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《浴血黑帮》中的左轮手枪

The Revolvers from Peaky Blinders

Hello, I’m Jonathan and
大家好 我是Jonathan
I look after the guns here at the Royal Armouries.
我在皇家军械库看管过枪支
We have a selection here on the table here to show you.
在桌上给大家展示些挑选出来的枪
This is a TV-based short video that we’re doing about the show Peaky blinders,
本视频是关于电视节目《浴血黑帮》的一个短片
a British made historical drama
一部英国历史剧
that hopefully, if you’re watching this,
希望你已经看过了
you’re already watching.
你已经看过了?
I’m a big fan of it,
我是这部剧的铁粉
increasingly actually
而且越看越爱
and so I thought I would see what we have in the collection
所以我们将在这些藏品中看到
that’s similar to what’s used in the show
剧中使用过的同类型的枪
and talk you through some of the thoughts I had watching the show
然后和你们聊聊 我看这部剧时的一些想法
and give you an idea of the sort of historical weapons
同时带你了解一些具有历史意义的武器
that were used by criminal gangs and others in the UK.
它们在英国被犯罪团伙等人使用过
The obvious criminal weapon I suppose throughout history has been the pistol or handgun if you’re in the States.
我认为在美国历史上 最常见的犯罪武器是手枪
We’ve got a selection here of revolvers.
我们这儿挑了一把左轮手枪
The revolver was still a dominant type at the time,
左轮手枪在当时仍是手枪的主要型号
we’ll be coming to an example of the self-loading pistol.
我们将展示一把自动装弹手枪
So probably, if you had to pick one iconic firearm
那么 如果让你挑选一把《浴火黑帮》中
from this particular TV show it
最具标志性的手枪
would probably be the Webley Mk VI service revolver
可能会是这把韦伯利Mk6左轮配枪
and this this speaks to the origin of the show of a character,
这与剧中人物的背景息息相关
main character Tommy Shelby and various others.
比如主角汤米·谢尔比等各种各样的人
As ex-soldiers,
如退伍军人
as engineers, miners, soldiers doing that work
或工程师 矿工 士兵等等做这类工作的人
you might be armed with a sidearm of this nature.
可能要装备一把这样的配枪
Typically this was an officer’s weapon,
这是一把典型的军用配枪
also issued to people like vehicle crews, artillery men, things
但是它同样也发配给 像运输兵和炮兵之类的人
like that. People who did not need a rifle as their primary weapon.
他们不需要用步枪作为自己的主要武器
Lots and lots of these came
许许多多这样的武器
back with servicemen,
都是军人带回来的
officers purchased their own
虽然是军官们自己买的
but they were also available on issue.
但也可以从其他渠道获得
We get more offers of donation of these
越来越多的枪被捐赠给我们
than probably anything else or historically we certainly have
比有史以来收到的或其他任何东西都多
and as time goes on it will be less,
不过随着时间的推移它们会变少
there will be fewer of them.
因为枪的数量会越来越少
But they are still out there in huge numbers
但现在这里仍有大量的存量
considering only about 400,000 of these were made,
考虑到它大约40万的制作量
we see them quite frequently.
我们很常见到这种枪
It’s a standard British military weapon
它是英国制式的军用武器
so of course, you find lots of them in Britain.
所以你当然可以在英国找到很多这样的枪
This is a.455 caliber weapon, so
这是一把455口径的枪
similar diameter to the American 45 ACP
与0.45英寸的柯尔特手枪类似
but it’s a revolver cartridge,
但它使用了左轮手枪弹药筒
it’s got a rim on it.
它身上有个枪框
You load it quite simply either singularly or with a speed loader,
它特殊的构造和快速的装弹机可以让你轻松装弹
We don’t see that in the show.
这是我们在剧中看不到的
In fact, we very rarely see loading in film and TV
实际上 我们很少在电影和电视中看到装弹
unless it’s done for effect.
除非是做了特效
Six rounds as we’d expect from a revolver.
左轮手枪通常装六发子弹
We close it up and
关上弹夹
we can begin firing on a double action or
我们开枪的时候可以采用联动式触发
as we often see on TV,
或者像电视常见的那样
cock it for what’s called a single action.
扣动扳机 采用单动式触发
In other words, the trigger is performing the signal action
换句话说 触发就是扣动扳机开火之前
of firing the gun,
有个标志性的动作
not revolving the cylinder and firing the gun which is what happens
单动式触发不必旋转转轮开火
if you pull through on the trigger.
只要拉动扳机就行
single action or double action and
总之 就是分为单动式触发和联动式触发
some other YouTube videos about that if you want to know more.
如果你想了解更多 可以看一些相关的油管视频
This one I’ve chosen specifically as a late example,
我特意选择这把 作为一个晚期的例子
so the show starts in 1919 and we’re
剧中的故事开始于1919
up to I think 1926 now
现在我记得已经演到了1926年了
if you’re keeping up with your season four.
如果你一直追剧追到了第四季
This one’s dated 1924
这支枪产于1924年
says’Mk VI’
上面写着Mk6
because it’s the Mk VI Webley
因为这是韦伯利Mk6
and this one’s made at Enfield Production
而且这把是在恩菲尔德区生产的
did happen at Enfield,
确实是恩菲尔德区产的
it’s not too widely known
这没有太多人知道
and the Royal Crown appears in there
而且这里还有个皇冠标志
as well so it’s a slightly different one,
所以这把枪与众不同
typical British prick marks on it apart from that.
还有典型的英式针孔记号
So this is Tommy’s weapon of choice,
所以“汤米”在很长一段时间里
for a long time anyway
都选择它作为自己的武器
other characters make extensive use of it as well
其他演员也有用它的
it’s the sort of go-to of the series.
所以这是这个系列的主打款
The other Major Webley in the show is the mark IV.
另一个剧中常用的韦伯利手枪型号是IV
We see this in the hands of various characters as well
我们看到好多剧中角色都有用到它
and it’s, as the mark IV name would suggest, t he early version.
并且这里的IV表示 这个是较早的版本
It has what’s called the bird’s head grip which is not
它的握柄叫做鸟头把手
as ergonomic perhaps,
也许不怎么符合人体工学
but that’s subjective
可这要看个人喜好了
and typically the shorter barrel,
特别是这更短的枪膛
although MK IV frames were fitted with a long barrel as well
尽管MK4的框架也曾被装配了长枪膛
可现在不是了
if you want to get nerdy about it, which we do.
所以我们现在这样傻乎乎地捧着它
Otherwise, exactly the same, functions in exactly the same way
另外 长枪膛和短枪膛功能完全相同
it’s just a little bit more concealable under your overcoat
只是短枪膛可以更好地隐藏在你的大衣里
or whatever you happen to be wearing
或者你穿的任何一种衣服里
and this one, unlike the MKVI example we have,
并且这把枪 不像我们举的MK6的例子
this Webley MKIV has got some additional markings on it. So,
这种韦伯利MK4有一些附加的标记在上面
two arrows facing each other,
两个相对的箭头
hopefully you can see that there,
希望你可以看到
and also up here.
这上面也有
So, whereas
所以鉴于这点
this perhaps could have been brought home
这把枪可能是军人带回来的
by a a soldier, this one has been officially sold out of military service,
而这一把是在军需处出售的军火
that’s what this mark means.
这就是这个标识的意思
the single arrow means it belongs
单箭头表示它属于政府
to the government and double opposing arrows mean
两个相对的箭头表示
they’ve sold it.
政府把它卖了
This was at a time when firearms were sold routinely from
这是每次从军需处卖出军火 通常都会做的标记
military service and anyone potentially could buy them.
并且任何人都可以购买
So this is one that you might have bought after you’d come back,
所以 这把枪你退伍后可以买下来
if that makes sense.
如果对你有意义的话
though they’re very similar things
不过都长得差不多
and you’ll find these marks on a MKVI Webley as well
而且这些枪上的记号 在韦伯利MK6也有
They’re just an interesting detail as to
刚才说的就是些有意思的细节
how a character like this might get a gun
剧中的角色是如何得到枪的呢?
since they were much more available in the UK then than they are now,
因为在那时的英国可以通过很多渠道购买枪支
from various different channels
没现在这么难
but this one could have been bought directly from the government
但是这一把 很可能是从政府那里直接购买
or from an authorized seller.
或是从一个有经营许可的商家那里买到的
So both of those are in use.
这两把枪目前都在使用中
There’s also, well there’s something called the Webley Bulldog, which is a generic type
还有……这把韦伯利恶犬 是种较常见的枪型
but also a specific Webley model, they are Webley II, Bulldog.
不过这把是韦伯利特殊款 韦伯利恶犬二代
There’s some suggestion that Polly,
有人认为海伦·麦克洛瑞饰演的
Tommy’s aunt Helen McCrory’s character
汤米的阿姨 波丽这个角色
has one of these.
在剧中就有一把这种枪
I’m not entirely sure of that,
我对此不太确定
I’d have to go back and freeze frame it
我得回去暂停画面看一下
but I’ve chosen a generic Bulldog type revolver.
但是我选了一把通用的恶犬左轮手枪
I’ve chosen this one because it was
我选它是因为
actually made in Birmingham and that would not be uncommon.
它正好是在伯明翰生产的 而且比较常见
Birmingham was a manufacturing center for firearms second,
伯明翰是英国第二军火制造中心
not even second, it was parallel to London depending on the period for gun manufacturer.
甚至不是第二 在枪械制造时代它与伦敦齐名
So perfectly plausible that
所以有种说法是很合理的
a character in the show would be carrying a Birmingham made revolver,
剧里的角色该带一把伯明翰生产的左轮手枪
London made original Webley.
而不是伦敦制的原始韦伯利手枪
So this one is,
所以这把就是
I’m going to have to read this and we’ll look at it in close-up
我要读一下这个 给个特写镜头
as well’Lincoln Jeffries,
林肯 杰弗里斯
gun, rifle and revolver manufacturer,
枪 步枪和左轮手枪厂商
121 Steel House Lane, Birmingham.
121街道莱恩家 伯明翰
A nice little bit of social history in steel there.
这里写了点关于这件兵器的社会历史
Amazing how much writing you can fit on
能在如此小的左轮手枪上写这么多的文字
a tiny little pocket revolver.
真不容易啊
unlike the one of the show,
所以这一把不像那把……
I think the one in the show is a larger caliber,
好吧 我认为剧中的那个是一把大口径的
450,
可能有450左右
something like that This is a.320 or 32 in American.
这一把是320的 或者美国尺寸32
Fixed cylinder, so you open up the loading gate, put it on safety
它有固定的转轮 所以你可以打开装弹装置
notch and rotate to each loading position,
上好保险 并旋转到每一个装弹的位置
load it that way and realistically
用这种方式装弹
actual criminal gunfights, when they did happen,
若在现实中真正地和罪犯枪战
you’re not reloading probably at all,
你或许根本不用二次装弹
you’re firing the the contents of your
当你用你的武器发射子弹时
weapon and either running away or getting shot.
你专注于跑动躲避射击
It’s extremely unusual that any reloading takes place even today
甚至在今天 当街上正在发生枪战时
and gunfights in the street when they happen
二次装弹的情况都是不太可能发生的
and perhaps you might carry more than one gun to fire more shots
你可能会带不止一支枪 这样可以多打几发
装弹比较麻烦
That’s partly because it’s so fiddly to accomplish with these relatively primitive handguns
一部分是因为早期的手枪装弹有一定难度
. We’ve got yet another Webley here,
我们在这里也有另一款韦伯利
the RIC
一把RIC型韦伯利手枪
or a version of it at least
或者至少枪型看起来是
So, this is,em,the Webley’s nomenclature at this time
韦伯利在那个时候的命名方式
was a number 1 for the RIC,
1号是RIC
number 2 for the Bulldog
2号是韦伯利恶犬
so this is like the big brother of the Bulldog revolver.
所以这一把就像是 恶犬左轮手枪的大哥
For full caliber, this is just a particularly nice,
对于全口径的枪来说 这一把算是特别赞的
very high quality blued finish.
有质量非常高的蓝色抛光漆面
It’s Webley standard but many
这把韦伯利保存完好
examples have worn and aged over the years as you might imagine.
但也有很多这种枪磨损老化的例子
This is older I should say,
这把年份还挺老的
the MKVI Webley, 1915 this was introduced,
韦伯利MK6 1915年初次亮相
sort of the ultimate version of the Victorian series
算是韦伯利手枪 维多利亚系列款式的最终版本
of Webley’s and this is one of those
这就是其中的一把
Victorian guns, 1880s,
1880年的维多利亚手枪
the unfluted cylinder is typically an earlier feature as is
不带凹槽的转轮筒是早期韦伯利的一种典型特征
their oval or ovoid barrel profile as well
还有它的枪管是鹅卵形或者椭圆形的
and again the simpler loading system,
又是这种简易装弹系统
more complicated loading system
只是要复杂些
with a loading gate
有个装弹阀门
and you roll the cylinder from there.
你得从这边 转一下转轮
This one’s full of grease and this this
这里面上满了润滑油
actually has a ejector rod so you
其实这里还有个顶杆
pivot that out into alignment with the case
你要把它转出来和枪身对齐
you wish to reject and you push it out
不想用了再推回去
so you can imagine that would take some time
所以你可以想象这样肯定会耽误时间
and the Italians have probably shot you by the time you’ve reloaded,
意大利人很可能在你换弹的时候就射中你了
in context of this piece of fiction that we’re talking about.
这就是我们在聊的《浴血黑帮》里的一个剧情
So, I’ll put that down,
所以 我还是把它放下吧
I have also pulled out a
我还选了这么一款左轮手枪
version of what we see the character Grace using in the first series,
这是第一季里面一个角色格雷斯用过的那款
which is this Harrington & Richardson
哈林顿理查森公司出的
another type of revolver
另一种左轮手枪
and I’ve gone with that, not only because this is Grace’s secret agent role
我选它 不仅是因为格雷斯秘密特工的身份
and so it’s a different idea of the other side essentially to the criminals who are using these other
导致她用的左轮手枪与罪犯们用的不一样
revolvers but also because it’s a top break,
更是因为这把枪可以从顶部开合
designed with a different latch from the Webley, so works
和韦伯利在闩上的设计上完全不同
in a similar way
虽然作用差不多
but doesn’t have the side latch,
可它没侧闩
it’s a little fiddly but
会比韦伯利费点事
once again
可重申一下
if you have to draw this from a handbag or a vest pocket or something
如果你需要从手袋或者背心等地方拔枪的话
chances are you’re going to fire what’s in it,
你射出的子弹是哪种就至关重要了
which in this case is five rounds of.32 Smith and Western
这个弹夹里面有5发32口径的史密斯韦斯特子弹
and this is also a double action,
而且这把枪也是联动式的
or double action / single action mechanism.
或者叫单双动切换机制
But much much smaller
但是小了很多很多
and, you’ll find, historically most pistols, most handguns
你会发现 历史上大部分手枪
will be used in self-defense or by criminals or both.
会用于自卫或者犯罪行为 要么就是两者都有
You don’t have to be a legal owner to engage in self-defense
罪犯也可以用手枪自卫
, were of this sort of size and power because they are so concealable,
选择这样的尺寸和杀伤力 是因为易于隐藏
this will just sit under a jacket,
可以就这样放在夹克里
you won’t know it’s there.
你不会发现它的存在
Something like the sort of macho Webley,
像是 比较男子气概一点儿的韦伯利
good luck hiding that anywhere, that’s huge.
你自求多福吧 不太好藏 它真的太大了
You do need a big overcoat to conceal that.
你必须得穿一个大外套才能把它遮住
The MKVI here has come to us with this leather flap holster.
这把韦伯利MK6还有一个 配套的翻盖皮套
We usually see, in Peaky Blinders it’s a sort of shoulder holster of some sort.
《浴血黑帮》里经常能看到一些类似肩枪套的配件
They did exist at that period,
在那个时期确实是存在的
for the military role it was always a leather flap holster on the belt.
军用的话 一般都是挂在腰带上面的翻盖枪套
《皇家军械库》

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视频概述

本剧介绍了英剧《浴血黑帮》中有标志性意义的人物常用的左轮配枪,结合了枪械知识与英国历史背景,由英国皇家军械库独家出品。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXvkGCsp8EE

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