So I need you to answer a question
– you only have five seconds to respond and you
can have as many answers as you like…
How many uses can you think of for this brick?
This is an alternative uses test,
they ’ re used to measure creative thinking and how
flexible people are in approaching a task.
Here’s one of the tests I prepared earlier…
“ Yeah, you could um,
you could make very interesting cookie patterns, I guess? ”
“ You could use it as you would a domino
in a rube goldberg machine ”
“ You could put it
in a tin can and make a rattle out of it ”
Where creativity comes from has mystified us for centuries.
纵观历史 我们相信创造力是十分罕见的 并且展现在少部分精英的身上
Throughout history, we believed that creativity was rare and seen in a small elite:
职业画家 诗人 演员和音乐家
professional painters, poets, performers, and musicians.
For a long time, creativity was an enigma,
beyond the reach of science.
But today, we know that it takes creativity to solve problems,
it ’ s an aspect of human intelligence.
我们在建筑物 科学 工程和大自然中都能看到创造力
We find creativity in architecture, science,engineering and even in nature.
Creativity is everywhere!
And in the past few decades,
there have been dozens of studies exploring it
using brain imaging technology.
We ’ ve found you don ’ t just use
the left or right hemisphere of your brain when you ’ re
There isn ’ t one single brain area or circuit
for creativity – professional artists suffering
from damage to different brain regions continue to produce art showing similar creativity.
Over forty different areas of the brain are likely involved with creativity.
I could list them all for you,
but your mind might start to wander…
Which might be a good thing!
Humans spend an average of 30% of our dayengaged in”mind-wandering.”
A lot of these studies say that mind wandering helps get our creativity flowing.
How can we not pay attention and manage to hit
on an idea that ’ s just right?
Some scientists think that mind-wandering might distract you
from your perceived obstacles
or it may allow your subconscious
to keep working on the problem without your higher
cognitive functions getting involved.
Mind wandering may also promote your
brain’s ability to restructure the way you look at
a problem, perhaps you ’ll
make connections between two seemingly unrelated things and
come up with novel, creative solutions.
You could melt it and then pour it
into a mould and sculpt something else out of it! ”
Ok, so everyone’s mind wanders.
Then why aren’t we all creative geniuses?
Well, our biology may play a part too:
In one study, families who collectively scored
higher on musical aptitude and creativity
tests were more likely to have an extra copy
of “the glucose mutarotaze gene”.
The gene is involved in the release of serotonin,
a neurotransmitter that promotes neural connections.
The extra copy increases the production
of serotonin and the brain ’ s ability to reuse it.
Researchers have also found that personality traits such
as risk taking and openness to
experience contribute to creativity as anindividual ability.
But creativity can also likely be trained,honed, or taught.
在一些独立研究中 人们发现职业舞者 艺术家
In separate studies, professional dancers, artists,
and musicians were all compared against
novices in their fields.
During active or mental improvisational sessions
where participants were asked to compose a
5-note tune, mentally compose a drawing,
or mentally perform a dance, those who were professionally
creative actually thought about the task differently,
engaging different areas of their brains than the novices.
然后 在某一点 先天因素和后天因素重合
And then, there ’ s a point when nature and nurture meet
( which kinda happens all the time!).
在The Genetics of Creativity一书里
In The Genetics of Creativity, Barbot,
Tan and Grigorenko write, “ it is important to
see creativity not only as an individual ability,
but also as a cultural and time-specific phenomenon
that is biologically grounded and has a social purpose”
They suggest that cultural factors,
like the reception of creative works, influences our biological factors,
like how willing we
are to take risks.
And the two have a dynamic relationship. Still,
while some people may have small
biological advantages to be more creative, anyone can
You just need to nurture your creativity.
Practice your craft, try approaching a problems in unique ways,
and let your mind wander. So,
What could you do with this brick?
“ I love that neither
of us have said anything that has to do with actually building LEGOs ”
Maybe you could connect it to another LEGO
brick and then make something that way ”
You didn’t say we had many bricks!
You just said we had A brick…
Minimalist LEGO sculptures.
Just one brick.”