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怎样正确地学习口语呢? – 译学馆
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怎样正确地学习口语呢?

The Right Way to Learn to Speak English

你是怎样学习英语口语的呢
How do you learn to speak English?
在这个视频中 我们将讨论
In this video, we’ll discuss
真正有效的学习英语口语的三种方式
three methods for learning to speak English that really work.
但在我们开始之前
But before we do
我们首先需要讲讲人类学习的方式
we first need to talk about how humans learn.
这很重要 因为
This is important because
如果你对我们如何学习有些基础了解
if you have some basic understanding of how we learn,
你就能区分出好的和不好的学习方式
you’ll be able to distinguish good learning methods from bad ones.
所以让我们开始吧
So let’s begin.
首先你需要知道的是
The first thing you need to know
学习类型有两种
is that there are two types of learning.
第一种类型叫显性学习或是有意识的学习
The first type of learning is called Explicit Learning or Conscious Learning.
这种学习类型是学习者知道
This is the type of learning where the learner knows
他在学习也知道学的是什么
that he’s learning something and also what is being learned.
学习语法就是显性学习的其中一个例子
One example of Explicit Learning is studying grammar.
当你听英语老师解释过去时态的时候
When you listen to an English teacher explaining the past tense,
你就在显性地学习英语
you’re learning English explicitly
以有意识地记忆过去时态的使用方式
by consciously memorizing how to use the pasttense.
第二种类型的学习称为隐性学习或无意识学习
The second type of learning is called Implicit Learning or Unconscious Learning.
在隐性学习中
In implicit learning,
学习者不知道在学什么
the learner doesn’t know what is being learned.
多数时候他甚至经常意识不到
Oftentimes he’s not even aware
他在学习
that he’s learning something.
学习是无意识发生的
The learning happens unconsciously.
一个隐性学习的例子就是听英文的对话
One example of Implicit Learning is listening to a conversation in English.
当你听一段对话时
When you listen to a conversation,
你主要的目的不是学英语
your main goal is not to learn English
而是去理解对话
but to understand the conversation.
但是通过做这样的事
But by doing the activity,
你同时也在学英语
you’re simultaneously learning English.
你可能都没有意识到
You may not realize it,
但是你在学习英语的各个方面
but you’re learning many aspects of the English language
句子结构、语法、词汇等等
the sentence structure, the grammar, the vocabulary, and so on.
所以我们可以通过两种不同的方法
So we can learn English in two different ways
显性的或者隐性的方法学习英语
either explicitly or implicitly.
问题是
The question is
哪种学习方式更好呢?
which way of learning is better?
要回答这个问题
To answer this question,
要考虑这一点:
consider this
就像学习有两种类型一样
Just like there are two types of learning,
知识也有两种类型
there are also two types of knowledge
显性知识和隐性知识
Explicit Knowledge and Implicit Knowledge.
显性学习的结果是显性知识
Explicit Learning results in Explicit Knowledge
反之隐性学习的结果是隐性知识
whereas Implicit Learning results in Implicit Knowledge.
这两种知识之间有很大的不同
And there’s a very big difference between these two knowledges.
获得显性知识需要有意识的思想
Accessing explicit knowledge requires conscious thought.
为了去使用知识你需要去思考
You have to think about the knowledge in order to use it.
这意味着要是你想正确地说好英语
This means that if you want to speak English properly,
你需要思考英语
you have to think about English,
你需要去想是否要用过去时态或者别的
you have to think about whether to use the past tense or something else,
你需要去考虑怎样正确地组成一句话
you have to think about how to form a sentence properly.
但是那是不可能的
But that’s impossible
因为当你说话的时候
because when you speak,
是没有时间去思考那些东西的
there’s no time to think about any of that.
相反
In contrast,
获得隐性知识并不需要有意识的思考
accessing Implicit Knowledge doesn’t require concious thought.
你不用为了使用知识而去思考这个知识
You don’t have to think about the knowledge in order to use it.
想想你是怎么说你的母语的
Think about how you speak your first language.
很容易 不是吗
It’s pretty effortless, isn’t it.
即使没有想过任何语法规则
You can speak properly
你依然能说得很好
without having to think about any grammar rule.
只可能因为你的母语知识是隐性的
That is possible only because
才能做到这一点
your knowledge of your native language is implicit.
这样说来
For this reason,
隐性学习是比较好的学习策略
Implicit Learning is a much better learning strategy.
当你不需要考虑英语的时候
When you don’t have to think about English,
它放松你的思想
it frees up your mind
所以你就能全心专注于表达你的思想和想法
so you can fully concentrate on expressing your thoughts and ideas.
但不幸的是
Unfortunately,
很多学英语的学生倾向于通过显性的方式学英语
many English students like to learn English in an explicit manner.
有些人花时间在油管上看关于语法的视频
Some of them spend time on Youtube watching videos about grammar.
他们没有意识到的是
What they don’t realize is that
他们从这些活动中习得的知识是显性知识
the knowledge they gain from the activity is explicit knowledge
大部分都是没用的
which is almost useless
当在说话时
when it comes to speaking.
所以让我来分享你们三种方法
So let me share with you three methods
能有效地学习如何说英语
for learning to speak English that really work.
我也会给你们一个概述
I’ll give you an overview of them
和它们的优缺点
as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
在这个视频的结尾
And at the end of this video,
这会有个免费的资源链接
there’ll be a link to a free resource
你可以深入地学习这些方法
where you can study each of these methods in detail.
第一种方法是听
The first method is listening.
听英语听得越多越好
Just listen to English as much as possible.
这个方法的优势是非常容易上手
An advantage of this method is that it’s easy to do.
你可以在塞车时听
You can do it while stuck in traffic,
在运动时听
while exercising,
在排队时听等等
while waiting in line, and so on.
但是这个方法主要的缺点是
But the main drawback of this method is that
太被动了
it’s too passive.
只听是不够的
Listening alone is not enough.
你需要把听
You have to combine listening
和一些说的训练结合起来
with some sort of speaking practice.
那就涉及到另一个方法了
And that brings us to the next method,
就是通过英语口语课程
which is to use English speaking courses
教授无意识的英语
that teach English implicitly.
我们来看看这些课程是怎么起作用的
Let’s see how these courses work:
这有猫吗
Is there a cat?
不 那没有猫
No, there is not cat.
对 那不是猫
No, there isn’t a cat.
那是什么
What is there?
这是一只狗
There is a dog.
狗 这是一只狗
A dog, there’s a dog.
是丽莎的狗吗
Does Lisa own the dog?
不 丽莎不是这只狗的主人
No, Lisa doesn’t own the dog.
不 丽莎并不是这狗的主人
No, she doesn’t. Lisa doesn’t own the dog.
那么谁是这只狗的主人呢
Who owns the dog then?
好 这是一个例子
OK, so that’s one example.
再来一个
Here’s another one.
有个叫约翰的人
There was a guy named John.
他想开一家餐馆
He wanted to own a restaurant.
约翰想买车吗
Did John want to own a car?
不 他不想买…车
No, he didn’t want to own an…a car.
对 他不想买车
No, he didn’t want to own a car.
他想要什么呢
What did he want?
他想拥有一家餐馆
He want to own a restaurant.
嗯 他想拥有一家餐馆
Well, he wanted to own a restaurant.
他想开一家餐馆
He wanted to own a restaurant.
谁想开餐馆
Who wanted to own a restaurant?
这个方法就是这样起作用的
OK, so that’s how it works.
像这样的课程的主要优点是
A key advantage of using a course like this
每次当你说的时候都能得到反馈
is that you get feedback every time your speak.
这样你能学习还能快速地提高
This allows you to learn and improve quickly.
这对初学者来说是好的
This is great for beginners.
通过这样的课程
By using a course like this,
学习者能在一个月之内有很大的进步
the learner can expect to see significant improvements in a matter of months.
但是这个方法也有缺点
But this method has some disadvantages too.
其中之一就是学习有限制
One of which is limited learning.
当你像这样学习课程的时候
When you use a course like this,
你需要学的只是单词
you get to learn only the words,
短语和其他
phrases and other things
只用于该课程的东西
that are used in that course,
这是个问题
and this is a problem.
因为为了学好英语
Because in order to learn English well,
你需要不断扩充你的词汇量
you need to keep expanding your vocabulary.
另一个问题是在某时某刻
Another problem is that at some point
对你来说 训练这些课程就会变得很容易
it’s going to become easy for you to practice with these courses
然后你就不会提升了
and you will stop improving.
当这种情况发生时
When that happens,
为了还能提升
you’re going to need to use a different method
你就需要用其他不同的方式了
in order to keep getting better.
这样我们就讲到最后一个
And that brings us to the last method
被称之为模仿的方法
which is called imitation.
这是当你听到
This is the practice where you listen to
英文对话或小说的一种训练
a conversation or a story in English
试着用自己的语言去讲述那个故事
and then try to tell that story in your own words.
通过这样做
And by doing so,
你会学到语法 词汇和其他英语知识
you get to learn grammar, vocabulary and other aspects of English.
这对中级和高级的语言学习者是很好的方法
This is a great method for intermediate and advanced speakers.
这个方法主要的优点是
A key advantage of this is that
事实上对你能学多少没有限制
there are virtually no limits to how much you can learn.
你训练的越多
The more you practice,
你学的越多你的词汇量就越大
you more you learn and the larger your vocabulary.
但是这个方法有个主要的问题
But the main problem with this method is
就是对初学者来说比较困难
that it can be difficult for beginners.
如果现在你只会说一点点英语
If right now you can speak English just a little bit,
你可能就没法有效地练习模仿
you may not be able to practice imitation effectively.
如果处于这种情况的话
If that’s the case,
在你开始使用这个方法之前
you might want to start with one or two speaking courses
你就可以先从一两个口语课程开始
before you start using this method.
好 这就是三种可行的学习方式的概述
OK, so that’s an overview of three learning methods that work.
由于它们都是隐性学习的形式
Because they’re all a form of implicit learning.
如果你想学习更多这些方法的内容
If you want to learn more about these methods,
你可以查找这些资源找到模仿课程
check out this resource where you can find a tutorial on imitation,
一些推荐的说话课程
a list of recommended speaking courses,
还有如何正确地训练听力的一系列课程
and a video series on how to practice listening the right way.
点击这里获取资源
Just click here to go to that resource.

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视频概述

本视频介绍了三种学习英语口语的方法

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EK-S1dj6QK8

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