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极度屏息的秘诀

The Secrets of Extreme Breath Holding

大家好 我是大卫 这里是《分钟地球》
Hi, this is David from MinuteEarth.
当我尝试尽可能长时间地屏息时
When I try to hold my breath for as long as possible,
在我急需呼吸新鲜空气之前
I can only last for about a minute
我只能坚持一分钟
before I need to gasp for air.
那是因为人类生存需要氧气
That’s because humans need oxygen to survive,
为此我们的身体有一些系统被设计出
so our bodies have several systems designed
来确定我们可以定期得到新的氧气供应
to make sure we get new supplies of regular intervals,
但是世界上最厉害的屏息者已经知道如何破解三种生存体系
but the best breath holders in the world had figured out how to hack three of the survival systems
以使他们的屏息时间惊人得长久
and as a result, they can hold their breath for an astonishing amount of time.
嗨 抱歉中断了你的观看 但是
Hi, sorry to interrupt, but…
接下来的一些动作真的非常非常危险
some of this next stuff is really really dangerous,
你绝对不能在家尝试
and you definitely shouldn’t try it at home.
实际上 不要在任何地方尝试
Actually, don’t try it anywhere!
他们破解的第一个生存系统是战斗或逃跑反应
The first survival system that gets hacked is our fight or flight response.
当我们快用完氧气时 我们的大脑可理解性地感到受威胁
Our brain understandably feels threatened when we start to use up our oxygen.
但耗尽空气的恐慌
But this panic over running out
反而使得我们的心跳加快
of air causes our heart to beat faster, which ironically
导致我们消耗 比一开始就不恐慌要消耗的 更多氧气
causes us to expend more oxygen than we would have if we hadn’t panicked in the first place.
最好的屏息者能够防止这个恶性循环
However, the best breath holders can avoid this vicious cycle;
通过强化训练
through intensive training,
他们能够保持平静
they’re able to remain calm and
甚至在氧气不足时保持心跳稳定
keep their heartbeat steady even as oxygen runs low,
这样能够让他们屏住呼吸的时间翻倍
allowing them to double their breath-holdingtime.
他们破解的第二个生存系统是哺乳动物潜水反射
The second survival system they hack is themammalian dive reflex.
事实上所有的哺乳动物 包括人类
It turns out that all mammals – and thus all humans –
都已形成一种用于意外落水时的
have developed an anti-drowning mechanism
防溺水机制
for when they unexpectedly find themselvesunderwater.
当我们落水时
When we get dunked,
我们脑神经的一个分支能感觉到温度和压力的变化
a branch of one of our cranial nerves senses the temperature and pressure change
提醒我们的大脑开始定量供应氧气
and alerts our brain to beginrationing oxygen.
我们的大脑告诉心脏慢下来
Our brain tells our heart to slow waaaay down,
减少我们使用氧气的比例
which slows down the rate at which we use oxygen.
然后我们皮肤和四肢的血管收缩
Then the blood vessels on our skin and in our limbs constrict
导致更多含氧的血液 流向我们的大脑和其他重要器官
directing more of the blood flow – which contains oxygen – towards our brain and other vital organs.
最终 作为血库的脾脏收缩
Finally, our spleen – which serves as a blood reservoir – contracts,
放出一堆备用的
sending out a bunch
富含氧气的红细胞进入我们的血液循环系统
of backup oxygen-rich red blood cells intoour bloodstream.
因为这只可能发生在你的脸在水里时
Since this only happens when your face is underwater,
最厉害的屏息大师的方法
the best breath holders take advantage
就是利用这种适应
of this adaptation by… well…
通过把头放进水里 这样能够让他们屏息
putting their heads in the water, which allows them to hold
比在他们在旱地上延长一半时间
their breath up to 50 % longer than they can on dry land.
被他们破解的第三个生存系统是横膈膜痉挛
The third survival system they hack is thediaphragm spasm.
当你的有氧量降低到一定程度时
When your oxygen level falls below a certain point,
这导致你的横膈膜会开始痉挛
it causes your diaphragm to start spasming,
并且让你的肺剧烈地痉挛
which painfully jerks on your lungs,
迫切地让它们尽可能多的呼吸氧气
basically yelling at them to get more oxygen as soon as possible.
但是屏息者发现
But elite breath holders have figured out that
这时候仍然还有一些氧气剩余
at that point there’s still some oxygen left.
所以他们不断地忽略这些痉挛
So they repeatedly ignore those spasms,
这样能让他们屏息时间 多几分钟
which allows them to hold their breath for several more minutes.
事实上 他们的一些人训练自身的氧气水平刚好达到
In fact, some of them have trained themselves to let their oxygen levels fall to just before
失去意识之前 也是在他们喘气之前
it causes them to blackout – before they finally gasp for air.
世界上最好的屏息者能够顶住
The world’s best breath holder can withstand more
超过75次这样痛苦的痉挛
than 75 of these distress spasms, which,
这样使他能够屏息超过11分钟
helps him hold his breath for more than 11 minutes;
是连续看这个视频多达四遍的时间
that’s long enough to watch this video 4 times in a row.
你最好不要尝试伤害你的身体
You probably shouldn’t try to hack your body,
同时你肯定不能让别人破坏你的个人信息
and you definitely shouldn’t let someone else hack your identity.
所以 我会用Dashlane确保安全上网
That’s why I use Dashlane to keep me safeonline.
除了在我注册新账户时
In addition to randomly generating a unique strong
为我随机生成一组独特的强密码
password whenever I sign up for a new account,
它还会在我经常浏览的地方
it also lets me know
有数据泄露时通知我
if there’s been a data breach at any of my regular haunts.
Dashlane还有一个安全的多国VPN
Dashlane also has a secure multi-country VPN for all my devices,
如果它发现我的数据在暗网上
and security alerts if it finds my data on the dark web.
点击Dashlane.com/MinuteEarth下载自己的30天免费测试版的Dashlane Premium
To download your own free 30-day trial of Dashlane Premium, go to Dashlane.com/MinuteEarth.
前200名注册Dashlane Premium年度会员的观众
The first 200 viewers can also get 10 %
能得到九折优惠哦
off a yearly Dashlane Premium membership using
结账密码是MINUTEEARTH
the code MINUTEEARTH at checkout.

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视频概述

怎样才能让自己屏息时间变长?欢迎观看本视频,在这你将找到答案!

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收集自网络

翻译译者

EDEN

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_Q2JPv-jWQ

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