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科学看音乐的力量 – 译学馆
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科学看音乐的力量

The Scientific Power of Music

不管是莫扎特、乔妮•米切尔、阿黛尔,还是像弗兰克•欧森那样的乐坛新人,
Whether its Mozart, Joni Mitchell, Adele or newcomers like Frank Ocean,
音乐是整个文化发展历史流程中富有力量的存在。
music is powerful and has existed in all cultures throughout history.
人类为何对音乐如此上瘾,一听音乐就感到愉悦呢?
But why do humans find music so addictive and pleasurable?
就根本而言,音乐是音频和复杂模式的集合
At its core, music is the combination of audio frequencies and intricate patterns
音乐声飘浮在空中,与你的耳朵碰撞在一起。
floating through the air and clashing together in your ear.
正如你的眼睛处理光信息一样,你的耳朵负责处理声波
Much like your eyes process light, your ears process waves of sound
声波引发你大脑中的兴奋状态,这种状态有时是愉悦感。
and trigger a state of excitement and sometimes pleasure in your brain.
人类从各种刺激中得到愉悦感,比如食物、性以及药物。
Humans experience pleasure from many stimulants such as food, sex and drugs.
但是因为这些刺激多是出于人类生存的需要
But because many of these stimulants are necessary for human survival
当你获得这些刺激之后,身体会建立一个机制奖励这种行为。
the body has created a system in which it rewards you for achieving them.
大脑中就会产生一种名叫多巴胺的神经递质。
What’s really happening is a release of a neurotransmitter in the brain called dopamine.
多巴胺是一种能让你产生愉悦感的化学物质。
Dopamine is a chemical responsible for making you feel good.
当你得到物质奖励,比如品尝美味、中彩票时,多巴胺将会被释放,
When dopamine is released following a reward such as a delicious meal or winning the lottery,
这种神经递质让你产生愉悦感与满足感。
the neurotransmitter causes a feeling of pleasure and satisfaction.
一些药物,比如可卡因,能使多巴胺的释放量上升,
Drugs, such as cocaine, take advantage of this pathway by increasing the amount of dopamine,
或者能削弱其下降的趋势,
or rather, preventing its removal,
这样的药品(毒品)会持续刺激你的神经,产生强烈的愉悦感。
causing continual stimulation of your neurons, which creates intense moments of pleasure.
音乐有能力创建一种兴奋的状态
Music has the ability to create a state of arousal
使瞳孔扩大
causing pupils to dilate
血压上升
blood pressure to rise,
大脑中管理听觉、运动和情感上的区域得以激活。
and the brain to fire in auditory, movement and emotional regions.
尽管音乐本身对人体没有直接的生存利益,
And even though music does not have a direct survival benefit,
但这种情绪反应会导致化学物质多巴胺的释放,使人感觉良好。
this emotional reaction causes a release of the feel good chemical dopamine.
虽然确切的进化推理尚未清楚,
Though the exact evolutionary reasoning is unclear,
但惊人的事实是,
the amazing fact remains,
音乐引起的化学变化改变了我们的身体,让我们感觉很好。
music chemically alters our body and makes us feel great.
运用同样的方式,人们开发一种药物,诱导多巴胺释放量飙升,让你渴望更多,
And in the same way that a drug induced dopamine surge leaves you craving more,
音乐让人上瘾。
music becomes addictive.
多巴胺会告诉身体:你获得了奖励
The dopamine tells your body it was rewarded
并由此让人寻求更多的欲望。
and creates the desire to seek out more.
尽管音乐享受完全出于主观,与文化和个人经验交织在一起
Even though music enjoyment is entirely subjective and intertwined with cultural and personal experience
不同人种间,这种化学效果却保持一致,
The chemical effects remain consistent amongst the human race,
音乐真是一种完美的、幸福的天然药物。
a perfectly natural drug of happiness.
你有一个问题急待解决吗?
Got a burning question you want answered?
在我们的facebook和twitter主页中留言吧。
Ask it in the comments or on facebook and twitter.
还能订阅更多的每周科学视频哦。
And subscribe for more weekly science videos.

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视频来源

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