, exhales ]
学校帮助自闭症孩子提高注意力和学习
Schools that work the sensory room helping students with autism focus and learn
帕特丽夏:孩子们本就应该而且值得
>>Patricia: The children should be and deserve to be educated
在他们本区或者学校社区接受教育
within their district and within their school community.
在梅里登 这儿将近有1200名学生
In Meriden, we have approximately twelve hundred students
有个性化教育方案
who have individualized educational plans.
包括有视力问题 沟通障碍或是有自闭症的学生
Students with vision difficulties, language difficulties, autism.
詹妮弗:在汉诺威学校 我们有专门针对孤独症学生设计的STARS项目
>>Jennifer: So here at Hanover School, we have our STARS autism program,
STARS是师生共同创造奇迹的意思
and STARS stands for Students and Teachers Achieving Remarkable Success.
谢丽尔:里弗 我们昨天干什么了?读哪本书了?
>>Cheryl: So River, what did we do yesterday, what book did we read?
里希:自闭症涉及的范围比较广
>>Heather: So autism presents throughout a very broad spectrum.
很多时候 这就是个社会问题
A lot of times, it’s a social issue.
他们有的人用肢体表达是因为他们不会
Some of them demonstrate behaviors because they are not able
用语言表达自己的需求
to communicate their needs.
甚至不能安静地坐很长时间
They may have difficulty sitting still for a long period of time.
谢丽尔:每天他们都需要不同的方式表达感情
>>Cheryl: They need different sensory breaks throughout the day
这样才能控制好自己的情感和情绪
so they can self regulate their feelings and emotions.
希瑟:来深呼吸
>>Heather: Take some deep breaths here.
谢丽尔:情感释放室大概是我一天中花费时间最多的地方
>>Cheryl: The sensory room is probably my most important piece of the day.
学生去情感释放室放松身体
Students go to the sensory room in order to calm their bodies
和情感来调整状态 这样他们才能
and get all the emotions out and stabilize themselves, so they’re ready
更好地学习 才能感到快乐
to learn and they’re happy.
希瑟:当我们设计情感释放室的时候
>>Heather: When we designed the sensory room,
我们把整个房间分成不同板块
we actually took the entire room apart.
我们在地板上铺上地毯来吸收杂音
We carpeted the floor so that we could absorb some of the sound.
我们给天花板上挂上彩色塑料纸来改变灯光颜色
We put the shades on the ceiling to change the light, so when they walk
所以在那个房间聊天 也会有不一样的感觉
in that room, they feel the change.
学校里的学生路过那间教室都会想进去看看
All the students in this school go by that room and want to go in there.
谢丽尔:这较教室不仅是针对STARS项目开放的
>>Cheryl: It’s actually not just for the STARS program.
它也对学校里任何一个生活不如意的学生开放
It’s for any student in the whole school that might be having a tough day.
特别是我们班 我们每天去情感释放室一次
My class specifically, we utilize the room once a day
在那休息30分钟 然后每周理疗师
for a thirty minute break and then once a week, we have physical therapists
会给学生检查一次
that work with our students.
希瑟:他们做的第一件事是坐在弹力球上
>>Heather: First thing that they do is go on the ball
身体按着节拍跟球一起弹
and they bounce to a metronome.
拍手 停
>>Clap. Hold.
我们让他们做深呼吸 让他们平静下来
>>We work with the breathing to calm them.
吸气
>>Breath in.
然后我们做瑜伽
>>And then we move into some yoga.
狮子
>>Lion.
[学生的狮子叫]
[ Students roar ]
希瑟:这确实是他们开始训练之前
>>Heather: It’s really a way to ground them
很好的热身方法
into the space before we have them go out into the room.
谢丽尔:好了 我的孩子们
>>Cheryl: All right, my friends.
现在我们开始今天的训练了 好吗?
We’re going to do our rotation now, okay?
在情感释放室里有不同的训练板块
>>So there’s different stations in the sensory room,
不同学生喜欢不同的板块
and some of my students love specific stations.
有一个非常喜欢拳击吊袋和跳绳
One in particular loves the punching bags and the ropes.
他能很好地发泄自己的愤怒和不满 这样就能平静下来
He’s able to get all that anger and frustration out, so that calms him down.
还有的学生 我想他需要能平静下来的运动
Whereas another student, I know he needs calming movements,
所以他就来来回回的荡秋千
so he’s on the swing going back and forth.
训练室还有一个缓冲垫
>>Heather: Another area in the room is the crash pad.
你能看到有自闭症的学生会用头碰墙
You will see students that have sensory issues bump into walls, bang their head.
所以我们设计了一个安全碰墙的方式
So what we’ve created is a safe space to crash into.
这边是灯墙
And then there’s the light wall.
你可以用手 也可以用脚
You could use your hands, you could use your feet.
有各种各样的游戏模式
There’s different games that are programmed on there,
你只需要一直打
and really what you’re doing is hitting something, and getting all
把灯打中就好了
that input back into your joints.
老师:干的漂亮
>>Teacher: Yes, good girl.
希瑟:我们也有调节平衡的方式
>>Heather: We also work on balance and coordination.
走在所有这些垫子上
The walking path works on all of those,
这样会影响你内耳的前庭神经系统
and that affects your vestibular system, which is your inner ear.
他们必须调整好自己 使身体保持平衡
And they have to right themselves, correct their body in space.
我们有十磅重的重力球
We have ten pound slam balls.
学生只需要进来拿起重重的球把它扔出去
Some students just need to come in, pick something heavy up and throw it.
这就是情感释放室的本意
That’s the essence of a sensory room.
你把适当的材料放在这
You’re putting materials in there that are appropriate,
所以学生不会扔椅子
so a student’s not throwing a chair.
最后他们完成了所有项目 他们躺在地板上
And at the end when they finish with their stations, they lay on the floor
把弹力球放在他们身上滚动让他们放松放松
and they’re squished, to give them more input,
这样才能结束离开训练室
so that they’re prepared to leave the room.
所以我们做的一切都是有目的的 有秩序地进行着
So everything that we do in there is predictable, there’s a set sequence.
谢丽尔:我们今天的训练项目完成啦
>>Cheryl: We’re all done with sensory room.
现在回去教室吧
We’re going to walk back to our class.
帕特丽夏:我们发现情感释放室的影响非常大
>>Patricia: So we have found that the impact
学生们做作业的时间更长了
of the sensory room has increased time on task,
消极行为也越来越少了
and it has decreased negative behaviors.
而且他们集中注意力安静坐在座位上的
So the kids are able to sit in their seat and stay focused
时间也越来越长了
for longer periods of time.
老师:一句话完了后要加上什么?
>>Teacher: What do you put at the end of your sentence?
学生:句号
>>Student: Period.
老师:很棒 击掌
>>Teacher: Good job, high five.
谢丽尔:他们现在更安静也更安分了
>>Cheryl: They’re quieter and their hands are to themselves,
也能听我的指导
and they’re able to listen to my directions.
从情感释放室回来后 我们在这 准备好学习了
We’re here, we came from the sensory room, we’re ready to learn.
你感觉情感释放室怎么样?
>>How does the sensory room make you feel?
学生:让我感到很快乐
>>Student: Happy.
谢丽尔:做的好 艾伦
>>Cheryl: Nice job, Alan.
2016年 梅里登公立学校在智慧平衡评量联盟评估中数学比国家线高出3% 音乐高1%
.
自2011年起 学生退学率下降了86% 开除率也下降了95%
2016年被地方行政公认为优秀校区 同一年也获得了全美学校联合会授予的麦格纳奖

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视频概述

关爱自闭症孩子 关爱身边需要帮助的人的人

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Rosalind

审核员

Ah~Qiu

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zULwQUQDMuM

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